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# The financial crash of October 1987 demonstrated that the

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Re: The financial crash of October 1987 demonstrated that the [#permalink]

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25 Sep 2011, 00:00
b14kumar wrote:
The financial crash of October 1987 demonstrated that the world’s capital markets are integrated more closely than ever before and that events in one part of the global village may be transmitted to the rest of the village—almost instantaneously.
(A) integrated more closely than ever before and that
(B) closely integrated more than ever before so
(C) more closely integrated as never before while
(D) more closely integrated than ever before and that
(E) more than ever before closely integrated as

- Brajesh

I was also confused between A and D.
If picked 'D just because it sound good to my ears.
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Re: The financial crash of October 1987 demonstrated that the [#permalink]

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25 Sep 2011, 09:45
gautammalik wrote:
b14kumar wrote:
The financial crash of October 1987 demonstrated that the world’s capital markets are integrated more closely than ever before and that events in one part of the global village may be transmitted to the rest of the village—almost instantaneously.
(A) integrated more closely than ever before and that
(B) closely integrated more than ever before so
(C) more closely integrated as never before while
(D) more closely integrated than ever before and that
(E) more than ever before closely integrated as

- Brajesh

I was also confused between A and D.
If picked 'D just because it sound good to my ears.

Its "D", but please explain the question above this post.
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Re: The financial crash of October 1987 demonstrated that the [#permalink]

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26 Sep 2011, 05:40
akbism wrote:
The financial crash of October 1987 demonstrated that the world’s capital markets are integrated more closely than ever before and that events in one part of the global village may be transmitted to the rest of the village—almost instantaneously.
(D) more closely integrated than (these were) ever before and that

Hi experts of comparison,

Here, are we comparing "the world’s capital markets are integrated closely" and "ever before"?
The colored part ( (these were) ) is omitted from the sentence?

It's correct to omit second part of comparison when it is understood. It is called Ellipsis.
Ex:- John can play the guitar better than Mary.

Also, i think (D) more closely integrated than (they were) ever before and that is how it is meant.
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Re: The financial crash of October 1987 demonstrated that the [#permalink]

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30 Sep 2011, 08:13
b14kumar wrote:
The financial crash of October 1987 demonstrated that the world’s capital markets are integrated more closely than ever before and that events in one part of the global village may be transmitted to the rest of the village—almost instantaneously.
(A) integrated more closely than ever before and that
(B) closely integrated more than ever before so
(C) more closely integrated as never before while
(D) more closely integrated than ever before and that
(E) more than ever before closely integrated as

- Brajesh

This is an incorrect question. The correct version is posted below -
The financial crash of October 1987 demonstrated that the world’s capital markets are integrated more closely than never before and events in one part of the global village may be transmitted to the rest of the village—almost instantaneously.

(A) integrated more closely than never before and
(B) closely integrated more than ever before so
(C) more closely integrated as never before while
(D) more closely integrated than ever before and that
(E) more than ever before closely integrated as

For this question OA is D
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Re: The financial crash of October 1987 demonstrated that the [#permalink]

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30 Sep 2011, 09:25
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Let me also join the fray; between A and D.

If the first sentence says “than ever before”, then this is indeed a deep question and my reasoning would be this for voting A.

You can see a subtle comparison in the sentence: -The financial crash of October 1987 demonstrated that the world’s capital markets are integrated ‘more closely than ever before’ – This comparison as signified by the adverb 'more closely’ pertains to the integration in 1987 to the integration any time before. In other words, the integration was there before 1987 and was therefore in 1987 and only the depth differed. Therefore, it will not be ideal to separate more closely from than ever before. D faults on this important implied meaning of the text by allowing the intrusion of the verb ‘integrated’

If on the contrary, the first choice says ‘than never before’, then this is simple test of maintaining the relative pronoun //ism and the answer will be obviously D.
I do not wish to analyze how the original differs from this post, especially after the poster has said that he has made some changes. I am trying to look at the given topic per se and go about it. For all that b14kumar’s version is much better IMO
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The financial crash of October 1987 demonstrated that the [#permalink]

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01 Jan 2013, 12:11
The financial crash of October 1987 demonstrated that the world’s capital markets are integrated more closely than never before and events in one part of the global village may be transmitted to the rest of the village—almost instantaneously.
(A) integrated more closely than never before and
(B) closely integrated more than ever before so
(C) more closely integrated as never before while
(D) more closely integrated than ever before and that
(E) more than ever before closely integrated as

I shortlisted Choice B and D and between them went for Choice B However D is correct.

