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The government has no right to tax earnings from labor.

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SVP
Joined: 16 Jul 2009
Posts: 1514
Schools: CBS
WE 1: 4 years (Consulting)
The government has no right to tax earnings from labor. [#permalink]

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15 Jul 2010, 12:04
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The government has no right to tax earnings from labor. Taxation of this kind requires the laborer to devote a certain percentage of hours worked to earning money for the government. Thus, such taxation forces the laborer to work, in part, for another’s purpose. Since involuntary servitude can be defined as forced work for another’s purpose, just as involuntary servitude is pernicious, so is taxing earnings from labor.

The argument uses which one of the following argumentative techniques?
(A) deriving a general principle about the rights of individuals from a judgment concerning the obligations of governments
(B) inferring what will be time case merely from a description of what once was the case
(C) inferring that since two institutions are similar in one respect they are similar in another respect
(D) citing the authority of an economic theory in order to justify a moral principle
(E) presupposing the inevitability of a hierarchical class system in order to oppose a given economic practice
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Manager
Joined: 24 Dec 2009
Posts: 219
Re: The government has no right to tax [#permalink]

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17 Jul 2010, 00:58
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KUDOS
(A) deriving a general principle about the rights of individuals from a judgment concerning the obligations of governments
-- No where the author point is about the individual's rights. Hence cannot be a correct answer choice.

(B) inferring what will be time case merely from a description of what once was the case
-- Irrelevant. Hence not a correct answer choice.

(C) inferring that since two institutions are similar in one respect they are similar in another respect
-- Taxations and involuntary servitude are the two institutions. Since both are similar in aspect of forced labor, author inferred / concluded both are pernicious. Hence C is a correct answer choice.

(D) citing the authority of an economic theory in order to justify a moral principle
-- Economic theory? Irrelevant.

(E) presupposing the inevitability of a hierarchical class system in order to oppose a given economic practice
-- It is trying to oppose economic theory, but there is no presupposition.

Thank You.
Akhil M.Parekh
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Joined: 28 Sep 2014
Posts: 35
Location: United States
GPA: 3.7
Re: The government has no right to tax earnings from labor. [#permalink]

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17 Dec 2014, 22:48
I think the answer is (A), taxation forces the laborer to work is different from involuntary servitude. After all, you can choose not to work (and not get taxed), whereas involuntary servitude, by definition, you are forced to work. There is a slight shift in meaning. That is, taxation is not literally forced labor, whereas "involuntary servitude" is.
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Joined: 17 Aug 2015
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GMAT 1: 650 Q49 V29
Re: The government has no right to tax earnings from labor. [#permalink]

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13 Dec 2016, 17:10
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(1)
no right to tax labor earning,

labor devotes some time for government

thus such taxation forces labor to work "in part" for another's purpose

(2)

since INVOULANTRY SERVITUDE can be defined as forced work for another's purpose

both INVOULANTRY SERVITUDE and TAXING are harmful

===============================================================

BOTH TAXING and INVOULANTRY SERVITUDE has something in common- both force to work for another's purpose

authors concludes that both are pernicious (harmful)

choice C SAYS THAT

(C) inferring that since two institutions( TAXING AND INVOULANTRY SERVITUDE) are similar in one
respect (both force to work for another's purpose) they are similar in another respect (both are pernicious (harmful)
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Joined: 04 Aug 2016
Posts: 471
Location: India
GPA: 4
WE: Engineering (Telecommunications)
Re: The government has no right to tax earnings from labor. [#permalink]

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20 Mar 2017, 06:04
I think it is down to options A and C.

(A) deriving a general principle about the rights of individuals from a judgment concerning the obligations of governments
- It does not derive a general principle about rights of individuals but derives that the practice is harmful. It draws an analogy between two statements.

(C) inferring that since two institutions are similar in one respect they are similar in another respect

- Correct. It derives a relationship between two cases and draws an inference from that.
Senior Manager
Joined: 13 Feb 2015
Posts: 273
The government has no right to tax earnings from labor. [#permalink]

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21 Mar 2017, 21:24
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The government has no right to tax earnings from labor.   [#permalink] 21 Mar 2017, 21:24
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