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The importance of the ozone layer to terrestrial animals is

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Manager
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The importance of the ozone layer to terrestrial animals is [#permalink]

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08 Nov 2009, 21:46
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The importance of the ozone layer to terrestrial animals is that it entirely filters out some wavelengths of light but lets others through. Holes in the ozone layer and the dangers associated with these holes are well documented. However, one danger that has not been given sufficient attention is that these holes could lead to severe eye damage for animals of many species.

Which one of the following is most strongly supported by the statements above, if they are true?

(A) All wavelengths of sunlight that can cause eye damage are filtered out by the ozone layer where it is intact.
(B) Few species of animals live on a part of the earth’s surface that is not threatened by holes in the ozone layer.
(C) Some species of animals have eyes that will not suffer any damage when exposed to unfiltered sunlight.
(D) A single wavelength of sunlight can cause severe damage to the eyes of most species of animals.
(E) Some wavelengths of sunlight that cause eye damage are more likely to reach the earth’s surface where there are holes in the ozone layer than where there are not.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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08 Nov 2009, 22:24
Will go with E
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08 Nov 2009, 22:46
(A) is out because in the argument there is no distinction about the kind of wavelenghts filtered out
(B) again. The argument does not refer to different area of the world (earth's surface)
(C) out. No distinction about animal eyes resistance.
(D) out. No mention about the number of wavelenghts to causa damages.
(E) here it is

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08 Nov 2009, 23:37
The OA is E
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10 Nov 2009, 18:59
late on this one but definitely "E"
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The importance of the ozone layer to terrestrial animals is [#permalink]

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10 May 2011, 11:46
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The importance of the ozone layer to terrestrial animals is that it entirely filters out some wavelengths of light but lets others through. Holes in the ozone layer and the dangers associated with these holes are well documented. However, one danger that has not been given sufficient attention is that these holes could lead to severe eye damage for animals of many species.

Which one of the following is most strongly supported by the statements above, if they are true?

A. All wavelengths of sunlight that can cause eye damage are filtered out by the ozone layer where it is intact.
B. Few species of animals live on a part of the earth’s surface that is not threatened by holes in the ozone layer.
C. Some species of animals have eyes that will not suffer any damage when exposed to unfiltered sunlight.
D. A single wavelength of sunlight can cause severe damage to the eyes of most species of animals.
E. Some wavelengths of sunlight that cause eye damage are more likely to reach the earth’s surface where there are holes in the ozone layer than where there are not.

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[Reveal] Spoiler:
C is said to be wrong because "many species" may mean "all species". Please explain.

If I say I have 10 balls and many balls are red. Can't I be sure that some will not be red?
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Re: Can "many" include "all"? (Source: PowerScore) [#permalink]

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10 May 2011, 13:46
I will go with E for this.

Question is asking what of the following is supported by the argument.
3 is - B,C and D are talking out of the way. A is not supporting the argument.
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Re: Can "many" include "all"? (Source: PowerScore) [#permalink]

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10 May 2011, 14:57
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+1 E

Yes, "all" MAY include "many".
For example, if you have 100 balls, "many" could be 50 or 100 balls. In both cases, they are a lot! It is an ambiguous term. In this sense, you must be careful of what "many" could mean.

However, I think that " many " is not critical to eliminate C. "Any" is most important in that choice.

I think I deserve kudos
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Re: Can "many" include "all"? (Source: PowerScore) [#permalink]

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10 May 2011, 22:16
metallicafan wrote:
+1 E

Yes, "all" MAY include "many".
For example, if you have 100 balls, "many" could be 50 or 100 balls. In both cases, they are a lot! It is an ambiguous term. In this sense, you must be careful of what "many" could mean.

However, I think that " many " is not critical to eliminate C. "Any" is most important in that choice.

I think I deserve kudos

Thanks a lot. I overlooked the "any"

Kudos to you!
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Re: Can "many" include "all"? (Source: PowerScore) [#permalink]

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11 May 2011, 00:20
There is a gap in reasoning of how the lights may effect the eye sight of some species.
Hence a supporter answer choice is needed here which fills the gap.

