The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local

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Director
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The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local [#permalink]

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21 Apr 2006, 07:41
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The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local times, which was determined by when the sun reached the observerâ€™s meridian and differing from city to city, and to the establishment of regional times.

(A) which was determined by when the sun reached the observerâ€™s meridian and differing
(B) which was determined by when the sun reached the observerâ€™s meridian and which differed
(C) which were determined by when the sun reached the observerâ€™s meridian and differing
(D) determined by when the sun reached the observerâ€™s meridian and differed
(E) determined by when the sun reached the observerâ€™s meridian and differing

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21 Apr 2006, 07:59
According to me it should be 'C' as a plural verb is needed for 'times'.Moreover a pronoun is also reqd, so the sentence should have a 'which'.
Having said that, I feel that none of them sounds too good.
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21 Apr 2006, 15:00
Absolutely B

"which was determined by when the sun reached the observerâ€™s meridian and which differed"

without the 2 "which" the meaning changes
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21 Apr 2006, 20:19
Agree with B. Past participle form is required to establish the sequence of events.
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22 Apr 2006, 01:08
remgeo wrote:
The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local times, which was determined by when the sun reached the observerâ€™s meridian and differing from city to city, and to the establishment of regional times.

(A) which was determined by when the sun reached the observerâ€™s meridian and differing
(B) which was determined by when the sun reached the observerâ€™s meridian and which differed
(C) which were determined by when the sun reached the observerâ€™s meridian and differing
(D) determined by when the sun reached the observerâ€™s meridian and differed
(E) determined by when the sun reached the observerâ€™s meridian and differing

A/B/C - which was is not required
D/E - D because of past tense
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22 Apr 2006, 07:55
OA is E! differing parallel with determined.
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Director
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22 Apr 2006, 14:17
^ E ^

The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local times, determined by when the sun reached the observerâ€™s meridian and differing from city to city, and to the establishment of regional times.

|| structure of participles
Director
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23 Apr 2006, 12:05
pseudo wrote:
selene wrote:
^ E ^

The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local times, determined by when the sun reached the observerâ€™s meridian and differing from city to city, and to the establishment of regional times.

|| structure of participles

Why not determined by and differed from?

we are talking about "the local times" and we have participles modifying it:
"determined" is passive and "differing" is active here !!
Director
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25 Apr 2006, 01:17
The OA is E , but I am still not able to understand why
How can determined and differning be parallel?
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28 Apr 2006, 02:12
Same here don't understand how determined and differing be parallel
28 Apr 2006, 02:12
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