Cause is X so effect is Y
Choice B = World's capital markets are closely interacted more than ever before(Cause) so events in one part of the global village may be trans.......(Effect)
Choice D = That the World's capital markets are more closely interacted than ever before(Effect 1) and that events in one part of the global village may be trans....(Effect 2)

why the cause-effect relationship established by choice B is wrong?
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Re: The financial crash of October 1987 demonstrated that the [#permalink]

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01 Jan 2013, 13:13
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abhijitlandge wrote:
The financial crash of October 1987 demonstrated that the world’s capital markets are integrated more closely than never before and events in one part of the global village may be transmitted to the rest of the village—almost instantaneously.
(A) integrated more closely than never before and
(B) closely integrated more than ever before so
(C) more closely integrated as never before while
(D) more closely integrated than ever before and that
(E) more than ever before closely integrated as

I shortlisted Choice B and D and between them went for Choice B However D is correct.

Cause is X so effect is Y
Choice B = World's capital markets are closely interacted more than ever before(Cause) so events in one part of the global village may be trans.......(Effect)
Choice D = That the World's capital markets are more closely interacted than ever before(Effect 1) and that events in one part of the global village may be trans....(Effect 2)

why the cause-effect relationship established by choice B is wrong?

That............that is the right parallel structure
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Re: The financial crash of October 1987 demonstrated that the [#permalink]

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08 Sep 2013, 08:43
Even I don't get this one. Coincidentally , I have the same doubt as posted by the thread starter.

The Crash demonstrated that MARKETS ARE INTEGRATED MORE THAN EVER BEFORE
AND
AS A RESULT
EVENTS ARE TRANSMITTED.

Implicitly, the markets are so integrated now than ever before that events are transmitted blah blah.....

What is wrong with option (B).

I know there is a parallel structure of ...that and ....that. However, knowing that GMAT is becoming meaning based now a days, the meaning would get preference over grammatical structure.

So first we will have to get the idea presented in the original sentence then only we can come to grammar, and IMHO my observation like thread starter's is correct.

For instance:

Original :BBC reported that tsunami destroyed the nearby coastal villages and that the people of the nearby villages went missing.

Per the meaning of this sentence we know that the DESTRUCTION LED 'people of the nearby villages went missing'.So, even if we have a "...that....that" parallel marker , we cannot justify the parallelism here.

Corrected version: BBC reported that tsunami destroyed the nearby coastal villages , and THUS the people of the nearby villages went missing.

Notice the use of THUS as a connector in COMBO with AND.

I hope I would have given a better example, but I am handicapped to think a better one.

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Re: The financial crash of October 1987 demonstrated that the [#permalink]

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08 Sep 2013, 11:05
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TGC wrote:
Even I don't get this one. Coincidentally , I have the same doubt as posted by the thread starter.

The Crash demonstrated that MARKETS ARE INTEGRATED MORE THAN EVER BEFORE
AND
AS A RESULT
EVENTS ARE TRANSMITTED.

Implicitly, the markets are so integrated now than ever before that events are transmitted blah blah.....

What is wrong with option (B).

I know there is a parallel structure of ...that and ....that. However, knowing that GMAT is becoming meaning based now a days, the meaning would get preference over grammatical structure.

So first we will have to get the idea presented in the original sentence then only we can come to grammar, and IMHO my observation like thread starter's is correct.

For instance:

Original :BBC reported that tsunami destroyed the nearby coastal villages and that the people of the nearby villages went missing.

