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# The frequently expressed view that written constitutions are

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The frequently expressed view that written constitutions are  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 26 May 2018, 04:52
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85% (hard)

Question Stats:

42% (02:11) correct 58% (02:09) wrong based on 202 sessions

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The frequently expressed view that written constitutions are inherently more liberal than unwritten ones is false. No written constitution is more than a paper with words on it until those words are both interpreted and applied. Properly understood, then, a constitution is the sum of those procedures through which the power of the state is legitimately exercised and limited. Therefore, even a written constitution becomes a liberal constitution only when it is interpreted and applied in a liberal way.

If the statements in the argument are all true, which one of the following must also be true on the basis of them?
(A) A careful analysis of the written text of a constitution can show that the constitution is not a liberal one.
(B) It is impossible to determine that a written constitution is liberal merely through careful analysis of the written text.
(C) There are no advantages to having a written rather than an unwritten constitution.
(D) Constitutions that are not written are more likely to be liberal than are constitutions that are written.
(E) A constitution is a liberal constitution if it is possible to interpret it in a liberal way.

Originally posted by angel2009 on 25 Mar 2010, 07:15.
Last edited by gmatbusters on 26 May 2018, 04:52, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: The frequently expressed view that written constitutions are  [#permalink]

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25 Mar 2010, 12:09
IMO it is B.
(A) A careful analysis of the written text of a constitution can show that the constitution is not a liberal one.
>> weakens the argument.
(B) It is impossible to determine that a written constitution is liberal merely through careful analysis of the written text.
>> Yes, until it is interpreted and applied in a liberal way constitution seems to be not liberal.
(C) There are no advantages to having a written rather than an unwritten constitution.
>> Not relevant
(D) Constitutions that are not written are more likely to be liberal than are constitutions that are written.
>> This is mentioned as false in the argument.
(E) A constitution is a liberal constitution if it is possible to interpret it in a liberal way.
>> This is the the same sentense that appears in argument.
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Re: The frequently expressed view that written constitutions are  [#permalink]

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25 Mar 2010, 19:29
The frequently expressed view that written constitutions are inherently more liberal than unwritten ones is false. No written constitution is more than a paper with words on it until those words are both interpreted and applied. Properly understood, then, a constitution is the sum of those procedures through which the power of the state is legitimately exercised and limited. Therefore, even a written constitution becomes a liberal constitution only when it is interpreted and applied in a liberal way.

If the statements in the argument are all true, which one of the following must also be true on the basis of them?
(A) A careful analysis of the written text of a constitution can show that the constitution is not a liberal one.
(B) It is impossible to determine that a written constitution is liberal merely through careful analysis of the written text.
(C) There are no advantages to having a written rather than an unwritten constitution.
(D) Constitutions that are not written are more likely to be liberal than are constitutions that are written.
(E) A constitution is a liberal constitution if it is possible to interpret it in a liberal way.
The frequently expressed view that written constitutions are inherently more liberal than unwritten ones is false. No written constitution is more than a paper with words on it until those words are both interpreted and applied. Properly understood, then, a constitution is the sum of those procedures through which the power of the state is legitimately exercised and limited. Therefore, even a written constitution becomes a liberal constitution only when it is interpreted and applied in a liberal way.

If the statements in the argument are all true, which one of the following must also be true on the basis of them?
(A) A careful analysis of the written text of a constitution can show that the constitution is not a liberal one.
-- Exaggrated viewpoint, not mentioned in stimulus.
(B) It is impossible to determine that a written constitution is liberal merely through careful analysis of the written text.
-- "Impossible" is too extreme viewpoint not suported by stimulus.
(C) There are no advantages to having a written rather than an unwritten constitution.
-- Advantages not mentined in the stimulus.
(D) Constitutions that are not written are more likely to be liberal than are constitutions that are written.
Not suggested anywhere in stimulus.
(E) A constitution is a liberal constitution if it is possible to interpret it in a liberal way.
This being "must be true" question, this statement is supported by last sentence of the stimulus. This shall be correct answer.

