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# The growing popularity of computer-based activities was - Q2

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Re: Which of the following most ligically completes the [#permalink]

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20 Nov 2011, 19:40
i think it is C
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Re: Which of the following most ligically completes the [#permalink]

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13 Dec 2011, 02:45
Choice C states that computer users are not representative for overall TV viewer all over the country.
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Re: Which of the following most ligically completes the [#permalink]

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26 Dec 2011, 12:20
+1 C
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18 Jan 2012, 07:38
1
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sap wrote:
I have a doubt here

Question says :- however, this finding does very little to show that "COMPUTER USE" tends to reduce television viewing time, since ____

In option "C" we know computer OWNERS do not watch TV too often, but nothing has been said about "COMPUTER USE" by them.

Option "E" specifies that "COMPUTER USE" leaves people with more leisurely time FOR WATCHING TV.

"E" is a serious contender

Initially I also thought E is the answer, but OA was different than what I thought
After spending lot of time, I understand why the only answer is C and E does not even come near.

My reasoning is...
We have 3 events:

E1. television watching time
E2. Growing popularity of computers (this is a real event)
E3. Declining in E1 , i.e., decline in television watching time (this is not a real event because, in the first statement it is mentioned that '....predicted to result in a corresponding decline....')

Conclusion is E2 causes E3.

Task: to prove that E2 does not cause E3.

Solution:
In this case, instead of trying to break the relation between E2 & E3, it would be better if we can successfully prove that E2 is not at all dependent E1.
Now, which option choice tells us the non-existent-relation between E1 & E2?? It is C. Hence the answer is C.

C says , some people have long been known to spend less time on television watching. It implies that even if they DON'T use computers they are not going to watch TV. Hence, these people are not going to affect TV watching time but just affect growth of computer usage.

This is really tricky question...at least for me! If it is for you as well, and this post helped u, give me kudos, please
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Re: Which of the following most ligically completes the [#permalink]

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16 Dec 2012, 17:15
this is an official gmat question, i remember.
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Re: The growing popularity of computer-based activities was - Q2 [#permalink]

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16 May 2013, 19:21
AndersonBound wrote:
Which of the following most logically completes the argument?

The growing popularity of computer-based activities was widely predicted to result in a corresponding decline in television viewing. Recent studies have found that, in the United States, people who own computers watch, on average, significantly less television than people who do not own computers. In itself, however, this finding does very little to show that computer use tends to reduce television viewing time, since_______.

(A) many people who watch little or no television do not own a computer.
(B) even though most computer owners in the United States watch significantly less television than the national average, some computer owners watch far more television than the national average.
(C) computer owners in the United States predominately belong to a demographic group that have long been known to spend less time watching television than the population as a whole does.
(D) many computer owners in the United States have enough leisure time that spending significant amounts of time on the computer still leaves ample time for watching television.
(E) many people use their computers primarily for tasks such as correspondence that can be done more rapidly on the computer, and doing so leaves more leisure time for watching television.

[/i]

I am totally convinced with C.
But, I cannot understand why E is not true.
According to the question we have to find an option that deny the reasoning that computer viewing tends to reduce tv viewing . So, if people work on comp just to save time for them to watch tv, this option strongly denies the reasoning and so E is the right option.

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Re: The growing popularity of computer-based activities was - Q2 [#permalink]

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13 Aug 2013, 01:49
Can someone explain why option B is incorrect? Thanks!
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Re: The growing popularity of computer-based activities was - Q2 [#permalink]

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13 Aug 2013, 02:05
fozzzy wrote:
Can someone explain why option B is incorrect? Thanks!

hi ,

argument:in the United States, people who own computers watch,on average, significantly less television than people who do not own computers
this finding does very little to show that computer use tends to reduce television viewing time, since_______.
actually the conclusion is: computer tends to reduce television viewing time.
AND we have to weaken this conclusion.

now OPTION B : Says lets say 100 people in US =>OUT OF THESE 90 Watch less and 10 watch significantly more.
on the basis of this what will you conclude : PEOPLE are watching less television LIKELY because of OWINING a computer.
so in short it strengthens and not weakens.

hope it helps.
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Re: The growing popularity of computer-based activities was - Q2 [#permalink]