Per the meaning of this sentence we know that the DESTRUCTION LED 'people of the nearby villages went missing'.So, even if we have a "...that....that" parallel marker , we cannot justify the parallelism here.

Corrected version: BBC reported that tsunami destroyed the nearby coastal villages , and THUS the people of the nearby villages went missing.

Notice the use of THUS as a connector in COMBO with AND.

I hope I would have given a better example, but I am handicapped to think a better one.

Let me try.

Going by the meaning:

Original: BBC reported that tsunami destroyed the nearby coastal villages and that the people of the nearby villages went missing.

Your interpretation of the above sentence is wrong. The above sentence means that BBC reported two things :
-> Tsunami destroyed the nearby coastal villages.
-> The people of the villages are missing.

So, this is the intended meaning and is the correct choice.

Your Version: BBC reported that tsunami destroyed the nearby coastal villages , and THUS the people of the nearby villages went missing.

Here, this sentence is connected by Conjunction "and", thereby joining two clauses.
It implies that BBC reported some event and as a result of reporting done by BBC, the people of the villages went missing. WRONG
The people of the villages did not go missing because of the reporting done by BBC.

If you apply the above logic, Only D is the correct choice as per the meaning. Let me know if it makes sense.

The financial crash of October 1987 demonstrated two things:
1) the world’s capital markets are more closely integrated than ever before
2) events in one part of the global village may be transmitted to the rest of the village—almost instantaneously.

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Re: The financial crash of October 1987 demonstrated that the [#permalink]

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08 Sep 2013, 11:21
I presume that I gave a wrong example and reasoning.

The research shows that the global warming is peaking and that the glaciers are melting.

Clearly, the idea of 'glaciers' should subordinate the idea of global warming peaking.
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Re: The financial crash of October 1987 demonstrated that the [#permalink]

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08 Sep 2013, 18:49
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Expert's post
Narenn wrote:

(B) closely integrated more than ever before so
(D) more closely integrated than ever before and that

Hello Guys,

Thanks for taking this issue up.

I just consulted with Matt Douglas (The Host of GMATT Mondays). In his opinion, Choice D is correct because the descriptive word more properly placed ahead of the term it modifies i.e. closely integrated. Choice B is wrong for the same reason.

If more is the direct object, then it can be placed after verb but when we use more as an adjective, it should be placed ahead of the term it modifies.

Thanks
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Re: The financial crash of October 1987 demonstrated that the [#permalink]

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07 May 2014, 05:02
b14kumar wrote:
The financial crash of October 1987 demonstrated that the world’s capital markets are integrated more closely than ever before and that events in one part of the global village may be transmitted to the rest of the village—almost instantaneously.
(A) integrated more closely than ever before and that
(B) closely integrated more than ever before so
(C) more closely integrated as never before while
(D) more closely integrated than ever before and that
(E) more than ever before closely integrated as

- Brajesh

I have a problem here, I think the part "events in one part of the global village may be transmitted to the rest of the village" is a result of "world’s capital markets are [u]integrated more closely than ever before" , so, they should not be parallel , ans "so" can be true(instead of that). Am I wrong? can anyone explain please?

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The financial crash of October 1987 demonstrated - GMATPrep QP1 [#permalink]

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22 May 2015, 07:49
The financial crash of October 1987 demonstrated that the world’s capital markets are integrated more closely than never before and events in one part of the global village may be transmitted to the rest of the village—almost instantaneously.

(A) integrated more closely than never before and
(B) closely integrated more than ever before so
(C) more closely integrated as never before while
(D) more closely integrated than ever before and that
(E) more than ever before closely integrated as

One other version of the same question is : the-financial-crash-of-october-1987-demonstrated-that-the-52706.html
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Re: The financial crash of October 1987 demonstrated - GMATPrep QP1 [#permalink]

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22 May 2015, 07:57
The financial crash of October 1987 demonstrated that the world’s capital markets are integrated more closely than never before and events in one part of the global village may be transmitted to the rest of the village—almost instantaneously.

(A) integrated more closely than never before and -> Ever means in the previous time when comparison is done. Here we are comparing two time lines. Never -> indicates a previous time frame about an action. Never before the feat of such proportion was achieved.

