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# The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local

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Manager
Joined: 09 Jun 2005
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The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local [#permalink]

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19 Aug 2005, 20:21
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The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local times, which was
determined by when the sun reached the observer's meridian and differing from city to city, and to the establishment of regional times.

A which was determined by when the sun reached the observer's meridian and
differing
B which was determined by when the sun reached the observer's meridian and
which differed
C which were determined by when the sun reached the observer's meridian and
differing
D determined by when the sun reached the observer's meridian and differed
E determined by when the sun reached the observer's meridian and differing

this question has been discussed in the forum many times. All I need to understand is why C is wrong...

Paul, you have discussed the right answer for this question in forums before, can you explain the fault in C? Thanks![/u]

Last edited by ArashKhurana on 20 Aug 2005, 12:49, edited 1 time in total.

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SVP
Joined: 05 Apr 2005
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19 Aug 2005, 22:20
ArashKhurana wrote:
The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local times, which was determined by when the sun reached the observer's meridian and differing from city to city, and to the establishment of regional times.

A which was determined by when the sun reached the observer's meridian and differing
B which was determined by when the sun reached the observer's meridian and which differed
C which were determined by when the sun reached the observer's meridian and differing
D determined by when the sun reached the observer's meridian and differed
E determined by when the sun reached the observer's meridian and differing

this question has been discussed in the forum many times. All I need to understand is why C is wrong...

Paul, you have discussed the right answer for this question in forums before, can you explain the fault in C? Thanks![/u]

let me try:

E is the correct one. the choice is between D and E. C is not parallel in terms of tense: which "were determined" .............. and "differing". need participles.

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Manager
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20 Aug 2005, 12:47
Himalaya, can you please explain the tense usage in C...'

For example,whats wrong with this senence?

Stampede led to increased vigils, which was considered to be a good idea.

Stampede led to increased vigils, considered to be a good idea.

Am i making the right inference here?

Thanks!

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Director
Joined: 11 Mar 2005
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20 Aug 2005, 15:28
I dont think gramatically C is not wrong but the meaning of the sentence is wrong..

C indicates that local times were determined by a method and
local times were differing.. Which is not the case. They still differ..

You need a past participle (ed form) to indicate how they were determined
and you need present participle (ing form) to indicate that they still do..

No answer choice fits the scenario except E.
E says determined by X and differing...

C will be right, if you change the sentence

which were determined by when the sun reached the observer's meridian and which differ from...

You still can NOT use ing form in the restricive clause in the above example like "which are differering'. You need to indicate the universal truth... Sun rises in the east... You can not say that sun is rising in the east, to indicate that it always does...

Hope it helps...

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Manager
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20 Aug 2005, 15:46
Thanks Ritesh!

I think I understand now. Appreciate your help.

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Manager
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01 Apr 2010, 00:44
Can someone explain C again.. I still have trouble understanding it.

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Manager
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02 Apr 2010, 01:30
ArashKhurana wrote:
The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local times, which was
determined by when the sun reached the observer's meridian and differing from city to city, and to the establishment of regional times.

A which was determined by when the sun reached the observer's meridian and
differing
B which was determined by when the sun reached the observer's meridian and
which differed
C which were determined by when the sun reached the observer's meridian and
differing
D determined by when the sun reached the observer's meridian and differed
E determined by when the sun reached the observer's meridian and differing

this question has been discussed in the forum many times. All I need to understand is why C is wrong...

Paul, you have discussed the right answer for this question in forums before, can you explain the fault in C? Thanks![/u]

In C, you get the meaning that the abolition of the local times were determined by when the sun reached the observer's meridian and so on.. This simply doesn't make sense. If the verb, determined is used after the word local times, it correctly conveys the meaning that the local times were determined by when the sun reached.. and so on. Hope that helps.
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Manager
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09 Apr 2010, 00:20
hey, this one has risen from grave

Isn't D the answer for following parallelism?

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Re: local times   [#permalink] 09 Apr 2010, 00:20
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