It is currently 11 Dec 2017, 02:31

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# The idea behind the Personal Long Letter campaign is that a

 new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics
Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Manager
Joined: 14 Apr 2010
Posts: 216

Kudos [?]: 244 [0], given: 1

The idea behind the Personal Long Letter campaign is that a [#permalink]

### Show Tags

12 Aug 2010, 08:07
2
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00

Difficulty:

(N/A)

Question Stats:

78% (00:42) correct 22% (00:40) wrong based on 206 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

The idea behind the Personal Long Letter campaign is that a single impassioned constituent may sway a lawmaker’s opinion, whereas a half-dozen banded together only causes him alarm.
 a half-dozen banded together only causes him alarm
 only alarm is caused by a half-dozen banded together
 only alarm has been caused by a half-dozen banded together
 a half-dozen banded together only cause him alarm
 a half-dozen have caused him only alarm when banded together

Kudos [?]: 244 [0], given: 1

Manhattan Prep Instructor
Affiliations: ManhattanGMAT
Joined: 21 Jan 2010
Posts: 347

Kudos [?]: 1699 [2], given: 11

Location: San Francisco
Re: The idea [#permalink]

### Show Tags

14 Aug 2010, 12:43
2
KUDOS
Hey All,

Lots of ideas on this one, but no one's taken it apart yet. That's what I'm here for!

The idea behind the Personal Long Letter campaign is that a single impassioned constituent may sway a lawmaker’s opinion, whereas a half-dozen banded together only causes him alarm.

This is clearly a verb tense and subject-verb agreement question. We notice the former in the split between "causes" and "has been caused". We notice the latter int he split between "causes" and "cause" (or "has" and "have"). For subject-verb agreement, we check the subject and make sure it matches. "Half-dozen (constituents)" is plural, so we need "cause" or "have". As for verb tense, you always check it against some context verb in the sentence. In this case, we have "is", a present tense verb. Then we ask ourselves, is there any good reason to change tense? In this case, there is not.

 a half-dozen banded together only causes him alarm
Problem: "Causes" doesn't match the subject "half dozen (constituents)"

 only alarm is caused by a half-dozen banded together
PROBLEM: This is actually a concision issue. No reason to switch to the passive voice here. While this is a rule, it's VERY rare on the real test, and comes up way more when people are trying to build questions. DO NOT cross something off just because it's passive. We're only doing it here because there's a perfectly great answer WITHOUT the passive voice elsewhere.

 only alarm has been caused by a half-dozen banded together
PROBLEM: No reason to switch to the present perfect tense ("has been caused").

 a half-dozen banded together only cause him alarm
ANSWER: Correct tense, correct subject-verb agreement.

 a half-dozen have caused him only alarm when banded together
PROBLEM: No reason to switch to the present perfect tense ("have caused").

Hope that helps!

-t
_________________

Tommy Wallach | Manhattan GMAT Instructor | San Francisco

Manhattan GMAT Discount | Manhattan GMAT Reviews

Kudos [?]: 1699 [2], given: 11

Manhattan Prep Instructor
Affiliations: ManhattanGMAT
Joined: 21 Jan 2010
Posts: 347

Kudos [?]: 1699 [1], given: 11

Location: San Francisco
Re: The idea [#permalink]

### Show Tags

14 Aug 2010, 13:01
1
KUDOS
Hey Seek,

That's exactly right. It is a very weird way to write it, but I don't believe it to be wrong. It's just weird.

-t
_________________

Tommy Wallach | Manhattan GMAT Instructor | San Francisco

Manhattan GMAT Discount | Manhattan GMAT Reviews

Kudos [?]: 1699 [1], given: 11

Current Student
Status: Everyone is a leader. Just stop listening to others.
Joined: 22 Mar 2013
Posts: 955

Kudos [?]: 1929 [1], given: 229

Location: India
GPA: 3.51
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Re: The idea behind the Personal Long Letter campaign is that a [#permalink]

### Show Tags

18 Apr 2014, 04:32
1
KUDOS
I have a doubt: to whom this pronoun him is referring in the sentence.

As per the meaning it should refer to Lawmaker but sentence doesn't have such noun antecedent.

