Check GMAT Club Decision Tracker for the Latest School Decision Releases https://gmatclub.com/AppTrack
GMAT Club

 It is currently 22 Mar 2017, 15:22

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

The Forbidden City in Beijing, from which the emperors ruled

Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Senior Manager
Joined: 17 Oct 2006
Posts: 437
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 27 [0], given: 0

The Forbidden City in Beijing, from which the emperors ruled [#permalink]

Show Tags

23 Nov 2006, 14:14
00:00

Difficulty:

(N/A)

Question Stats:

0% (00:00) correct 100% (00:29) wrong based on 2 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

757. The Forbidden City in Beijing, from which the emperors ruled by heavenly mandate, was a site which a commoner or foreigner could not enter without any permission, on pain of death.

(A) which a commoner or foreigner could not enter without any permission,
(B) which a commoner or foreigner could enter without any permission only
(C) which no commoner or foreigner could enter without permission,
(D) which, without permission, neither commoner or foreigner could only enter,
(E) which, to enter without permission, neither commoner or foreigner could do
If you have any questions
New!
Director
Joined: 28 Dec 2005
Posts: 921
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 48 [0], given: 0

Show Tags

23 Nov 2006, 15:32
Going with B.

Quote:
(A) which a commoner or foreigner could not enter without any permission,
On pain of death does not make sense following this.(B) which a commoner or foreigner could enter without any permission only
Best flow(
C) which no commoner or foreigner could enter without permission,
Same as A
(D) which, without permission, neither commoner or foreigner could only enter,
neither - nor missing
(E) which, to enter without permission, neither commoner or foreigner could do
same as D.
Director
Joined: 24 Aug 2006
Posts: 749
Location: Dallas, Texas
Followers: 6

Kudos [?]: 153 [0], given: 0

Show Tags

23 Nov 2006, 16:09
..... only on pain of death they could enter the forbidden city
B !
_________________

"Education is what remains when one has forgotten everything he learned in school."

Senior Manager
Joined: 17 Oct 2006
Posts: 437
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 27 [0], given: 0

Show Tags

24 Nov 2006, 01:44
Swagatalakshmi wrote:
..... only on pain of death they could enter the forbidden city
B !

Agree. With this reasoning I also opted for B. But I was surprised to see that OA is not B.
Senior Manager
Joined: 17 Oct 2006
Posts: 437
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 27 [0], given: 0

Show Tags

24 Nov 2006, 02:08
dwivedys wrote:
arjsingh1976 wrote:
Swagatalakshmi wrote:
..... only on pain of death they could enter the forbidden city
B !

Agree. With this reasoning I also opted for B. But I was surprised to see that OA is not B.

I can't imagine any other answer than B.

without any permission
AND
without permission

does 'any' add any further essential information or is it just redundant?
VP
Joined: 15 Jul 2004
Posts: 1472
Schools: Wharton (R2 - submitted); HBS (R2 - submitted); IIMA (admitted for 1 year PGPX)
Followers: 22

Kudos [?]: 187 [0], given: 13

Show Tags

24 Nov 2006, 03:54
arjsingh1976 wrote:
dwivedys wrote:
arjsingh1976 wrote:
Swagatalakshmi wrote:
..... only on pain of death they could enter the forbidden city
B !

Agree. With this reasoning I also opted for B. But I was surprised to see that OA is not B.

I can't imagine any other answer than B.

without any permission
AND
without permission

does 'any' add any further essential information or is it just redundant?

Two things basically - If the question is just about without any permission and without permission, any just acts as an intensifier of sorts - makes it more stark.

However if you were confused between B and C, then C simply changes the meaning.

which no commoner or foreigner could enter without permission, on pain of death.

on pain of death as stated above does NOT convey the meaning that the foreigners or commoners COULD ENTER WITHOUT PERMISSION ONLY ON PAIN OF DEATH.
Senior Manager
Joined: 17 Oct 2006
Posts: 437
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 27 [0], given: 0

Show Tags

24 Nov 2006, 11:22
dwivedys wrote:
arjsingh1976 wrote:
dwivedys wrote:
arjsingh1976 wrote:
Swagatalakshmi wrote:
..... only on pain of death they could enter the forbidden city
B !

Agree. With this reasoning I also opted for B. But I was surprised to see that OA is not B.

I can't imagine any other answer than B.

without any permission
AND
without permission

does 'any' add any further essential information or is it just redundant?

Two things basically - If the question is just about without any permission and without permission, any just acts as an intensifier of sorts - makes it more stark.

However if you were confused between B and C, then C simply changes the meaning.

which no commoner or foreigner could enter without permission, on pain of death.

on pain of death as stated above does NOT convey the meaning that the foreigners or commoners COULD ENTER WITHOUT PERMISSION ONLY ON PAIN OF DEATH.

Thanks! B was also my first choice. But OA for this problem is given C in SC1000. I am not sure how correct are these OAs in SC1000.
Director
Joined: 24 Aug 2006
Posts: 749
Location: Dallas, Texas
Followers: 6

Kudos [?]: 153 [0], given: 0

Show Tags

24 Nov 2006, 11:42
Let's assume C is the "correct" answer. Now, let's examine the sentence after grafting the clause presented in C:

The Forbidden City in Beijing, from which the emperors ruled by heavenly mandate, was a site which no commoner or foreigner could enter without permission, on pain of death.

