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# The financial crash of October 1987 demonstrated that the

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The financial crash of October 1987 demonstrated that the [#permalink]

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22 Sep 2007, 17:58
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The financial crash of October 1987 demonstrated that the world’s capital markets are integrated more closely than ever before and that events in one part of the global village may be transmitted to the rest of the village—almost instantaneously.

(A) integrated more closely than ever before and that
(B) closely integrated more than ever before so
(C) more closely integrated as never before while
(D) more closely integrated than ever before and that
(E) more than ever before closely integrated as
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by abhimahna on 22 Jul 2017, 10:19, edited 1 time in total.
Added OA

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Re: The financial crash of October 1987 demonstrated - GMATPrep QP1 [#permalink]

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25 May 2015, 08:41
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kinjiGC wrote:
The financial crash of October 1987 demonstrated that the world’s capital markets are integrated more closely than never before and events in one part of the global village may be transmitted to the rest of the village—almost instantaneously.

(A) integrated more closely than never before and

(B) closely integrated more than ever before so Wordy and Awkward

(C) more closely integrated as never before while - Incorrect

(D) more closely integrated than ever before and that

More X than Y is the correct idiom , further it maintain the " that - that " parallelism..

The financial crash of October 1987 demonstrated that the world’s capital markets are more closely integrated than ever before and that events in one part of the global village may be transmitted to the rest of the village—almost instantaneously.

(E) more than ever before closely integrated as - Wordy and Awkward
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Re: The financial crash of October 1987 demonstrated that the [#permalink]

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30 Sep 2011, 10:25
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Let me also join the fray; between A and D.

If the first sentence says “than ever before”, then this is indeed a deep question and my reasoning would be this for voting A.

You can see a subtle comparison in the sentence: -The financial crash of October 1987 demonstrated that the world’s capital markets are integrated ‘more closely than ever before’ – This comparison as signified by the adverb 'more closely’ pertains to the integration in 1987 to the integration any time before. In other words, the integration was there before 1987 and was therefore in 1987 and only the depth differed. Therefore, it will not be ideal to separate more closely from than ever before. D faults on this important implied meaning of the text by allowing the intrusion of the verb ‘integrated’

If on the contrary, the first choice says ‘than never before’, then this is simple test of maintaining the relative pronoun //ism and the answer will be obviously D.
I do not wish to analyze how the original differs from this post, especially after the poster has said that he has made some changes. I am trying to look at the given topic per se and go about it. For all that b14kumar’s version is much better IMO
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Re: The financial crash of October 1987 demonstrated that the [#permalink]

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abhijitlandge wrote:
The financial crash of October 1987 demonstrated that the world’s capital markets are integrated more closely than never before and events in one part of the global village may be transmitted to the rest of the village—almost instantaneously.
(A) integrated more closely than never before and
(B) closely integrated more than ever before so
(C) more closely integrated as never before while
(D) more closely integrated than ever before and that
(E) more than ever before closely integrated as

I shortlisted Choice B and D and between them went for Choice B However D is correct.

Cause is X so effect is Y
Choice B = World's capital markets are closely interacted more than ever before(Cause) so events in one part of the global village may be trans.......(Effect)
Choice D = That the World's capital markets are more closely interacted than ever before(Effect 1) and that events in one part of the global village may be trans....(Effect 2)

why the cause-effect relationship established by choice B is wrong?

That............that is the right parallel structure
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Re: The financial crash of October 1987 demonstrated that the [#permalink]

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08 Sep 2013, 12:05
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TGC wrote:
Even I don't get this one. Coincidentally , I have the same doubt as posted by the thread starter.

The Crash demonstrated that MARKETS ARE INTEGRATED MORE THAN EVER BEFORE
AND
AS A RESULT
EVENTS ARE TRANSMITTED.

Implicitly, the markets are so integrated now than ever before that events are transmitted blah blah.....

What is wrong with option (B).

I know there is a parallel structure of ...that and ....that. However, knowing that GMAT is becoming meaning based now a days, the meaning would get preference over grammatical structure.

So first we will have to get the idea presented in the original sentence then only we can come to grammar, and IMHO my observation like thread starter's is correct.

For instance:

Original :BBC reported that tsunami destroyed the nearby coastal villages and that the people of the nearby villages went missing.

Per the meaning of this sentence we know that the DESTRUCTION LED 'people of the nearby villages went missing'.So, even if we have a "...that....that" parallel marker , we cannot justify the parallelism here.

Corrected version: BBC reported that tsunami destroyed the nearby coastal villages , and THUS the people of the nearby villages went missing.

Notice the use of THUS as a connector in COMBO with AND.

I hope I would have given a better example, but I am handicapped to think a better one.

Please advise !

Let me try.

