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# The Federalist papers is a compilation of articles written

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VP
Joined: 10 Jun 2007
Posts: 1400

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03 Oct 2007, 15:46
eyunni wrote:
The Federalist papers is a compilation of articles written by Alexander Hamilton and James Madison, as well as a few by John Jay, since each of them were advocates of the Constitution.

(A) since each of them were
(B) since they were each
(C) since all of them were
(D) each of which was
(E) because all of the men were

E for me, takes 30 seconds.
Might be untraditional, but in GMAT, because is preferred over since. We know that D is wrong because of the "was".
Director
Joined: 26 Feb 2006
Posts: 884

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03 Oct 2007, 15:50
Path wrote:
Himalayan wrote:
Path wrote:
Himalayan wrote:
eyunni wrote:
The Federalist papers is a compilation of articles written by Alexander Hamilton and James Madison, as well as a few by John Jay, since each of them were advocates of the Constitution.

(A) since each of them were
(B) since they were each
(C) since all of them were
(D) each of which was
(E) because all of the men were

In my opinion, it should be E for the following reasons:

1: because is preferred over since.
2: this is cause and effect: x is y because of z.
3: men clearly refers to Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay. so no ambiguity here. if we take B or C, clearly they and them are ambigious.

What is the source?

I think we need both(not all) to refer to two person. All is used for 3 or more things.
There are only two person here( John Jay is referenced in as well as clause so it can not be conjugated ii) he is mentioned in non-essential clause).

good point: for your reason, "all" is required to refer all three people. since we need to refer three people, that why all is more appropariate.

That further makes E more resonable.

thanks.

I was saying opposite of what you thought.

Again..
I think we need both(not all) to refer to two person. All is used for 3 or more things.
There are only two person here( John Jay is referenced in as well as clause so it can not be conjugated ii) he is mentioned in non-essential clause).

I know what you are/were saying that gave me further clue why it is E. thanks again.
SVP
Joined: 29 Mar 2007
Posts: 2498

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03 Oct 2007, 23:56
eyunni wrote:
The Federalist papers is a compilation of articles written by Alexander Hamilton and James Madison, as well as a few by John Jay, since each of them were advocates of the Constitution.

(A) since each of them were
(B) since they were each
(C) since all of them were
(D) each of which was
(E) because all of the men were

This must be an old edition of MGMAT SC b/c I don't have this.
Director
Joined: 11 Jun 2007
Posts: 597

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04 Oct 2007, 05:57
This is from the Manhattan Review Sentence Correction Guide.
Manager
Joined: 14 May 2007
Posts: 171

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04 Oct 2007, 06:10
The Federalist papers is a compilation of articles written by Alexander Hamilton and James Madison, as well as a few by John Jay, since each of them were advocates of the Constitution.

(A) since each of them were
(B) since they were each
(C) since all of them were
(D) each of which was
(E) because all of the men were

Between C & E
My Answer : C just because its simpler than E :D
Senior Manager
Joined: 06 Aug 2007
Posts: 344

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04 Oct 2007, 06:34
eyunni wrote:
The Federalist papers is a compilation of articles written by Alexander Hamilton and James Madison, as well as a few by John Jay, since each of them were advocates of the Constitution.

(A) since each of them were
(B) since they were each
(C) since all of them were
(D) each of which was
(E) because all of the men were

I was for C but after reading what others have been writing I am torn between C and E.

I know from the SC Usage - because > since > being. This makes choice E look good. But still not a 100% sure.
Director
Joined: 11 Jun 2007
Posts: 597

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04 Oct 2007, 07:11
eyunni wrote:
dwivedys wrote:
eyunni wrote:
The Federalist papers is a compilation of articles written by Alexander Hamilton and James Madison, as well as a few by John Jay, since each of them were advocates of the Constitution.

(A) since each of them were
(B) since they were each
(C) since all of them were
(D) each of which was
(E) because all of the men were

When each is the subject of a sentence it is singular. However, ADVOCATES is plural. So we will have to use a combination such that THEY becomes the subject to correspond to advocates. If we use they were each then this problem is resolved.

B stands.

If (B) has to be true, I think the sentence should go like this: "........since they were each an advocate of the Constitution."

Correct me if I am wrong.

I correct myself. In the supposedly incorrect choice (B), even if 'each' is singular, the grammar rule is that 'they' is plural and overrides the singular mode of 'each'. Therefore, it is correct to say something like: they were each 'advocates' of the Constitution.[/i][/u][/b]

However, I am positive that (E) is the right answer. As all of you know, 'since' is generally used to refer to a point in past time. (However, here 'since' is used as a substitute for 'because'.)
Director
Joined: 17 Sep 2005
Posts: 883

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04 Oct 2007, 07:27
eyunni wrote:
eyunni wrote:
dwivedys wrote:
eyunni wrote:
The Federalist papers is a compilation of articles written by Alexander Hamilton and James Madison, as well as a few by John Jay, since each of them were advocates of the Constitution.

(A) since each of them were
(B) since they were each
(C) since all of them were
(D) each of which was
(E) because all of the men were

When each is the subject of a sentence it is singular. However, ADVOCATES is plural. So we will have to use a combination such that THEY becomes the subject to correspond to advocates. If we use they were each then this problem is resolved.

B stands.

If (B) has to be true, I think the sentence should go like this: "........since they were each an advocate of the Constitution."

Correct me if I am wrong.

