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# The first personal computers had severe hardware and

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Manager
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Updated on: 11 Nov 2012, 23:30
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Question Stats:

46% (01:31) correct 54% (01:33) wrong based on 2094 sessions

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The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitations similar to that of a modern wristwatch and so were unable to perform the complex operations necessary for today's processor-intensive applications.

A) The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitations similar to that of a modern wristwatch
B) The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitations similar to a modern wristwatch's
C) The severe hardware and software limitations of the first personal computers were similar to those of a modern wristwatch
D) The first personal computers' severe hardware and software limitations were similar to those of a modern wristwatch
E) The severe hardware and software limitations of the first personal computers were similar to that of a modern wristwatch

Originally posted by nelz007 on 11 Nov 2012, 22:25.
Last edited by nelz007 on 11 Nov 2012, 23:30, edited 1 time in total.
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24 Aug 2013, 17:31
8
5
SmokedRing wrote:
Vineetk wrote:
A) The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitations similar to that of a modern wristwatch: Incorrect. that of should be those of
B) The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitations similar to a modern wristwatch's: Correct.
C) The severe hardware and software limitations of the first personal computers were similar to those of a modern wristwatch. Incorrect. Changes the subject for second clause.
D) The first personal computers' severe hardware and software limitations were similar to those of a modern wristwatch. Incorrect Changes the subject for second clause.
E) The severe hardware and software limitations of the first personal computers were similar to that of a modern wristwatch. Incorrect. Changes the subject for second clause.

I am still confuse about - THAT.
Is that singular or plural..?
for eg: Expectations that are fulfilled ....<insert something>.. ..
Here that ----> expectations----->plural.

Someone plz clarify.

Hi smokering.
The two "that" are different. The one in the question is "demonstrative pronoun". The one that you mention is "relative pronoun".

* Demonstrative pronoun can function by themselves as substitutes for specific nouns / antecedents. ==> The parallel nature must be maintained.
For example:
WRONG: The books I borrowed at the library yesterday are similar to THAT of your. "books" - plural is not parallel to "that" which refers to singular antecedent.
CORRECT: The books I borrowed at the library yesterday are similar to THOSE of your.

*Relative pronoun is used to introduce one type of subordinate clause called a relative clause
"that" modifies the preceding noun/noun phrase. It does not matter the preceding noun/noun phrase is singular or plural.
For example: The cars THAT have introduced in the auto show are very expensive.

Hope it helps.
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##### General Discussion
Manager
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11 Nov 2012, 23:03
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nelz007 wrote:
The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitations similar to that of a modern wristwatch and so were unable to perform the complex operations necessary for today's processor-intensive applications.

A) The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitations similar to that of a modern wristwatch
B) The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitations similar to a modern wristwatch's
C) The severe hardware and software limitations of the first personal computers were similar to those of a modern wristwatch
D) The first personal computers' severe hardware and software limitations were similar to those of a modern wristwatch
E) The severe hardware and software limitations of the first personal computers were similar to that of a modern wristwatch

IMO B. What does the answer guide say?

The non-underlined part start with were unable to perform..., whose subject should computers, as dictated by the meaning, not H/w or S/W
A has a comparison problem - you have limitationS in the 1st half but you that in the 2nd half of the comparison. that is singular but we need those to compare it with "limitationS"
So go with B.

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11 Nov 2012, 23:08
4
4
A) The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitations similar to that of a modern wristwatch: Incorrect. that of should be those of
B) The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitations similar to a modern wristwatch's: Correct.
C) The severe hardware and software limitations of the first personal computers were similar to those of a modern wristwatch. Incorrect. Changes the subject for second clause.
D) The first personal computers' severe hardware and software limitations were similar to those of a modern wristwatch. Incorrect Changes the subject for second clause.
E) The severe hardware and software limitations of the first personal computers were similar to that of a modern wristwatch. Incorrect. Changes the subject for second clause.
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18 Nov 2012, 01:18
Vineetk wrote:
A) The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitations similar to that of a modern wristwatch: Incorrect. that of should be those of
B) The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitations similar to a modern wristwatch's: Correct.
C) The severe hardware and software limitations of the first personal computers were similar to those of a modern wristwatch. Incorrect. Changes the subject for second clause.
D) The first personal computers' severe hardware and software limitations were similar to those of a modern wristwatch. Incorrect Changes the subject for second clause.
E) The severe hardware and software limitations of the first personal computers were similar to that of a modern wristwatch. Incorrect. Changes the subject for second clause.

Although i went for the C option,,but now after reading the explanation it seems as if the parallelism is not maintained in the option C,,,am I right?
first personal computer's must be followed by second clause modern wristwatch's limitations,,,,???
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18 Nov 2012, 01:43
Maryam787 wrote:

Although i went for the C option,,but now after reading the explanation it seems as if the parallelism is not maintained in the option C,,,am I right?
first personal computer's must be followed by second clause modern wristwatch's limitations,,,,???

