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# The highway from Ipswich to Rodway is currently overcrowded

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Senior Manager
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The highway from Ipswich to Rodway is currently overcrowded [#permalink]

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11 Sep 2005, 14:59
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24% (02:34) correct 76% (01:47) wrong based on 581 sessions

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The highway from Ipswich to Rodway is currently overcrowded with traffic, which deters potential customers from visiting Rodway's stores. The congestion has gotten so bad that many of the stores in Rodway are struggling to survive. Meanwhile, in Ipswich, the stores are thriving since they widened the road to Martin. Thus, to alleviate congestion and save Rodway's stores, the road between Ipswich and Rodway should be widened.

Which of the following, if true, casts the most doubt on the argument above?

(1) The construction necessary to widen the road will block an additional lane of traffic, temporarily adding to the congestion.

(2) The stores in Rodway are only profitable during the holiday shopping season.

(3) Martin is a thriving metropolis whose residents have several times the purchasing power of those of Ipswich.

(4) The owners of Rodway's stores are spending their revenue on advertising and marketing, rather than on purchasing new merchandise.

(5) Martin's stores have only experienced a slight increase in profits since the road from Ipswich was widened.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: The highway from Ipswich to Rodway is currently overcrowded [#permalink]

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11 Sep 2005, 15:10
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Director
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Re: The highway from Ipswich to Rodway is currently overcrowded [#permalink]

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11 Sep 2005, 15:18
(3)
It gives an alternate reason why Ipswith's stores are thriving.
Director
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Re: The highway from Ipswich to Rodway is currently overcrowded [#permalink]

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11 Sep 2005, 17:12
i think 3 or C

the business is thriving in Ipswich because of rich people in Martin... weakens the argument.
Senior Manager
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Re: The highway from Ipswich to Rodway is currently overcrowded [#permalink]

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11 Sep 2005, 21:15
I think the Answer is A. The conclusion states that in order to bring up Rodway's businesses, then the road should be widen.

The solution A weakens the argument because if the road is widen, then it would add more traffic and congestion to Rodway. The passage never said anything about whether Martin is a wealthy city or not.
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Re: The highway from Ipswich to Rodway is currently overcrowded [#permalink]

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12 Sep 2005, 02:55
Here's my crack at it...

(1) The construction necessary to widen the road will block an additional lane of traffic, temporarily adding to the congestion.
- This is a possibility, but since the additional congestion is only temporary, I don't think the argument is strong enough against widening the road.

(2) The stores in Rodway are only profitable during the holiday shopping season.
- This is irrelevant to the conclusion. There is no reference to the time of year.

<b>(3) Martin is a thriving metropolis whose residents have several times the purchasing power of those of Ipswich.</b>
- This is my guess at what the answer is. The solution to increasing business in Rodway is to widen the road to lessen congestion, but if the reason why Ipswich is thriving is because the people are wealthier, then widening roads probably won't solve anything. Thus, this casts the most doubt on the argument.

(4) The owners of Rodway's stores are spending their revenue on advertising and marketing, rather than on purchasing new merchandise.
- The reason for the slow in business is not because of the marketing scheme, but because customers are constantly caught up in traffic and cannot get to the stores.

(5) Martin's stores have only experienced a slight increase in profits since the road from Ipswich was widened.
- The passage is regarding Ipswich and Rodway. Martin is out of scope.

My guess is C.
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Re: The highway from Ipswich to Rodway is currently overcrowded [#permalink]

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12 Sep 2005, 07:27
Id go with C too!
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Re: The highway from Ipswich to Rodway is currently overcrowded [#permalink]

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12 Sep 2005, 08:09
3 for me. What is source of question? OG or LSAT?
Senior Manager
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Re: The highway from Ipswich to Rodway is currently overcrowded [#permalink]

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12 Sep 2005, 08:17
C offers a reason why the two cities cannot be compared.
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Re: The highway from Ipswich to Rodway is currently overcrowded [#permalink]

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12 Sep 2005, 08:26
C is the best choice. It tells us that the amount of business the cities get has nothing to do with how wide the road is, but rather, how much more spending power the visiting city brings in.
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Re: The highway from Ipswich to Rodway is currently overcrowded [#permalink]

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16 Sep 2005, 04:14
To be frank. I am not sure of any ans here.

I dun think C is correct.
The stores in Ipswich are thriving since the road is widened to Martin. If C is right, it only strengthens the argument, because it encourages people from Martin to travel to Ipswhich and since people in Martin have a high ppp, stores in Ipswhich are thriving.

