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# The Habitat Conservation Plan (HCP) is based on a law that allows deve

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Math Expert
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
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The Habitat Conservation Plan (HCP) is based on a law that allows deve  [#permalink]

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16 Apr 2020, 04:13
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The Habitat Conservation Plan (HCP) is based on a law that allows developers to use land inhabited by endangered species in exchange for a promise to preserve critical habitat or provide replacement land nearby. Some individuals of endangered species are lost in return for assurances by the owner or developer that habitat for those remaining animals will be protected. Environmentalists are pleased that HCPs allowed them to win concessions from developers who would otherwise ignore rarely enforced environmental laws. Satisfied property owners prefer HCPs to more restrictive prohibitions of land use.

The situation described above most closely conforms to which one of the following principles?

(A) In order to avoid protracted legal battles environmentalists should compromise with developers.

(B) Developers should adhere only to those environmental laws that are not overburdensome.

(C) Laws should not be designed to serve the interests of all the parties concerned since they are often so weak that no one’s interest is served well.

(D) Laws should be fashioned in such a way as to reconcile the interests of developers and environmentalists.

(E) The most effective means of preserving endangered species is to refrain from alienating property owners.

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The Habitat Conservation Plan (HCP) is based on a law that allows deve  [#permalink]

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05 May 2020, 10:59
Bunuel wrote:
The Habitat Conservation Plan (HCP) is based on a law that allows developers to use land inhabited by endangered species in exchange for a promise to preserve critical habitat or provide replacement land nearby. Some individuals of endangered species are lost in return for assurances by the owner or developer that habitat for those remaining animals will be protected. Environmentalists are pleased that HCPs allowed them to win concessions from developers who would otherwise ignore rarely enforced environmental laws. Satisfied property owners prefer HCPs to more restrictive prohibitions of land use.

The situation described above most closely conforms to which one of the following principles?

(A) In order to avoid protracted legal battles environmentalists should compromise with developers.

(B) Developers should adhere only to those environmental laws that are not overburdensome.

(C) Laws should not be designed to serve the interests of all the parties concerned since they are often so weak that no one’s interest is served well.

(D) Laws should be fashioned in such a way as to reconcile the interests of developers and environmentalists.

(E) The most effective means of preserving endangered species is to refrain from alienating property owners.

Basically HCP, as the name suggests is a plan to protect the habitat of engendered species. Developers can use that land provided they provide an alternate land for the engendered species. But some animals are lost anyhow.

Even then Environmentalists are happy that at least they got something in return, without the HC plan these developers would have used the Engendered species land anyway (leading to more loss) as other environmental laws to protect engendered species are rarely enforced.

On the other hand developers are also happy as they can use the land without restrictive prohibitions that some other law might have imposed.

So basically HC plan takes care of both parties.

Options:

(A)Environmentalists have NOT fully comprised with the developers in the above scenario.INCORRECT.

(B) NOT as accurate as D. This options takes ONLY developers point of view without saying anything about the Environmentalists side.INCORRECT.

(C) Exactly opposite, to what has been followed in the passage.In the passage interests of all the parties have been taken care off.INCORRECT.

(D) Exactly the principle that has been followed here.CORRECT.

(E) The most effective means of preserving endangered species is to take care of all parties involved, hence INCORRECT.

Ans- D

Hope it's clear.
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Re: The Habitat Conservation Plan (HCP) is based on a law that allows deve  [#permalink]

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14 May 2020, 22:03
With Law-1 ( say the one which is not enforced properly) ==> only the developers will benefit
Environmentalist proposed alternate law
with Law-2 ==> Developers able to develop ( no restriction ) AND Environmentalist get alternate land nearby
Law 2 is win win for both
option D
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Re: The Habitat Conservation Plan (HCP) is based on a law that allows deve  [#permalink]

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23 May 2020, 09:03
(A) In order to avoid protracted legal battles environmentalists should compromise with developers.
No mention of "Legal battles" in the argument

(B) Developers should adhere only to those environmental laws that are not overburdensome.
Developers' choice has not been mentioned in the argument.

(C) Laws should not be designed to serve the interests of all the parties concerned since they are often so weak that no one’s interest is served well.
This is the opposite of what the passage mentions. This is opposite of option (D) which correctly states the underlying principle

(D) Laws should be fashioned in such a way as to reconcile the interests of developers and environmentalists.
CORRECT: This is what the argument mentions in the second last sentence, the laws rarely get enforced but because of HCP both were content:
"Environmentalists are pleased that HCPs allowed them to win concessions from developers who would otherwise ignore rarely enforced environmental laws"

(E) The most effective means of preserving endangered species is to refrain from alienating property owners.
Not relevant
Re: The Habitat Conservation Plan (HCP) is based on a law that allows deve   [#permalink] 23 May 2020, 09:03