It is currently 25 Jun 2017, 14:21

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 18 Aug 2009
Posts: 320
Re: The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 18 Sep 2009, 13:30
I quite didn't understand, what is wrong with D, and why E is right.
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 21 Jul 2009
Posts: 249
Location: New York, NY
Re: The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 Sep 2009, 12:19
reply2spg wrote:
It is very much logical let me try to explain it logically.
we have to determine the time and it is determined by the position of Sun. Sun's position will always change let me say it is relative at every place....therefore we can not say differed from place to place.....position is differing from place to place is correct therefore E is correct.

Hope this will help.


The subject is time, not the sun. The time differed from city to city.
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 21 Jul 2009
Posts: 249
Location: New York, NY
Re: The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 Sep 2009, 12:23
I have another problem with D and E.
The word determined has no clear referant. What is being determined, growth of railroads, or times?
Director
Director
avatar
Joined: 05 Jun 2009
Posts: 817
WE 1: 7years (Financial Services - Consultant, BA)
Re: The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 Sep 2009, 09:37
mendelay wrote:
I have another problem with D and E.
The word determined has no clear referant. What is being determined, growth of railroads, or times?


In general what I have noticed:

<clause>, participle modifier, <clause>.

In such cases, participle modifier modifies the immediate noun in the preceding clause. If the participle modifier, then only it in general can modify the preeding clause.
Note: It is not a rule but an observation. There could be exception, but in this case it is referring to (local times).
_________________

Consider kudos for the good post ... :beer
My debrief : http://gmatclub.com/forum/journey-670-to-720-q50-v36-long-85083.html

Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 21 Jul 2009
Posts: 249
Location: New York, NY
Re: The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 Sep 2009, 12:36
sudeep wrote:
mendelay wrote:
I have another problem with D and E.
The word determined has no clear referant. What is being determined, growth of railroads, or times?


In general what I have noticed:

<clause>, participle modifier, <clause>.

In such cases, participle modifier modifies the immediate noun in the preceding clause. If the participle modifier, then only it in general can modify the preeding clause.
Note: It is not a rule but an observation. There could be exception, but in this case it is referring to (local times).


If it modifies the preceding clause then we still don't know which noun determined refers to.
Director
Director
avatar
Joined: 05 Jun 2009
Posts: 817
WE 1: 7years (Financial Services - Consultant, BA)
Re: The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 Sep 2009, 22:41
mendelay wrote:
sudeep wrote:
mendelay wrote:
I have another problem with D and E.
The word determined has no clear referant. What is being determined, growth of railroads, or times?


In general what I have noticed:

<clause>, participle modifier, <clause>.

In such cases, participle modifier modifies the immediate noun in the preceding clause. If the participle modifier, then only it in general can modify the preeding clause.
Note: It is not a rule but an observation. There could be exception, but in this case it is referring to (local times).


If it modifies the preceding clause then we still don't know which noun determined refers to.


I misquote in hurry, what I meant is that when the participle modifier is in the last, then only it can, in general, modify the preceding clause.
_________________

Consider kudos for the good post ... :beer
My debrief : http://gmatclub.com/forum/journey-670-to-720-q50-v36-long-85083.html

Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 05 Jun 2009
Posts: 110
Re: The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Oct 2009, 02:44
The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local times, which was determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and differing from city to city, and to the establishment of regional times.


(A) which was determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and differing
(B) which was determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and which differed
(C) which were determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and differing
(D) determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and differed
(E) determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and differing

here (A) and (B) are out as use of "was" for "local times" is incorrect ,but how to eliminate the other options.
Please explain ,Thank you.
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 28 Jul 2009
Posts: 123
Re: The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Oct 2009, 21:21
Answer should be E.

D is not parallel as a past participle "determined" will need a present participle "differing" to be parallel.
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 11 Sep 2009
Posts: 100
Re: The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 10 Nov 2009, 17:42
E for me

(D)determined by when the sun reached the observer's meridian and differed
(E)determined by when the sun reached the observer's meridian and differing

Local times ... differing is more logical
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 22 Sep 2009
Posts: 215
Location: Tokyo, Japan
Re: The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 31 Mar 2010, 19:34
Looks like the OA to this is E.

Can someone explain? This is too damn difficult!!
BSchool Thread Master
avatar
Joined: 19 Feb 2010
Posts: 394
Re: The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 02 May 2010, 02:04
manoharpln wrote:
I found the discussion about this qsn in manhattan and find the reason for E:
This is a toughie - it looks like you've realized that the key to the problem is parallelism, but you've been tricked by the rather weird form of

parallelism exhibited here.

The only difference between choices D and E is differed/differing, and, as you've no doubt realized, the key issue is making the choice that's most parallel

to 'determined' (from the first half of the modifier).

Here's the key: 'Determined' isn't a verb here. It's a PARTICIPLE: a verb form that functions as an adjective.
The local times were WEIRD (adjective).
The local times were DETERMINED (participle acting as adjective) by ...

