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The immigration of Europeans and the importation of West

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The immigration of Europeans and the importation of West [#permalink]

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Question 1
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Question Stats:

51% (01:34) correct 49% (01:27) wrong based on 239

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Question 2
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Question Stats:

61% (00:38) correct 39% (00:51) wrong based on 220

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Question 3
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Question Stats:

38% (00:39) correct 62% (00:45) wrong based on 221

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Question 4
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Question Stats:

47% (00:44) correct 53% (00:38) wrong based on 66

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The immigration of Europeans and the importation of West African slaves to America resulted in a convergence of cultures, traditions, and art forms, including music. Jazz, first played in New Orleans in the early 1900s, borrowed heavily from the European musical scale and harmonic system. Jazz ensembles were built predominantly on European instruments, such as the trumpet, trombone, saxophone, and piano. The West African influence on jazz was manifested primarily in its performance. Scatting, a technique used by jazz vocalists to mimic the sounds of instruments, had its origin in West African vocal traditions. The emphasis on improvisation in jazz music, in addition to group participation, also came from West African music.

Some musicologists argue that jazz is a purely American form of music. Others, however, contend that jazz is rooted in a history similar to that of America itself, a history of confluence. Proponents of the argument that jazz is purely American often point to its genesis in New Orleans as evidence for this perspective. The irony, however, is that the essence of America lies in the plurality of its roots. To deny the rich and complex history of jazz, and the true origins of the art form, is to deny the very aspects of the art form that make it undeniably American.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
C

1- It can be inferred from the passage that the author would be less inclined to label jazz an American art form if which of the following were true?

(A) New Orleans was not the place where jazz music was first played.

(B) Jazz music was first created in New York when four avant-garde musicians from different cultural backgrounds came together to experiment with unprecedented musical concepts.

(C) With the influx of West Africans to the Americas came a very specific West African musical style which eventually came to be called “jazz” in New Orleans.

(D) Jazz music actually draws more of its character from South American and Native American traditions than from those of Europe or West Africa.

(E) The instruments used by jazz musicians were predominately of West African origin, not European origin.


[Reveal] Spoiler:
E

2- Which of the following statements concerning jazz is most directly suggested in the passage?

(A) The plurality of jazz’s roots has led multiple cultures to claim jazz as their own.

(B) If jazz musicians had not borrowed from the European musical scale, they would have used the West African musical scale instead.

(C) Only European and African cultures had an influence on the development of jazz.

(D) Jazz was played in West Africa prior to its introduction in New Orleans in the early 1900s.

(E) Instrumentation was not a primary component of the West African influence on jazz.


[Reveal] Spoiler:
E

3- Which of the following elements of jazz most likely has its origin in West African musical traditions?

(A) the emphasis on a tonal harmonic structure

(B) the use of an instrument to mimic a vocalist’s sound

(C) the use of traditional African instruments

(D) the use of many instruments in a jazz ensemble

(E) an impromptu call-and-response between two instruments in the ensemble


[Reveal] Spoiler:
D

4. The author of the passage would most likely agree with which of the following statements?

(A) Although American football was derived from the English sports of soccer and rugby, it should be called a purely American sport because it was first played in America.

(B) Because American football was derived from the English sports of soccer and rugby, it should not be called an American sport.

(C) Most sports scholars deny the English origins of American football.

(D) What makes American football American is its derivation from the English sports of soccer and rugby.

(E) Because the essence of America lies in the plurality of its roots, American football should not be called an American sport.

[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #1 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #2 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #3 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #4 OA

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Last edited by hazelnut on 28 Oct 2017, 14:55, edited 1 time in total.
Added question 4.