C is passive thats one reason. GMAT prefers active voice. In this comparison question the limitations is compared to a modern watch which is singular we need plural.

A The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitations similar to that of a modern wristwatch

only B fits the bill. Hope that helps.
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Updated on: 23 Jul 2013, 01:46
The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitations similar to that of a modern wristwatch and so were unable to perform the complex operations necessary for today's processor-intensive applications.

A) The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitations similar to that of a modern wristwatch
B)The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitations similar to a modern wristwatch's
C)The severe hardware and software limitations of the first personal computers were similar to those of a modern wristwatch
D)The first personal computers' severe hardware and software limitations were similar to those of a modern wristwatch
E)The severe hardware and software limitations of the first personal computers were similar to that of a modern wristwatch

Originally posted by HarveyS on 23 Jul 2013, 01:16.
Last edited by Zarrolou on 23 Jul 2013, 01:46, edited 1 time in total.
Merging similar topics.
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02 Aug 2013, 02:33
Amazing question.. This question is not a rapid fire question as it will take 1 min easily.

But it demand us to spend at least one min.. quick response to this question would prove dangerous..

"Parallelism" is the concept behind it.. But sometimes hard to tackle.
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24 Aug 2013, 11:20
Vineetk wrote:
A) The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitations similar to that of a modern wristwatch: Incorrect. that of should be those of
B) The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitations similar to a modern wristwatch's: Correct.
C) The severe hardware and software limitations of the first personal computers were similar to those of a modern wristwatch. Incorrect. Changes the subject for second clause.
D) The first personal computers' severe hardware and software limitations were similar to those of a modern wristwatch. Incorrect Changes the subject for second clause.
E) The severe hardware and software limitations of the first personal computers were similar to that of a modern wristwatch. Incorrect. Changes the subject for second clause.

I am still confuse about - THAT.
Is that singular or plural..?
for eg: Expectations that are fulfilled ....<insert something>.. ..
Here that ----> expectations----->plural.

Someone plz clarify.
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25 Aug 2013, 22:16
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B) The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitations similar to a modern wristwatch's: Correct.

The X had many problems similar to Y. The comparison is between personal computers and wristwatch. Not between problems of computers and problems of wristwatch.
That of/ those of is not required

Correct me if I am wrong..!!
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25 Aug 2013, 22:24
1
1
B) The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitations similar to a modern wristwatch's: Correct.

The X had many problems similar to Y. The comparison is between personal computers and wristwatch. Not between problems of computers and problems of wristwatch.
That of/ those of is not required

Correct me if I am wrong..!!

IMO no it is not comparison between computer and wristwatch...rather
comparison is between problems of computer and problems of wristwatch.
we dont need that of / those of because WRISTWATCH'S (posessive form is already their.
THAT OF /THOSE OF is required when ONLY WRISTWATCH is present.

HOPE it is clear.
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25 Aug 2013, 22:29
Didnt see that possessive case....Got it...thanks for explanation..:)
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22 Jun 2014, 10:57

When we use the possessive case, we are comparing limitations to a modern wristwatch limitation? In other words, we are comparing a plural noun (limitations) with a singular noun (wristwatch limitation)? If this is correct why A cannot be the answer? If Im wrong, how can a modern wristwatch's refer to limitations (plural) and not limitation (singular)

Thks!
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01 Jul 2014, 00:42
2
A good question, it involves importance of focus on non underlined portion to identify the right answer.

The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitations similar to that of a modern wristwatch and so were unable to perform the complex operations necessary for today's processor-intensive applications.

A) The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitations similar to that of a modern wristwatch -- no proper reference of that available.

B) The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitations similar to a modern wristwatch's -- comparison is ok also subject matches with sentence in non underlined part.

C) The severe hardware and software limitations of the first personal computers were similar to those of a modern wristwatch -- comparison is ok -- but limitations does not qualifies as logical subject of non underlined portion.

D) The first personal computers' severe hardware and software limitations were similar to those of a modern wristwatch -- similar to C

E) The severe hardware and software limitations of the first personal computers were similar to that of a modern wristwatch -- same as A
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09 Jan 2016, 04:56
blueseas wrote:
B) The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitations similar to a modern wristwatch's: Correct.

The X had many problems similar to Y. The comparison is between personal computers and wristwatch. Not between problems of computers and problems of wristwatch.
That of/ those of is not required

Correct me if I am wrong..!!

IMO no it is not comparison between computer and wristwatch...rather
comparison is between problems of computer and problems of wristwatch.
we dont need that of / those of because WRISTWATCH'S (posessive form is already their.
THAT OF /THOSE OF is required when ONLY WRISTWATCH is present.

