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# The imposition of quotas limiting imported steel will not help the big

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The imposition of quotas limiting imported steel will not help the big  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 20 May 2018, 02:16
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The Official Guide for GMAT Review, 10th Edition, 2003

Practice Question
Question No.: CR 64
Page: 515

The imposition of quotas limiting imported steel will not help the big American steel mills. In fact, the quotas will help “mini-mills” flourish in the United States. Those small domestic mills will take more business from the big American steel mills than would have been taken by the foreign steel mills in the absence of quotas.

Which of the following, if true, would cast the most serious doubt on the claim made in the last sentence above?

(A) Quality rather than price is a major factor in determining the type of steel to be used for a particular application.

(B) Foreign steel mills have long produced grades of steel comparable in quality to the steel produced by the big American mills.

(C) American quotas on imported goods have often induced other countries to impose similar quotas on American goods.

(D) Domestic “mini-mills” consistently produce better grades of steel than do the big American mills.

(E) Domestic “mini-mills” produce low-volume, specialized types of steels that are not produced by the big American steel mills.

Originally posted by reply2spg on 21 Feb 2009, 23:01.
Last edited by hazelnut on 20 May 2018, 02:16, edited 3 times in total.
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Re: The imposition of quotas limiting imported steel will not help the big  [#permalink]

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26 Aug 2016, 19:58
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I learnt a valuable lesson from this question:

1. Pay attention to what question is really asking.

2. Don't waste time on GMAT distraction traps.

In this problem the question is basically asking:

Will small mills take business away from big mills? Since it is a weakening question we need to find answer NO to this question.

(E) Small mills produce different type of steel, they thus will not take business away from big mills. That's the answer.

I wasted a lot of time on two distracting premises in the first two sentences of the passage, and got a wrong answer.
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Re: The imposition of quotas limiting imported steel will not help the big  [#permalink]

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10 Nov 2011, 22:11
naish wrote:
I was confused by the last sentence - "Those small domestic mills will take more business from the
big Americal steel mills than would have been taken by the foreign steel mills in the absence of quotas." It made me think that D could be the correct option. Any comments?

Hi,
D also sounds nice but it actually doesn't cast the 'most' serious doubt compared to E.
Use maximum info given in the arguments. Different kinds of steel imply that mini industries would benefit from the imposition of quotas, in comparison with larger industries. But, D sounds a little out of scope.
But, yes, I have his doubt.
How could mini industries take off businesses from larger groups when the former could produce different types of steel. That's the only place where I need some details.
It is assumed that customers who need one type of steel are okay to get another type when large industries import less. Can someone explain this?
Thanks!
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Re: The imposition of quotas limiting imported steel will not help the big  [#permalink]

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09 Nov 2013, 04:56
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This question is easy but I found it a little time consuming because of the question stem. It takes your focus away from the overall conclusion (which IMO is statement 1). The question asks us to weaken the claim made in the last sentence, i.e. -> small domestic mills will take MORE business from big American steel mills than the business foreign steel mills would have taken in the absence of quotas

To weaken this we dont really need to show that the small mills will have no impact - just that the smalls mill will not have MORE of an impact than foreign steel mills.

E is still the best option, but to be honest - it really doesnt address any of the comparison that the final statement makes. For instance - we dont even know what kind of steel the foreign mills produced. To make this a better choice the statement must address that factor (option E ought to read - E) Domestic “mini-mills” produce low-volume, specialized types of steels that are not produced by EITHER the big
American steel mills OR THE FOREIGN STEEL MILLS

Anyway - it's a good lesson to remember that we're looking for the right answer (aka the best answer) not the perfect answer. If you internalize this CR will be a lot more pleasant!
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Re: The imposition of quotas limiting imported steel will not help the big  [#permalink]

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07 Jun 2014, 05:11
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naish wrote:
I was confused by the last sentence - "Those small domestic mills will take more business from the
big Americal steel mills than would have been taken by the foreign steel mills in the absence of quotas." It made me think that D could be the correct option. Any comments?

