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The frog are a small green amphibian characterized

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The frog are a small green amphibian characterized [#permalink]

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New post 07 Apr 2014, 09:45
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Question Stats:

48% (00:55) correct 52% (00:58) wrong based on 340 sessions

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The frog are a small green amphibian characterized by long hind legs, a short body, webbed digits, protruding eyes, and the absence of a tail.

(A) are a small green amphibian characterized by long hind legs, a short body, webbed digits, protruding eyes, and the absence of a tail

(B) is a small green amphibian that is characterized by long hind legs, a short body, webbed digits, protruding eyes, and the absence of a tail

(C) is a small green amphibian characterized by long hind legs, a short body, webbed digits, protruding eyes, and the existence of a tail

(D) is a little green amphibian characterized by long hind legs, a short body, webbed digits, protruding eyes, and the absence of a tail

(E) are a small green amphibian characterized by long hind legs, a short body, webbed digits, protruding eyes, and the absence of a tails
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Re: The frog are a small green amphibian characterized [#permalink]

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goodyear2013 wrote:
The frog are a small green amphibian characterized by long hind legs, a short body, webbed digits, protruding eyes, and the absence of a tail.

(A) are a small green amphibian characterized by long hind legs, a short body, webbed digits, protruding eyes, and the absence of a tail

(B) is a small green amphibian that is characterized by long hind legs, a short body, webbed digits, protruding eyes, and the absence of a tail

(C) is a small green amphibian characterized by long hind legs, a short body, webbed digits, protruding eyes, and the existence of a tail

(D) is a little green amphibian characterized by long hind legs, a short body, webbed digits, protruding eyes, and the absence of a tail

(E) are a small green amphibian characterized by long hind legs, a short body, webbed digits, protruding eyes, and the absence of a tails

Dear goodyear2013,
I'm happy to respond. :-)

This is an atrocious and thoroughly un-GMAT-like question. The "is"/"are" split at the beginning is childishly ludicrous. The switch of "absence" vs. "existence" is a slimy dirty trick, completely unlike anything the GMAT would do. The sentence, even the OA version, is a poor sentence. The list of five distinguishing factors is awkward. The content is not particularly advanced --- this easily could have come from a middle school science book. In other words, in tone and in content, this sentence is leagues below anything that would appear on the GMAT. Studying with a question of such low quality will not prepare you for the GMAT, and it may in fact play to your detriment. Here's a high quality question:
http://gmat.magoosh.com/admin/questions/2730

That's my two cents.
Mike :-)
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Re: The frog are a small green amphibian characterized [#permalink]

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New post 03 Sep 2015, 12:48
mikemcgarry wrote:
goodyear2013 wrote:
The frog are a small green amphibian characterized by long hind legs, a short body, webbed digits, protruding eyes, and the absence of a tail.

(A) are a small green amphibian characterized by long hind legs, a short body, webbed digits, protruding eyes, and the absence of a tail

(B) is a small green amphibian that is characterized by long hind legs, a short body, webbed digits, protruding eyes, and the absence of a tail

(C) is a small green amphibian characterized by long hind legs, a short body, webbed digits, protruding eyes, and the existence of a tail

(D) is a little green amphibian characterized by long hind legs, a short body, webbed digits, protruding eyes, and the absence of a tail

(E) are a small green amphibian characterized by long hind legs, a short body, webbed digits, protruding eyes, and the absence of a tails

Dear goodyear2013,
I'm happy to respond. :-)

This is an atrocious and thoroughly un-GMAT-like question. The "is"/"are" split at the beginning is childishly ludicrous. The switch of "absence" vs. "existence" is a slimy dirty trick, completely unlike anything the GMAT would do. The sentence, even the OA version, is a poor sentence. The list of five distinguishing factors is awkward. The content is not particularly advanced --- this easily could have come from a middle school science book. In other words, in tone and in content, this sentence is leagues below anything that would appear on the GMAT. Studying with a question of such low quality will not prepare you for the GMAT, and it may in fact play to your detriment. Here's a high quality question:

That's my two cents.
Mike :-)


Ok, I get it's not a good question, but still our answers are split between B and D. Would you help us clarify on why "that is" is not needed for this sentence?

Thanks.
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Re: The frog are a small green amphibian characterized [#permalink]

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New post 03 Sep 2015, 13:05
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gmatminator wrote:
goodyear2013 wrote:
The frog are a small green amphibian characterized by long hind legs, a short body, webbed digits, protruding eyes, and the absence of a tail.

(A) are a small green amphibian characterized by long hind legs, a short body, webbed digits, protruding eyes, and the absence of a tail

(B) is a small green amphibian that is characterized by long hind legs, a short body, webbed digits, protruding eyes, and the absence of a tail

(C) is a small green amphibian characterized by long hind legs, a short body, webbed digits, protruding eyes, and the existence of a tail

(D) is a little green amphibian characterized by long hind legs, a short body, webbed digits, protruding eyes, and the absence of a tail

(E) are a small green amphibian characterized by long hind legs, a short body, webbed digits, protruding eyes, and the absence of a tails

Ok, I get it's not a good question, but still our answers are split between B and D. Would you help us clarify on why "that is" is not needed for this sentence?

Thanks.

Dear gmatminator,
I'm happy to respond. :-)

We are comparing these two:
(B) . . . amphibian that is characterized by ....
(D) . . . amphibian characterized by ....

Both of these are 100% grammatically correct. The first is simply longer and more clunky.

In the first the word "characterized" is part of the passive verb "is characterized" --- for this extra verb, we need a whole other clause, the relative subordinate clause that begins with the word "that." Creating a second clause --- that increases the complexity of the sentence.

By contrast, in the second the word "characterized" is a past participle, a noun modifier modifying the noun it touches, "amphibian." This is considerably more sleek and elegant than creating a whole other clause for the same information.

Does this make sense?
Mike :-)
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Re: The frog are a small green amphibian characterized [#permalink]

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New post 07 Sep 2015, 23:19
I think the split between B & D is 'Little vs Small' and little is more appropriate in this context than small.

For ex: the little dog, little cat etc..
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Re: The frog are a small green amphibian characterized [#permalink]

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New post 09 Nov 2017, 17:34
Swaroopdev wrote:
I think the split between B & D is 'Little vs Small' and little is more appropriate in this context than small.

For ex: the little dog, little cat etc..


i do not think so. "little" can change the original meaning. In this question, the change in the meaning is subtle.
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Re: The frog are a small green amphibian characterized [#permalink]

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New post 09 Nov 2017, 17:35
I do remember that sometimes in gmat, the question tests the redundancy. In other words, D is better than B in this question b/c D is more concise.
Re: The frog are a small green amphibian characterized   [#permalink] 09 Nov 2017, 17:35
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