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The human resource department looked at an insurance program that woul

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Senior SC Moderator
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The human resource department looked at an insurance program that woul  [#permalink]

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New post 28 May 2020, 22:14
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Question Stats:

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Project SC Butler: Sentence Correction (SC1)


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The human resource department looked at an insurance program that would cover all vision-related procedures, including laser surgery, and if employees paid out-of-pocket expenses they would be reimbursed.

A) if employees paid out-of-pocket expenses they would be reimbursed

B) paying out-of-pocket expenses would be reimbursed

C) reimburse employees who paid out-of-pocket expenses

D) reimbursing employees who paid out-of-pocket expenses

E) employees to be reimbursed for paying out-of-pocket expenses

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The human resource department looked at an insurance program that woul  [#permalink]

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New post 28 May 2020, 22:18
2
OFFICIAL EXPLANATION

Project SC Butler: Sentence Correction (SC1)



• HIGHLIGHTS

This question tests split verbs and parallelism.
We are looking for
. . . that would cover and [that would] ______.
→ The word that goes in the blank must be parallel to cover and is preceded by the helping verb would.

If a verb consists of more than one word (has announced, will deliver, could have created), we can split that verb, add a parallel verb, and write the first part of the verb only once.
Correct: I had eaten and rested. (I had eaten and [had] rested.)
Correct: He will drink quinine but not wear a mask. (He will drink quinine but [will] not wear a mask.)

In this question, the two-word verb is would cover.
... insurance that would X and [would] Y
X and Y must be parallel. The word "would" is implied before the Y element.
X = cover
Y = ??? (something parallel to cover, just a regular verb, which tacitly includes would before it)

The phrase including laser surgery belongs to the first part of the sentence and is an aside that elaborates on all vision-related procedures.
That interrupting phrase does not change the fact that we need the second main verb to match the first main verb in tense.

THE PROMPT
Quote:
The human resource department looked at an insurance program that would cover all vision-related procedures, including laser surgery, and if employees paid out-of-pocket expenses they would be reimbursed.

• See Notes 2, below, for information about the compound predicate.

THE OPTIONS (in a shortened sentence)

Quote:
A) The human resource department looked at an insurance program that would cover all vision-related procedures and if employees paid out-of-pocket expenses they would be reimbursed.

• [that] would cover and [that] if employees are not parallel
• Remove the first part of the verb phrase in order to see how awful this answer is:
HR looked at an insurance program that . . . if employees paid ... they would be reimbursed. :x
• you may not have grasped at this point that the issue is would verb and [would] verb -- but you certainly know that insurance program . . . that IF is not grammatical
ELIMINATE A

Quote:
B) The human resource department looked at an insurance program that would cover all vision-related procedures and paying out-of-pocket expenses would be reimbursed.

would cover and [would] paying are not parallel
ELIMINATE B

Quote:
C) The human resource department looked at an insurance program that would cover all vision-related procedures and reimburse employees who paid out-of-pocket expenses.

• I see no errors: would cover . . . and [would] reimburse are parallel
KEEP C

D) The human resource department looked at an insurance program that would cover all vision-related procedures and reimbursing employees who paid out-of-pocket expenses.
would cover and [would]reimbursing are not parallel
ELIMINATE D

Quote:
E) The human resource department looked at an insurance program that would cover all vision-related procedures and employees to be reimbursed for paying out-of-pocket expenses.

would cover and employees are not parallel
to be reimbursed is the most egregious example of a second part of a verb phrase that does not contain a working verb.
This version is clunky but grammatical: HR looked at an insurance program that would cover ABC and IN WHICH employees would be reimbursed.
ELIMINATE E

The correct answer is C.

NOTES

It's not clear from explanations whether people understand that the would part of these two-word verbs is very important.

The pertinent part of correct answer C really means: would cover and [would] reimburse
So I stress would in my answer.

If you see a helping verb in a compound predicate (one subject, two actions), pay attention to the way that the helping and main verbs go together. The helping verb is usually repeated only once.

Notes 2

A sentence contains a compound predicate when one subject (the relative pronoun that, which refers to insurance program) does two or more actions. (The insurance program must cover XYZ and must reimburse employees for ABC.)

