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# The first shots of the American Revolution, fired at

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The first shots of the American Revolution, fired at [#permalink]

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10 Jul 2007, 18:21
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The first shots of the American Revolution, fired at Lexington and Concord. Massachusetts, were, according to legend, heard around the world, but news of these shots, which were sent by swift messenger, took four days in reaching New York City as well as another additional eleven days to reach Charleston, South Carolina.

A. shots, which were sent by swift messenger, took four days in reaching New York City as well as another additional eleven days
B. shots that was sent by swift messenger took four days in order to reach New York City, and also another eleven days
C. shots that were sent by swift messenger took four days to reach New York City and another eleven days
D. shots took four days by swift messenger in order to reach New York City and another eleven days in addition
E. shots took four days by swift messenger to reach New York City and another eleven days
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by abhimahna on 12 Mar 2017, 01:07, edited 2 times in total.
Edited the question
If you have any questions
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Re: The first shots of the American Revolution, fired at [#permalink]

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10 Jul 2007, 18:36
b/w B and E...E is concise although 'four days by swift messenger' looks a bit awkward.
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Re: The first shots of the American Revolution, fired at [#permalink]

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10 Jul 2007, 19:26
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E.

The news were sent by the messanger, not the bullets. Therefore, 'which and that' following 'shots' must be elimanated for incorrect modification.

That leaves D and E.

I assume the underlined portion ends at 'eleven days'. Regardless, E is parallel.

E.
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Re: The first shots of the American Revolution, fired at [#permalink]

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10 Jul 2007, 19:46
Good question
Between D and E. Go with E, clear and short.
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Re: The first shots of the American Revolution, fired at [#permalink]

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10 Jul 2007, 19:57
E is succinct and clear. Wrong answers have redundant words like

"in order to" -> to

Also which was not correctly used in original sentence hence it needed change but rest of choices introduced other errors.
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Re: The first shots of the American Revolution, fired at [#permalink]

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03 Apr 2012, 18:13
A- which is wrong
B-hmmm
C-better than b
D-in order?? i question that
E- Most concise
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Re: The first shots of the American Revolution, fired at [#permalink]

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04 Apr 2012, 06:17
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Concision is certainly one of the factors but not the sole factor. Here in this case we can see how others are technically wrong.

A. shots, which were sent by swift messenger, took four days in reaching New York City as well as another additional eleven days ------- 1.wrong modification of the pronoun ‘which’ 2. News is singular and the plural verb ‘were’ is SV mismatch 3. Awful redundancy of another, additional etc

B. shots that was sent by swift messenger took four days in order to reach New York City, and also another eleven days --- 1 wrong modification by using the restrictive ‘that’ 2. Redundancy in ‘also another’

C. shots that were sent by swift messenger took four days to reach New York City and another eleven days ---- 1, same modification problem as in B 2. Additionally, ‘news’ and ‘were’ – SV mismatch

D. shots took four days by swift messenger in order to reach New York City and another eleven days in addition ---- 1. redundancy of another and in addition 2. unnecessary use of ‘in order’

E. shots took four days by swift messenger to reach New York City and another eleven days—avoids all the grammatical errors and of course is also concise
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Re: The first shots of the American Revolution, fired at [#permalink]

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08 Oct 2013, 18:19
I do understand the issue with was/were. However, Can you help me understand why a restrictive (that) and a non-restrictive (which ) modifier cannot be used?
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Re: The first shots of the American Revolution, fired at [#permalink]

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12 Nov 2013, 13:09
stevegt wrote:
The first shots of the American Revolution, fired at Lexington and Concord. Massachusetts, were, according to legend, heard around the world, but news of these shots, which were sent by swift messenger, took four days in reaching New York City as well as another additional eleven days to reach Charleston, South Carolina.

A. shots, which were sent by swift messenger, took four days in reaching New York City as well as another additional eleven days
B. shots that was sent by swift messenger took four days in order to reach New York City, and also another eleven days
C. shots that were sent by swift messenger took four days to reach New York City and another eleven days
D. shots took four days by swift messenger in order to reach New York City and another eleven days in addition
E. shots took four days by swift messenger to reach New York City and another eleven days

+1 for E

Which / that - problem in A, B & C (news not shots)

E is smart compare to D. ("in order to" is clumsy )
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Re: The first shots of the American Revolution, fired at [#permalink]

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12 Jan 2014, 10:11
I am convinced that E is the right answer though not clear about one aspect of E -
It seems as if the news was sent to only New York by a swift messenger.
(shots took only four days by a swift messenger to reach New York city and another eleven days to reach Charleston, South Carolina)
Cant this be classified as an instance of meaning change?

Could someone please explain? Really scared to get such basic questions wrong if they show up on the exam
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Re: The first shots of the American Revolution, fired at [#permalink]

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12 Jan 2014, 10:47
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ashutoshr wrote:
I am convinced that E is the right answer though not clear about one aspect of E -
It seems as if the news was sent to only New York by a swift messenger.
(shots took only four days by a swift messenger to reach New York city and another eleven days to reach Charleston, South Carolina)
Cant this be classified as an instance of meaning change?