Going by the meaning:

Original: BBC reported that tsunami destroyed the nearby coastal villages and that the people of the nearby villages went missing.

Your interpretation of the above sentence is wrong. The above sentence means that BBC reported two things :
-> Tsunami destroyed the nearby coastal villages.
-> The people of the villages are missing.

So, this is the intended meaning and is the correct choice.

Your Version: BBC reported that tsunami destroyed the nearby coastal villages , and THUS the people of the nearby villages went missing.

Here, this sentence is connected by Conjunction "and", thereby joining two clauses.
It implies that BBC reported some event and as a result of reporting done by BBC, the people of the villages went missing. WRONG
The people of the villages did not go missing because of the reporting done by BBC.

If you apply the above logic, Only D is the correct choice as per the meaning. Let me know if it makes sense.

The financial crash of October 1987 demonstrated two things:
1) the world’s capital markets are more closely integrated than ever before
2) events in one part of the global village may be transmitted to the rest of the village—almost instantaneously.

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Re: The financial crash of October 1987 demonstrated that the [#permalink]

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08 Sep 2013, 19:49
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Expert's post
Narenn wrote:

(B) closely integrated more than ever before so
(D) more closely integrated than ever before and that

Hello Guys,

Thanks for taking this issue up.

I just consulted with Matt Douglas (The Host of GMATT Mondays). In his opinion, Choice D is correct because the descriptive word more properly placed ahead of the term it modifies i.e. closely integrated. Choice B is wrong for the same reason.

If more is the direct object, then it can be placed after verb but when we use more as an adjective, it should be placed ahead of the term it modifies.

Thanks
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Re: The financial crash of October 1987 demonstrated that the [#permalink]

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30 Oct 2017, 08:10
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priyanknema wrote:
Please help me to clear 'integrated more closely' or 'more closely integrated' ?

Since position of an adverb is NOT necessarily after a verb, I really do not see why A should be better than D. In my opnion, A and D are equivalent.

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Re: The financial crash of October 1987 demonstrated that the [#permalink]

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22 Sep 2007, 18:33
b14kumar wrote:
The financial crash of October 1987 demonstrated that the world’s capital markets are integrated more closely than ever before and that events in one part of the global village may be transmitted to the rest of the village—almost instantaneously.
(A) integrated more closely than ever before and that
(B) closely integrated more than ever before so
(C) more closely integrated as never before while
(D) more closely integrated than ever before and that
(E) more than ever before closely integrated as

Please explain.....

- Brajesh

Between A and d - I'll go with A. demonstrated that capital markets are integrated (more closely) and that events may be transmitted - almost instantaneously --- parallelism.

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Re: The financial crash of October 1987 demonstrated that the [#permalink]

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23 Sep 2007, 00:26
b14kumar wrote:
The financial crash of October 1987 demonstrated that the world’s capital markets are integrated more closely than ever before and that events in one part of the global village may be transmitted to the rest of the village—almost instantaneously.
(A) integrated more closely than ever before and that
(B) closely integrated more than ever before so
(C) more closely integrated as never before while
(D) more closely integrated than ever before and that
(E) more than ever before closely integrated as

Please explain.....

- Brajesh

I dunno A or D.

Elim any choices that don't use the ||ism the sentence requires: "and that". the financial crash demonstrated that... and that...

Btwn A and D, I have no clue.

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Re: The financial crash of October 1987 demonstrated that the [#permalink]

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23 Sep 2007, 11:24
I need to discuss more on this.....

Let me slightly modify the question:

The financial crash of October 1987 demonstrated that the world’s capital markets are integrated more closely than ever before and that events in one part of the global village may be immediately transmitted to the rest of the village.
(A) integrated more closely than ever before and that
(B) closely integrated more than ever before so
(C) more closely integrated as never before while
(D) more closely integrated than ever before and that
(E) more than ever before closely integrated as

Please give reason for your choice......

- Brajesh

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Re: The financial crash of October 1987 demonstrated that the [#permalink]

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23 Sep 2007, 12:31
Quote:
The financial crash of October 1987 demonstrated that the world’s capital markets are integrated more closely than ever before and that events in one part of the global village may be immediately transmitted to the rest of the village.
(A) integrated more closely than ever before and that
(B) closely integrated more than ever before so
(C) more closely integrated as never before while
(D) more closely integrated than ever before and that
(E) more than ever before closely integrated as

My answer is D.

We can immediately eliminate B, C and E because of their parallelism issues; they dont end in 'and that'.

We can eliminate A because, it is my understanding that an adverb ('closely') has to touch the verb ('intergrated') it's modifying. I could be wrong.

What's the OA?

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Re: The financial crash of October 1987 demonstrated that the [#permalink]

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23 Sep 2007, 15:32
Between A and D

Adverb of manner is used.

