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# The frog are a small green amphibian characterized

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Senior Manager
Joined: 21 Oct 2013
Posts: 422
The frog are a small green amphibian characterized  [#permalink]

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07 Apr 2014, 09:45
3
9
00:00

Difficulty:

75% (hard)

Question Stats:

44% (01:15) correct 56% (01:17) wrong based on 505 sessions

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The frog are a small green amphibian characterized by long hind legs, a short body, webbed digits, protruding eyes, and the absence of a tail.

(A) are a small green amphibian characterized by long hind legs, a short body, webbed digits, protruding eyes, and the absence of a tail
(B) is a small green amphibian that is characterized by long hind legs, a short body, webbed digits, protruding eyes, and the absence of a tail
(C) is a small green amphibian characterized by long hind legs, a short body, webbed digits, protruding eyes, and the existence of a tail
(D) is a little green amphibian characterized by long hind legs, a short body, webbed digits, protruding eyes, and the absence of a tail
(E) are a small green amphibian characterized by long hind legs, a short body, webbed digits, protruding eyes, and the absence of a tails
Magoosh GMAT Instructor
Joined: 28 Dec 2011
Posts: 4657
Re: The frog are a small green amphibian characterized  [#permalink]

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08 Apr 2014, 14:44
4
goodyear2013 wrote:
The frog are a small green amphibian characterized by long hind legs, a short body, webbed digits, protruding eyes, and the absence of a tail.

(A) are a small green amphibian characterized by long hind legs, a short body, webbed digits, protruding eyes, and the absence of a tail
(B) is a small green amphibian that is characterized by long hind legs, a short body, webbed digits, protruding eyes, and the absence of a tail
(C) is a small green amphibian characterized by long hind legs, a short body, webbed digits, protruding eyes, and the existence of a tail
(D) is a little green amphibian characterized by long hind legs, a short body, webbed digits, protruding eyes, and the absence of a tail
(E) are a small green amphibian characterized by long hind legs, a short body, webbed digits, protruding eyes, and the absence of a tails

Dear goodyear2013,
I'm happy to respond.

This is an atrocious and thoroughly un-GMAT-like question. The "is"/"are" split at the beginning is childishly ludicrous. The switch of "absence" vs. "existence" is a slimy dirty trick, completely unlike anything the GMAT would do. The sentence, even the OA version, is a poor sentence. The list of five distinguishing factors is awkward. The content is not particularly advanced --- this easily could have come from a middle school science book. In other words, in tone and in content, this sentence is leagues below anything that would appear on the GMAT. Studying with a question of such low quality will not prepare you for the GMAT, and it may in fact play to your detriment. Here's a high quality question:

That's my two cents.
Mike
_________________

Mike McGarry
Magoosh Test Prep

Education is not the filling of a pail, but the lighting of a fire. — William Butler Yeats (1865 – 1939)

Intern
Joined: 22 Jul 2015
Posts: 5
GRE 1: Q780 V560
Re: The frog are a small green amphibian characterized  [#permalink]

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03 Sep 2015, 12:48
mikemcgarry wrote:
goodyear2013 wrote:
The frog are a small green amphibian characterized by long hind legs, a short body, webbed digits, protruding eyes, and the absence of a tail.

(A) are a small green amphibian characterized by long hind legs, a short body, webbed digits, protruding eyes, and the absence of a tail
(B) is a small green amphibian that is characterized by long hind legs, a short body, webbed digits, protruding eyes, and the absence of a tail
(C) is a small green amphibian characterized by long hind legs, a short body, webbed digits, protruding eyes, and the existence of a tail
(D) is a little green amphibian characterized by long hind legs, a short body, webbed digits, protruding eyes, and the absence of a tail
(E) are a small green amphibian characterized by long hind legs, a short body, webbed digits, protruding eyes, and the absence of a tails

Dear goodyear2013,
I'm happy to respond.

This is an atrocious and thoroughly un-GMAT-like question. The "is"/"are" split at the beginning is childishly ludicrous. The switch of "absence" vs. "existence" is a slimy dirty trick, completely unlike anything the GMAT would do. The sentence, even the OA version, is a poor sentence. The list of five distinguishing factors is awkward. The content is not particularly advanced --- this easily could have come from a middle school science book. In other words, in tone and in content, this sentence is leagues below anything that would appear on the GMAT. Studying with a question of such low quality will not prepare you for the GMAT, and it may in fact play to your detriment. Here's a high quality question:

That's my two cents.
Mike

Ok, I get it's not a good question, but still our answers are split between B and D. Would you help us clarify on why "that is" is not needed for this sentence?

Thanks.
Magoosh GMAT Instructor
Joined: 28 Dec 2011
Posts: 4657
Re: The frog are a small green amphibian characterized  [#permalink]

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03 Sep 2015, 13:05
2
gmatminator wrote:
goodyear2013 wrote:
The frog are a small green amphibian characterized by long hind legs, a short body, webbed digits, protruding eyes, and the absence of a tail.