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17 Aug 2014, 04:14
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Re: The growing popularity of computer-based activities was - Q2 [#permalink]

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16 Dec 2014, 10:20
F1: view that spending more time on Computer Based Activities leads to lesser TV viewing
F2: Computer owners spend lesser time viewing TV than non computer owners
F3: owning computers doesn't necessarily lead to lesser TV viewing because .....

we need something which compares computer owners and non owners and explains why owning a computer will not lead to lesser TV viewing

A - wrong reverse causation. OUT
B - some vs many. Not good enough.
C - Sites diff between computer owners and non owners. HOLD
D - doesn't compare computer owners with non owners. OUT
E - doesn't compare computer owners with non owners. OUT

C is the best option!

AndersonBound wrote:
Which of the following most logically completes the argument?

The growing popularity of computer-based activities was widely predicted to result in a corresponding decline in television viewing. Recent studies have found that, in the United States, people who own computers watch, on average, significantly less television than people who do not own computers. In itself, however, this finding does very little to show that computer use tends to reduce television viewing time, since_______.

(A) many people who watch little or no television do not own a computer.
(B) even though most computer owners in the United States watch significantly less television than the national average, some computer owners watch far more television than the national average.
(C) computer owners in the United States predominately belong to a demographic group that have long been known to spend less time watching television than the population as a whole does.
(D) many computer owners in the United States have enough leisure time that spending significant amounts of time on the computer still leaves ample time for watching television.
(E) many people use their computers primarily for tasks such as correspondence that can be done more rapidly on the computer, and doing so leaves more leisure time for watching television.

Note: There are two questions available with the similar stimulus and same first line but different question. The other question (evaluate the argument) is discussed in: the-growing-popularity-of-computer-based-activities-was-q1-13225.html

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Re: The growing popularity of computer-based activities was - Q2 [#permalink]

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15 Feb 2015, 07:22
[quote="joseph0alexander"]F1: view that spending more time on Computer Based Activities leads to lesser TV viewing
F2: Computer owners spend lesser time viewing TV than non computer owners
F3: owning computers doesn't necessarily lead to lesser TV viewing because .....

we need something which compares computer owners and non owners and explains why owning a computer will not lead to lesser TV viewing

A - wrong reverse causation. OUT Reverse Causation is one of the strategies alomg with an alternative Cause to weaken an argument
B - some vs many. Not good enough.
C - Sites diff between computer owners and non owners. HOLD
D - doesn't compare computer owners with non owners. OUT
E - doesn't compare computer owners with non owners. OUT

C is the best option!

[quote="AndersonBound"]Which of the following most logically completes the argument?
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Re: The growing popularity of computer-based activities was - Q2 [#permalink]

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01 Mar 2016, 23:16
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: The growing popularity of computer-based activities was - Q2 [#permalink]

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09 Jul 2016, 06:36

All you have to do is to tell why this study should not the believed.
You do not even have to use your brains to get the correct option.
just add option C at the end and read the entire argument again.
The validity, cogency and strength of the argument is best as compared to all other options.
The growing popularity of computer-based activities was widely predicted to result in a corresponding decline in television viewing. Recent studies have found that, in the United States, people who own computers watch, on average, significantly less television than people who do not own computers. In itself, however, this finding does very little to show that computer use tends to reduce television viewing time, since computer owners in the United States predominately belong to a demographic group that have long been known to spend less time watching television than the population as a whole does.

Make sense :- those people who have computer were never really a fan of watching TV, so even if the study say that computer owner watch less TV, this fact does nothing to prove anything. It is known from the start that computer owners are not tv watchers.

AndersonBound wrote:
Which of the following most logically completes the argument?

The growing popularity of computer-based activities was widely predicted to result in a corresponding decline in television viewing. Recent studies have found that, in the United States, people who own computers watch, on average, significantly less television than people who do not own computers. In itself, however, this finding does very little to show that computer use tends to reduce television viewing time, since_______.

