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# The festival of Songkran always brings

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The festival of Songkran always brings [#permalink]

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09 Apr 2017, 00:59
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65% (hard)

Question Stats:

37% (01:51) correct 63% (01:01) wrong based on 139 sessions

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The festival of Songkran always brings widespread levity and a rush of visitors to Thailand in that the throwing of water on others in the street is encouraged.

A) Thailand in that the throwing of water on others in the street is encouraged
B) Thailand, encouraging throwing water on others in the street
C) Thailand, when they encourage throwing water on others in the street
D) Thailand, since the throwing of water on others in the street is encouraged
E) Thailand by encouragement to throw water on others in the street
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: The festival of Songkran always brings [#permalink]

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10 Apr 2017, 07:59
I didn??t understand why D is the correct answer can somebody explain please

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Re: The festival of Songkran always brings [#permalink]

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11 Apr 2017, 06:48
Hi, I picked E. Anyone can help answer why it is wrong?

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Re: The festival of Songkran always brings [#permalink]

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11 Apr 2017, 07:23
tcwity88 wrote:
Hi, I picked E. Anyone can help answer why it is wrong?

“to Verb” is used as infinitive of purpose. It shows the aim or motive of the doer.

Example: I go to class TO LEARN maths. Here going to class has a purpose. i.e. “to learn”.

In choice E – to throw is just nonsensical. Festival does not have any intention to bring the rush of visitors by means of encouragement TO THROW WATER on other. Festival is not a human.
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Re: The festival of Songkran always brings [#permalink]

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11 Apr 2017, 07:35
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The festival of Songkran always brings widespread levity and a rush of visitors to Thailand in that the throwing of water on others in the street is encouraged.

A) Thailand in that the throwing of water on others in the street is encouraged
B) Thailand, encouraging throwing water on others in the street
C) Thailand, when they encourage throwing water on others in the street
D) Thailand, since the throwing of water on others in the street is encouraged
E) Thailand by encouragement to throw water on others in the street

In A
in that is not correct
In B
verb-ing is not correct as here
verb-ing is use to determine how the action is performed or presents the result of the previous clause
none is happening here
In C
when -no sense at all
no time frame required
In E
preposition by is also not correct

What is the reason that festival brings widespread humor.........because /since the throwing of water on others in the street is encouraged (this is the reason why festival brings humor...)

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Re: The festival of Songkran always brings [#permalink]

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11 Apr 2017, 11:16
tcwity88 wrote:
Hi, I picked E. Anyone can help answer why it is wrong?

Hi,

Thailand by encouragement to throw water on others in the Street

because the prepositional phrase by encouragement... is not grammatically correct. A preposition ALWAYS consist of a preposition by, wih, above, over etc+ object which could be a noun or pronoun.

For this reason E is not correct. Please give me some kudos if you find the concept helpful

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Re: The festival of Songkran always brings [#permalink]

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12 Apr 2017, 01:57
B seems correct.Why is it wrong please expalin

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Re: The festival of Songkran always brings [#permalink]

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13 Apr 2017, 08:34
Expert's post
Top Contributor
Abantika, the issue with (B) is with the modifier. Consider the following:

• Walking through the forest, the mushrooms were colorful.

Totally illogical, right? At the very least, that initial "-ing" modifier "walking through the forest" needs to make sense with the subject of the following clause. And it really doesn't: mushrooms can't walk through forests.

Answer choice (B) isn't nearly as ridiculous, but it's technically the same error:

Quote:
(B) The festival of Songkran always brings widespread levity and a rush of visitors to Thailand, encouraging throwing water on others in the street.

Who's doing the "encouraging" here? I'm not sure that it makes sense to say that the festival is "encouraging throwing water on others", and Thailand definitely isn't doing it, either.

(And my usual disclaimers apply here: it's incredibly difficult for test-prep companies to write realistic GMAT questions, and this one strikes me as being particularly flawed. So please don't lose much sleep over it.)

For more on -ing modifiers, check out some of the stuff in the SC megathread: https://gmatclub.com/forum/sentence-cor ... 04883.html
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Re: The festival of Songkran always brings   [#permalink] 13 Apr 2017, 08:34
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