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# The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local

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Senior Manager
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The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local [#permalink]

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12 Sep 2005, 06:47
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11. The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local times, which was determined by when
the sun reached the observerâ€™s meridian and differing
from city to city, and to the establishment
of regional times.

(A) which was determined by when the sun reached the observerâ€™s meridian and differing
(B) which was determined by when the sun reached the observerâ€™s meridian and which differed
(C) which were determined by when the sun reached the observerâ€™s meridian and differing
(D) determined by when the sun reached the observerâ€™s meridian and differed
(E) determined by when the sun reached the observerâ€™s meridian and differing

Thanks.
If you have any questions
New!
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12 Sep 2005, 07:10
confused between B and D. Local times should be plural so we need which were .
But B uses which was...hence will go for D
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12 Sep 2005, 07:19
I chose D but the OA was not that. I doubt the given OA.
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Mayur

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12 Sep 2005, 07:20
It truly is between B and D!
Im tempted to go for B! Cant we treat local times as a singular collective noun? (sounds naive eh?)

Will go for D!
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Cheers, Rahul.

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12 Sep 2005, 07:27
(E)

This is a tricky one.
The best way to understand this is to split the subclause.

local times determined by when the sun reached the observerâ€™s meridian

local times differing from city to city
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12 Sep 2005, 07:38
macca wrote:
(E)

This is a tricky one.
The best way to understand this is to split the subclause.

local times determined by when the sun reached the observerâ€™s meridian

local times differing from city to city

I got it. It is like this: -
1. The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local times,determined by when the sun reached the observerâ€™s meridian &
2. The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local times, differing from city to city.
Macca, Thanks for the explanation.
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Mayur

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12 Sep 2005, 07:44
Sorry for my brief explanation. yes as Mayer pinpoints it out, break up the sentences into two parts.

1) The growth of railroads led to the abolition of local times, determined by when the sun reached the observerâ€™s meridian, and to the establishment of regional times.

2) The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local times, differing from city to city, and to the establishment of regional times.

Now, here you can see that differing is prefered to differed.
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12 Sep 2005, 08:56
The OA is indeed "E". But here are the few points which I had in mind:

- "differ" should be parallel with "reached" in the phase "which was determined by when
the sun reached the observerâ€™s meridian and differing from city to city"

And this entire sentence is defining "Local Time". The sentence makes perfect sense with the word "differed" and it also parallen in the sentence.
ie,
which was determined by when
the sun reached the observerâ€™s meridian and differed from city to city

I am sorry but I am not too clear. It would help if you could explain why "differed" is wrong.

Thanks.
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12 Sep 2005, 09:31
sgrover wrote:
The OA is indeed "E". But here are the few points which I had in mind:

- "differ" should be parallel with "reached" in the phase "which was determined by when
the sun reached the observerâ€™s meridian and differing from city to city"

And this entire sentence is defining "Local Time". The sentence makes perfect sense with the word "differed" and it also parallen in the sentence.
ie,
which was determined by when
the sun reached the observerâ€™s meridian and differed from city to city

I am sorry but I am not too clear. It would help if you could explain why "differed" is wrong.

Thanks.

If you use differed, this is how your sentence would look like when it is broken up:
The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local times, differed from city to city, and to the establishment of regional times.
Does that sound right to you?

Surly, this version is correct:
The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local times, differing from city to city, and to the establishment of regional times.
12 Sep 2005, 09:31
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