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Re: The immigration of Europeans and the importation of West [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jun 2013, 22:45
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Rock750 wrote:
The immigration of Europeans and the importation of West African slaves to America resulted in a convergence of cultures, traditions, and art forms, including music. Jazz, first played in New Orleans in the early 1900s, borrowed heavily from the European musical scale and harmonic system. Jazz ensembles were built predominantly on European instruments, such as the trumpet, trombone, saxophone, and piano. The West African influence on jazz was manifested primarily in its performance. Scatting, a technique used by jazz vocalists to mimic the sounds of instruments, had its origin in West African vocal traditions. The emphasis on improvisation in jazz music, in addition to group participation, also came from West African music.
Some musicologists argue that jazz is a purely American form of music. Others, however, contend that jazz is rooted in a history similar to that of America itself, a history of confluence. Proponents of the argument that jazz is purely American often point to its genesis in New Orleans as evidence for this perspective. The irony, however, is that the essence of America lies in the plurality of its roots. To deny the rich and complex history of jazz, and the true origins of the art form, is to deny the very aspects of the art form that make it undeniably American.

1- It can be inferred from the passage that the author would be less inclined to label jazz an American art form if which of the following were true?
A- New Orleans was not the place where jazz music was first played.
B- Jazz music was first created in New York when four avant-garde musicians from different cultural backgrounds came together to experiment with unprecedented musical concepts.
C- With the influx of West Africans to the Americas came a very specific West African musical style which eventually came to be called “jazz” in New Orleans
D- Jazz music actually draws more of its character from South American and Native American traditions than from those of Europe or West Africa.
E- The instruments used by jazz musicians were predominately of West African origin, not European origin.
OA:
[Reveal] Spoiler:
C


2- Which of the following statements concerning jazz is most directly suggested in the passage?
A- The plurality of jazz’s roots has led multiple cultures to claim jazz as their own.
B- If jazz musicians had not borrowed from the European musical scale, they would have used the West African musical scale instead.
C- Only European and African cultures had an influence on the development of jazz
D- Jazz was played in West Africa prior to its introduction in New Orleans in the early 1900s.
E- Instrumentation was not a primary component of the West African influence on jazz.
OA:
[Reveal] Spoiler:
E


3- Which of the following elements of jazz most likely has its origin in West African musical traditions?
A- the emphasis on a tonal harmonic structure
B- the use of an instrument to mimic a vocalist’s sound
C- the use of traditional African instruments
D- the use of many instruments in a jazz ensemble
E- an impromptu call-and-response between two instruments in the ensemble
OA:
[Reveal] Spoiler:
E



1. C
2. E
3. was confused b/w A and E - chose A because if the word 'tonal' - somehow related it to performance., but now totally get why it is E.

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Re: The immigration of Europeans and the importation of West [#permalink]

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New post 28 Oct 2013, 03:44
vikramvinayak wrote:
pls someone explain ,why 3rd question answer is E :?: :idea:


3- Which of the following elements of jazz most likely has its origin in West African musical traditions?

A- the emphasis on a tonal harmonic structure--(harmonic str. was borrowed from europe)
B- the use of an instrument to mimic a vocalist’s sound--(reverse of what is mentioned in the passage)
C- the use of traditional African instruments-(in fact the instruments were predominantly european)
D- the use of many instruments in a jazz ensemble (not related, out of scope)
E- an impromptu call-and-response between two instruments in the ensemble--( implied in the lines The emphasis on improvisation in jazz music, in addition to group participation, also came from West African music.) hence, impromptu improvisation and group participation come from African music
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Re: The immigration of Europeans and the importation of West [#permalink]

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New post 14 Nov 2013, 09:06
Rock750 wrote:
The immigration of Europeans and the importation of West African slaves to America resulted in a convergence of cultures, traditions, and art forms, including music. Jazz, first played in New Orleans in the early 1900s, borrowed heavily from the European musical scale and harmonic system. Jazz ensembles were built predominantly on European instruments, such as the trumpet, trombone, saxophone, and piano. The West African influence on jazz was manifested primarily in its performance. Scatting, a technique used by jazz vocalists to mimic the sounds of instruments, had its origin in West African vocal traditions. The emphasis on improvisation in jazz music, in addition to group participation, also came from West African music.