Paraphrase : how the regions where there are holes are more problematic than regions where there are no holes in Ozone layer ?
Answer to this will suffice the argument.

Between D and E,

E gives a clear answer. Also negating E will make the conclusion falls too.
Hence E is an assumption answer choice too.
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15 May 2011, 06:38
clean E it is.
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08 Jun 2011, 23:51
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Re: The importance of the ozone layer to terrestrial animals is [#permalink]

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20 May 2012, 22:32
A) All wavelengths of sunlight that can cause eye damage are filtered out by the ozone layer where it is intact.-extreme words
(B) Few species of animals live on a part of the earth’s surface that is not threatened by holes in the ozone layer.-irrelevant
(C) Some species of animals have eyes that will not suffer any damage when exposed to unfiltered sunlight.- wrong. All animal can have their eye damaged.
(D) A single wavelength of sunlight can cause severe damage to the eyes of most species of animals.- not mentioned in text
(E) Some wavelengths of sunlight that cause eye damage are more likely to reach the earth’s surface where there are holes in the ozone layer than where there are not.-correct.
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Re: The importance of the ozone layer to terrestrial animals is [#permalink]

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23 May 2012, 02:13
Fairly simple question to be qualified for 700-Level.

My response - Choice E

Thank you for the question
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Re: The importance of the ozone layer to terrestrial animals is [#permalink]

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25 Jun 2012, 02:29
Straight E. As you may know by now, the correct answers to Inference questions are typically qualified and sometimes restrictive, and avoid making sweeping statements.

Boundary words such as "some" "likely" can be good indicators of the right answer to Inference questions. E can be adequately inferred by using the given premises without resorting to external informal.

Cheers,
Der alte Fritz.
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Re: The importance of the ozone layer to terrestrial animals is [#permalink]

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25 Jun 2012, 21:01
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Good question . The argument is easy enough to understand, but the answer choices can be a little tricky.

(A) All wavelengths of sunlight that can cause eye damage are filtered out by the ozone layer where it is intact.

The argument says that holes can lead to severe damage. That doesn't mean that areas in which the ozone layer is intact do not cause any damage. That is, there is a difference between eye damage and severe eye damage.

(B) Few species of animals live on a part of the earth’s surface that is not threatened by holes in the ozone layer.

The argument does not talk about the extent of ozone holes.

(C) Some species of animals have eyes that will not suffer any damage when exposed to unfiltered sunlight.

Be careful with this one--that not all species are affected by ozone holes does not mean some species are impervious to dangerous wavelengths. The 'some species' could simply be living in area which is not imperiled by ozone holes.

(D) A single wavelength of sunlight can cause severe damage to the eyes of most species of animals.

The argument says nothing about a single wavelength.

(E) Some wavelengths of sunlight that cause eye damage are more likely to reach the earth’s surface where there are holes in the ozone layer than where there are not.

The passage discusses the effects of damaging wavelengths becoming more widespread due to holes in the ozone layer. Therefore, where there are ozone holes there is a great likelihood of eye damage.
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Re: The importance of the ozone layer to terrestrial animals is [#permalink]

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08 Nov 2013, 05:40
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Re: The importance of the ozone layer to terrestrial animals is [#permalink]

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10 Nov 2013, 10:10
The key thing here to note is the phrase "severe eye damage"

The importance of the ozone layer to terrestrial animals is that it entirely filters out some wavelengths of light but lets others through. Holes in the ozone layer and the dangers associated with these holes are well documented. However, one danger that has not been given sufficient attention is that these holes could lead to severe eye damage for animals of many species.

Which one of the following is most strongly supported by the statements above, if they are true?