Further only his and her are allowed to refer back noun in possessive noun case.
_________________

Piyush K
-----------------------
Our greatest weakness lies in giving up. The most certain way to succeed is to try just one more time. ― Thomas A. Edison
Don't forget to press--> Kudos
My Articles: 1. WOULD: when to use? | 2. All GMATPrep RCs (New)
Tip: Before exam a week earlier don't forget to exhaust all gmatprep problems specially for "sentence correction".

Kudos [?]: 1929 [1], given: 229

VP
Joined: 17 Feb 2010
Posts: 1469

Kudos [?]: 801 [0], given: 6

Re: The idea [#permalink]

### Show Tags

12 Aug 2010, 08:25
B for me. what is the OA?

The idea..................is that a single constituent may sway a lawmaker's opinion, whereas only alarm is caused by a half-dozen banded together.

Kudos [?]: 801 [0], given: 6

Senior Manager
Status: Fighting on
Joined: 14 Mar 2010
Posts: 310

Kudos [?]: 31 [0], given: 3

Schools: UCLA (R1 interview-WL), UNC(R2--interview-ding) Oxford(R2-Admit), Kelley (R2- Admit \$\$), McCombs(R2)
WE 1: SE - 1
WE 2: Engineer - 3
Re: The idea [#permalink]

### Show Tags

12 Aug 2010, 13:49
D for me, we need cause. Dont you think B is a little passive

Kudos [?]: 31 [0], given: 3

Manager
Joined: 29 Jul 2010
Posts: 124

Kudos [?]: 3 [0], given: 47

Re: The idea [#permalink]

### Show Tags

12 Aug 2010, 15:07
The idea behind the Personal Long Letter campaign is that a single impassioned constituent may sway a lawmaker’s opinion, whereas a half-dozen banded together only causes him alarm.
 a half-dozen banded together only causes him alarm
 only alarm is caused by a half-dozen banded together
 only alarm has been caused by a half-dozen banded together
a half-dozen banded together only cause him alarm
 a half-dozen have caused him only alarm when banded together

Parallelism
D

Kudos [?]: 3 [0], given: 47

Senior Manager
Joined: 03 Nov 2005
Posts: 380

Kudos [?]: 68 [0], given: 17

Location: Chicago, IL
Re: The idea [#permalink]

### Show Tags

12 Aug 2010, 18:34
half-dozen (constituents) cause (not causes).

D
_________________

Hard work is the main determinant of success

Kudos [?]: 68 [0], given: 17

Manager
Joined: 18 Oct 2008
Posts: 187

Kudos [?]: 29 [0], given: 11

Re: The idea [#permalink]

### Show Tags

13 Aug 2010, 03:04
rlevochkin wrote:
half-dozen (constituents) cause (not causes).

D

'a Half-dozen banded together', dont we need causes here?

Kudos [?]: 29 [0], given: 11

Manager
Joined: 14 Apr 2010
Posts: 216

Kudos [?]: 244 [0], given: 1

Re: The idea [#permalink]

### Show Tags

13 Aug 2010, 08:33
Here'e the surpriseeeeee

OA - A

Kudos [?]: 244 [0], given: 1

VP
Joined: 17 Feb 2010
Posts: 1469

Kudos [?]: 801 [0], given: 6

Re: The idea [#permalink]

### Show Tags

13 Aug 2010, 08:35
The reason i chose B was because I was not clear of whether "a half-dozen banded together" is singular or plural. can someone please elaborate on this?

Kudos [?]: 801 [0], given: 6

Manager
Joined: 18 Oct 2008
Posts: 187

Kudos [?]: 29 [0], given: 11

Re: The idea [#permalink]

### Show Tags

13 Aug 2010, 08:39
bibha wrote:
Here'e the surpriseeeeee

OA - A

'a Half-dozen banded together' banded together makes it singular

i chose A!