The claim is:

Those small domestic mills will take more business from thebig Americal steel mills than would have been taken by the foreign steel mills in the absence of quotas.
To weaken this, we would have to weaken the flawed assumption that small domestic mills would benefit business wise from the big mills in the absence of quotas,
Option D says Domestic “mini-mills” consistently produce better grades of steel than do the big American mills. maybe they do, but that would not stop them from doing business with the Big mills. This option is talking about the quality of steel which has never been under dispute. On the other hand E weakens the claim completely .If the kind of steel produced by the small have nothing in common with the big, the small would not be interested in doing business with the big mills with or without the presence of quotas.
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Re: The imposition of quotas limiting imported steel will not help the big  [#permalink]

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24 Mar 2016, 05:37
Please explain how to reject B.

If "Foreign steel mills have long produced grades of steel comparable in quality to the steel produced by the big American mills" , then foreign steel mills will take more business from the big American steel mills as both are producing same quality of material.

E , it weakens the last line of argument...
How E is better option than B.
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Re: The imposition of quotas limiting imported steel will not help the big  [#permalink]

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27 Jul 2016, 06:36
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The imposition of quotas limiting imported steel will not help the big American steel mills. In fact, the quotas will help “mini-mills” flourish in the United States. Those small domestic mills will take more business from the big Americal steel mills than would have been taken by the foreign steel mills in the absence of quotas.

Which of the following, if true, would cast the most serious doubt on the claim made in the last sentence above?

(A) Quality rather than price is a major factor in determining the type of steel to be used for a particular application.
(B) Foreign steel mills have long produced grades of steel comparable in quality to the steel produced by the big American mills.
(C) American quotas on imported goods have often induced other countries to impose similar quotas on American goods.
(D) Domestic “mini-mills” consistently produce better grades of steel than do the big American mills.
(E) Domestic “mini-mills” produce low-volume, specialized types of steels that are not produced by the big American steel mills.

The possible weakeners could be:-
1) Demand of Big- Steel mills will remain higher than the demand of small steel mills.
2) Product produced by BM is different from product produced by SM
3) Target markets for BM is different from SM.

Looking at the answer choices, E falls into one of these weakness and hence is the answer
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Re: The imposition of quotas limiting imported steel will not help the big  [#permalink]

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24 Sep 2016, 05:45
The imposition of quotas limiting imported steel will not help the big American steel mills. In fact, the quotas will help “mini-mills” flourish in the United States. Those small domestic mills will take more business from the big American steel mills than would have been taken by the foreign steel mills in the absence of quotas.

Type- Weaken
Boil it down - Small Americian mills will take more business from big Americian mills than would have been taken by foreign mills in absence of quotas
Pre-Thinking - What if the quality of steel produced by the two types of mills is different?

(E) Domestic “mini-mills” produce low-volume, specialized types of steels that are not produced by the big American steel mills.

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Re: The imposition of quotas limiting imported steel will not help the big  [#permalink]

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05 Apr 2017, 14:01
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As this a CR question, let’s begin reading the question stem first: The question is talking about – most serious doubt – which implies this is a WEAKEN THE ARGUMENT question.

Premise: Imposition of Quota’s will not help Big steel mills, rather would help flourish mini mills

Conclusion: Small mills will make take more business from big steel mills

Author is assuming that the type of product manufactured by small mills is same as that of big mills

(A) Quality rather than price is a major factor in determining the type of steel to be used for a particular application.
- Usage of steel is not even discussed – this option is OUT OF SCOPE

(B) Foreign steel mills have long produced grades of steel comparable in quality to the steel produced by the big American mills.
- Does not explain the reason why smalls can flourish compared to big mills

(C) American quotas on imported goods have often induced other countries to impose similar quotas on American goods.
- Author is not even talking about other countries (import is different as compared to this topic) – it is IRRELEVANT

(D) Domestic “mini-mills” consistently produce better grades of steel than do the big American mills.
- This does not weaken the argument rather does the opposite

(E) Domestic “mini-mills” produce low-volume, specialized types of steels that are not produced by the big American steel mills.
- This targets the assumptions that products of big and small companies might be same, this is weakening the argument – E is CORRECT answer.

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Re: The imposition of quotas limiting imported steel will not help the big  [#permalink]

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30 May 2017, 17:48
The imposition of quotas limiting imported steel will not help the big American steel mills. In fact, the quotas will help “mini-mills” flourish in the United States. Those small domestic mills will take more business from the big Americal steel mills than would have been taken by the foreign steel mills in the absence of quotas.

Which of the following, if true, would cast the most serious doubt on the claim made in the last sentence above?