(B) closely integrated more than ever before so -> So provides a reason which changes the meaning of the sentence.

(C) more closely integrated as never before while -> Never has the same issue as that of Option A. while -> means a during or a contrast , which changes the meaning.

(D) more closely integrated than ever before and that -> Proper parallelism and "ever" is correctly used for comparison.
(E) more than ever before closely integrated as -> as provides a reason which changes the meaning.
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Re: The financial crash of October 1987 demonstrated - GMATPrep QP1 [#permalink]

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25 May 2015, 07:41
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kinjiGC wrote:
The financial crash of October 1987 demonstrated that the world’s capital markets are integrated more closely than never before and events in one part of the global village may be transmitted to the rest of the village—almost instantaneously.

(A) integrated more closely than never before and

(B) closely integrated more than ever before so Wordy and Awkward

(C) more closely integrated as never before while - Incorrect

(D) more closely integrated than ever before and that

More X than Y is the correct idiom , further it maintain the " that - that " parallelism..

The financial crash of October 1987 demonstrated that the world’s capital markets are more closely integrated than ever before and that events in one part of the global village may be transmitted to the rest of the village—almost instantaneously.

(E) more than ever before closely integrated as - Wordy and Awkward
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The financial crash of October 1987 demonstrated - GMATPrep QP1 [#permalink]

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01 Jun 2015, 03:43
kinjiGC wrote:
The financial crash of October 1987 demonstrated that the world’s capital markets are integrated more closely than never before and events in one part of the global village may be transmitted to the rest of the village—almost instantaneously.

(A) integrated more closely than never before and
(B) closely integrated more than ever before so
(C) more closely integrated as never before while
(D) more closely integrated than ever before and that
(E) more than ever before closely integrated as

One other version of the same question is : the-financial-crash-of-october-1987-demonstrated-that-the-52706.html

Parallelism, Idiom

(A) integrated more closely than never before and

and : it is not clear whether this and is another thing that this crash demonstrated or it is a separate fact. In the latter, it should be preceded by a comma, while in the former a 'that' is required to parallel the first 'that' after demonstrated.

(B) closely integrated more than ever before so

'so' here indicates a result; hence, it is a coordinating conjunction (remember the FANBOYS family). When a coordinating conjunction is used to connect to independent sentences, it should be preceded by a comma.

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Re: The financial crash of October 1987 demonstrated that the [#permalink]

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25 Jun 2015, 21:59
b14kumar wrote:
The financial crash of October 1987 demonstrated that the world’s capital markets are integrated more closely than ever before and that events in one part of the global village may be transmitted to the rest of the village—almost instantaneously.
(A) integrated more closely than ever before and that
(B) closely integrated more than ever before so
(C) more closely integrated as never before while
(D) more closely integrated than ever before and that
(E) more than ever before closely integrated as

- Brajesh

Here is what I think.

The word "more" should modify closely integrated. Therefore Option D is correct.

General Rule :
When more is the direct object------------placed after verb
When more is used as an adjective ---------------placed ahead of the term it modifies.

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Re: The financial crash of October 1987 demonstrated that the [#permalink]

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22 Jul 2017, 04:18
1. More than never is unidiomatic, so we have B, C and E.
2. We need "that" at the end because of the previous "that".

So we have only D. OA is D.

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Re: The financial crash of October 1987 demonstrated that the [#permalink]

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31 Jul 2017, 00:43
Yes, when we say that X is happening more than before, we are comparing how often X happens now to how often it happened before. The implied meaning of this expression is "X is happening more often than (it did) before." If we use an adjective ("closely integrated"), the same idea applies. "Our company is more X than ever before" means "Our company is more X than (it was) ever before."
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Re: The financial crash of October 1987 demonstrated that the [#permalink]

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31 Jul 2017, 11:24
Merged topics. Please, search before posting questions!
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Re: The financial crash of October 1987 demonstrated that the   [#permalink] 31 Jul 2017, 11:24

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