A is the closest. But I dun like the word temporarily.

E is a closer one too. Though roads have been widened b/w Ipswich and Martin, stores in Martin have seen little benefit. Likewise for Rodway stores. Wish they had used revenues in here instead of profits.

I am closing my eyes and hoping A is correct.

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Re: The highway from Ipswich to Rodway is currently overcrowded [#permalink]

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16 Sep 2005, 10:15
I'm going for C here as well.

IMO, A is too ambiguous. I ruled it out because it said that adding a lane would be temporarily add to congestion. It doesn't say how long the construstion would add to congestion. A day? A year? How many lanes do they have right now? One? Ten?
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Re: The highway from Ipswich to Rodway is currently overcrowded [#permalink]

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16 Sep 2005, 11:23
between D and E,
I would pick E.
The rest all talk about things that donot really weaken the argument.

The stem says that afer the road widening between I and M, I benifited from that.
E supports this saying M has benifitted very less.
Hence, we can as well assume that the widening of the road between I and R would probably benifit I more than R.
Though it might benifit R a little, its still not sufficient 'coz most of the shops there are almost bankrupt.

OA/OE Plz.

krishna
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Re: The highway from Ipswich to Rodway is currently overcrowded [#permalink]

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Re: The highway from Ipswich to Rodway is currently overcrowded [#permalink]

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21 Apr 2016, 03:02
3
KUDOS
Should be E.

Conclusion says that to alleviate congestetion and save Rodways stores, road from I to R should be widened. Evidence used is that businesses in Martin are thriving since the road from I to M was widened.

So assumption is that there is a causal relationship between widening of road from I to M and thriving businesses at M.

We need to weaken this causal connection.

E does that by suggesting that widening of road between I and R hardly affected the businesses at R.

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Re: The highway from Ipswich to Rodway is currently overcrowded [#permalink]

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22 Apr 2016, 00:08
Here is my take on this.
Question Type: Weaken
Conclusion: Road (I->R) should be widened to SAVE stores in R --> need to prove that it's not the case (little help in saving R-store or not at all)

Quote:
The highway from Ipswich to Rodway is currently overcrowded with traffic, which deters potential customers from visiting Rodway's stores. The congestion has gotten so bad that many of the stores in Rodway are struggling to survive. Meanwhile, in Ipswich, the stores are thriving since they widened the road to Martin. Thus, to alleviate congestion and save Rodway's stores, the road between Ipswich and Rodway should be widened.

Which of the following, if true, casts the most doubt on the argument above?

(1) The construction necessary to widen the road will block an additional lane of traffic, temporarily adding to the congestion.
Irrelevant: Conclusion talking about end result not the process

(2) The stores in Rodway are only profitable during the holiday shopping season.
Irrelevant: We should weaken the conclusion (widen the road) not the additional information, which doesn't affect whether you do anything with the road or not

(3) Martin is a thriving metropolis whose residents have several times the purchasing power of those of Ipswich.

(4) The owners of Rodway's stores are spending their revenue on advertising and marketing, rather than on purchasing new merchandise.
Irrelevant: This could happen with or without the road affect --> neutral since lack of information

(5) Martin's stores have only experienced a slight increase in profits since the road from Ipswich was widened.
Could be: So similar situation happen from I->M while widen the road prove it does little help to increase the profit, so we can predict that same thing will happen with the widen road from I -> R: little affect on the store profit --> no help at all --> Weaken

So at the end, I think (E) is a suitable answer.
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Re: The highway from Ipswich to Rodway is currently overcrowded [#permalink]

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22 Jun 2016, 12:28
1
KUDOS

This problem again reinstate the importance of reading the stimulus properly and getting the facts right

Lets break down the argument and see how clever the answer is

PREMISE 1) Roads From IPSWICH to MARTIN have been widened
PREMISE 2) Stores in IPSWICH are making profit. Many customers are visiting.

Ok. The widening of the roads should result in two way traffic .. Yes.. ??
Going from IPSWICH ----> MARTIN should be as convenient as travelling from MARTIN ---->IPSWICH since the width of the road will facilitate traffic in both direction

_____________________________________

I
P--------------->------------>---------M
S-----------<-------------<------------A
W--------------------------->---------R
I-----------<-------------<------------T
C----------------------------->--------I
H-----------<------------<------------N

________________________________________

PREMISE 3) THIS SHOULD WEAKEN THE CONCLUSION --> OPTION E -Martin's stores have only experienced a slight increase in profits since the road from Ipswich was widened.
CONCLUSION) To save Rodway's stores, the road between Ipswich and Rodway should be widened.