(A) Quality rather than price is a major factor in determining the type of steel to be used for a particular application.
(B) Foreign steel mills have long produced grades of steel comparable in quality to the steel produced by the big American mills.
(C) American quotas on imported goods have often induced other countries to impose similar quotas on American goods.
(D) Domestic “mini-mills” consistently produce better grades of steel than do the big American mills.
(E) Domestic “mini-mills” produce low-volume, specialized types of steels that are not produced by the big American steel mills.

My 2 cents.
I was between D and E.
The problem of D is that quality is not discussed at all. And if you were to ask "so what?" there really isn't any good answer.

E is saying mini mills and big mills are not in competition. So quota is not an issue.
Hence, E.
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Re: The imposition of quotas limiting imported steel will not help the big  [#permalink]

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07 Jun 2017, 23:45
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hello, there is no key word in the passage. The only way to find the conclusion or the main premise is to look at the stem question. Do we have always to pay attention to too many small details? Otherwise, it is really confusing to figure out which sentence is the actual claim in the passage?
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Re: The imposition of quotas limiting imported steel will not help the big  [#permalink]

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15 Nov 2017, 07:36
The imposition of quotas limiting imported steel will not help the big American steel mills. In fact, the quotas will help “mini-mills” flourish in the United States. Those small domestic mills will take more business from the big Americal steel mills than would have been taken by the foreign steel mills in the absence of quotas.

Which of the following, if true, would cast the most serious doubt on the claim made in the last sentence above?

(A) Quality rather than price is a major factor in determining the type of steel to be used for a particular application.
(B) Foreign steel mills have long produced grades of steel comparable in quality to the steel produced by the big American mills.
(C) American quotas on imported goods have often induced other countries to impose similar quotas on American goods.
(D) Domestic “mini-mills” consistently produce better grades of steel than do the big American mills.
(E) Domestic “mini-mills” produce low-volume, specialized types of steels that are not produced by the big American steel mills.

The possible weakeners could be:-
1) Demand of Big- Steel mills will remain higher than the demand of small steel mills.
2) Product produced by BM is different from product produced by SM
3) Target markets for BM is different from SM.

Looking at the answer choices, E falls into one of these weakness and hence is the answer

I have an issue with option E- Because the author does not say mini-mills can ONLY produce that kind of produce, this leaves us to evaluate the consideration that can mini-mills produce the production that big-mills produce? If yes, then we are not able to weaken the argument. Also, option E makes sense if we say"Those small domestic mills will take more business from the big American steel mills." However, we have the part "than would have been taken by the foreign steel mills in the absence of quotas." So, how does this make sense in line of thinking option E as the answer. Also, why is B wrong.
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Re: The imposition of quotas limiting imported steel will not help the big  [#permalink]

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16 Nov 2017, 14:54
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Quote:
The imposition of quotas limiting imported steel will not help the big American steel mills. In fact, the quotas will help “mini-mills” flourish in the United States. Those small domestic mills will take more business from the big Americal steel mills than would have been taken by the foreign steel mills in the absence of quotas.

Which of the following, if true, would cast the most serious doubt on the claim made in the last sentence above?

(A) Quality rather than price is a major factor in determining the type of steel to be used for a particular application.
(B) Foreign steel mills have long produced grades of steel comparable in quality to the steel produced by the big American mills.
(C) American quotas on imported goods have often induced other countries to impose similar quotas on American goods.
(D) Domestic “mini-mills” consistently produce better grades of steel than do the big American mills.
(E) Domestic “mini-mills” produce low-volume, specialized types of steels that are not produced by the big American steel mills.

sunny91 wrote:
I have an issue with option E- Because the author does not say mini-mills can ONLY produce that kind of produce, this leaves us to evaluate the consideration that can mini-mills produce the production that big-mills produce? If yes, then we are not able to weaken the argument. Also, option E makes sense if we say"Those small domestic mills will take more business from the big American steel mills." However, we have the part "than would have been taken by the foreign steel mills in the absence of quotas." So, how does this make sense in line of thinking option E as the answer. Also, why is B wrong.

Let's review the author's reasoning:

• In the absence of the quotas, foreign steel mills (FSM) will take SOME business from big American steel mills (BASM).
• With the quotas, small domestic mills (SDM) will take an even greater amount of business from big American steel mills.
• Therefore, the imposition of quotas limiting imported steel will NOT help the big American steel mills and will help “mini-mills” flourish in the United States.

