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# The government has mandated people living below the poverty line....

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VP
Joined: 14 Feb 2017
Posts: 1182
Location: Australia
Concentration: Technology, Strategy
Schools: LBS '22
GMAT 1: 560 Q41 V26
GMAT 2: 550 Q43 V23
GMAT 3: 650 Q47 V33
GMAT 4: 650 Q44 V36
WE: Management Consulting (Consulting)
The government has mandated people living below the poverty line....  [#permalink]

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09 Apr 2019, 17:11
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Question Stats:

82% (00:47) correct 18% (01:12) wrong based on 87 sessions

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The government has mandated people living below the poverty line to be provided with meals twice a day and their children to be provided access to free education in publicly funded schools.

(A) people living below the poverty line to be provided with meals twice a day and their children to be
(B) that people living below the poverty line should be provided with meals twice a day and their children should be
(C) for people living below the poverty line meals twice a day and for their children
(D) people living below the poverty line that they will be provided with meals twice a day and their children be
(E) that people living below the poverty line be provided with meals twice a day and that their children be

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Joined: 05 Apr 2019
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The government has mandated people living below the poverty line....  [#permalink]

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09 Apr 2019, 17:44
The government has mandated people living below the poverty line to be provided with meals twice a day and their children to be provided access to free education in publicly funded schools.

The government has mandated requires that.
For example, if we don't have that, if we choose (A) then the meaning changes as follows:
The government has mandated people to wash their cars, as if the government has somehow mandated people to do something.

(A) people living below the poverty line to be provided with meals twice a day and their children to be
(B) that people living below the poverty line should be provided with meals twice a day and their children should be
(C) for people living below the poverty line meals twice a day and for their children
(D) people living below the poverty line that they will be provided with meals twice a day and their children be
(E) that people living below the poverty line be provided with meals twice a day and that their children be

I answered this question correctly by focusing on parallelism.
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Joined: 11 Nov 2014
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The government has mandated people living below the poverty line....  [#permalink]

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09 Apr 2019, 23:40
The government has mandated people living below the poverty line to be provided with meals twice a day and their children to be provided access to free education in publicly funded schools.

Here's how I answered it in ~26 seconds:

Whenever a sentence has the word mandate used like it is above, the correct usage is "..mandate that" (If this fact doesn't intuitively jump out to you, take a look at an alternative approach I've listed below).

This means there's just 2 options I have to consider: B and E.

Next, in option B, "...should be" raises a problem. Why? coz in sentences that say "A mandated that something be done", you can't use "should". The grammar rule says that we should write it without the "should".
Correct: "X mandated that ABC be provided"
Wrong: "X mandated that ABC should be provided"

This makes it clear Option E is the right answer.

--------------------------------------------
Here's another approach that could have still helped you solve this:

"The government has mandated people living below the poverty line to be....."

Rephrasing for simplicity: "The government has mandated people to do something"

This makes it sound like the government is forcing the people to do something. That's a very different meaning compared to what's actually intended here. The government is not forcing the people to do something. The govt is creating a law to help benefit the people. So clearly, "...mandated people" leads to the wrong meaning.
If you're following me so far, you'll realize options A and D are out. That leaves B,C,E

While C doesn't have the above problem, if you follow the sentence for meaning, you realize its gibberish.

This leaves B and E. Follow my explanation above to eliminate B.
VP
Joined: 14 Feb 2017
Posts: 1182
Location: Australia
Concentration: Technology, Strategy
Schools: LBS '22
GMAT 1: 560 Q41 V26
GMAT 2: 550 Q43 V23
GMAT 3: 650 Q47 V33
GMAT 4: 650 Q44 V36
WE: Management Consulting (Consulting)
The government has mandated people living below the poverty line....  [#permalink]

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10 Apr 2019, 14:07
samuraijack256 wrote:
The government has mandated people living below the poverty line to be provided with meals twice a day and their children to be provided access to free education in publicly funded schools.

This leaves B and E. Follow my explanation above to eliminate B.

This is very specific.

The question deals with the subjunctive mood. Whenever the Subjunctive mood is triggered we require "THAT + Base form of the verb" and nothing between that changes the meaning.

The subjunctive mood is triggered primarily by the following acronym of words: PRRISMADD

Propose
Recommend
Request
Insist
Stipulate
Suggest
Mandate
Assert
Demand
Dictate

Secondly, ABDIOPRU can also trigger both the subjunctive mood and infinitive requirement
Beg
Desire
Intend
Order
Prefer
Require
Urge

Hope this helps.
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Goal: Q49, V41

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The government has mandated people living below the poverty line....   [#permalink] 10 Apr 2019, 14:07
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