Some musicologists argue that jazz is a purely American form of music. Others, however, contend that jazz is rooted in a history similar to that of America itself, a history of confluence. Proponents of the argument that jazz is purely American often point to its genesis in New Orleans as evidence for this perspective. The irony, however, is that the essence of America lies in the plurality of its roots. To deny the rich and complex history of jazz, and the true origins of the art form, is to deny the very aspects of the art form that make it undeniably American.
1- It can be inferred from the passage that the author would be less inclined to label jazz an American art form if which of the following were true?
A- New Orleans was not the place where jazz music was first played.
B- Jazz music was first created in New York when four avant-garde musicians from different cultural backgrounds came together to experiment with unprecedented musical concepts.
C- With the influx of West Africans to the Americas came a very specific West African musical style which eventually came to be called “jazz” in New Orleans
D- Jazz music actually draws more of its character from South American and Native American traditions than from those of Europe or West Africa.
E- The instruments used by jazz musicians were predominately of West African origin, not European origin.
OA:
[Reveal] Spoiler:
C


2- Which of the following statements concerning jazz is most directly suggested in the passage?
A- The plurality of jazz’s roots has led multiple cultures to claim jazz as their own.
B- If jazz musicians had not borrowed from the European musical scale, they would have used the West African musical scale instead.
C- Only European and African cultures had an influence on the development of jazz
D- Jazz was played in West Africa prior to its introduction in New Orleans in the early 1900s.
E- Instrumentation was not a primary component of the West African influence on jazz.
OA:
[Reveal] Spoiler:
E


3- Which of the following elements of jazz most likely has its origin in West African musical traditions?
A- the emphasis on a tonal harmonic structure
B- the use of an instrument to mimic a vocalist’s sound
C- the use of traditional African instruments
D- the use of many instruments in a jazz ensemble
E- an impromptu call-and-response between two instruments in the ensemble
OA:
[Reveal] Spoiler:
E


In q 1 I was stumbled beween c and D
Can anyone explain why not D?

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Re: The immigration of Europeans and the importation of West [#permalink]

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New post 14 Nov 2013, 09:45
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In q 1 I was stumbled beween c and D
Can anyone explain why not D

The passage specifically says that jazz is a paculiar form of american art

the question instead ask when this scenario has few prpobability to happen: C says this.

With the influx of West Africans to the Americas came a very specific West African musical style which eventually came to be called jazz in New Orleans

exactly the contrary. eventually, this is a weaken argument question

Jazz music actually draws more of its character from South American and Native American traditions than from those of Europe or West Africa.

here we have a comparison but nothing more than this related to our specific question

hope this helps
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Re: The immigration of Europeans and the importation of West [#permalink]

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New post 05 Aug 2015, 05:45
I have a small doubt w.r.t first question

Why cannot the option be E.

It has been established in the passage that the Jazz is primarily influenced by the instruments of Europe and the performance style of West Africa.
So if we can rule out the possibility that the instruments used in Jazz are of European origin,then we are refuting the argument's conclusion that the Jazz is the result of confluence of different cultures because it is purely imported from West Africa thereby making it a non American art form.

Please respond.

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Re: The immigration of Europeans and the importation of West [#permalink]

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New post 05 Aug 2015, 06:31
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tvrs09 wrote:
I have a small doubt w.r.t first question

Why cannot the option be E.

It has been established in the passage that the Jazz is primarily influenced by the instruments of Europe and the performance style of West Africa.
So if we can rule out the possibility that the instruments used in Jazz are of European origin,then we are refuting the argument's conclusion that the Jazz is the result of confluence of different cultures because it is purely imported from West Africa thereby making it a non American art form.

Please respond.



I think you probably overlooked the word- predominantly.
Option E says talks about predominance of one over another but still hints that there was some kind of confluence.

