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# The health commissioner said that the government had

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Current Student
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Re: The health commissioner said that the government had [#permalink]

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02 Jul 2014, 13:48
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As I always say, first apply direct-indirect-speech check on sentence.

Sentence is in indirect speech: THC said that ...

So we will have to take care of verb tenses applicable for indirect speech.

will becomes would.
etc...

Considering required parallelism, we can eliminate A,C, and D.

Between B and E, only E is using correct verb tense applicable in indirect speech. Therefore, E is OA.

The health commissioner said that the government had implemented strict measures to eradicate the contaminated food and, despite the recent illnesses, it will try to prevent the outbreak from recurring in the future.

A) it will try
B) that it tried
C) it had tried
D) it would try
E) that it would try
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Manager
Joined: 26 May 2014
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Parallelism- Usage of "that" [#permalink]

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11 Aug 2014, 10:19
The health commissioner said that the government had implemented strict measures to eradicate the contaminated food and, despite the recent illnesses, [that] it would try to prevent the outbreak from recurring in the future.

In this statement is the usage of "that" necessary?
Can't "that" be counted across parallel elements?

Thanks
Magoosh GMAT Instructor
Joined: 28 Dec 2011
Posts: 4680
Re: Parallelism- Usage of "that" [#permalink]

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11 Aug 2014, 15:06
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qwerty12321 wrote:
The health commissioner said that the government had implemented strict measures to eradicate the contaminated food and, despite the recent illnesses, [that] it would try to prevent the outbreak from recurring in the future.

In this statement is the usage of "that" necessary?
Can't "that" be counted across parallel elements?

Thanks

Dear qwerty12321,
That's a great question, and I am happy to help.

Technically, according to the rules of Parallelism, the first "that" could be construed as "outside" the parallelism, so it would cover both clauses, and we wouldn't need the second "that." Technically, this is correct, according to the once-outside-twice-inside rule. See:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2013/gmat-paral ... ce-inside/

BUT, in practice, "that" clauses are big bulky things, and for clarity of the sentence, most sophisticated writers, including the folks at GMAC, always repeat the second "that" for overall clarity. Even though, by the rules of Parallelism, we don't have to repeat the "that," in practice the GMAT always does, so for GMAT purposes, essentially it is a rule that we need to repeat the word "that."

Does this make sense?
Mike
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Mike McGarry
Magoosh Test Prep

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Re: Parallelism- Usage of "that" [#permalink]

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12 Aug 2014, 23:32
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In this case and many others, you repeat the subordinator (in this case "that") to avoid ambiguity. Although I agree with you in the sense that perhaps no ambiguity is possible in this sentence.

Quote:
Two parallel clauses often both start with subordinators in order to remove ambiguity.
Wrong: I want to retire to a place WHERE I can relax AND I pay low taxes.
Right: I want to retire to a place WHERE I can relax AND WHERE I pay low taxes.
Without the repetition of the subordinator where, the first sentence could be read I want to retire... and
I pay low taxes. Repeating the where eliminates ambiguity. The subordinators do not have to be identical.
(MGMAT Sentence correction)
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Concentration: Marketing, Healthcare
GMAT Date: 12-17-2014
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Re: The health commissioner said that the government had [#permalink]

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25 Oct 2014, 22:11
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i go with E as well.. The additional that will add the reference to the govt.
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Re: The health commissioner said that the government had [#permalink]

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19 Nov 2014, 01:08
Can Somebody tell....why A is wrong ??
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Re: The health commissioner said that the government had [#permalink]

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28 Nov 2015, 04:58
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Manager
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Re: The health commissioner said that the government had [#permalink]

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13 Dec 2015, 20:20
The health commissioner said that the government had implemented strict measures to eradicate the contaminated food and, despite the recent illnesses, it will try to prevent the outbreak from recurring in the future.

A) it will try
B) that it tried
C) it had tried
D) it would try
E) that it would try

I am trying a different approach. Let's convert it into a direct speech:
The health commissioner said, "the government implemented strict measures to eradicate the contaminated food and, despite the recent illnesses, will try to prevent the outbreak from recurring in the future."

If we convert this into a indirect speech, it seems easier to reject A. B and C, bcos would is required. Now 'that' as in E is necessary bcos both the statements are said by the commissioner, not just the first one.

Tricky question. Good for building concept.

Thanks.
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Re: The health commissioner said that the government had [#permalink]

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22 May 2017, 04:38
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
Re: The health commissioner said that the government had   [#permalink] 22 May 2017, 04:38

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# The health commissioner said that the government had

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