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The German baroque composer J.S. Bach notated most of the melodic line

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The German baroque composer J.S. Bach notated most of the melodic line  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Mar 2016, 03:53
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The German baroque composer J.S. Bach notated most of the melodic lines in his works, leaving little room for interpretation by performers. An unnamed baroque composition was recently discovered in a church in Germany. Since the composition contains numerous notated melodic lines, it is probably a work of J.S. Bach.

Which one of the following contains a pattern of flawed reasoning most similar to that in the argument above?

A. Most baroque composers wrote for a single instrument, such as organ or harpsichord. Since The German Organ Mass was originally written for the organ, its composer probably always wrote for the organ.

B. In baroque musical works, the single most common subject is religion, so the single most common subject in all baroque art forms is also religion.

C. Works of art in the baroque period were mostly commissioned by patrons, so the baroque musical composition Chromatic Fantasia and Fugue was probably commissioned by a patron.

D. The anonymously composed keyboard piece Tune for the Woodlark is probably a baroque composition since it is written for the harpsichord, which was the most common keyboard instrument employed by baroque composers.

E. Since baroque musical compositions were mostly concerned with religious subjects, the baroque composer Charles Racquet, whose works are now lost, probably composed music mostly concerned with religious subjects.

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Re: The German baroque composer J.S. Bach notated most of the melodic line  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Mar 2016, 22:49
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shasadou wrote:
The German baroque composer J.S. Bach notated most of the melodic lines in his works, leaving little room for interpretation by performers. An unnamed baroque composition was recently discovered in a church in Germany. Since the composition contains numerous notated melodic lines, it is probably a work of J.S. Bach.

Which one of the following contains a pattern of flawed reasoning most similar to that in the argument above?

A. Most baroque composers wrote for a single instrument, such as organ or harpsichord. Since The German Organ Mass was originally written for the organ, its composer probably always wrote for the organ.

B. In baroque musical works, the single most common subject is religion, so the single most common subject in all baroque art forms is also religion.

C. Works of art in the baroque period were mostly commissioned by patrons, so the baroque musical composition Chromatic Fantasia and Fugue was probably commissioned by a patron.

D. The anonymously composed keyboard piece Tune for the Woodlark is probably a baroque composition since it is written for the harpsichord, which was the most common keyboard instrument employed by baroque composers.

E. Since baroque musical compositions were mostly concerned with religious subjects, the baroque composer Charles Racquet, whose works are now lost, probably composed music mostly concerned with religious subjects.



Note the premises and the way you reach the conclusion for this argument. That will help you identify the argument with similarly flawed reasoning.

Premises:
Bach notated his work.
A notated work has been found.

Conclusion:
It is probably Bach's work.

Option (D): The anonymously composed keyboard piece Tune for the Woodlark is probably a baroque composition since it is written for the harpsichord, which was the most common keyboard instrument employed by baroque composers.

Premises:
Baroque composers wrote for harpsichord.
A work written for harpsichord has been found.

Conclusion:
Baroque composers probably wrote it.

All other options have a different logical structure. Try writing them out to ensure that you understand.

Answer (D)
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Re: The German baroque composer J.S. Bach notated most of the melodic line  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Mar 2016, 04:16
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shasadou wrote:
The German baroque composer J.S. Bach notated most of the melodic lines in his works, leaving little room for interpretation by performers. An unnamed baroque composition was recently discovered in a church in Germany. Since the composition contains numerous notated melodic lines, it is probably a work of J.S. Bach.

Which one of the following contains a pattern of flawed reasoning most similar to that in the argument above?

A. Most baroque composers wrote for a single instrument, such as organ or harpsichord. Since The German Organ Mass was originally written for the organ, its composer probably always wrote for the organ.

B. In baroque musical works, the single most common subject is religion, so the single most common subject in all baroque art forms is also religion.

C. Works of art in the baroque period were mostly commissioned by patrons, so the baroque musical composition Chromatic Fantasia and Fugue was probably commissioned by a patron.

D. The anonymously composed keyboard piece Tune for the Woodlark is probably a baroque composition since it is written for the harpsichord, which was the most common keyboard instrument employed by baroque composers.