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Re: The immigration of Europeans and the importation of West [#permalink]

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New post 18 Aug 2015, 09:13
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Rock750 wrote:
The immigration of Europeans and the importation of West African slaves to America resulted in a convergence of cultures, traditions, and art forms, including music. Jazz, first played in New Orleans in the early 1900s, borrowed heavily from the European musical scale and harmonic system. Jazz ensembles were built predominantly on European instruments, such as the trumpet, trombone, saxophone, and piano. The West African influence on jazz was manifested primarily in its performance. Scatting, a technique used by jazz vocalists to mimic the sounds of instruments, had its origin in West African vocal traditions. The emphasis on improvisation in jazz music, in addition to group participation, also came from West African music.

Some musicologists argue that jazz is a purely American form of music. Others, however, contend that jazz is rooted in a history similar to that of America itself, a history of confluence. Proponents of the argument that jazz is purely American often point to its genesis in New Orleans as evidence for this perspective. The irony, however, is that the essence of America lies in the plurality of its roots. To deny the rich and complex history of jazz, and the true origins of the art form, is to deny the very aspects of the art form that make it undeniably American.
1- It can be inferred from the passage that the author would be less inclined to label jazz an American art form if which of the following were true?
A- New Orleans was not the place where jazz music was first played.
B- Jazz music was first created in New York when four avant-garde musicians from different cultural backgrounds came together to experiment with unprecedented musical concepts.
C- With the influx of West Africans to the Americas came a very specific West African musical style which eventually came to be called “jazz” in New Orleans
D- Jazz music actually draws more of its character from South American and Native American traditions than from those of Europe or West Africa.
E- The instruments used by jazz musicians were predominately of West African origin, not European origin.
OA:
[Reveal] Spoiler:
C


2- Which of the following statements concerning jazz is most directly suggested in the passage?
A- The plurality of jazz’s roots has led multiple cultures to claim jazz as their own.
B- If jazz musicians had not borrowed from the European musical scale, they would have used the West African musical scale instead.
C- Only European and African cultures had an influence on the development of jazz
D- Jazz was played in West Africa prior to its introduction in New Orleans in the early 1900s.
E- Instrumentation was not a primary component of the West African influence on jazz.
OA:
[Reveal] Spoiler:
E


3- Which of the following elements of jazz most likely has its origin in West African musical traditions?
A- the emphasis on a tonal harmonic structure
B- the use of an instrument to mimic a vocalist’s sound
C- the use of traditional African instruments
D- the use of many instruments in a jazz ensemble
E- an impromptu call-and-response between two instruments in the ensemble
OA:
[Reveal] Spoiler:
E


4. The primary purpose of the passage is to
A-demonstrate how new art forms evolve
B-describe a medium’s diverse cultural genesis and a relevant paradox
C-argue that a new art form has its origins in the geographic location where it developed
D-describe the impact of African culture on an American art form
E-claim that one culture had a greater impact than another on the evolution of a new art form
OA:
[Reveal] Spoiler:
B


5.The author of the passage would most likely agree with which of the following statements?
A-Although American football was derived from the English sports of soccer and rugby, it should be called a purely American sport because it was first played in America.
B-Because American football was derived from the English sports of soccer and rugby, it should not be called an American sport.
C-Most sports scholars deny the English origins of American football.
D-What makes American football American is its derivation from the English sports of soccer and rugby.
E-Because the essence of America lies in the plurality of its roots, American football should not be called an American sport.
OA:
[Reveal] Spoiler:
D


6.Which of the following provides the best example of the scatting technique used in jazz performance?
A-A female vocalist attempting to vocalize the tone and melodic line just played by a trumpet
B-A male vocalist using the European harmonic system to derive a melodic line
C-A trombone player attempting to imitate the sound of a male vocalist
D-A vocalist improvising lyrics to a song
E-A call and response between two or more instruments in the ensemble
OA:
[Reveal] Spoiler:
A




Added 3 more questions(4,5,6) whatever I came across.
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Re: The immigration of Europeans and the importation of West [#permalink]

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New post 11 Mar 2017, 05:26
arunavamunshi1988 wrote:
The immigration of Europeans and the importation of West African slaves to America resulted in a convergence of cultures, traditions, and art forms, including music. Jazz, first played in New Orleans in the early 1900s, borrowed heavily from the European musical scale and harmonic system. Jazz ensembles were built predominantly on European instruments, such as the trumpet, trombone, saxophone, and piano. The West African influence on jazz was manifested primarily in its performance. Scatting, a technique used by jazz vocalists to mimic the sounds of instruments, had its origin in West African vocal traditions. The emphasis on improvisation in jazz music, in addition to group participation, also came from West African music.