A "predicate" is just the part of the sentence that contains the verb and things that go with the verb, such as direct objects and adverbs.

Some people say that the predicate consists of everything that is not the subject. A predicate always contains at least a verb.

In a simple sentence, the predicate can be just a verb:
David laughed.

In most sentences, the predicate includes the verb and some phrases that "belong" to the verb:
David laughed loudly at Snoopy's Joe Cool sunglasses.

When two verbs share a subject, the sentence contains a "compound predicate."
The two verbs do not always have to be parallel. Verbs are underlined. The compound predicate is in boldface:
By the time Souvik graduated, he had mastered two new languages.

When verbs are "split," though, the first part (a helping verb or the infinitive "to") "carries over to" or "distributes to" the second part (the main verb), just as is the case in math.
P(Q + R) = PQ + PR.
In these split verb cases, the main verbs must be parallel 99 percent of the time:
Anneke, a conscientious student, will attend every class and complete all the homework.
The verbs in this compound predicate are will attend and [will] complete.

Takeaway: If a sentence contains one subject attached to two actions (verbs), check to see whether the verbs must be parallel.

When a multi-word verb is "split," almost always, the second main verb must be parallel to the first.

COMMENTS

debjit1990 , welcome to SC Butler. :)

These answers range from satisfactory to good.
Kudos to all. Be safe, everyone.
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Re: The human resource department looked at an insurance program that woul  [#permalink]

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New post 28 May 2020, 23:09
1
A) if employees paid out-of-pocket expenses they would be reimbursedincluding laser surgery, and if employees paid out-of-pocket expenses they would be reimbursed is not a single list.if it is then there should not be ,+and.It would be only and

B) paying out-of-pocket expenses would be reimbursedsame as A

C) reimburse employees who paid out-of-pocket expensesCorrect

D) reimbursing employees who paid out-of-pocket expensessame as A

E) employees to be reimbursed for paying out-of-pocket expenses not parallel
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Re: The human resource department looked at an insurance program that woul  [#permalink]

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New post 28 May 2020, 23:10
2
The human resource department looked at an insurance program that would cover all vision-related procedures, including laser surgery, and if employees paid out-of-pocket expenses they would be reimbursed.

we need to look for a structure parallel to the underlined one. Only C matches the parallel structure. All others could be eliminated on this alone. IMO, C.
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Re: The human resource department looked at an insurance program that woul  [#permalink]

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New post 29 May 2020, 00:48
2
1
The human resource department looked at an insurance program that would cover all vision-related procedures, including laser surgery, and if employees paid out-of-pocket expenses they would be reimbursed.

A) if employees paid out-of-pocket expenses they would be reimbursed

B) paying out-of-pocket expenses would be reimbursed

C) reimburse employees who paid out-of-pocket expenses

D) reimbursing employees who paid out-of-pocket expenses

E) employees to be reimbursed for paying out-of-pocket expenses

Some things that this sentence is testing is parallelism and logical meaning. The word "and" is meant to connect two similar ideas/items. However, in answers A and E there is a clear disconnection between "cover all vision-related procedures" and the subsequent sentence. Since we have the verb "cover" the sentence following "and" should begin with a verb, in this case "reimburse".

"Reimbursing" and "paying out" are not parallel to "cover", so the only answer that we are left with is C which corrects the parallelism issues mentioned.
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Re: The human resource department looked at an insurance program that woul  [#permalink]

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New post 29 May 2020, 03:11
1
Answer: Option C

This sentence has Parallelism. We need an answer which parallels with what insurance can do or provide for example, "cover" and "reimburse"

A) if employees paid out-of-pocket expenses they would be reimbursed
=> Not parallel with "cover", should start a verb after "and"

B) paying out-of-pocket expenses would be reimbursed
=>awkward construction of "paying expenses....would be"
=> Not parallel with "cover", should start a verb after "and"


C) reimburse employees who paid out-of-pocket expenses
=> Correct. Parallelism corrected. Insurance that would cover......and reimburse......

