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The fragile markets were caught off-guard Friday by an unexp

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Director
Status: Verbal Forum Moderator
Joined: 17 Apr 2013
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The fragile markets were caught off-guard Friday by an unexp [#permalink]

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23 Jun 2013, 21:19
The fragile markets were caught off-guard Friday by an unexpected drop in retail sales for May, which renewed concerns about the pace of the recovery in the United States.

• which renewed concerns about the pace of the recovery in the United States.

• an event that renewed concerns about the pace of the recovery in the United States.

• and renewed concerns about the pace of the recovery in the United States.

• renewed concerns about the pace of the recovery in the United States.

• renewing concerns about the pace of the recovery in the United States.

Solution:
This problem tests your ability to distinguish between different types of modifiers. The underlined portion in the original stimulus is a relative clause because it begins with the relative pronoun “which.” A relative clause modifier must be immediately adjacent to the noun it modifies. Because it doesn’t make sense to modify “May,” answer (A) is incorrect.

Option (B) is an appositive modifier, but again, there is no noun it is renaming, so this construction is also incorrect.

Choice (C) applies the main subject “fragile markets” to the verb “renewed,” implying that the fragile markets themselves renewed concerns about the pace of the recovery. This changes the meaning of the sentence and therefore should be eliminated.

Answer (D) eliminates the subject attached to the verb “renewed” and therefore renders the sentence incoherent.

Option (E) correctly uses a participial modifier (“renewing concerns…”) at the end of the sentence to show that it modifies the action of the entire previous clause. Only a participial modifier (using a verb that typically ends in –ing or –ed) can function in this position.

I am strucked with the explanation of B,C,D and E.

Can some one shower more light, this question has so many Concepts.
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Moderator
Joined: 02 Jul 2012
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Re: The fragile markets were caught off-guard Friday by an unexp [#permalink]

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23 Jun 2013, 21:29
This question has been discussed the-fragile-markets-were-caught-off-guard-friday-by-an-146176.html?fl=similar .. If there any any more queries regarding the same please let us know...
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Kudos [?]: 1621 [0], given: 116

Director
Status: Verbal Forum Moderator
Joined: 17 Apr 2013
Posts: 612

Kudos [?]: 607 [0], given: 298

Location: India
GMAT 1: 710 Q50 V36
GMAT 2: 750 Q51 V41
GMAT 3: 790 Q51 V49
GPA: 3.3
Re: The fragile markets were caught off-guard Friday by an unexp [#permalink]

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23 Jun 2013, 22:50
MacFauz wrote:
This question has been discussed the-fragile-markets-were-caught-off-guard-friday-by-an-146176.html.. If there any any more queries regarding the same please let us know...

MacFauz,

The link you have given doesnot work.
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Kudos [?]: 607 [0], given: 298

Moderator
Joined: 02 Jul 2012
Posts: 1219

Kudos [?]: 1621 [0], given: 116

Location: India
Concentration: Strategy
GMAT 1: 740 Q49 V42
GPA: 3.8
WE: Engineering (Energy and Utilities)
Re: The fragile markets were caught off-guard Friday by an unexp [#permalink]

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23 Jun 2013, 22:57
Sorry for the lapse.. I've made the edit.. Please check if it works now..
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Kudos [?]: 1621 [0], given: 116

Director
Status: Verbal Forum Moderator
Joined: 17 Apr 2013
Posts: 612

Kudos [?]: 607 [0], given: 298

Location: India
GMAT 1: 710 Q50 V36
GMAT 2: 750 Q51 V41
GMAT 3: 790 Q51 V49
GPA: 3.3
Re: The fragile markets were caught off-guard Friday by an unexp [#permalink]

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23 Jun 2013, 23:17
MacFauz wrote:
This question has been discussed the-fragile-markets-were-caught-off-guard-friday-by-an-146176.html?fl=similar .. If there any any more queries regarding the same please let us know...

I have at least 500 Such questions, I can Post 10-20 in a week.
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Kudos [?]: 607 [0], given: 298

Moderator
Joined: 02 Jul 2012
Posts: 1219

Kudos [?]: 1621 [0], given: 116

Location: India
Concentration: Strategy
GMAT 1: 740 Q49 V42
GPA: 3.8
WE: Engineering (Energy and Utilities)
Re: The fragile markets were caught off-guard Friday by an unexp [#permalink]

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23 Jun 2013, 23:20
You defnitely can.... But chances are that most of the questions have already been discussed on the forum.. So you can do a quick serach for the question and if you don't find any you can post your questions to the forum...
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Re: The fragile markets were caught off-guard Friday by an unexp   [#permalink] 23 Jun 2013, 23:20
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