The adverb closely shd be after main verb...

IMO A. Please post the OA!

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Re: The financial crash of October 1987 demonstrated that the [#permalink]

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23 Sep 2007, 15:36
This question is from 1000SC, but the furst choice given is different here...

The answer was D because in choice A , 'never' was used instead of 'ever' .

I think in this case A shd be the answer

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Re: The financial crash of October 1987 demonstrated that the [#permalink]

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23 Sep 2007, 15:42
b14kumar wrote:
The financial crash of October 1987 demonstrated that the world’s capital markets are integrated more closely than ever before and that events in one part of the global village may be transmitted to the rest of the village—almost instantaneously.
(A) integrated more closely than ever before and that
(B) closely integrated more than ever before so
(C) more closely integrated as never before while
(D) more closely integrated than ever before and that
(E) more than ever before closely integrated as

Please explain.....

- Brajesh

There is a typo in option 'A' instead of "ever before" it should be "never before". This question is from OG10

If there had not been any TYPO in the option 'A' then also I believe Option 'D' is better since adverb phrase may modify market instead of integreted though I am not quite sure of this

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Re: The financial crash of October 1987 demonstrated that the [#permalink]

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23 Sep 2007, 19:18
Guys,

There is no typo in this question.
I have actually taken this question from 1000 SC but have modified it little bit.

Many of us have got it right that the answer is between A and D.
And yes answer should be between A and D.
I wanted to know which one and that too with a reason.

Difference between A and D is the placement of "more closely".
In A it is placed after "integrated" and in D, it is placed before "integrated".

So which one should be right?

- Brajesh

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Re: The financial crash of October 1987 demonstrated that the [#permalink]

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24 Sep 2007, 09:40
b14kumar wrote:
Guys,

There is no typo in this question.
I have actually taken this question from 1000 SC but have modified it little bit.

Many of us have got it right that the answer is between A and D.
And yes answer should be between A and D.
I wanted to know which one and that too with a reason.

Difference between A and D is the placement of "more closely".
In A it is placed after "integrated" and in D, it is placed before "integrated".

- Brajesh

Well Not fully sure if my reason is correct. But I think A can be correct since "more" and "than" are closer to each other in comparison to D.
Anybody support this?

So which one should be right?

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Re: The financial crash of October 1987 demonstrated that the [#permalink]

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24 Sep 2007, 12:04
The topic talks about integration and that how it has affected the markets. Since we are comparing against EVER BEFORE I guess the more closely should modify the idea of integration. So it should be "more closely integrated than ever before" . Hence it should be D.

Any takers ?
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Re: The financial crash of October 1987 demonstrated that the [#permalink]

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25 Sep 2007, 08:47
younggun044 wrote:
b14kumar wrote:
Guys,

There is no typo in this question.
I have actually taken this question from 1000 SC but have modified it little bit.

Many of us have got it right that the answer is between A and D.
And yes answer should be between A and D.
I wanted to know which one and that too with a reason.

Difference between A and D is the placement of "more closely".
In A it is placed after "integrated" and in D, it is placed before "integrated".

- Brajesh

Well Not fully sure if my reason is correct. But I think A can be correct since "more" and "than" are closer to each other in comparison to D.
Anybody support this?

So which one should be right?

I also think so.....

This is a modified question to discuss the placement of an adverb.
In the original 1000 SC, this question has A as the OA. But the question does not have Option D. I included option D to see what you guys think should be right: A or D?

- Brajesh

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Re: The financial crash of October 1987 demonstrated that the [#permalink]

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25 Sep 2007, 09:28
b14kumar wrote:
younggun044 wrote:
b14kumar wrote:
Guys,

There is no typo in this question.
I have actually taken this question from 1000 SC but have modified it little bit.

Many of us have got it right that the answer is between A and D.
And yes answer should be between A and D.
I wanted to know which one and that too with a reason.

Difference between A and D is the placement of "more closely".
In A it is placed after "integrated" and in D, it is placed before "integrated".

- Brajesh

Well Not fully sure if my reason is correct. But I think A can be correct since "more" and "than" are closer to each other in comparison to D.
Anybody support this?

So which one should be right?

I also think so.....

This is a modified question to discuss the placement of an adverb.
In the original 1000 SC, this question has A as the OA. But the question does not have Option D. I included option D to see what you guys think should be right: A or D?

- Brajesh

Oh..good...thanks for sharing this

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Re: The financial crash of October 1987 demonstrated that the [#permalink]

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26 Sep 2007, 15:37
"D" because more closely integrated sounds better. You have to put words close to what they modify. "a" just sounds awkward.

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Re: The financial crash of October 1987 demonstrated that the   [#permalink] 26 Sep 2007, 15:37

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