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# The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local

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Director
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The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local [#permalink]

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13 Jan 2006, 16:38
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The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local times, which was determined by when the sun reached the observerâ€™s meridian and differing from city to city, and to the establishment of regional times.
(A) which was determined by when the sun reached the observerâ€™s meridian and differing
(B) which was determined by when the sun reached the observerâ€™s meridian and which differed
(C) which were determined by when the sun reached the observerâ€™s meridian and differing
(D) determined by when the sun reached the observerâ€™s meridian and differed
(E) determined by when the sun reached the observerâ€™s meridian and differing
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13 Jan 2006, 17:16
B

1. Subject is singular - "was" is required
2. "which" is required to properly explain the local times
3. require ||ism between "which was determined..." and "which differed..."
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Director
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13 Jan 2006, 18:39
ps_dahiya wrote:
B

1. Subject is singular - "was" is required
2. "which" is required to properly explain the local times
3. require ||ism between "which was determined..." and "which differed..."

Shouldn't it be D.
I think "which" is wrong..Its not clear if its pointing to local times or to "growth of railroad leading to local time"..

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13 Jan 2006, 20:39
This is simply brutal I think 'E' is correct!

(A) which was determined by when the sun reached the observerâ€™s meridian and differing
>> changes the meaning, 'which' after 'and' would have made chances better.

(B) which was determined by when the sun reached the observerâ€™s meridian and which differed
>> I think this is grammatically correct but "local times differed from city to city" is does not sound good.

(C) which were determined by when the sun reached the observerâ€™s meridian and differing
>> Wrong, changes the meaning as in 'A'.

(D) determined by when the sun reached the observerâ€™s meridian and differed
>> "local times differed from city to city" is does not sound good.

(E) determined by when the sun reached the observerâ€™s meridian and differing
>> I think this is reasonable. "local times differing from city to city", sounds good.

If it is correct, will explain in detail, if needed.

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13 Jan 2006, 20:50
D.

"determined .... and differed from " - parallel.

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13 Jan 2006, 20:52
A and B are out because of the wrong S-V agreement.

Among C, D, and E, the last two are meant to offset each other (3-2 split).

I`ll take (C) because it correctly uses the pronoun "which" to refer to the local time zones.

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Manager
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13 Jan 2006, 21:36
A tuff one !!!!!!!

I choose ..................C
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13 Jan 2006, 23:52
Now I'm restless,

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14 Jan 2006, 00:07
Vivek..

i will make you wait.. lol. .

m just kidding.. OA is E.. :p

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14 Jan 2006, 03:54
1
KUDOS
andy_gr8 wrote:
ps_dahiya wrote:
B

1. Subject is singular - "was" is required
2. "which" is required to properly explain the local times
3. require ||ism between "which was determined..." and "which differed..."

Shouldn't it be D.
I think "which" is wrong..Its not clear if its pointing to local times or to "growth of railroad leading to local time"..

Don't get confused by the use of 'which'.
Let me explain.

If you closely look at the complete sentence:

The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local times, which was determined by when the sun reached the observerâ€™s meridian and differing from city to city, and to the establishment of regional times.

The growth of the railroads caused two changes:
a) the abolition of local times
b) establishment of regional times

So the pronoun 'which' used in the intermediate clause "which was determined by when the sun reached the observerâ€™s meridian and differing from city to city, and " can not point out the main subject i.e "The growth of the railroads" otherwise the clause will not fit in between.

Here I have just explained why 'which' can not point 'The growth of the railroads'.

Well, after looking at options given, I would opt E as the correct option.

Regards,
Brajesh

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14 Jan 2006, 07:29
bewakoof wrote:
Vivek..

i will make you wait.. lol. .

m just kidding.. OA is E.. :p

phew...........
I literally broke my head on this SC but could get it in 2 mins, I was a bit nervous that no body selected 'E'. Thanks b***oof!

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Re: The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local [#permalink]

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09 Jun 2015, 00:51
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local   [#permalink] 09 Jun 2015, 00:51
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