So you need to pick the second half that's also 'participle acting as adjective'. Try them both:
D) The local times were DIFFERED: uh oh, that doesn't work.
E) The local times were DIFFERING from city to city. That works. It's a 'present participle' rather than a 'past participle', but it's the only one of the

two that's a participle at all.
In D and E, you can tell determined = participle, not verb, because (a) it immediately follows a comma and (b) there's no subject you could match up with

determined in a normal subject-verb configuration. Even if you match determined with the noun "times" (to which the clause is referring) "times, determined

by" is not proper subject-verb config.

The discussion with detailed explanation can be found in the link:
http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/100 ... t1787.html


Great explanation. Thank you!
VP
VP
avatar
Joined: 17 Feb 2010
Posts: 1491
Re: The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 02 May 2010, 19:18
I narrowed it to (C) and (E)........but picked (C) because I thought "which" is correctly modifying "local times".

we need "differing" because the sentence mean to say that the local times are differing from city to city in present also....."differed" in past tense would have been incorrect.

However, can someone please explain why (C) is incorrect and (E) correct?


The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local times, which was determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and differing from city to city, and to the establishment of regional times.

(A) which was determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and differing
(B) which was determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and which differed
(C) which were determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and differing
(D) determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and differed
(E) determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and differing
Director
Director
avatar
Status: Impossible is not a fact. It's an opinion. It's a dare. Impossible is nothing.
Affiliations: University of Chicago Booth School of Business
Joined: 26 Nov 2009
Posts: 960
Location: Singapore
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Jun 2010, 07:32
Hi seekmba

Even I did the same because which seems to refer to the local times.

The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local times, which [highlight]was determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and differing from city to city, and to the establishment of regional times.[/highlight]

The highlighted portion seems to modify only the [highlight]local times[/highlight] and nothing else.

The sentence would have been just -

[highlight]The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local times.[/highlight]

But the blah blah after the sentence creates the problems.

2 observations
1. which not required
2. from x to y is correct idiom

But I think this question will not appear on the gmat since it splits the idiom "from x to y" with and. Idioms are atomic.
_________________

Please press kudos if you like my post.

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 03 Nov 2005
Posts: 384
Location: Chicago, IL
Re: The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 03 Aug 2010, 18:13
I still don't agree with OA, E. What's the reason to use past continuous tense here.

C looks better.
_________________

Hard work is the main determinant of success

Forum Moderator
Forum Moderator
User avatar
Status: mission completed!
Joined: 02 Jul 2009
Posts: 1400
GPA: 3.77
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 Sep 2010, 10:01
Answer is E.

msrinath thank you a lot for explanation!
_________________

Audaces fortuna juvat!

GMAT Club Premium Membership - big benefits and savings

SVP
SVP
avatar
Joined: 16 Jul 2009
Posts: 1512
Schools: CBS
WE 1: 4 years (Consulting)
Re: The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 19 Dec 2010, 06:26
But in E, determined can modify not "local times" but the whole previous clause, therefore creating ambiguity. In C, "which" clearly refers to "local times" and the meaning is more clear.

Thoughts on that?

Thanks in advance.
_________________

The sky is the limit
800 is the limit


GMAT Club Premium Membership - big benefits and savings

Retired Moderator
User avatar
G
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 3970
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 19 Dec 2010, 11:44
I think three threads are running on the same topic of rail roads leading to confusion.

1. The rail roads, 2. the subtle llism and 3 Brutal SC
_________________

“Better than a thousand days of diligent study is one day with a great teacher” – a Japanese proverb.
9884544509

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 11 Mar 2010
Posts: 2
Re: The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 Jul 2011, 06:19
even though the correct answer is E, in terms of parallel view.. it's little bit tricky...
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 08 Nov 2012
Posts: 22
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 May 2013, 15:41
can someone explain why using the relative pronoun which is incorrect here?
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 14 Jun 2011
Posts: 85
Re: The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 18 Aug 2013, 12:28
Hi Guys,

I am re-opening this question for the discussion. Please try to explain each option.

The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local times, which was determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and differing from city to city, and to the establishment of regional times.

(A) which was determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and differing
(B) which was determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and which differed
(C) which were determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and differing
(D) determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and differed
(E) determined by when the sun reached the observer’s meridian and differing


OA E :roll:
_________________

Kudos always encourages me

Re: The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local   [#permalink] 18 Aug 2013, 12:28

Go to page   Previous    1   2   3   4   5    Next  [ 89 posts ] 

    Similar topics Author Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
2 The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local mmagyar 4 18 Sep 2014, 20:46
9 The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local shikhar 6 21 Jul 2016, 06:43
3 The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local TGC 9 04 Feb 2016, 18:45
The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local amitm412 2 20 Jun 2012, 01:29
4 The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local Ankit04041987 9 14 Oct 2015, 05:25
Display posts from previous: Sort by

The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group and phpBB SEO

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.