D) reimbursing employees who paid out-of-pocket expenses
=> "reimbursing" is not parallel with "cover"

E) employees to be reimbursed for paying out-of-pocket expenses
=> "employees" is not parallel with "cover", should start a verb after "and"
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Re: The human resource department looked at an insurance program that woul  [#permalink]

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New post 29 May 2020, 04:39
1
The human resource department looked at an insurance program that would cover all vision-related procedures, including laser surgery, and if employees paid out-of-pocket expenses they would be reimbursed.

POE:
'And' is the stop sign. Look for parallelism.
'cover........and reimburse' is right structure.


A) if employees paid out-of-pocket expenses they would be reimbursed

B) paying out-of-pocket expenses would be reimbursed

C) reimburse employees who paid out-of-pocket expenses - CORRECT

D) reimbursing employees who paid out-of-pocket expenses

E) employees to be reimbursed for paying out-of-pocket expenses
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Re: The human resource department looked at an insurance program that woul  [#permalink]

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New post 29 May 2020, 22:57
1
IMO C,


A) if employees paid out-of-pocket expenses they would be reimbursed
Parallelism error - 'cover all the expenses' and 'if .....' (Condition). Hence eliminate.


B) paying out-of-pocket expenses would be reimbursed
Weird construction and also parallelism error. Hence eliminate.

C) reimburse employees who paid out-of-pocket expenses
Correct answer. It maintains the parallelism between 'cover all the expenses' and 'reimburse employees'

D) reimbursing employees who paid out-of-pocket expenses
Parallelism error - 'cover all expenses' and 'reimbursing'. Hence eliminate.


E) employees to be reimbursed for paying out-of-pocket expenses
Parallelism error as mentioned above. Hence eliminate
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Re: The human resource department looked at an insurance program that woul  [#permalink]

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New post 30 May 2020, 08:18
1
generis wrote:

Project SC Butler: Sentence Correction (SC1)


For SC butler Questions Click Here



The human resource department looked at an insurance program that would cover all vision-related procedures, including laser surgery, and if employees paid out-of-pocket expenses they would be reimbursed.

A) if employees paid out-of-pocket expenses they would be reimbursed

B) paying out-of-pocket expenses would be reimbursed

C) reimburse employees who paid out-of-pocket expenses

D) reimbursing employees who paid out-of-pocket expenses

E) employees to be reimbursed for paying out-of-pocket expenses


The human resource department looked at an insurance program that would cover all vision-related procedures, including laser surgery, and reimburse employees who paid out-of-pocket expenses.

cover and reimburse are parallel.

IMO C
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Re: The human resource department looked at an insurance program that woul  [#permalink]

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New post 31 May 2020, 01:04
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The official explanation is here.
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Re: The human resource department looked at an insurance program that woul  [#permalink]

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New post 31 May 2020, 11:13
generis wrote:
OFFICIAL EXPLANATION

Project SC Butler: Sentence Correction (SC1)



• HIGHLIGHTS

This question tests split verbs and parallelism.
We are looking for
. . . that would cover and [that would] ______.
→ The word that goes in the blank must be parallel to cover and is preceded by the helping verb would.

If a verb consists of more than one word (has announced, will deliver, could have created), we can split that verb, add a parallel verb, and write the first part of the verb only once.
Correct: I had eaten and rested. (I had eaten and [had] rested.)
Correct: He will drink quinine but not wear a mask. (He will drink quinine but [will] not wear a mask.)

In this question, the two-word verb is would cover.
... insurance that would X and [would] Y
X and Y must be parallel. The word "would" is implied before the Y element.
X = cover
Y = ??? (something parallel to cover, just a regular verb, which tacitly includes would before it)

The phrase including laser surgery belongs to the first part of the sentence and is an aside that elaborates on all vision-related procedures.
That interrupting phrase does not change the fact that we need the second main verb to match the first main verb in tense.

THE PROMPT
Quote:
The human resource department looked at an insurance program that would cover all vision-related procedures, including laser surgery, and if employees paid out-of-pocket expenses they would be reimbursed.

• See Notes 2, below, for information about the compound predicate.

THE OPTIONS (in a shortened sentence)

Quote:
A) The human resource department looked at an insurance program that would cover all vision-related procedures and if employees paid out-of-pocket expenses they would be reimbursed.