E. Since baroque musical compositions were mostly concerned with religious subjects, the baroque composer Charles Racquet, whose works are now lost, probably composed music mostly concerned with religious subjects.


Hi,
the Q is tough not for the reasoning but for the type of items picked up in different choices..

So first try to give the original para some method of reasoning..
The German baroque composer J.S. Bach--A-- notated--B-- most of the melodic lines in his works, leaving little room for interpretation by performers. An unnamed baroque composition was recently discovered in a church in Germany. Since the composition contains numerous notated--B-- melodic lines, it is probably a work of J.S. Bach.---A--

so in very simple terms A did B in most of his works. AN unnamed work has been found. Since it contains B, it must have been done by A..
FLAWS--
1) It is not mentiond that only A did B,

lets see the choices
A. Most baroque composers wrote for a single instrument, such as organ or harpsichord. Since The German Organ Mass was originally written for the organ, its composer probably always wrote for the organ.
Most A wrote for B. since C was written for B, C's composer always wrote for B..
Not what we are looking for..


B. In baroque musical works, the single most common subject is religion, so the single most common subject in all baroque art forms is also religion.
this choice initially talks of MUSICAL works and changes it to ALL ART..
Again NOT what we are looking for

C. Works of art in the baroque period were mostly commissioned by patrons, so the baroque musical composition Chromatic Fantasia and Fugue was probably commissioned by a patron.
A in some period were done by B.. so a part of A was done by B..
Again Not the same line of reasoning


D. The anonymously composed keyboard piece Tune for the Woodlark is probably a baroque composition since it is written for the harpsichord, which was the most common keyboard instrument employed by baroque composers.
Anonymous work piiece is probably done by A since it involves B. B was the most common keyboard employed by A..
Correct.. since A did B in most activities does not mean any B would be only by A..
SAME Reasoning


E. Since baroque musical compositions were mostly concerned with religious subjects, the baroque composer Charles Racquet, whose works are now lost, probably composed music mostly concerned with religious subjects.

ans D

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Re: The German baroque composer J.S. Bach notated most of the melodic line  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Mar 2016, 11:44
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The question requires you to have understanding of argument structure.

The German baroque composer J.S. Bach notated most of the melodic lines in his works, leaving little room for interpretation by performers. An unnamed baroque composition was recently discovered in a church in Germany. Since the composition contains numerous notated melodic lines, it is probably a work of J.S. Bach.

Argument structure:

1. J.S. Bach notated most of the melodic lines in his works
2. made clear notations, so other interpretation not required by performers
3. unnamed baroque composition was recently discovered
4. discovered composition contains numerous notated melodic lines

Conclusion : it is probably a work of J.S. Bach

Argument is relating the notated lines in discovered composition to the works of Bach with assumption that notated melodic lines is typical of Mr. Bach compositions.

The only feasible option is D.

D. The anonymously composed keyboard piece Tune for the Woodlark is probably a baroque composition since it is written for the harpsichord, which was the most common keyboard instrument employed by baroque composers.

Woodlark --------uncovered musical compositions

baroque compositions ----------- Mr. Bach

baroque composers--------------- Notated musical lines

Hope I made it clear.
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Re: The German baroque composer J.S. Bach notated most of the melodic line  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Mar 2016, 09:59
VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
shasadou wrote:
The German baroque composer J.S. Bach notated most of the melodic lines in his works, leaving little room for interpretation by performers. An unnamed baroque composition was recently discovered in a church in Germany. Since the composition contains numerous notated melodic lines, it is probably a work of J.S. Bach.


All other options have a different logical structure. Try writing them out to ensure that you understand.

Answer (D)



This was solvable but took a lot of time. Do you advise to spend 5 minutes and get one CR question right. Or is it better to move on once one realises, after spending 2 minutes, that it will take much more time. Thanks.
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Re: The German baroque composer J.S. Bach notated most of the melodic line  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Mar 2016, 14:31
Down and Dirty method.
If u use pen and write the logic quickly.
Then u will nail the similar one in 2 minutes given it's toughness.
E.g u scribble... A often does Q. Any Q seen is done by A.