Now if widening the road between IPSWICH and MARTIN has caused MARTIN's customers to move to IPSWICH and only a little increase in MARTIN's store then IT IS QUITE POSSIBLE THAT WIDENING THE ROAD BETWEEN RODWAY AND IPSWICH WILL CAUSE RODWAY'S CUSTOMERS TO TRAVEL TO IPSWICH. IN EVERY SCENARIO ITS IPSWICH THAT IS GAINING CUSTOMERS. CURRENTLY FROM MARTIN AND IF ROAD ARE BROADENED THEN IN FUTURE FROM RODWAY ALSO. MAY BE IPSWICH HAVE BETTER STORE.

Thus widening the road highway might actually complete destroy the Rodway stores by pulling customers away from Rodway to Ipswich.

Hence E is the correct weakener.

No other options does the trick.
Check by putting each option in place of PREMISE 3 and see how none of the other options weakens the conclusion.

The highway from Ipswich to Rodway is currently ovowded with traffic, which deters potential customers from visiting Rodway's stores. The congestion has gotten so bad that many of the stores in Rodway are struggling to survive. Meanwhile, in Ipswich, the stores are thriving since they widened the road to Martin. Thus, to alleviate congestion and save Rodway's stores, the road between Ipswich and Rodway should be widened.

Which of the following, if true, casts the most doubt on the argument above?

(1) The construction necessary to widen the road will block an additional lane of traffic, temporarily adding to the congestion.

(2) The stores in Rodway are only profitable during the holiday shopping season.

(3) Martin is a thriving metropolis whose residents have several times the purchasing power of those of Ipswich.

(4) The owners of Rodway's stores are spending their revenue on advertising and marketing, rather than on purchasing new merchandise.

(5) Martin's stores have only experienced a slight increase in profits since the road from Ipswich was widened.
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Re: The highway from Ipswich to Rodway is currently overcrowded [#permalink]

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07 Jul 2016, 06:40
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The highway from Ipswich to Rodway is currently overcrowded with traffic, which deters potential customers from visiting Rodway's stores. The congestion has gotten so bad that many of the stores in Rodway are struggling to survive. Meanwhile, in Ipswich, the stores are thriving since they widened the road to Martin. Thus, to alleviate congestion and save Rodway's stores, the road between Ipswich and Rodway should be widened.

Which of the following, if true, casts the most doubt on the argument above?

(1) The construction necessary to widen the road will block an additional lane of traffic, temporarily adding to the congestion.

(2) The stores in Rodway are only profitable during the holiday shopping season.

(3) Martin is a thriving metropolis whose residents have several times the purchasing power of those of Ipswich.

(4) The owners of Rodway's stores are spending their revenue on advertising and marketing, rather than on purchasing new merchandise.

(5) Martin's stores have only experienced a slight increase in profits since the road from Ipswich was widened.

Tough to chose between C and E but I went with E

The argument does not give us any info about the purchasing power (PP) of R. The if true options give us some idea about the PP of I and M. Since there is no info about the PP of R and hence no means to compare the PP of all 3 together, I decided to eliminate it

Selection of E) as others have pointed out, IF E) is considered true then we can safely assume that stores in I are highly attractive and pull away business from neighbouring cities such as M.
Widening of the road between I and R may actually be more detrimental than helpful for R.

hope my reasoning is sound.
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The highway from Ipswich to Rodway is currently overcrowded [#permalink]

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20 Jul 2016, 00:01
2
KUDOS
I first went for C, since the author applied a similarity to deduce another similarity, and the optimal way to weaken the conclusion is to find a dissimilarity between the counterparts.

In this question, two counterparts should be M (destination) and R (destination).

After carefully reviewing the argument, i found that it was not the case:
stimulus: widen the road from I to M, I thrived (I - starting city, not M).
Conclusion to be weakened: widen the road from I to R, R would be saved.

C: Martin is a thriving metropolis whose residents have several times the purchasing power of those of Ipswich.
C compared M with I, rather than M with R, thus C is extraneous to the conclusion.

E: Martin's stores have only experienced a slight increase in profits since the road from Ipswich was widened.
The widened road did not bring considerable profits to M - just a slight increase. So E told us that the implementation that widening the road from I to M would NOT result in M's thriving.
Consequently, the same implementation will NOT result in saving R - just similar slight increase.

Please correct me if my reasoning is wrong.

Tks,
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The highway from Ipswich to Rodway is currently overcrowded   [#permalink] 20 Jul 2016, 00:01
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