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# The herbicide Oryzalin was still being produced in 1979,

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17 Nov 2009, 02:40
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Question Stats:

70% (02:40) correct 30% (01:52) wrong based on 18 sessions

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The herbicide Oryzalin was still being produced in 1979, three years after the wives of workers producing the chemical in Rensselaer, New York, were found to have borne children with heart defects or miscarriages, and none of their pregnancies was normal.

(A) to have borne children with heart defects or miscarriages, and none of their pregnancies was
(B) to have had children born with heart defects or miscarriages, and none of the pregnancies was
(C) either to have had children with heart defects or miscarriages, without any of their pregnancies being
(D) either to have had miscarriages or to have borne children with heart defects; none of the pregnancies was
(E) either to have had miscarriages or children born with heart defects, without any of their pregnancies being
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17 Nov 2009, 03:21
The herbicide Oryzalin was still being produced in 1979, three years after the wives of workers producing the chemical in Rensselaer, New York, were found to have borne children with heart defects or miscarriages, and none of their pregnancies was normal.

(A) to have borne children with heart defects or miscarriages, and none of their pregnancies was
(B) to have had children born with heart defects or miscarriages, and none of the pregnancies was
(C) either to have had children with heart defects or miscarriages, without any of their pregnancies being
(D) either to have had miscarriages or to have borne children with heart defects; none of the pregnancies was
(E) either to have had miscarriages or children born with heart defects, without any of their pregnancies being

C, D out either..or.. should be paralleled

I don't like Have had in B, C, D, E

So, i pick A
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17 Nov 2009, 11:11
bsv180985 wrote:
The herbicide Oryzalin was still being produced in 1979, three years after the wives of workers producing the chemical in Rensselaer, New York, were found to have borne children with heart defects or miscarriages, and none of their pregnancies was normal.

(A) to have borne children with heart defects or miscarriages, and none of their pregnancies was
(B) to have had children born with heart defects or miscarriages, and none of the pregnancies was
(C) either to have had children with heart defects or miscarriages, without any of their pregnancies being
(D) either to have had miscarriages or to have borne children with heart defects; none of the pregnancies was
(E) either to have had miscarriages or children born with heart defects, without any of their pregnancies being

C, D out either..or.. should be paralleled

I don't like Have had in B, C, D, E

So, i pick A

Carefull A is wrong.

In A,B, C
to have children with heart defects or [to have Children with] miscarriages
--> Red part is illogical.. So first three are out.

between D and E

D is parallel. E is out.
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17 Nov 2009, 19:53
IMO "A". present perfect "have had" doesn't make sense.What is the "OA"
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18 Nov 2009, 01:37
The herbicide Oryzalin was still being produced in 1979, three years after the wives of workers producing the chemical in Rensselaer, New York, were found to have borne children with heart defects or miscarriages, and none of their pregnancies was normal.

(A) to have borne children with heart defects or miscarriages, and none of their pregnancies was
(B) to have had children born with heart defects or miscarriages, and none of the pregnancies was
(C) either to have had children with heart defects or miscarriages, without any of their pregnancies being
(D) either to have had miscarriages or to have borne children with heart defects; none of the pregnancies was
(E) either to have had miscarriages or children born with heart defects, without any of their pregnancies being

IMO, D is the answer, other variants seems absolutely wrong.
But I'm a little confused with present perfect "have had miscarriages...", because non-underlined part of the sentence refers to 1976 (...1979, three years after...)

A is wrong, as it was already said be careful with illogical part: "children with heart defects or miscarriages" - how could children have miscarriages?
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18 Nov 2009, 22:38
the OA is D
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07 Dec 2009, 08:36
Options A, B, and C imply that the women gave birth to children with miscarriages. In other words, the children possessed the miscarriages. This is nonsensical.

For E, "have had" is not parallel with "born." Also, E contains the dreaded verb "being." GMAT usually doesn't approve of this word.