What is the OA?
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Re: The frequently expressed view that written constitutions are  [#permalink]

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25 Mar 2010, 19:45
E is a paraphrase of the conclusion in the last sentence of the argument..hence E

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Re: The frequently expressed view that written constitutions are  [#permalink]

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26 Mar 2010, 09:15
angel2009 wrote:
The frequently expressed view that written constitutions are inherently more liberal than unwritten ones is false. No written constitution is more than a paper with words on it until those words are both interpreted and applied. Properly understood, then, a constitution is the sum of those procedures through which the power of the state is legitimately exercised and limited. Therefore, even a written constitution becomes a liberal constitution only when it is interpreted and applied in a liberal way.

If the statements in the argument are all true, which one of the following must also be true on the basis of them?
(A) A careful analysis of the written text of a constitution can show that the constitution is not a liberal one.
(B) It is impossible to determine that a written constitution is liberal merely through careful analysis of the written text.
(C) There are no advantages to having a written rather than an unwritten constitution.
(D) Constitutions that are not written are more likely to be liberal than are constitutions that are written.
(E) A constitution is a liberal constitution if it is possible to interpret it in a liberal way.

Going with E. Its the conclusion restated.OA pls.
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Re: The frequently expressed view that written constitutions are  [#permalink]

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26 Mar 2010, 22:10
IMO B.
E is just the paraphrasing of the conclusion of the statement, so I believe, it should not be the answer.
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Re: The frequently expressed view that written constitutions are  [#permalink]

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30 May 2010, 23:33
E is runner up. B is correct, though extreme language.

1 No written constitution is more than a paper with words on it until those words are both interpreted and applied.
2. Therefore, even a written constitution becomes a liberal constitution only when it is interpreted and applied in a liberal way.

Using No and Only when makes this choice correct.
Tricky.

angel2009 wrote:
The frequently expressed view that written constitutions are inherently more liberal than unwritten ones is false. No written constitution is more than a paper with words on it until those words are both interpreted and applied. Properly understood, then, a constitution is the sum of those procedures through which the power of the state is legitimately exercised and limited. Therefore, even a written constitution becomes a liberal constitution only when it is interpreted and applied in a liberal way.

If the statements in the argument are all true, which one of the following must also be true on the basis of them?
(A) A careful analysis of the written text of a constitution can show that the constitution is not a liberal one.
(B) It is impossible to determine that a written constitution is liberal merely through careful analysis of the written text.
(C) There are no advantages to having a written rather than an unwritten constitution.
(D) Constitutions that are not written are more likely to be liberal than are constitutions that are written.
(E) A constitution is a liberal constitution if it is possible to interpret it in a liberal way.

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Re: The frequently expressed view that written constitutions are  [#permalink]

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02 Jun 2010, 18:13
I did not like B because it has strong word "impossible"....hence picked (E)
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Re: The frequently expressed view that written constitutions are  [#permalink]

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18 Jun 2010, 12:09
Two MUST BE CORRECT answers in 'Must be True' questions -

a. If the answer choice restates part of stimulus as it is or in similar way.
b. Combination of two or more parts of stimulus are restated.

Answer is E. Answer choice E falls under 'a' category. It restates a part of stimulus.

A careful analysis of the written text of a constitution can show that the constitution is not a liberal one. Completely new information is provided. No where mentioned in stimulus.

(B) It is impossible to determine that a written constitution is liberal merely through careful analysis of the written text.Too strong. Red flag the word - It is impossible.

(C) There are no advantages to having a written rather than an unwritten constitution. --- completely new information.

(D) Constitutions that are not written are more likely to be liberal than are constitutions that are written. Opposite idea of stimulus provided.

