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# The Glass House Mountains in Queensland, Australia, were

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The Glass House Mountains in Queensland, Australia, were [#permalink]

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07 Dec 2011, 22:06
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Difficulty:

5% (low)

Question Stats:

79% (01:46) correct 21% (00:42) wrong based on 67 sessions

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The Glass House Mountains in Queensland, Australia, were sighted in 1770 by the English navigator Captain James Cook, by whom they were named supposedly because its sheer wet rocks glistened like glass.

(A) by whom they were named supposedly because its
(B) by whom they were named supposedly and their
(C) naming them supposedly since their
(D) who so named them supposedly because their
(E) who so named it since supposedly their

[Reveal] Spoiler:
My question: is it correct to have comma placed before "by whom".
What grammar is related to this structure "JC, by whom?
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by abhimahna on 21 Mar 2017, 04:09, edited 1 time in total.
Edited the question
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Re: The Glass House Mountains in Queensland, Australia, were [#permalink]

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07 Dec 2011, 22:38
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Yea, the clause beginning with , (comma) is in passive voice. And that is why it is by whom. If it is in active voice, then it would have started by "who.."
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Re: The Glass House Mountains in Queensland, Australia, were [#permalink]

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07 Dec 2011, 22:47
A--->Is incorrect

Because

1. It is in passive voice
2.Subject verb agreement is validated

Glass house mountains)plural) and its(singular)--------->Not valid

Hope this helps

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Re: The Glass House Mountains in Queensland, Australia, were [#permalink]

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07 Dec 2011, 23:51
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option D correctly modifies captain JC with relative clause
correct plural pronoun their for plural antecedent mountains
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Re: The Glass House Mountains in Queensland, Australia, were [#permalink]

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08 Dec 2011, 03:36
medusa0901 wrote:
The Glass House Mountains in Queensland, Australia,
were sighted in 1770 by the English navigator Captain
James Cook, by whom they were named supposedly
because its sheer wet rocks glistened like glass

(A) by whom they were named supposedly because its
(B) by whom they were named supposedly and their
(C) naming them supposedly since their
(D) who so named them supposedly because their
(E) who so named it since supposedly their

My question: is it correct to have comma placed before "by whom".
What grammar is related to this structure "JC, by whom?

it is correct to comma placed before "by whom". Also follow the rule of restrictive and non-restrictive. In this case, use by whom is wrong. We need "who" instead, and "them" as well as "their" refer correctly to Mountains
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Re: The Glass House Mountains in Queensland, Australia, were [#permalink]

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19 Mar 2017, 05:15
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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The Glass House Mountains in Queensland, Australia, were [#permalink]

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21 Mar 2017, 04:21
The Glass House Mountains in Queensland, Australia, were sighted in 1770 by the English navigator Captain James Cook, by whom they were named supposedly because its sheer wet rocks glistened like glass.

(A) by whom they were named supposedly because its PRONOUN AGREEMENT ERROR
(B) by whom they were named supposedly and their --> CHANGE IN MEANING
(C) naming them supposedly since their --> AWKWARD
(D) who so named them supposedly because their
(E) who so named it since supposedly their PRONOUN AGREEMENT ERROR
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Re: The Glass House Mountains in Queensland, Australia, were [#permalink]

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21 Mar 2017, 04:36
Why can't we use "naming"? According to the manhattan books, -ing form can modify the nouns directly. Can modify the verbs and heir subjects. Can modify the entire clause. So why can't it modify the Captain James Cook who did the naming!
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The Glass House Mountains in Queensland, Australia, were [#permalink]

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21 Mar 2017, 04:42
nandetapuri wrote:
Why can't we use "naming"? According to the manhattan books, -ing form can modify the nouns directly. Can modify the verbs and heir subjects. Can modify the entire clause. So why can't it modify the Captain James Cook who did the naming!

My friend, you read the rule correctly but you missed one point.

Here 'naming' is preceded by a 'comma'. In that case, it will either modify the entire previous clause or will provide the result of the previous clause.

Naming can modify James Uncle ( ) only when it is not preceded by comma. Here, Since we have a comma before naming, we cannot say James Cook who named XYZ.

Hence, we cannot use naming as it makes the meaning illogical.

I hope that makes sense.
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Re: The Glass House Mountains in Queensland, Australia, were [#permalink]

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26 Mar 2017, 03:58
nandetapuri wrote:
Why can't we use "naming"? According to the manhattan books, -ing form can modify the nouns directly. Can modify the verbs and heir subjects. Can modify the entire clause. So why can't it modify the Captain James Cook who did the naming!

In addition to the above explanation by abhimahna, there is another problem in C:

It is not clear what he named the mountains ("so" is missing).
Re: The Glass House Mountains in Queensland, Australia, were   [#permalink] 26 Mar 2017, 03:58
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