The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local

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The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local [#permalink]

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03 Mar 2004, 00:53
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67% (01:23) correct 33% (01:22) wrong based on 6 sessions

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The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local times, which was
determined by when the sun reached the observer's meridian and differing
from city to city, and to the establishment of regional times.

A which was determined by when the sun reached the observer's meridian and
differing
B which was determined by when the sun reached the observer's meridian and
which differed
C which were determined by when the sun reached the observer's meridian and
differing
D determined by when the sun reached the observer's meridian and differed
E determined by when the sun reached the observer's meridian and differing
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03 Mar 2004, 08:22
Paul: How could reached and differing could be in the same sentence..I mean tenses problem?
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03 Mar 2004, 09:23
B.

"reached and differed" not "reached and differing". And you need "which" to connect the dependent clause.
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03 Mar 2004, 09:26
Yes, sorry, "reached" and "differing" is clearly wrong.... I think I wanted to pick D. So D, final answer. 1 bad answer and everyone slams you
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03 Mar 2004, 12:07
The introduction of "which was" creates a confusion as to whether it refers to "the growth" or "the abolition". On the other hand, "determined" right after the comma makes it clear that it is "the abolition" which was determined by... Therefore, A/B/C are out. E is wrong because "differing" is not parrallel in construction.
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Paul

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03 Mar 2004, 16:34
I go with D on this. B sounds to wordy and is past tense.
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04 Mar 2004, 00:34
My mistake, I will go with Paul's explanation! (D) should be the answer
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06 Mar 2004, 11:14
mbamantra wrote:
The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local times, which was determined by when the sun reached the observer's meridian and differing from city to city, and to the establishment of regional times.

A which was determined by when the sun reached the observer's meridian and differing
B which was determined by when the sun reached the observer's meridian and which differed
C which were determined by when the sun reached the observer's meridian and differing
D determined by when the sun reached the observer's meridian and differed
E determined by when the sun reached the observer's meridian and differing

Tough!

The growth of rail roads led to [1] , , and [2]

1. Clearly, If you use "which" after [1], it is incorrect under the context . why?
which, the relative pronoun, is used to refer to a thing.thus, in this case, "which" cannot refer to times.

2. Also, in A and B , we need "were" to correctly modify "times".

So A, B and C are not correct. Its between D and E.

3. Now would be a good time to read up on participial phrases. Present participle contain verbs ending with -ing. Past participles are verbs ending with -ed.

if you see the original sentence, the correct form to use here is
determined - past participle ( times were determined in the past)
differing - present participle ( times are still differing)

Thus, we have E as the answer

NOTE : Participial Phrases act as adjectives.

Hope this helps
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06 Mar 2004, 18:02
I'd go with E but I would put it by different reasoning.

To select btw D and E, it is necessary to know that the sun (1)reaches and then differs from city to city.

I have ever noticed the way to write kind a this sectence by using AND + Ving.

I think this is a series of actions of the sun.

Thus, E is better than D.
06 Mar 2004, 18:02
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