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# The government predicts that, for consumers and businesses

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26 Dec 2009, 20:57
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56% (02:33) correct 44% (01:11) wrong based on 55 sessions

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The government predicts that, for consumers and businesses that make a large number of long-distance calls, the Federal Communications Commission's recent telephone rate cuts will greatly reduce costs, though some consumer groups disagree with the government's estimates, suggesting they are too optimistic.

(A) The government predicts that, for consumers and businesses that make a large number of long-distance calls, the Federal Communications Commission's recent telephone rate cuts will greatly reduce costs
(B) The government predicts that costs will be greatly reduced for consumers and businesses that make a large number of long-distance calls by the Federal Communications Commission's recent telephone rate cuts
(C) The government's prediction is, for consumers and businesses making a large number of long-distance calls, costs will be greatly reduced by the recent telephone rate cuts made by the Federal Communications Commission
(D) For consumers and businesses that make a large number of long-distance calls, the government's prediction that the Federal Communications Commission's recent telephone rate cuts will greatly reduce costs
(E) For consumers and businesses making a large number of long-distance calls, the government predicts that the recent telephone rate cuts that the Federal Communications Commission has made will greatly reduce costs

The OA is
[Reveal] Spoiler:
A
but I chose E. I am not sure why E is wrong. The modifier "For consumers and businesses making a large number of long distance calls" seems to modify "predicts". Am I right on that? So that would make it a verb modifier which would be ok?
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Re: GMAT Prep SC Modifier [#permalink]

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27 Dec 2009, 00:33
IMO A is correct because:
It is not good practice to start any sentence with preposition 'FOR'.
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Re: GMAT Prep SC Modifier [#permalink]

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27 Dec 2009, 08:35
Imo in E the meaning is getting changed slightly there is no comma in b/n businesses and making, hence E actually states that for all type of consumers and businesses who makes long dis call .

where as the original states that its for bth
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Re: GMAT Prep SC Modifier [#permalink]

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21 Jun 2010, 07:21
I rejected E because there is no verb in the introductory dependent clause.
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Re: GMAT Prep SC Modifier [#permalink]

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21 Jun 2010, 20:31
predict that ---> IDIOM
Only A and B left.

(B) The government predicts that costs will be greatly reduced for consumers and businesses that
---> second "that" should be immediately after and. OUT
predicts that...... and that .....
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Re: GMAT Prep SC Modifier [#permalink]

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04 Jul 2010, 13:00
I was quite confused between A and E and found the below explanation:

Quote:
The problem with choice E is in the placement of the modifier ("For consumers and businesses making a large number of..."). Since this comes before the main clause, "the government predicts...", the implication is that the government is making a prediction for the sake of those consumers and businesses: the prediction is "for" them - and may not even mean that their rates will fall!

The prepositional phrase at the beginning of choice e is an example of a dangling modifier: one isn't quite sure exactly what it's supposed to modify. according to the strict rules followed by the gmat, this phrase should technically modify the action directly following the comma (the government predicts), which doesn't make sense: the government is not making predictions for the benefit of consumers and businesses (rather, it is merely making projections).
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18 Oct 2014, 19:29
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: The government predicts that, for consumers and businesses   [#permalink] 18 Oct 2014, 19:29
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