(A) are a small green amphibian characterized by long hind legs, a short body, webbed digits, protruding eyes, and the absence of a tail
(B) is a small green amphibian that is characterized by long hind legs, a short body, webbed digits, protruding eyes, and the absence of a tail
(C) is a small green amphibian characterized by long hind legs, a short body, webbed digits, protruding eyes, and the existence of a tail
(D) is a little green amphibian characterized by long hind legs, a short body, webbed digits, protruding eyes, and the absence of a tail
(E) are a small green amphibian characterized by long hind legs, a short body, webbed digits, protruding eyes, and the absence of a tails

Ok, I get it's not a good question, but still our answers are split between B and D. Would you help us clarify on why "that is" is not needed for this sentence?

Thanks.

Dear gmatminator,
I'm happy to respond.

We are comparing these two:
(B) . . . amphibian that is characterized by ....
(D) . . . amphibian characterized by ....

Both of these are 100% grammatically correct. The first is simply longer and more clunky.

In the first the word "characterized" is part of the passive verb "is characterized" --- for this extra verb, we need a whole other clause, the relative subordinate clause that begins with the word "that." Creating a second clause --- that increases the complexity of the sentence.

By contrast, in the second the word "characterized" is a past participle, a noun modifier modifying the noun it touches, "amphibian." This is considerably more sleek and elegant than creating a whole other clause for the same information.

Does this make sense?
Mike
_________________

Mike McGarry
Magoosh Test Prep

Education is not the filling of a pail, but the lighting of a fire. — William Butler Yeats (1865 – 1939)

Manager
Joined: 01 Apr 2015
Posts: 53
Re: The frog are a small green amphibian characterized  [#permalink]

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07 Sep 2015, 23:19
I think the split between B & D is 'Little vs Small' and little is more appropriate in this context than small.

For ex: the little dog, little cat etc..
SVP
Joined: 12 Dec 2016
Posts: 1720
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 700 Q49 V33
GPA: 3.64
Re: The frog are a small green amphibian characterized  [#permalink]

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09 Nov 2017, 17:34
Swaroopdev wrote:
I think the split between B & D is 'Little vs Small' and little is more appropriate in this context than small.

For ex: the little dog, little cat etc..

i do not think so. "little" can change the original meaning. In this question, the change in the meaning is subtle.
SVP
Joined: 12 Dec 2016
Posts: 1720
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 700 Q49 V33
GPA: 3.64
Re: The frog are a small green amphibian characterized  [#permalink]

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09 Nov 2017, 17:35
1
I do remember that sometimes in gmat, the question tests the redundancy. In other words, D is better than B in this question b/c D is more concise.
Intern
Joined: 22 Oct 2017
Posts: 6
Re: The frog are a small green amphibian characterized  [#permalink]

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20 Jun 2018, 15:08
mikemcgarry wrote:
gmatminator wrote:
goodyear2013 wrote:
The frog are a small green amphibian characterized by long hind legs, a short body, webbed digits, protruding eyes, and the absence of a tail.

(A) are a small green amphibian characterized by long hind legs, a short body, webbed digits, protruding eyes, and the absence of a tail
(B) is a small green amphibian that is characterized by long hind legs, a short body, webbed digits, protruding eyes, and the absence of a tail
(C) is a small green amphibian characterized by long hind legs, a short body, webbed digits, protruding eyes, and the existence of a tail
(D) is a little green amphibian characterized by long hind legs, a short body, webbed digits, protruding eyes, and the absence of a tail
(E) are a small green amphibian characterized by long hind legs, a short body, webbed digits, protruding eyes, and the absence of a tails

Ok, I get it's not a good question, but still our answers are split between B and D. Would you help us clarify on why "that is" is not needed for this sentence?

Thanks.

Dear gmatminator,
I'm happy to respond.

We are comparing these two:
(B) . . . amphibian that is characterized by ....
(D) . . . amphibian characterized by ....

Both of these are 100% grammatically correct. The first is simply longer and more clunky.

In the first the word "characterized" is part of the passive verb "is characterized" --- for this extra verb, we need a whole other clause, the relative subordinate clause that begins with the word "that." Creating a second clause --- that increases the complexity of the sentence.

By contrast, in the second the word "characterized" is a past participle, a noun modifier modifying the noun it touches, "amphibian." This is considerably more sleek and elegant than creating a whole other clause for the same information.

Does this make sense?
Mike

Hey,

I hope you could help.

I would have picked C because "characterized by [...] absence of a tail" vs. "... existence of a tail" sounds ridiculous with regard to logic and meaning. "characterized by the absence of sth." vs. "characterized by the existence of sth." -> the latter is what I would shoot for.

Could you please clarify why this is wrong here?

Thanks and best regards,
andr3
Re: The frog are a small green amphibian characterized &nbs [#permalink] 20 Jun 2018, 15:08
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# The frog are a small green amphibian characterized

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