Some musicologists argue that jazz is a purely American form of music. Others, however, contend that jazz is rooted in a history similar to that of America itself, a history of confluence. Proponents of the argument that jazz is purely American often point to its genesis in New Orleans as evidence for this perspective. The irony, however, is that the essence of America lies in the plurality of its roots. To deny the rich and complex history of jazz, and the true origins of the art form, is to deny the very aspects of the art form that make it undeniably American.

4. The primary purpose of the passage is to
A-demonstrate how new art forms evolve
B-describe a medium’s diverse cultural genesis and a relevant paradox
C-argue that a new art form has its origins in the geographic location where it developed
D-describe the impact of African culture on an American art form
E-claim that one culture had a greater impact than another on the evolution of a new art form
OA:
[Reveal] Spoiler:
B


5.The author of the passage would most likely agree with which of the following statements?
A-Although American football was derived from the English sports of soccer and rugby, it should be called a purely American sport because it was first played in America.
B-Because American football was derived from the English sports of soccer and rugby, it should not be called an American sport.
C-Most sports scholars deny the English origins of American football.
D-What makes American football American is its derivation from the English sports of soccer and rugby.
E-Because the essence of America lies in the plurality of its roots, American football should not be called an American sport.
OA:
[Reveal] Spoiler:
D


Can anybody explain the ans of question 4 and 5?


4. The passage starts by highlighting several traditions and cultures influenced by immigration. It later on provides details of several influences on one of the art fomrs in music - JAZZ. In conclusion passage also talks about the paradox of the origin of JAZZ - how different factions have different opinions on it. Hence B is the right answer.

5. Only option D captures the idea of the passage i.e origin of an art form from different sources and its wide acceptance across America.

I hope this helps you.
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Re: The immigration of Europeans and the importation of West [#permalink]

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New post 28 Oct 2017, 14:34
The immigration of Europeans and the importation of West African slaves to America resulted in a convergence of cultures, traditions, and art forms, including music. Jazz, first played in New Orleans in the early 1900s, borrowed heavily from the European musical scale and harmonic system. Jazz ensembles were built predominantly on European instruments, such as the trumpet, trombone, saxophone, and piano. The West African influence on jazz was manifested primarily in its performance. Scatting, a technique used by jazz vocalists to mimic the sounds of instruments, had its origin in West African vocal traditions. The emphasis on improvisation in jazz music, in addition to group participation, also came from West African music.

Some musicologists argue that jazz is a purely American form of music. Others, however, contend that jazz is rooted in a history similar to that of America itself, a history of confluence. Proponents of the argument that jazz is purely American often point to its genesis in New Orleans as evidence for this perspective. The irony, however, is that the essence of America lies in the plurality of its roots. To deny the rich and complex history of jazz, and the true origins of the art form, is to deny the very aspects of the art form that make it undeniably American.
1- It can be inferred from the passage that the author would be less inclined to label jazz an American art form if which of the following were true?

(A) New Orleans was not the place where jazz music was first played.

(B) Jazz music was first created in New York when four avant-garde musicians from different cultural backgrounds came together to experiment with unprecedented musical concepts.

(C) With the influx of West Africans to the Americas came a very specific West African musical style which eventually came to be called “jazz” in New Orleans.

(D) Jazz music actually draws more of its character from South American and Native American traditions than from those of Europe or West Africa.

(E) The instruments used by jazz musicians were predominately of West African origin, not European origin.