So for whatever reason, the author believes that the quotas will allow smaller domestic mills to take a bigger chunk of business from the big American mills.

Quote:
(B) Foreign steel mills have long produced grades of steel comparable in quality to the steel produced by the big American mills.

We are trying to evaluate the claim made in the last sentence. In order to do so, we need to compare the amount of business taken by FSM without quotas to the amount of business taken by SDM with quotas. Choice (B) simply tells us why foreign steel mills have been able to take some of the business from big American mills (they make a similar product). But what will happen when the quotas are introduced? Will SDM take an even greater chunk of business from BASM? Choice (B) does not help us answer that question or evaluate the author's claim. Eliminate (B).

Quote:
(E) Domestic “mini-mills” produce low-volume, specialized types of steels that are not produced by the big American steel mills.

Yes, it is true that SDM might also make products similar to those produced by BASM. But remember that we are looking for an answer that "would cast the most serious doubt on the claim made in the last sentence above." It doesn't have to PROVE that the claim is not correct, but it has to cast serious doubt.

Going back to the author's reasoning... currently, FSM take some business from BASM. If quotas are introduced, maybe it will be better for BASM since they won't have to deal with the competition from FSM. However, according to the author, if the quotas are introduced, BASM will face even GREATER competition from SDM. So, great, we've dealt with the foreign competition but now we are worse off than before because we have new and greater competition from SDM.

But what if SDM and BASM make different products? In that case, it is LESS LIKELY that the SDM will complete with BASM once the quotas are introduced. Sure, choice (E) doesn't say that SDM ONLY produces "low-volume, specialized types of steels," but it certainly implies that SDM focuses on a different type of product. Even though this doesn't DISPROVE the author's claim, it casts some serious doubt, and we would want more information to evaluate the claim.

All of the other choices can be eliminated, and (E) is the best answer.

I hope that helps!
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Re: The imposition of quotas limiting imported steel will not help the big  [#permalink]

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16 Nov 2017, 16:48
boiled down to D and E, others are out of scope.
D does not weaken; in fact, D strengthens the argument b/c E gives a reason why a small firms will survive and thrive -> D is out.

Why E is correct? I believe E demonstrates a context in which small firms survive not thanks to the quotas, but the special steels. In other words, quotas does not help small firms.
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Re: The imposition of quotas limiting imported steel will not help the big  [#permalink]

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26 Nov 2017, 03:09
This is how i understood the argument.can someone please let me know if my understanding is correct. Now the argument says that the imposition of the quotas is not helping the big american steel mills rather it helps the mini mills flourish and these mini mills get the advantage of more business from the big american mills over the other foreign mills because of the imposition of the quotas. Now you have to give a reason which suggest that even in the absence of the quota there is going to be a good business for the mini mills. Option D and E are close contenders. D talks about the grades of the steel produced in comparison to the big steel company. But the comparison is between the mini mills and the other foreign contenders. Therefore E is the answer.
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Re: The imposition of quotas limiting imported steel will not help the big  [#permalink]

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26 Nov 2017, 03:24
GMATNinja wrote:
Quote:
The imposition of quotas limiting imported steel will not help the big American steel mills. In fact, the quotas will help “mini-mills” flourish in the United States. Those small domestic mills will take more business from the big Americal steel mills than would have been taken by the foreign steel mills in the absence of quotas.

Which of the following, if true, would cast the most serious doubt on the claim made in the last sentence above?

(A) Quality rather than price is a major factor in determining the type of steel to be used for a particular application.
(B) Foreign steel mills have long produced grades of steel comparable in quality to the steel produced by the big American mills.
(C) American quotas on imported goods have often induced other countries to impose similar quotas on American goods.
(D) Domestic “mini-mills” consistently produce better grades of steel than do the big American mills.
(E) Domestic “mini-mills” produce low-volume, specialized types of steels that are not produced by the big American steel mills.

sunny91 wrote:
I have an issue with option E- Because the author does not say mini-mills can ONLY produce that kind of produce, this leaves us to evaluate the consideration that can mini-mills produce the production that big-mills produce? If yes, then we are not able to weaken the argument. Also, option E makes sense if we say"Those small domestic mills will take more business from the big American steel mills." However, we have the part "than would have been taken by the foreign steel mills in the absence of quotas." So, how does this make sense in line of thinking option E as the answer. Also, why is B wrong.