(E) A constitution is a liberal constitution if it is possible to interpret it in a liberal way.
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Re: The frequently expressed view that written constitutions are  [#permalink]

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18 Feb 2011, 07:30
angel2009 wrote:
The frequently expressed view that written constitutions are inherently more liberal than unwritten ones is false. No written constitution is more than a paper with words on it until those words are both interpreted and applied. Properly understood, then, a constitution is the sum of those procedures through which the power of the state is legitimately exercised and limited. Therefore, even a written constitution becomes a liberal constitution only when it is interpreted and applied in a liberal way.

If the statements in the argument are all true, which one of the following must also be true on the basis of them?
(A) A careful analysis of the written text of a constitution can show that the constitution is not a liberal one.
(B) It is impossible to determine that a written constitution is liberal merely through careful analysis of the written text.
(C) There are no advantages to having a written rather than an unwritten constitution.
(D) Constitutions that are not written are more likely to be liberal than are constitutions that are written.
(E) A constitution is a liberal constitution if it is possible to interpret it in a liberal way.

I,ll go with E)
Please post the OA along with the question that you are asking.

Thanks,
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Re: The frequently expressed view that written constitutions are  [#permalink]

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18 Feb 2011, 14:33
+1 B

E cannot be correct because interpretation is insufficient; it is necessary to apply the constitution.
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Re: The frequently expressed view that written constitutions are  [#permalink]

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18 Feb 2011, 21:33
Missed that ! I see where it is going. thanks.

metallicafan wrote:
E cannot be correct because interpretation is insufficient; it is necessary to apply the constitution.
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Re: The frequently expressed view that written constitutions are  [#permalink]

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21 Feb 2011, 03:12
I fell for it. E is a shell game answer. B is the correct answer, notwithstanding the strong wording.

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Re: The frequently expressed view that written constitutions are  [#permalink]

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21 Feb 2011, 04:13
IMO, B

The reason being the the last line implies that constitution becomes liberal only when is it interpreted and applied in a liberal way.
Option B uses 'merely' to depict that application of the constitution DOES play a role in determining the nature of the constitution.

Quote:
The frequently expressed view that written constitutions are inherently more liberal than unwritten ones is false. No written constitution is more than a paper with words on it until those words are both interpreted and applied. Properly understood, then, a constitution is the sum of those procedures through which the power of the state is legitimately exercised and limited. Therefore, even a written constitution becomes a liberal constitution only when it is interpreted and applied in a liberal way.

If the statements in the argument are all true, which one of the following must also be true on the basis of them?
(A) A careful analysis of the written text of a constitution can show that the constitution is not a liberal one.
(B) It is impossible to determine that a written constitution is liberal merely through careful analysis of the written text.
(C) There are no advantages to having a written rather than an unwritten constitution.
(D) Constitutions that are not written are more likely to be liberal than are constitutions that are written.
(E) A constitution is a liberal constitution if it is possible to interpret it in a liberal way.

Wats the OA??
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Re: The frequently expressed view that written constitutions are  [#permalink]

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21 Feb 2011, 20:19
1
OA is B. Taken from Barron's LSAT. ( googled it ).

E) is true because the argument says that it is liberal constitution only when interpreted in a liberal way. The option however says "if its possible to interpret in a liberal way". Possibility of interpretation does not equal the actual interpretation. It has to be interpreted, not just whether the possibility exists or not.
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Re: The frequently expressed view that written constitutions are  [#permalink]

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02 Dec 2011, 04:57
This question is from an Official LSAT Exam. The OA is B.

(E) is wrong, as stated above by metallicafan, because in order for a constitution to be liberal it must be interpreted AND applied in a liberal way:

Quote:
Therefore, even a written constitution becomes a liberal constitution only when it is interpreted AND applied in a liberal way.

Moreover, the quoted sentence above mentions written constitutions, whereas (E) talks about all constitutions.
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Re: The frequently expressed view that written constitutions are  [#permalink]

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02 Dec 2011, 19:06
angel2009 wrote:
The frequently expressed view that written constitutions are inherently more liberal than unwritten ones is false. No written constitution is more than a paper with words on it until those words are both interpreted and applied. Properly understood, then, a constitution is the sum of those procedures through which the power of the state is legitimately exercised and limited. Therefore, even a written constitution becomes a liberal constitution only when it is interpreted and applied in a liberal way.