D is best here. "Have had" is parallel with "have borne." The phrase following the semicolon is an independent clause. "None" matches "was."
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09 Dec 2009, 13:51
none of the pregnancies was...
must be were

none belongs to SANAM pronouns which may be singular or plural depending on noun it modifies (here plural pregnancies)
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09 Dec 2009, 21:24
zura wrote:
none of the pregnancies was...
must be were

none belongs to SANAM pronouns which may be singular or plural depending on noun it modifies (here plural pregnancies)

none in GMAT whenever tested is always singular .
this is an exception for sanam rule
D is correct
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10 Dec 2009, 03:30
xcusemeplz2009 wrote:
zura wrote:
none of the pregnancies was...
must be were

none belongs to SANAM pronouns which may be singular or plural depending on noun it modifies (here plural pregnancies)

none in GMAT whenever tested is always singular .
this is an exception for sanam rule
D is correct

none, all, any, some,
(depends on centext) they are not always singular!
check manhatan sc guids

none of the sentences are right ... not is
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10 Dec 2009, 04:27
zura wrote:
xcusemeplz2009 wrote:
zura wrote:
none of the pregnancies was...
must be were

none belongs to SANAM pronouns which may be singular or plural depending on noun it modifies (here plural pregnancies)

none in GMAT whenever tested is always singular .
this is an exception for sanam rule
D is correct

none, all, any, some,
(depends on centext) they are not always singular!
check manhatan sc guids

none of the sentences are right ... not is

agreed zura , i am aware of sanam rule ,check this link for more clarification from one of the known manhattan staff.....
http://www.beatthegmat.com/manhattan-an ... 46667.html
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10 Dec 2009, 14:05
http://www.urch.com/forums/gmat-sentenc ... zalin.html

anyways, thats leave this issue for discussion to kaplan and manhattan stuff...
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10 Dec 2009, 22:27
2 questions ?

1. in X or Y, like in B, how to know where X starts ?
I interpreted B as "to have had ... miscarriages"

2. if all things similar, when to choose "and" vs ";". For ex in B and D sentence, if first part is same, which is preferred ?

Thanks.
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15 Dec 2009, 13:11
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tashu wrote:
2 questions ?

1. in X or Y, like in B, how to know where X starts ?
I interpreted B as "to have had ... miscarriages"
Gotcha! I think it is the reason why B is eliminate.
It could be to have had children born with heart defects or (to have had children born with) miscarriages.--> not the intended meaning. If this was the case, the sentence would mean the children born with miscarriages. BUT in D, it means the wives who have miscarriages.

2. if all things similar, when to choose "and" vs ";". For ex in B and D sentence, if first part is same, which is preferred ?
I never see question that GMAT forces you to choose between "And" and ";" per se. I have seen the grammar testing on the ; is that what follows ; must be independent clause (not phrase). However, IMHO "and" implies equal weight for both sentences(before-and and after-and sentences) but ";" implies the additional explanation on the main sentence.

My ans D.
Hope that helps,Tashu
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15 Dec 2009, 21:05
Thanks BMindFul. Kudos
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10 May 2010, 01:15
But in D, pregnancies is plural, so were instead of was is needed, isnt it?
Thanks.
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11 May 2010, 07:03
The herbicide Oryzalin was still being produced in 1979, three years after the wives of workers producing the chemical in Rensselaer, New York, were found to have borne children with heart defects or miscarriages, and none of their pregnancies was normal.

(A) to have borne children with heart defects or miscarriages, and none of their pregnancies was
no clear reference
(B) to have had children born with heart defects or miscarriages, and none of the pregnancies was
miscarriages cannot be applied to children born
(C) either to have had children with heart defects or miscarriages, without any of their pregnancies being
no parallelism after idiom construction
(D) either to have had miscarriages or to have borne children with heart defects; none of the pregnancies was
parallelism + correct conjunction
(E) either to have had miscarriages or children born with heart defects, without any of their pregnancies being[/quote]
no parallell
Re: A Oryzal   [#permalink] 11 May 2010, 07:03
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