Now if we remove the non-restrictive clauses connected by which and let's see what we get :

The Forbidden City in Beijing was a site on pain of death. - Does this make any sense ?
_________________

"Education is what remains when one has forgotten everything he learned in school."

Senior Manager
Joined: 17 Oct 2006
Posts: 437
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 27 [0], given: 0

Show Tags

24 Nov 2006, 12:26
Swagatalakshmi wrote:
Let's assume C is the "correct" answer. Now, let's examine the sentence after grafting the clause presented in C:

The Forbidden City in Beijing, from which the emperors ruled by heavenly mandate, was a site which no commoner or foreigner could enter without permission, on pain of death.

Now if we remove the non-restrictive clauses connected by which and let's see what we get :

The Forbidden City in Beijing was a site on pain of death. - Does this make any sense ?

Yup..got it...thanks for such a nice explaination!
VP
Joined: 15 Jul 2004
Posts: 1472
Schools: Wharton (R2 - submitted); HBS (R2 - submitted); IIMA (admitted for 1 year PGPX)
Followers: 22

Kudos [?]: 187 [0], given: 13

Show Tags

25 Nov 2006, 00:46
Swagatalakshmi wrote:
Let's assume C is the "correct" answer. Now, let's examine the sentence after grafting the clause presented in C:

The Forbidden City in Beijing, from which the emperors ruled by heavenly mandate, was a site which no commoner or foreigner could enter without permission, on pain of death.

Now if we remove the non-restrictive clauses connected by which and let's see what we get :

The Forbidden City in Beijing was a site on pain of death. - Does this make any sense ?

Wouldn't the sequence of steps applied above for B lead to the same absurdity? How is B different from C in this case?

I think C is actually correct after all.

On pain of death is a prepositional phrase which acts as an adverb - also, it acts as a DISJUNCTIVE ADVERB.

The essential issue between B and C is recognizing that "on pain of death" is a disjunctive adverb modifying "enter" - In B, "only" acts as an adverb modifying another adverb on "pain of death"; "only" is NOT entirely indispensable and dropping it from the sentence wouldn't create a wrong sentence (as happens in C).

(B) which a commoner or foreigner could enter without any permission only

(C) which no commoner or foreigner could enter without permission,

C has the advantage that it conveys the information in an active sense - No one could enter without permission versus One could enter without permission

So C is active and concise and hence I think should fine.

By the way - I have done quite a few questions from 1000 SC and I think most of the answers are correct. At least I have not encountered any wrong answers so far. But then again I have not completed all the questions and I may not have understood a few answers that were actually wrong that I thought were correct.
Director
Joined: 24 Aug 2006
Posts: 749
Location: Dallas, Texas
Followers: 6

Kudos [?]: 153 [0], given: 0

Show Tags

25 Nov 2006, 02:17
If we assume C is the correct answer, what would be the meaning of the sentence ? That a commoner or foreigner needs permission to enter Beijing on pain of death ?

If we select B, the sentence conveys the idea that Beijing is so forbidden that commoners and foreigners are allowed to enter the city only on their death bed. They will soon die; so whatever secrets Beijing wants to keep, it will keep.
_________________

"Education is what remains when one has forgotten everything he learned in school."

VP
Joined: 15 Jul 2004
Posts: 1472
Schools: Wharton (R2 - submitted); HBS (R2 - submitted); IIMA (admitted for 1 year PGPX)
Followers: 22

Kudos [?]: 187 [0], given: 13

Show Tags

25 Nov 2006, 02:55
Swagatalakshmi wrote:
If we assume C is the correct answer, what would be the meaning of the sentence ? That a commoner or foreigner needs permission to enter Beijing on pain of death ?

If we select B, the sentence conveys the idea that Beijing is so forbidden that commoners and foreigners are allowed to enter the city only on their death bed. They will soon die; so whatever secrets Beijing wants to keep, it will keep.

First of all let's evaluate the role of ONLY in the following sentence - I hope we all agree that ONLY acts as an adverb and as such it cannot be critically essential to the grammatical correctness of any sentence. Adverb can only qualify a verb. So dropping it would not create a grammatical flaw.

One could enter without (any) permission only on pain of death

dropping only from the sentence we get

One could enter without (any) permission on pain of death.

Now what is the difference between the above statement and the one in C?

No one could enter without permission, on pain of death

Only the word order - No one could enter and One could enter are changed. Both convey the same meaning.

In other words C expresses the idea more compactly.

Also -

No one could enter without permission, on pain of death

Does this mean you need permission to enter on pain of death?

Or that if you did enter without permission it would be on pain of death?

For it to convey what you are saying - it would need to be reworded slightly

No one could, without permission, enter on pain of death

Then it would mean you need permission to enter on pain of death.

OK..before somebody else points out - I will admit that besides acting as an adverb ONLY can also act as an Adjective (as in the ONLY Child) and a Conjunction (You can certainly go, only be careful)
25 Nov 2006, 02:55
Similar topics Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
12 The Forbidden City in Beijing, from which the emperors ruled 16 06 Mar 2012, 23:53
The Forbidden City in Beijing, from which the emperors ruled 3 25 Oct 2009, 01:20
4 The Forbidden City in Beijing, from which the emperors ruled 20 31 Dec 2008, 18:14
The Forbidden City in Beijing, from which the emperors ruled 1 16 Feb 2008, 11:13
1 The Forbidden City in Beijing, from which the emperors ruled 16 24 May 2007, 17:32
Display posts from previous: Sort by