OFFICIAL EXPLANATION


To answer this question, we must determine why the author currently DOES believe jazz is an American art form. In the first paragraph, the author says that the arrival of two different cultures to America “resulted in a convergence of… art forms, including music.” In the second paragraph, the author says that “the essence of America lies in the plurality of its roots. To deny the rich and complex history of jazz, and the true origins of the art form, is to deny the very aspects of the art form that make it undeniably American.” The author believes that the “mix” or “convergence” of different cultures in the United States makes jazz American.

(A) The author believes that jazz is American because it was created via a mix of diverse cultures. The author does not specify that this could only happen in New Orleans; what if jazz had developed in Atlanta or San Francisco?

(B) This statement, if true, would indicate that jazz music was derived from the confluence of four different musical styles, or a “plurality of roots.” Therefore, the author would still be likely to label jazz an American art form.

(C) CORRECT. This statement would indicate that jazz came from only one culture (a lack of “plurality”) and that jazz actually developed in West Africa and was merely given a new name in the U.S. (a lack of “convergence” or mixing of cultures in the U.S.). These things would most likely make the author less inclined to label jazz an American art form.

(D) If this statement were true, jazz would still have been derived from a “plurality of roots,” regardless of what these roots were.

(E) If this were true, then one of the pieces of evidence of European origin would become instead a piece of evidence of West African origin. The Europeans, however, would still have contributed the musical scale and harmonic system described in the passage. A “plurality of roots” would still have contributed to the “convergence” of styles, and the development of jazz, in New Orleans.
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The immigration of Europeans and the importation of West [#permalink]

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New post 28 Oct 2017, 14:58
The immigration of Europeans and the importation of West African slaves to America resulted in a convergence of cultures, traditions, and art forms, including music. Jazz, first played in New Orleans in the early 1900s, borrowed heavily from the European musical scale and harmonic system. Jazz ensembles were built predominantly on European instruments, such as the trumpet, trombone, saxophone, and piano. The West African influence on jazz was manifested primarily in its performance. Scatting, a technique used by jazz vocalists to mimic the sounds of instruments, had its origin in West African vocal traditions. The emphasis on improvisation in jazz music, in addition to group participation, also came from West African music.

Some musicologists argue that jazz is a purely American form of music. Others, however, contend that jazz is rooted in a history similar to that of America itself, a history of confluence. Proponents of the argument that jazz is purely American often point to its genesis in New Orleans as evidence for this perspective. The irony, however, is that the essence of America lies in the plurality of its roots. To deny the rich and complex history of jazz, and the true origins of the art form, is to deny the very aspects of the art form that make it undeniably American.
4. The author of the passage would most likely agree with which of the following statements?

(A) Although American football was derived from the English sports of soccer and rugby, it should be called a purely American sport because it was first played in America.

(B) Because American football was derived from the English sports of soccer and rugby, it should not be called an American sport.

(C) Most sports scholars deny the English origins of American football.

(D) What makes American football American is its derivation from the English sports of soccer and rugby.

(E) Because the essence of America lies in the plurality of its roots, American football should not be called an American sport.



OFFICIAL EXPLANATION


In order to determine with which statement the author would be most likely to agree, we must understand the author’s main point in writing the passage. A breakdown of the purpose of each paragraph will help. The first paragraph describes how jazz evolved in America as the result of a convergence of West African and European musical cultures. The second paragraph introduces a disagreement between musicologists as to whether jazz should be considered purely American or whether it should be considered the result of a “confluence” of other cultures. The author expresses the view that the influence of other cultures on the development of jazz in the United States is what makes jazz “undeniably American” – that is, the mix of various non-American influences that helped to create the United States is also what helped to create jazz.

(A) The author believes that jazz is American because it resulted from a convergence of European and West African music, and that those true origins should not be denied Therefore, the fact that football was first played in America is not the main reason it should be considered an American sport. The main reason is that it resulted from a convergence of English sports.

(B) The author believes that jazz should be called an American art form because of its origins in Europe and West Africa. Therefore, it is likely that the author would believe the same about American football, that it is American because of its diverse origins. This choice states the opposite.