Could someone please explain? Really scared to get such basic questions wrong if they show up on the exam

I will tell you a simple trick.
When reading a long sentence, remove prepositional phrases, modifiers and parenthetical elements to understand diction, parallelism, clauses etc.

Also marking SV pairs.

The first shots of the American Revolution, fired at Lexington and Concord. Massachusetts, were, according to legend, heard around the world, but news of these shots took four days by swift messenger to reach New York City and another eleven days to reach Charleston, South Carolina.

The simple translation of the sentence is the first shots were heard around the world, but news of these shots took four days to reach New York and another eleven days to reach Charleston
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What are modifiers ??

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Re: The first shots of the American Revolution, fired at [#permalink]

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12 Jan 2014, 18:31
Hi Siva,
That is a useful trick, but I am still not clear about how such a meaning change was permitted in an offical answer -

The first shots of the American Revolution, fired at Lexington and Concord. Massachusetts, were, according to legend, heard around the world, but news of these shots, which were sent by swift messenger, took four days in reaching New York City as well as another additional eleven days to reach Charleston, South Carolina.
(Original Sentence)

vs.

The first shots of the American Revolution, fired at Lexington and Concord. Massachusetts, were, according to legend, heard around the world, but news of these shots took four days by swift messenger to reach New York City and another eleven days to reach Charleston, South Carolina.

Any thoughts?

Thanks...
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Re: The first shots of the American Revolution, fired at [#permalink]

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12 Jan 2014, 20:53
ashutoshr wrote:
Hi Siva,
That is a useful trick, but I am still not clear about how such a meaning change was permitted in an offical answer -

The first shots of the American Revolution, fired at Lexington and Concord. Massachusetts, were, according to legend, heard around the world, but news of these shots, which were sent by swift messenger, took four days in reaching New York City as well as another additional eleven days to reach Charleston, South Carolina.
(Original Sentence)

vs.

The first shots of the American Revolution, fired at Lexington and Concord. Massachusetts, were, according to legend, heard around the world, but news of these shots took four days by swift messenger to reach New York City and another eleven days to reach Charleston, South Carolina.

Any thoughts?

Thanks...

The first sentence means that the shots were sent by the messenger (which always modifies the noun preceding it - always true on GMAT.)
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What are modifiers ??

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Re: The first shots of the American Revolution, fired at [#permalink]

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17 Aug 2014, 06:24
stevegt wrote:
The first shots of the American Revolution, fired at Lexington and Concord. Massachusetts, were, according to legend, heard around the world, but news of these shots, which were sent by swift messenger, took four days in reaching New York City as well as another additional eleven days to reach Charleston, South Carolina.

A. shots, which were sent by swift messenger, took four days in reaching New York City as well as another additional eleven days
B. shots that was sent by swift messenger took four days in order to reach New York City, and also another eleven days
C. shots that were sent by swift messenger took four days to reach New York City and another eleven days
D. shots took four days by swift messenger in order to reach New York City and another eleven days in addition
E. shots took four days by swift messenger to reach New York City and another eleven days

A is clearly out due to the modifier WHICH modifying SHOTS
B is a bit wordy
C has a Subject Verb error "were" relating to "Shots"
D Wordy again
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Re: The first shots of the American Revolution, fired at [#permalink]

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17 Aug 2014, 06:27
Quantumdigitz wrote:
I do understand the issue with was/were. However, Can you help me understand why a restrictive (that) and a non-restrictive (which ) modifier cannot be used?

NEWS OF THE SHOTS - Here we are talking about the NEWS. That is singular. "were" is used in a plural context.

WHICH - relates part to whole (bananas, which are high in potassium, are kept in the fridge)
THAT - relates to a subset of a group. (Bananas that i kept in the fridge have gone bad).. more specific.
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Re: The first shots of the American Revolution, fired at [#permalink]

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26 Aug 2015, 18:28
Error 1 : Redundant "Another Additional"
Option A and Option D - Incorrect.

Error 2 : Redundant "And also"
Option B.

Split 3 : "News took " Vs "swift messenger took"
Clearly as per the meaning, it was messenger which took 4 days to deliver the news. News by itself wont take 4 days.
Option C - News of shots took - Incorrect

Error 4 "In order to" - Purpose, We don’t need purpose we need to present fact.
News took four days to reach city X , News took four days "in Order to" to reach city X
Former is clearly preferrable
Option B , Option D - not preferred

Option E is Winner
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Re: The first shots of the American Revolution, fired at [#permalink]

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26 Aug 2015, 21:39
stevegt wrote:
The first shots of the American Revolution, fired at Lexington and Concord. Massachusetts, were, according to legend, heard around the world, but news of these shots, which were sent by swift messenger, took four days in reaching New York City as well as another additional eleven days to reach Charleston, South Carolina.