I correct myself. In the supposedly incorrect choice (B), even if 'each' is singular, the grammar rule is that 'they' is plural and overrides the singular mode of 'each'. Therefore, it is correct to say something like: they were each 'advocates' of the Constitution.[/i][/u][/b]

However, I am positive that (E) is the right answer. As all of you know, 'since' is generally used to refer to a point in past time. (However, here 'since' is used as a substitute for 'because'.)

"each" in B is playing a role of adjective.....

You can have a look at :

http://www.gmatclub.com/forum/t27442

- Brajesh
Director
Joined: 01 Jan 2008
Posts: 601
The Federalist paper is a compilation of articles written by [#permalink]

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23 Jul 2008, 19:26
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
The Federalist paper is a compilation of articles written by Alexander Hamilton and James Madison, as well as a few by John Jay, since each of them were advocates of the Constitution.

a)
b) since they were each
c) since all of them were
d) each of which was
e) because all of the men were
Director
Joined: 10 Sep 2007
Posts: 917

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23 Jul 2008, 19:35
1
KUDOS
a) since each of them were
Wrong. Each of them was not were.

b) since they were each

c) since all of them were
"them" is not clear.

d) each of which was

e) because all of the men were
Seems OK.

IMO E.
Current Student
Joined: 02 Aug 2007
Posts: 183
Schools: Wharton

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23 Jul 2008, 19:51
B.

Each usage requires plural..so "were" is needed
Senior Manager
Joined: 16 Aug 2004
Posts: 312
Location: India

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24 Jul 2008, 03:23
Hey Abhijeet +1 fell for the "them" trap, thanks for clarifying.
SVP
Joined: 30 Apr 2008
Posts: 1841
Location: Oklahoma City
Schools: Hard Knocks

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24 Jul 2008, 06:50
"Each" is always singular.

sterny wrote:
B.

Each usage requires plural..so "were" is needed

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Current Student
Joined: 02 Aug 2007
Posts: 183
Schools: Wharton

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24 Jul 2008, 09:33
jallenmorris wrote:
"Each" is always singular.

sterny wrote:
B.

Each usage requires plural..so "were" is needed

Thats not true.

Each of them IS - singular
They each ARE - plural

The question is, in B, what exactly is the issue? I do not think the usage of each is wrong in B at all.."They were each.." = "They each were.."

IMO, the problem in B is the use of the word they which could mean both the documents and the people.

What do you think?
Current Student
Joined: 02 Aug 2007
Posts: 183
Schools: Wharton

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24 Jul 2008, 09:35
I also think the sentence may have underlining issues.

For example if I select B..my sentence would be "since they were each were..." - which does not make sense
SVP
Joined: 30 Apr 2008
Posts: 1841
Location: Oklahoma City
Schools: Hard Knocks

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24 Jul 2008, 09:56
sterny wrote:
Thats not true.

Each of them IS - singular
They each ARE - plural

The question is, in B, what exactly is the issue? I do not think the usage of each is wrong in B at all.."They were each.." = "They each were.."

IMO, the problem in B is the use of the word they which could mean both the documents and the people.

What do you think?

"each" in your second sentence is not operating as the subject. It's an adjective. We are basing the use of "are" or "is" on "they", not on "each". We're using "each" to modify "they". When used as an adjective, I "each" is still singular, but the word it modifies is plural.

EDIT:

I just found this:

http://www.learnersdictionary.com/langh ... e.htm#each

Quote:
Each presents several problems of agreement with verbs and pronouns. When the pronoun each is the subject, it normally takes a singular verb ("Each is unique"). When the adjective each modifies a singular noun subject, the singular verb is used ("Each car is equipped with radar"). Each of is followed by a plural noun or pronoun ("Each of the kittens was given to a different family," "Each of us asked one question"). When the adjective each follows a plural noun subject, a plural verb and plural pronoun commonly follow ("We each have our own concerns"). Each often takes a plural pronoun in reference, sometimes to avoid saying "his or her" ("Each person in the line had to show their ticket").

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Intern
Joined: 21 Jun 2010
Posts: 10

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21 Jul 2010, 14:28
E was my first instinct but C pulls me each time I look at this.
I think we need expert intervention on this one. Someone needs to come out with a verdict.

I have another question: Why do we prefer 'because' over 'since'? Is it some kind of an idiom rule?
Manager
Status: Completed GMAT on 22 Nov 2011
Joined: 08 Nov 2010
Posts: 139

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23 May 2011, 01:09
I have attended this question two times but both the times I have answered wrongly.

My error is related to idiom.

Step 1:"The Federalists Papers" is plural so, I have eliminated option (A).
Step 2: I have eliminated option (B) and (D) because there is no "and" in the options. I thought "and" is required to join two modifier clauses.
Step 3: I have eliminated option (C) because it will end up forming a sentence only with subordinate clause. There will be no main clause.
Step 3: I chose option (E), which is a wrong answer.

My Error: I failed to realize that "as well as" can also join modifier clauses like "and" does.
Manager
Joined: 17 Feb 2011
Posts: 94

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13 Sep 2011, 19:35
C IMV. Nonetheless, a disputed SC. Should be removed to avoid further confusion.
Manager
Status: Prepping for the last time....
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Location: Australia
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GMAT 1: 630 Q47 V29
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13 Sep 2011, 20:36
I go for C

It's pretty clear because the compilation of articles is a group. So, 'all of them' correctly refers to the three men in the previous clause.
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Re: SC: Federalist Papers   [#permalink] 13 Sep 2011, 20:36

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