(C) Most of the answer choices for this question revolve around the notion of sports, but it’s important to remember that we are never actually told anything about sports in the passage. While we can draw an assumption about what the author might conclude about sports based on what he concludes about jazz, we know nothing specific about what “sports scholars” do or do not believe.

(D) CORRECT. The author believes “that the essence of America lies in the plurality of its roots” and provides as evidence the development of jazz, a music form that evolved in the United States from European and West African origins. Therefore, it is likely that the author would believe that the diverse origins of American football make it American as well.

(E) Because the author believes “that the essence of America lies in the plurality of its roots,” and because American football has diverse origins, the author would be likely to believe that American football should be called an American sport. This choice states the opposite.
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Re: The immigration of Europeans and the importation of West [#permalink]

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New post 28 Oct 2017, 14:59
Rock750 wrote:
The immigration of Europeans and the importation of West African slaves to America resulted in a convergence of cultures, traditions, and art forms, including music. Jazz, first played in New Orleans in the early 1900s, borrowed heavily from the European musical scale and harmonic system. Jazz ensembles were built predominantly on European instruments, such as the trumpet, trombone, saxophone, and piano. The West African influence on jazz was manifested primarily in its performance. Scatting, a technique used by jazz vocalists to mimic the sounds of instruments, had its origin in West African vocal traditions. The emphasis on improvisation in jazz music, in addition to group participation, also came from West African music.

Some musicologists argue that jazz is a purely American form of music. Others, however, contend that jazz is rooted in a history similar to that of America itself, a history of confluence. Proponents of the argument that jazz is purely American often point to its genesis in New Orleans as evidence for this perspective. The irony, however, is that the essence of America lies in the plurality of its roots. To deny the rich and complex history of jazz, and the true origins of the art form, is to deny the very aspects of the art form that make it undeniably American.
2- Which of the following statements concerning jazz is most directly suggested in the passage?

(A) The plurality of jazz’s roots has led multiple cultures to claim jazz as their own.

(B) If jazz musicians had not borrowed from the European musical scale, they would have used the West African musical scale instead.

(C) Only European and African cultures had an influence on the development of jazz.

(D) Jazz was played in West Africa prior to its introduction in New Orleans in the early 1900s.

(E) Instrumentation was not a primary component of the West African influence on jazz.



OFFICIAL EXPLANATION


Correct answers to “inference” questions will not be stated explicitly in the passage; nevertheless, the information must be true according to information given somewhere in the passage. Wrong answers will often go “too far,” asserting something that might be plausible in the real world but is not directly supported by any specific information given in the passage.

(A) While this might be true in the real world, the passage does not provide any information about multiple cultures claiming jazz as their own. Only the United States is discussed in this respect.

(B) While this is a possibility, the passage does not provide any evidence to suggest that jazz musicians definitely would have used the West African musical scale. They might have used some other scale.

(C) Though the passage does describe the various ways in which European and African cultures affected jazz, it also tells us that the form had its genesis in New Orleans, meaning American culture must have had an effect as well.

(D) The passage tells us the opposite of this answer choice in the second sentence of paragraph one, when it says that jazz was “first played in New Orleans in the early 1900s.”

(E) CORRECT. The fourth sentence of paragraph one states that the “West African influence… was manifested primarily in its performance.” Further, the third sentence of paragraph one says that “jazz ensembles were built predominately on European instruments.” These two pieces of evidence, taken together, indicate that instrumentation was a primary component of the European influence on jazz, not the West African influence.
_________________

"Be challenged at EVERY MOMENT."

“Strength doesn’t come from what you can do. It comes from overcoming the things you once thought you couldn’t.”

"Each stage of the journey is crucial to attaining new heights of knowledge."

Rules for posting in verbal forum | Please DO NOT post short answer in your post!

Kudos [?]: 1287 [0], given: 432

Re: The immigration of Europeans and the importation of West   [#permalink] 28 Oct 2017, 14:59
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