A. shots, which were sent by swift messenger, took four days in reaching New York City as well as another additional eleven days
B. shots that was sent by swift messenger took four days in order to reach New York City, and also another eleven days
C. shots that were sent by swift messenger took four days to reach New York City and another eleven days
D. shots took four days by swift messenger in order to reach New York City and another eleven days in addition
E. shots took four days by swift messenger to reach New York City and another eleven days

I eliminat e because I do not understand the use of "by swift messenger" . pls, explann

the news took four days by swift messenger to reach newyork city.

what is the role of "by swift messenger" ?
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Re: The first shots of the American Revolution, fired at [#permalink]

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21 Dec 2015, 08:15
i've always screamed it to my friends that gmat tests grammar in SC not quite the meaning per se.
since we dont know what's going on in the author's mind, we are more interested in the grammar.
hence we eliminate options with excess baggage.
just D was brazen enough to carry "in addition" in addition to "and". dirty!
well, that leaves us with E, even though E sounds a little stupid. was it the shot that TOOK four days or the news?
I can surmise that GMAT has a rule that says "WHICH or THAT must be preceded by the now it modifies. right?
where are the experts?
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Re: The first shots of the American Revolution, fired at [#permalink]

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21 Dec 2015, 08:20
thangvietnam wrote:
stevegt wrote:
The first shots of the American Revolution, fired at Lexington and Concord. Massachusetts, were, according to legend, heard around the world, but news of these shots, which were sent by swift messenger, took four days in reaching New York City as well as another additional eleven days to reach Charleston, South Carolina.

A. shots, which were sent by swift messenger, took four days in reaching New York City as well as another additional eleven days
B. shots that was sent by swift messenger took four days in order to reach New York City, and also another eleven days
C. shots that were sent by swift messenger took four days to reach New York City and another eleven days
D. shots took four days by swift messenger in order to reach New York City and another eleven days in addition
E. shots took four days by swift messenger to reach New York City and another eleven days

I eliminat e because I do not understand the use of "by swift messenger" . pls, explann

the news took four days by swift messenger to reach newyork city.

what is the role of "by swift messenger" ?

it actually sounds sillier to me I guess.
but seriously give preeminence to redundancy in eliminating wrong options in difficult SC questions.
if you do that the remaining option is E.
but i guess "by swift messenger" was used as a means of transport.
e.g. the news took ten days by train to reach masach...

hit kudos if it helps.
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Re: The first shots of the American Revolution, fired at [#permalink]

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22 Dec 2015, 01:25
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Nez wrote:
i've always screamed it to my friends that gmat tests grammar in SC not quite the meaning per se.
since we dont know what's going on in the author's mind, we are more interested in the grammar.
hence we eliminate options with excess baggage.
just D was brazen enough to carry "in addition" in addition to "and". dirty!
well, that leaves us with E, even though E sounds a little stupid. was it the shot that TOOK four days or the news?
I can surmise that GMAT has a rule that says "WHICH or THAT must be preceded by the now it modifies. right?
where are the experts?
chetan2u
Bunuel

Hi Nez,

the two points you have asked..
1)even though E sounds a little stupid. was it the shot that TOOK four days or the news?...
its actually the news and E does point to that itself..
but news of these shots took four days by swift messenger to reach New York City and another eleven days...
some example..
the parents of the child were called to the school.. or
the first of the game played between the two countries was won by...
here yes we are talking of game when we say 'played' but here too it is modifying the entire phrase since it is specific to 'first'..

2)I can surmise that GMAT has a rule that says "WHICH or THAT must be preceded by the noun it modifies. right?
yes, you are right but not always...
example from OG..
Emily Dickinson’s letters to Susan Huntington Dickinson, which were written over a period beginning a few years before Susan’s marriage to Emily’s brother and ending shortly before Emily’s death in 1886, outnumber her letters to anyone else.
here you can see that 'which does not refer to the closest noun ' susan ..' but is still correct
which clearly refers to letters although it is away since name cannot have pronoun as 'which'

this particular example from OG will clear both concepts where 'which' can refer to a faraway noun and where not..
33. Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices plunging, the manufacturer has announced that it will cut production by closing its factories for two
days a month.

(A) Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices plunging,
(B) Because of plunging prices for computer chips, which is due to an oversupply,
(C) Because computer chip prices have been sent plunging, which resulted from an oversupply,
(D) Due to plunging computer chip prices from an oversupply,
(E) Due to an oversupply, with the result that computer chip prices have been sent plunging,

in this question 'which' can replace "plunging prices for computer chips" as in B but the choice is wrong because of the verb 'is', as the prices is 'plural' and requires 'are'..
(B) Because of plunging prices for computer chips, which is due to an oversupply,

however if you take C..
(C) Because computer chip prices have been sent plunging, which resulted from an oversupply,..
here 'which' cannot refer to 'computer chip prices' as it is long lost due to introduction of verbs 'have been' in between
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Re: The first shots of the American Revolution, fired at   [#permalink] 22 Dec 2015, 01:25

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