(A) many people who watch little or no television do not own a computer.
(B) even though most computer owners in the United States watch significantly less television than the national average, some computer owners watch far more television than the national average.
(C) computer owners in the United States predominately belong to a demographic group that have long been known to spend less time watching television than the population as a whole does.
(D) many computer owners in the United States have enough leisure time that spending significant amounts of time on the computer still leaves ample time for watching television.
(E) many people use their computers primarily for tasks such as correspondence that can be done more rapidly on the computer, and doing so leaves more leisure time for watching television.

Note: There are two questions available with the similar stimulus and same first line but different question. The other question (evaluate the argument) is discussed in: the-growing-popularity-of-computer-based-activities-was-q1-13225.html

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Re: The growing popularity of computer-based activities was - Q2 [#permalink]

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14 Sep 2016, 08:07
Big thanks for the explanation....
Not sure why i fell for E

bigoyal wrote:
IMO C

Evidence: Study showing people who own computers less television than people who do not own computers.
Conclusion: Television viewing has declined due to computers.

Question has been asked to weaken the argument.

(A) many people who watch little or no television do not own a computer. -Irrelevant, since we are concerned about comparison between TV and computer, rather then between TV and non-computer.
(B) even though most computer owners in the United States watch significantly less television than the national average, some computer owners watch far more television than the national average. -Irrelevant, its just talking about some computer owners watching TV.
(C) computer owners in the United States predominately belong to a demographic group that have long been known to spend less time watching television than the population as a whole does. -Correct, weakens the argument by directly challenging the conclusion, even though the survey result is correct as the survey is giving average results.
(D) many computer owners in the United States have enough leisure time that spending significant amounts of time on the computer still leaves ample time for watching television. -Irrelevant, we are just concerned about comparing two different group of people, i.e computer owners and non-computer owners. Doesn't matter if computer owners are spending lot of time on TV, but we don't know if non-computer owners are spending even more time
(E) many people use their computers primarily for tasks such as correspondence that can be done more rapidly on the computer, and doing so leaves more leisure time for watching television. -Same error, as in D
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Re: The growing popularity of computer-based activities was - Q2 [#permalink]

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22 Dec 2016, 14:16
Good question. I got C. Clearly, if C were negated, the finding would be undermined.
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The growing popularity of computer-based activities was - Q2 [#permalink]

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24 Dec 2016, 03:16
AndersonBound wrote:
Which of the following most logically completes the argument?

The growing popularity of computer-based activities was widely predicted to result in a corresponding decline in television viewing. Recent studies have found that, in the United States, people who own computers watch, on average, significantly less television than people who do not own computers. In itself, however, this finding does very little to show that computer use tends to reduce television viewing time, since_______.

(A) many people who watch little or no television do not own a computer.
(B) even though most computer owners in the United States watch significantly less television than the national average, some computer owners watch far more television than the national average.
(C) computer owners in the United States predominately belong to a demographic group that have long been known to spend less time watching television than the population as a whole does.
(D) many computer owners in the United States have enough leisure time that spending significant amounts of time on the computer still leaves ample time for watching television.
(E) many people use their computers primarily for tasks such as correspondence that can be done more rapidly on the computer, and doing so leaves more leisure time for watching television.
[/i]

Lets say computer activity = C
and television time = T
The argument tries to establish the fact $$increased C$$ -------> $$decreased T$$. But then it tells that there is infact little evidence to show this relation between the two (computer activity and television time) because ______

Now which is the best option that tells us that there is indeed no relation between increased $$C$$ and decreased $$T$$ ? It's clearly option C.
Option C tells us there is some other reason (demographic) - people of the US who own computers are just accustomed to spending less time watching television.

Hope this helps!
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Re: The growing popularity of computer-based activities was - Q2 [#permalink]

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27 Dec 2016, 06:28
The growing popularity of computer-based activities was widely predicted to result in a corresponding decline in television viewing. Recent studies have found that, in the United States, people who own computers watch, on average, significantly less television than people who do not own computers. In itself, however, this finding does very little to show that computer use tends to reduce television viewing time, since_______.

Was badly confused between C, D, and E

But choice C summarises D and E.
They already had the habit of NOT watching TV. So computer plays no role in changing the TV viewing habit.
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Re: The growing popularity of computer-based activities was - Q2   [#permalink] 27 Dec 2016, 06:28

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