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# The five senses have traditionally been viewed as distinct

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Senior Manager
Joined: 24 Jun 2012
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19 Jul 2017, 00:25
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63% (01:42) correct 37% (02:03) wrong based on 361 sessions

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The five senses have traditionally been viewed as distinct yet complementary. Each sense is thought to have its own range of stimuli that are incapable of stimulating the other senses. However, recent research has discovered that some people taste a banana and claim that they are tasting blue, or see a color and say that it has a specific smell. This shows that such people, called synesthesiacs, have senses that do not respect the usual boundaries between the five recognized senses.

Which one of the following statements, if true, most seriously weakens the argument?

(A) Synesthesiacs demonstrate a general, systematic impairment in their ability to use and understand words.
(B) Recent evidence strongly suggests that there are other senses besides sight, touch, smell, hearing, and taste.
(C) The particular ways in which sensory experiences overlap in synesthesiacs follow a definite pattern.
(D) The synesthetic phenomenon has been described in the legends of various cultures.
(E) Synesthesiacs can be temporarily rid of their synesthetic experiences by the use of drugs.

Source: LSAT

This question already exist at gmatclub but without Official answer and source, so i have decided to post it again as it is a good question for the beginners

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Push yourself again and again. Don't give an inch until the final buzzer sounds. -Larry Bird
Success isn't something that just happens - success is learned, success is practiced and then it is shared. -Sparky Anderson
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19 Jul 2017, 12:14
I picked C, and when saw OA, did a doubletake. But probably this is a form of 'two layers' in reasoning?
My two cents:
The five senses have traditionally been viewed as distinct yet complementary. Each sense is thought to have its own range of stimuli that are incapable of stimulating the other senses. However, recent research has discovered that some people taste a banana and claim that they are tasting blue, or see a color and say that it has a specific smell. This shows that such people, called synesthesiacs, have senses that do not respect the usual boundaries between the five recognized senses.

Which one of the following statements, if true, most seriously weakens the argument?

(A) Synesthesiacs demonstrate a general, systematic impairment in their ability to use and understand words. Would parallel or reflect in other abilities too - this shows that there is a cognition issue and not an overlap - thus they use INCORRECT words while describing phenomenon, leading to 'overlap of sense' conclusion
(B) Recent evidence strongly suggests that there are other senses besides sight, touch, smell, hearing, and taste.
(C) The particular ways in which sensory experiences overlap in synesthesiacs follow a definite pattern - felt that this went against the general 'overlap' of senses as observed.
(D) The synesthetic phenomenon has been described in the legends of various cultures.
(E) Synesthesiacs can be temporarily rid of their synesthetic experiences by the use of drugs

Really liked this one. Here's hoping I won't pick the bait again :D
Any comments on how to avoid these 'trap' conclusions? thank you!
Senior Manager
Joined: 24 Jun 2012
Posts: 367
Location: Pakistan
GPA: 3.76

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19 Jul 2017, 22:53
3
I picked C, and when saw OA, did a doubletake. But probably this is a form of 'two layers' in reasoning?
My two cents:
The five senses have traditionally been viewed as distinct yet complementary. Each sense is thought to have its own range of stimuli that are incapable of stimulating the other senses. However, recent research has discovered that some people taste a banana and claim that they are tasting blue, or see a color and say that it has a specific smell. This shows that such people, called synesthesiacs, have senses that do not respect the usual boundaries between the five recognized senses.

Which one of the following statements, if true, most seriously weakens the argument?

(A) Synesthesiacs demonstrate a general, systematic impairment in their ability to use and understand words. Would parallel or reflect in other abilities too - this shows that there is a cognition issue and not an overlap - thus they use INCORRECT words while describing phenomenon, leading to 'overlap of sense' conclusion
(B) Recent evidence strongly suggests that there are other senses besides sight, touch, smell, hearing, and taste.
(C) The particular ways in which sensory experiences overlap in synesthesiacs follow a definite pattern - felt that this went against the general 'overlap' of senses as observed.
(D) The synesthetic phenomenon has been described in the legends of various cultures.
(E) Synesthesiacs can be temporarily rid of their synesthetic experiences by the use of drugs

Really liked this one. Here's hoping I won't pick the bait again :D
Any comments on how to avoid these 'trap' conclusions? thank you!

Madhavi D is out of scope...conclusion is that such people, with synethesiacs" do not respect the boundaries and thus capable of stimulating other senses....we want to prove that its wrong...these senses still respect the boundaries...D says that this phenomenon is described in he legends of various culture...in fact it strengthen that it exist and capable of simulating other senses
A says that those with synesthesiacs lost the ability to understand words...it means senses do not overlap...but its the person who lost he ability to understand words and thus he/she taste banana but forget who to spell banana...hope it helps
_________________
Push yourself again and again. Don't give an inch until the final buzzer sounds. -Larry Bird
Success isn't something that just happens - success is learned, success is practiced and then it is shared. -Sparky Anderson
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18 Jun 2018, 11:41
the synesthesiacs have a systematic impairment in their use of language it may not be that their senses overlap but rather that they lack the ability to properly express themselves. Thus, their claim to taste a banana and see blue might not be a reflection of that actually occurring but rather a reflection of the words they use to describe taste. If so, this would undermine the conclusion that the senses of synesthesiacs do overlap.

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20 Oct 2018, 09:05
1

One of the assumptions is that those Synes can accurately describe the smell and color in words.

A clearly destroys such assumption, hence weakening the argument.
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25 Aug 2019, 13:11
Re: The five senses have traditionally been viewed as distinct   [#permalink] 25 Aug 2019, 13:11
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