Let's review the author's reasoning:

• In the absence of the quotas, foreign steel mills (FSM) will take SOME business from big American steel mills (BASM).
• With the quotas, small domestic mills (SDM) will take an even greater amount of business from big American steel mills.
• Therefore, the imposition of quotas limiting imported steel will NOT help the big American steel mills and will help “mini-mills” flourish in the United States.

So for whatever reason, the author believes that the quotas will allow smaller domestic mills to take a bigger chunk of business from the big American mills.

Quote:
(B) Foreign steel mills have long produced grades of steel comparable in quality to the steel produced by the big American mills.

We are trying to evaluate the claim made in the last sentence. In order to do so, we need to compare the amount of business taken by FSM without quotas to the amount of business taken by SDM with quotas. Choice (B) simply tells us why foreign steel mills have been able to take some of the business from big American mills (they make a similar product). But what will happen when the quotas are introduced? Will SDM take an even greater chunk of business from BASM? Choice (B) does not help us answer that question or evaluate the author's claim. Eliminate (B).

Quote:
(E) Domestic “mini-mills” produce low-volume, specialized types of steels that are not produced by the big American steel mills.

Yes, it is true that SDM might also make products similar to those produced by BASM. But remember that we are looking for an answer that "would cast the most serious doubt on the claim made in the last sentence above." It doesn't have to PROVE that the claim is not correct, but it has to cast serious doubt.

Going back to the author's reasoning... currently, FSM take some business from BASM. If quotas are introduced, maybe it will be better for BASM since they won't have to deal with the competition from FSM. However, according to the author, if the quotas are introduced, BASM will face even GREATER competition from SDM. So, great, we've dealt with the foreign competition but now we are worse off than before because we have new and greater competition from SDM.

But what if SDM and BASM make different products? In that case, it is LESS LIKELY that the SDM will complete with BASM once the quotas are introduced. Sure, choice (E) doesn't say that SDM ONLY produces "low-volume, specialized types of steels," but it certainly implies that SDM focuses on a different type of product. Even though this doesn't DISPROVE the author's claim, it casts some serious doubt, and we would want more information to evaluate the claim.

All of the other choices can be eliminated, and (E) is the best answer.

I hope that helps!

Wow!! What an explanation ! Thanks GMATNinja. Haven't come across such great explanation lately. Kudos.
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Re: The imposition of quotas limiting imported steel will not help the big  [#permalink]

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05 Dec 2017, 03:12
GMATNinja wrote:
Quote:
[list][*]

Going back to the author's reasoning... currently, FSM take some business from BASM. If quotas are introduced, maybe it will be better for BASM since they won't have to deal with the competition from FSM. However, according to the author, if the quotas are introduced, BASM will face even GREATER competition from SDM. So, great, we've dealt with the foreign competition but now we are worse off than before because we have new and greater competition from SDM.

But what if SDM and BASM make different products? In that case, it is LESS LIKELY that the SDM will complete with BASM once the quotas are introduced. Sure, choice (E) doesn't say that SDM ONLY produces "low-volume, specialized types of steels," but it certainly implies that SDM focuses on a different type of product. Even though this doesn't DISPROVE the author's claim, it casts some serious doubt, and we would want more information to evaluate the claim.

Hi, GMATNinja , actually what I comprehended from the question stem was:
With quota, the SDM is benefited but the BASM not benefited
WITHOUT quota, the SDM IS STILL benefited even more than the FSM, BSAM is still not benefited
Correct me if I'm wrong
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Re: The imposition of quotas limiting imported steel will not help the big  [#permalink]

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21 Dec 2017, 11:34
akara2500 wrote:
Hi, GMATNinja , actually what I comprehended from the question stem was:
With quota, the SDM is benefited but the BASM not benefited
WITHOUT quota, the SDM IS STILL benefited even more than the FSM, BSAM is still not benefited
Correct me if I'm wrong

akara2500, please explain your reasoning here: "WITHOUT quota, the SDM IS STILL benefited even more than the FSM, BSAM is still not benefited".

According to the last sentence, the amount of business that FSM would take from BSAM WITHOUT quotas is LESS than the amount that SDM will take from BSAM WITH quotas. There is nothing to suggest that SDM will benefit more than FSM in the absence of quotas.
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