HOPE it is clear.

So A would be correct if it said "those of"?
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11 Jan 2016, 04:40
Hi chetan2u / daagh,

What is the difference between Option C and D
C) The severe hardware and software limitations of the first personal computers were similar to those of a modern wristwatch
D) The first personal computers' severe hardware and software limitations were similar to those of a modern wristwatch.

I have learnt that we we try to avoid possessive's of non living thing.

Eg-
Scenario 1:
A) The shoes of Jim.
B) Jim's shoes.

Here we give preference to B.

Scenario 2:
A) The ABC law of government.
B) Government's ABC law.

Here we give preference to A.

In the above-mentioned examples its just the question of preferences but actually the meaning is same. (Correct me if I am wrong)

What to do if we come across any options like in this question.

Thanks and Regards,
Prakhar
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Thanks and Regards,
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11 Jan 2016, 05:01
Quote:
What is the difference between Option C and D
C) The severe hardware and software limitations of the first personal computers were similar to those of a modern wristwatch
D) The first personal computers' severe hardware and software limitations were similar to those of a modern wristwatch.

I have learnt that we we try to avoid possessive's of non living thing.

this is more of a guide line and not a POINTER to eliminate any choice; the logic is that NON LIVING things CANNOT possess but i have seen a OFFICIAL SC in which this RULE IS FLOUTED . so YES to ELIMINATE C and D it is better you go with the PARALLELISM issue as both are WRONG in that CONTEXT
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Updated on: 11 Jan 2016, 05:59
Quote:
What is the difference between Option C and D
C) The severe hardware and software limitations of the first personal computers were similar to those of a modern wristwatch
D) The first personal computers' severe hardware and software limitations were similar to those of a modern wristwatch.

I have learnt that we we try to avoid possessive's of non living thing.

this is more of a guide line and not a POINTER to eliminate any choice; the logic is that NON LIVING things CANNOT possess but i have seen a OFFICIAL SC in which this RULE IS FLOUTED . so YES to ELIMINATE C and D it is better you go with the PARALLELISM issue as both are WRONG in that CONTEXT

So, in general can we say that.

eg 1- A of B is similar to (that/those) of C.
Here that/those refer to A.

Eg 2- B's A is similar to (that/those) of C.
Here that/those refer to B.

Thanks and Regards,
Prakhar
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Thanks and Regards,
Prakhar

Originally posted by PrakharGMAT on 11 Jan 2016, 05:03.
Last edited by PrakharGMAT on 11 Jan 2016, 05:59, edited 1 time in total.
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11 Jan 2016, 05:09
1
RAHKARP27071989 wrote:
Hi chetan2u / daagh,

What is the difference between Option C and D
C) The severe hardware and software limitations of the first personal computers were similar to those of a modern wristwatch
D) The first personal computers' severe hardware and software limitations were similar to those of a modern wristwatch.

I have learnt that we we try to avoid possessive's of non living thing.

Eg-
Scenario 1:
A) The shoes of Jim.
B) Jim's shoes.

Here we give preference to B.

Scenario 2:
A) The ABC law of government.
B) Government's ABC law.

Here we give preference to A.

In the above-mentioned examples its just the question of preferences but actually the meaning is same. (Correct me if I am wrong)

What to do if we come across any options like in this question.

Thanks and Regards,
Prakhar

hi,
It may be correct that few follow the rule avoiding the 'possessive ' of inanimate nouns. But that is not followed in GMAT and most of the cases in real world..
'S or of are ok till the time they are not interfering in the meaning part of it.
Generally this will not be a reason to eliminate a choice..
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11 Jan 2016, 05:12
1
1
Quote:
eg 1- A of B is similar to (that/those) of C.
Here that/those refer to A.

Eg 2- B's A is similar to (that/those) of C.
Here that/those refer to B.

this is again subjected to condition as what structure is available to you ---->by this i mean that you have to select an option that is MOST PARALLEL -----> so "A of B is similar to (that/those) of C" is MORE PARALLEL THAN "B's A is similar to (that/those) of C." ---->by this i mean that your example 2 is NOT WRONG but is inferior to your example 1 --->but TRUST ME GMAC will never make you choose between these TWO options (example 2 is ALSO correct but given a option of example 1 ,it will be prudent to pick option 1)

pronouns such as THAT / THOSE create new copies so by that standard they can refer to things mentioned in previous clause WITHOUT CARRYING the MODIFIERS in the previous clause

please note that here both C and D are WRONG for PARALLELISM issue and not for the COMPARISON issue ---ALSO the GUIDELINE that you have pointed is TRUE (that non living things CANNOT POSSESS); however do not use it as an ELIMINATOR
Re: The first personal computers had severe hardware and   [#permalink] 11 Jan 2016, 05:12

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# The first personal computers had severe hardware and

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