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Re: The German baroque composer J.S. Bach notated most of the melodic line  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Mar 2016, 20:54
KarishmaParmar wrote:
VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
shasadou wrote:
The German baroque composer J.S. Bach notated most of the melodic lines in his works, leaving little room for interpretation by performers. An unnamed baroque composition was recently discovered in a church in Germany. Since the composition contains numerous notated melodic lines, it is probably a work of J.S. Bach.


All other options have a different logical structure. Try writing them out to ensure that you understand.

Answer (D)



This was solvable but took a lot of time. Do you advise to spend 5 minutes and get one CR question right. Or is it better to move on once one realises, after spending 2 minutes, that it will take much more time. Thanks.


You already know the answer to that! If it seems like it will take too much time, just move on.
But don't let that be the takeaway from this question. This question is about recognising the structure of the argument. The hard part is the data used (Bach, baroque etc). The same thing written using an illustration from your field of study would be very simple for you. Learn to ignore the wordy data and focus on logic - that usually will be straight forward. If you do that, the question will be solved in 2-3 mins.
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Re: The German baroque composer J.S. Bach notated most of the melodic line  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jul 2016, 10:15
my issue with mimic type questions is knowing what your variables stand for. Any advice to do this quickly and correctly?
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The German baroque composer J.S. Bach notated most of the melodic line  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Mar 2019, 11:24
I got this answer incorrect during my Veritas test ( I could not solve this in time constraint to be honest :P )
But, deep introspection and good posts on this forum helped me crack it.

I have structuralized the options and tried to compare it with the given structure. Please go through

Statement 1:
J S Bach notated most of the melodic lines of his works.
Statement 2:
Recently, an unnamed baroque was discovered. And it is probably a work of J S Bach.
Sentence structure:
X did Y most of the times. Recently Y item has been discovered and thus it belongs to X.
Flaw: Every Y belongs to X.
Which one of the following contains a pattern of flawed reasoning most similar to that in the argument above?
A. Most baroque composers wrote for a single instrument, such as organ or harpsichord. Since The German Organ Mass was originally written for the organ, its composer probably always wrote for the organ.

Sentence structure: A group of X's wrote for a single instrument Y. GO was a type of Y and thus its composer (X) always wrote for Y.

There is a flaw here as it generalizes the work of X, but here there is no claim whether every GO or element Y belongs to X. Incorrect.

B. In baroque musical works, the single most common subject is religion, so the single most common subject in all baroque art forms is also religion.
X has a common subject Y. So Y is common in Z.
Flaw: Author confuses and assigns Y to Z on basis of its assignment to X.
Not parallel to the structure as perceived.

C. Works of art in the baroque period were mostly commissioned by patrons, so the baroque musical composition Chromatic Fantasia and Fugue was probably commissioned by a patron.
X ( patrons) composed Y ( art in BP) . Z was composed by X ( a patron).
Flaw: again author confuses two different schools to one. The flaw is again not parallel.
While solving this question, I wrongly interpreted music as art and thus marked it correct.
D. The anonymously composed keyboard piece Tune for the Woodlark is probably a baroque composition since it is written for the harpsichord, which was the most common keyboard instrument employed by baroque composers.
X was composed by Y (baroque composers). An anonymous X is found and is a composition of Y
Flaw: Every X belongs to Y and hence this is our answer.
E. Since baroque musical compositions were mostly concerned with religious subjects, the baroque composer Charles Racquet, whose works are now lost, probably composed music mostly concerned with religious subjects.
Structure:
X compositions were for Y. Z composed for Y.
Flaw: Confuses X ( composition) with some random Z ( composer)
But this flaw is not parallel and hence incorrect.

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Re: The German baroque composer J.S. Bach notated most of the melodic line  [#permalink]

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New post 29 May 2019, 08:10

OFFICIAL ANSWER



This mimic question asks you to find the argument with a pattern of reasoning with the same flaw as the original. The flaw in reasoning for the original is that 'just because most X are Y does not mean that any particular Y is likely to be an X'. Answer (D) has a similar flaw because there might be other harpsichord pieces that were not written during the baroque period. Answers (A), (C), and (E) are not flawed. Answer (B) is flawed because it generalizes from a specific case, which is not the same flaw in the original argument.

OA is D
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Re: The German baroque composer J.S. Bach notated most of the melodic line   [#permalink] 29 May 2019, 08:10
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