If the statements in the argument are all true, which one of the following must also be true on the basis of them?
(A) A careful analysis of the written text of a constitution can show that the constitution is not a liberal one.
(B) It is impossible to determine that a written constitution is liberal merely through careful analysis of the written text.
(C) There are no advantages to having a written rather than an unwritten constitution.
(D) Constitutions that are not written are more likely to be liberal than are constitutions that are written.
(E) A constitution is a liberal constitution if it is possible to interpret it in a liberal way.

Choice E is correct repeated in the argument.
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Re: The frequently expressed view that written constitutions are  [#permalink]

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22 May 2016, 15:23
This problem is quite an old one , but in my opinion the explanations given above are missing something crucial.

There is a debate between option B and E. I think both option A and B uses extreme words and uses the words "careful analysis" that doesn't hold any significant meaning as far as the question goes. Option A and B plays the shell game by saying "careful analysis of the written text" while one should actually look for, written text that are " interpreted and applied".

So option E in my opinion is the only possible answer.

Thank you
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Re: The frequently expressed view that written constitutions are  [#permalink]

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26 May 2018, 04:51
Must Be True-SN. The correct answer choice is (B)

Answer choice (A): Since a constitution becomes liberal or otherwise ONLY WHEN it is interpreted and applied in a liberal fashion, a careful analysis of written text is definitely not sufficient to show whether or not a constitution is liberal, and this choice is wrong. If you eliminated this choice because the stimulus did not discuss what proves that a constitution is not liberal, you got away with one. The second and third sentences establish that a constitution has no nature until it is interpreted and applied. Those conditions remain necessary for any interpretation, not merely the one mentioned in the last sentence.

Answer choice (B): This is the correct answer choice, and is exactly what the stimulus is driving at in the last sentence. It is necessary that we observe both interpretation and application before we can tell that a written constitution is liberal, so analysis is not enough.

Answer choice (C): The stimulus never suggested that written or unwritten constitutions were better, and no comparison between them could be justified by the stimulus, so this choice is incorrect.

Answer choice (D): There is no information in the stimulus that leads to this conclusion, and this choice is incorrect. You should not assume that unwritten constitutions require less interpretation, or are more likely to be liberal, when the stimulus has not given you any information about such constitutions.

Answer choice (E): Since a constitution is liberal only after actual interpretation and application, mere possibility does not make a constitution liberal, and this choice is wrong. Also, this choice could be contradictory to the main point of the stimulus. If this choice were true, certain constitutions might be inherently more liberal than others.

Source: https://forum.powerscore.com/lsat/viewtopic.php?t=8845
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Re: The frequently expressed view that written constitutions are  [#permalink]

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03 Jul 2018, 04:18
The frequently expressed view that written constitutions are inherently more liberal than unwritten ones is false. No written constitution is more than a paper with words on it until those words are both interpreted and applied. Properly understood, then, a constitution is the sum of those procedures through which the power of the state is legitimately exercised and limited. Therefore, even a written constitution becomes a liberal constitution only when it is interpreted and applied in a liberal way.

If the statements in the argument are all true, which one of the following must also be true on the basis of them?
(A) A careful analysis of the written text of a constitution can show that the constitution is not a liberal one.
(B) It is impossible to determine that a written constitution is liberal merely through careful analysis of the written text. - CORRECT - They are not more than paper and pen until they are interpreted and applied.
(C) There are no advantages to having a written rather than an unwritten constitution.
(D) Constitutions that are not written are more likely to be liberal than are constitutions that are written.
(E) A constitution is a liberal constitution if it is possible to interpret it in a liberal way.
-
NOT ONLY INTERPRET BUT ALSO APPLIED.

Answer should be B rather than E. because of highlightened text.
Re: The frequently expressed view that written constitutions are &nbs [#permalink] 03 Jul 2018, 04:18
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