A. All wavelengths of sunlight that can cause eye damage are filtered out by the ozone layer where it is intact.Close but flawed.No one said that other wavelengths cannot cause damage, Its just that they can't cause severe damage.So all the wavelengths need not be filtered out.
B. Few species of animals live on a part of the earth’s surface that is not threatened by holes in the ozone layer.Can't say. Maybe more live maybe not
C. Some species of animals have eyes that will not suffer any damage when exposed to unfiltered sunlight.Is not supported by above statements
D. A single wavelength of sunlight can cause severe damage to the eyes of most species of animals.Not supported
E. Some wavelengths of sunlight that cause eye damage are more likely to reach the earth’s surface where there are holes in the ozone layer than where there are not.
True, ozone filters some of the wavelengths, so the rays are more likely to reach the surface of earth where there are holes in the surface of earth.
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Re: The importance of the ozone layer to terrestrial animals is [#permalink]

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11 Nov 2013, 06:52
ramannanda9 wrote:
The key thing here to note is the phrase "severe eye damage"

The importance of the ozone layer to terrestrial animals is that it entirely filters out some wavelengths of light but lets others through. Holes in the ozone layer and the dangers associated with these holes are well documented. However, one danger that has not been given sufficient attention is that these holes could lead to severe eye damage for animals of many species.

Which one of the following is most strongly supported by the statements above, if they are true?

A. All wavelengths of sunlight that can cause eye damage are filtered out by the ozone layer where it is intact.Close but flawed.No one said that other wavelengths cannot cause damage, Its just that they can't cause severe damage.So all the wavelengths need not be filtered out.
B. Few species of animals live on a part of the earth’s surface that is not threatened by holes in the ozone layer.Can't say. Maybe more live maybe not
C. Some species of animals have eyes that will not suffer any damage when exposed to unfiltered sunlight.Is not supported by above statements
D. A single wavelength of sunlight can cause severe damage to the eyes of most species of animals.Not supported
E. Some wavelengths of sunlight that cause eye damage are more likely to reach the earth’s surface where there are holes in the ozone layer than where there are not.
True, ozone filters some of the wavelengths, so the rays are more likely to reach the surface of earth where there are holes in the surface of earth.

We have this in the stem:
" However, one danger that has not been given sufficient attention is that these holes could lead to severe eye damage for animals of many species."

Why can't we infer from this that C is the right answer?
Clearly we are told that there will be damage to MOST species.
This means that SOME will not be hurt....
?
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Re: The importance of the ozone layer to terrestrial animals is [#permalink]

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16 Nov 2013, 06:12
ronr34 wrote:
ramannanda9 wrote:
The key thing here to note is the phrase "severe eye damage"

The importance of the ozone layer to terrestrial animals is that it entirely filters out some wavelengths of light but lets others through. Holes in the ozone layer and the dangers associated with these holes are well documented. However, one danger that has not been given sufficient attention is that these holes could lead to severe eye damage for animals of many species.

Which one of the following is most strongly supported by the statements above, if they are true?

A. All wavelengths of sunlight that can cause eye damage are filtered out by the ozone layer where it is intact.Close but flawed.No one said that other wavelengths cannot cause damage, Its just that they can't cause severe damage.So all the wavelengths need not be filtered out.
B. Few species of animals live on a part of the earth’s surface that is not threatened by holes in the ozone layer.Can't say. Maybe more live maybe not
C. Some species of animals have eyes that will not suffer any damage when exposed to unfiltered sunlight.Is not supported by above statements
D. A single wavelength of sunlight can cause severe damage to the eyes of most species of animals.Not supported
E. Some wavelengths of sunlight that cause eye damage are more likely to reach the earth’s surface where there are holes in the ozone layer than where there are not.
True, ozone filters some of the wavelengths, so the rays are more likely to reach the surface of earth where there are holes in the surface of earth.

We have this in the stem:
" However, one danger that has not been given sufficient attention is that these holes could lead to severe eye damage for animals of many species."

Why can't we infer from this that C is the right answer?
Clearly we are told that there will be damage to MOST species.
This means that SOME will not be hurt....
?

Precisely because the argument says severe damage and the option C says no damage. But there can be minor damage even of there is no severe damage.

Hope it is clear.
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Re: The importance of the ozone layer to terrestrial animals is   [#permalink] 16 Nov 2013, 06:12

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