• [that] would cover and [that] if employees are not parallel
• Remove the first part of the verb phrase in order to see how awful this answer is:
HR looked at an insurance program that . . . if employees paid ... they would be reimbursed. :x
• you may not have grasped at this point that the issue is would verb and [would] verb -- but you certainly know that insurance program . . . that IF is not grammatical
ELIMINATE A

Quote:
B) The human resource department looked at an insurance program that would cover all vision-related procedures and paying out-of-pocket expenses would be reimbursed.

would cover and [would] paying are not parallel
ELIMINATE B

Quote:
C) The human resource department looked at an insurance program that would cover all vision-related procedures and reimburse employees who paid out-of-pocket expenses.

• I see no errors: would cover . . . and [would] reimburse are parallel
KEEP C

D) The human resource department looked at an insurance program that would cover all vision-related procedures and reimbursing employees who paid out-of-pocket expenses.
would cover and [would]reimbursing are not parallel
ELIMINATE D

Quote:
E) The human resource department looked at an insurance program that would cover all vision-related procedures and employees to be reimbursed for paying out-of-pocket expenses.

would cover and employees are not parallel
to be reimbursed is the most egregious example of a second part of a verb phrase that does not contain a working verb.
This version is clunky but grammatical: HR looked at an insurance program that would cover ABC and IN WHICH employees would be reimbursed.
ELIMINATE E

The correct answer is C.

NOTES

It's not clear from explanations whether people understand that the would part of these two-word verbs is very important.

The pertinent part of correct answer C really means: would cover and [would] reimburse
So I stress would in my answer.

If you see a helping verb in a compound predicate (one subject, two actions), pay attention to the way that the helping and main verbs go together. The helping verb is usually repeated only once.

Notes 2

A sentence contains a compound predicate when one subject (the relative pronoun that, which refers to insurance program) does two or more actions. (The insurance program must cover XYZ and must reimburse employees for ABC.)

A "predicate" is just the part of the sentence that contains the verb and things that go with the verb, such as direct objects and adverbs.

Some people say that the predicate consists of everything that is not the subject. A predicate always contains at least a verb.

In a simple sentence, the predicate can be just a verb:
David laughed.

In most sentences, the predicate includes the verb and some phrases that "belong" to the verb:
David laughed loudly at Snoopy's Joe Cool sunglasses.

When two verbs share a subject, the sentence contains a "compound predicate."
The two verbs do not always have to be parallel. Verbs are underlined. The compound predicate is in boldface:
By the time Souvik graduated, he had mastered two new languages.

When verbs are "split," though, the first part (a helping verb or the infinitive "to") "carries over to" or "distributes to" the second part (the main verb), just as is the case in math.
P(Q + R) = PQ + PR.
In these split verb cases, the main verbs must be parallel 99 percent of the time:
Anneke, a conscientious student, will attend every class and complete all the homework.
The verbs in this compound predicate are will attend and [will] complete.

Takeaway: If a sentence contains one subject attached to two actions (verbs), check to see whether the verbs must be parallel.

When a multi-word verb is "split," almost always, the second main verb must be parallel to the first.

COMMENTS

debjit1990 , welcome to SC Butler. :)

These answers range from satisfactory to good.
Kudos to all. Be safe, everyone.


Thanks for the explanation. SC butler is a great initiative.
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Re: The human resource department looked at an insurance program that woul  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jun 2020, 02:30
The human resource department looked at an insurance program that would cover all vision-related procedures, including laser surgery, and if employees paid out-of-pocket expenses they would be reimbursed.

- Presence of "and" indicates //ism. The correct form of //ism is insurance program that would "cover" and "reimburse"

A) if employees paid out-of-pocket expenses they would be reimbursed Incorrect //ism

B) paying out-of-pocket expenses would be reimbursed Incorrect //ism

C) reimburse employees who paid out-of-pocket expenses Correct as discussed above

D) reimbursing employees who paid out-of-pocket expenses Incorrect //ism

E) employees to be reimbursed for paying out-of-pocket expenses Incorrect //ism
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Re: The human resource department looked at an insurance program that woul   [#permalink] 07 Jun 2020, 02:30

The human resource department looked at an insurance program that woul

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