Kudos [?]: 29 [0], given: 11

VP
Joined: 17 Feb 2010
Posts: 1469

Kudos [?]: 801 [0], given: 6

Re: The idea [#permalink]

### Show Tags

14 Aug 2010, 12:56
great explanation Tommy.

Is "banded together" modifying constituents in option D?

a half dozen [consituents] banded together

Kudos [?]: 801 [0], given: 6

Director
Status: Apply - Last Chance
Affiliations: IIT, Purdue, PhD, TauBetaPi
Joined: 18 Jul 2010
Posts: 679

Kudos [?]: 169 [0], given: 15

Schools: Wharton, Sloan, Chicago, Haas
WE 1: 8 years in Oil&Gas
Re: The idea [#permalink]

### Show Tags

14 Aug 2010, 14:21
seekmba wrote:
great explanation Tommy.

Is "banded together" modifying constituents in option D?

a half dozen [consituents] banded together

Tommy,
So a half dozen [consituents] banded together - the banded together piece does not somehow make it singular? This is plural? So just this alone can pick out the right answer!
_________________

Consider kudos, they are good for health

Kudos [?]: 169 [0], given: 15

Manager
Joined: 12 Nov 2011
Posts: 129

Kudos [?]: 33 [0], given: 24

Re: The idea behind the Personal Long Letter campaign is that a [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Feb 2012, 04:06
So guys wtf OA is A?

Kudos [?]: 33 [0], given: 24

Director
Status: Prep started for the n-th time
Joined: 29 Aug 2010
Posts: 672

Kudos [?]: 200 [0], given: 37

Re: The idea behind the Personal Long Letter campaign is that a [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Feb 2012, 19:05
The correct answer for the problem is D as explained by Tommy Wallach.

Crick

Kudos [?]: 200 [0], given: 37

Manager
Joined: 25 Nov 2011
Posts: 247

Kudos [?]: 240 [0], given: 20

Location: India
Concentration: Technology, General Management
GPA: 3.95
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Re: The idea behind the Personal Long Letter campaign is that a [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Feb 2012, 23:02
Some how A seems to be correct.

I guess the counting is applied to 'dozen' (which is half in this case and hence singular).
_________________

-------------------------
-Aravind Chembeti

Kudos [?]: 240 [0], given: 20

Manager
Joined: 17 Sep 2011
Posts: 190

Kudos [?]: 142 [0], given: 8

Re: The idea behind the Personal Long Letter campaign is that a [#permalink]

### Show Tags

20 Feb 2012, 00:36
The correct answer is D. It should be "cause" not "causes".
_________________

_________________
Giving +1 kudos is a better way of saying 'Thank You'.

Kudos [?]: 142 [0], given: 8

Manager
Joined: 25 Nov 2011
Posts: 247

Kudos [?]: 240 [0], given: 20

Location: India
Concentration: Technology, General Management
GPA: 3.95
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Re: The idea [#permalink]

### Show Tags

20 Feb 2012, 02:22
ingoditrust wrote:
D for me, we need cause. Dont you think B is a little passive

Not only passive, but also sentence construction seems to be wrong. Instead of
"...only alarm is caused by a half-dozen banded together" it should be
"..alarm only is caused by a half-dozen banded together".

Actually even that sentence is also not correct because, it does not include the word 'him' and hence we don;t know for who the alarm is being caused.
_________________

-------------------------
-Aravind Chembeti

Kudos [?]: 240 [0], given: 20

Manager
Joined: 25 Nov 2011
Posts: 247

Kudos [?]: 240 [0], given: 20

Location: India
Concentration: Technology, General Management
GPA: 3.95
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Re: The idea behind the Personal Long Letter campaign is that a [#permalink]

### Show Tags

28 Feb 2012, 22:28
Chembeti wrote:
Some how A seems to be correct.

I guess the counting is applied to 'dozen' (which is half in this case and hence singular).

I have posted an artilce regarding collective nouns and their corresponding verb form. Please check
collective-nouns-singular-or-plural-128340.html

Now, I am clear why the OA is A. Here the key word is 'banded together' which means the author is talking about some group but not individual items and hence the verb should be 'causes' but not 'cause'.
_________________

-------------------------
-Aravind Chembeti

Kudos [?]: 240 [0], given: 20

Re: The idea behind the Personal Long Letter campaign is that a   [#permalink] 28 Feb 2012, 22:28

Go to page    1   2    Next  [ 32 posts ]

Display posts from previous: Sort by

# The idea behind the Personal Long Letter campaign is that a

 new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics

 Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.