It is currently 17 Nov 2017, 16:21

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local

Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Intern
Joined: 09 Mar 2004
Posts: 21

Kudos [?]: 1 [0], given: 0

Location: USA
The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local [#permalink]

Show Tags

12 Mar 2004, 12:28
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00

Difficulty:

(N/A)

Question Stats:

80% (00:43) correct 20% (01:40) wrong based on 20 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local times, which was determined by when the sun reached the observer's meridian and differing from city to city, and to the establishment of regional times.

(A)which was determined by when the sun reached the observer's meridian and differing
(B)which was determined by when the sun reached the observer's meridian and which differed
(C)which were determined by when the sun reached the observer's meridian and differing
(D)determined by when the sun reached the observer's meridian and differed
(E)determined by when the sun reached the observer's meridian and differing

Twinkle

Kudos [?]: 1 [0], given: 0

Intern
Joined: 12 Mar 2004
Posts: 23

Kudos [?]: [0], given: 0

Location: Falls Church, VA

Show Tags

12 Mar 2004, 12:34
I think the Answer is C. Here "Times" are being refered.

Kudos [?]: [0], given: 0

CEO
Joined: 15 Aug 2003
Posts: 3452

Kudos [?]: 924 [0], given: 781

Show Tags

12 Mar 2004, 12:55
Twinkle wrote:
The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local times, which was determined by when the sun reached the observer's meridian and differing from city to city, and to the establishment of regional times.

(A)which was determined by when the sun reached the observer's meridian and differing
(B)which was determined by when the sun reached the observer's meridian and which differed
(C)which were determined by when the sun reached the observer's meridian and differing
(D)determined by when the sun reached the observer's meridian and differed
(E)determined by when the sun reached the observer's meridian and differing

Twinkle

this has been discussed just days ago.

The growth of rail roads led to [1] , , and [2]

1. Clearly, If you use "which" after [1], it is incorrect under the context . why?
which, the relative pronoun, is used to refer to a thing.thus, in this case, "which" cannot refer to times.

2. Also, in A and B , we need "were" to correctly modify "times".

So A, B and C are not correct. Its between D and E.

3. Now would be a good time to read up on participial phrases. Present participle contain verbs ending with -ing. Past participles are verbs ending with -ed.

if you see the original sentence, the correct form to use here is
determined - past participle ( times were determined in the past)
differing - present participle ( times are still differing)

Thus, we have E as the answer

NOTE : Participial Phrases act as adjectives.

Hope this helps
Praetorian

Kudos [?]: 924 [0], given: 781

Intern
Joined: 12 Mar 2004
Posts: 23

Kudos [?]: [0], given: 0

Location: Falls Church, VA

Show Tags

12 Mar 2004, 14:54
Can you please explain why C is WRONG ?

Rajbhai . . . .

Kudos [?]: [0], given: 0

CEO
Joined: 15 Aug 2003
Posts: 3452

Kudos [?]: 924 [0], given: 781

Show Tags

14 Mar 2004, 19:12
Rajbhai wrote:
Can you please explain why C is WRONG ?

Rajbhai . . . .

For one, see the "which" in C.. which can only refer to "things" and so logically "which" cannot refer to local times.

Second and equally serious problem , no parallel structure.

which were ....and differing

ok now?

regards
praetorian

Kudos [?]: 924 [0], given: 781

Intern
Joined: 12 Mar 2004
Posts: 23

Kudos [?]: [0], given: 0

Location: Falls Church, VA

Show Tags

15 Mar 2004, 08:05
Thanx a lot praetorian123

Rajbhai

Kudos [?]: [0], given: 0

Senior Manager
Joined: 11 Nov 2003
Posts: 356

Kudos [?]: 5 [0], given: 0

Location: Illinois

Show Tags

19 Apr 2004, 08:35
praetorian123 wrote:
Rajbhai wrote:
Can you please explain why C is WRONG ?

Rajbhai . . . .

For one, see the "which" in C.. which can only refer to "things" and so logically "which" cannot refer to local times.

Second and equally serious problem , no parallel structure.

which were ....and differing

ok now?

regards

praetorian

Praet,

I choose to differ on this explanation. Your exaplanation for the lack of parallelism is good and I agree with that. But the explanation regarding the use of "which" does not sound correct to me. I believe that "which" can be used for any noun as long as the noun does not refer to a human. For example,

"Operational effeciency, which reduces overhead for an organization, is hard to achieve."

In this sentence "Operational effeciency" is not a thing. but the use of "which" is correct.

Kudos [?]: 5 [0], given: 0

CEO
Joined: 15 Aug 2003
Posts: 3452

Kudos [?]: 924 [0], given: 781

Show Tags

19 Apr 2004, 10:00
yes, you are right. which refers to a noun or a noun phrase.

Incorrect parallelism is what makes C incorrect.

Kudos [?]: 924 [0], given: 781

Non-Human User
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 10145

Kudos [?]: 270 [0], given: 0

Re: The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local [#permalink]

Show Tags

11 Oct 2014, 13:52
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.

Kudos [?]: 270 [0], given: 0

Re: The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local   [#permalink] 11 Oct 2014, 13:52
Display posts from previous: Sort by