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# The incidence of rape in rural areas

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Verbal Expert
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
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Re: The incidence of rape in rural areas [#permalink]

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04 May 2017, 04:48
2
1
Jat wrote:
Hello Experts,
How can option B wrong?
She is taller than him. In this sentence we are not comparing "taller" with "him".
Similarly, option B : the incidence of rape in rural area is equal to or higher than (the incidence of rape) in urban area.

Jat

The problem in B is with the part "equal to" - object of a preposition must be a noun - ignore the part "or higher than"; the sentence becomes:

The incidence of rape in rural areas is equal to in urban areas..... this construction is wrong because there should be a noun (or pronoun) after "to".

However it would be alright to say:
The incidence of rape is higher in rural areas than in urban areas.
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Re: The incidence of rape in rural areas [#permalink]

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11 Jun 2017, 08:48
Kevalkhanna wrote:
The incidence of rape in rural areas is equally high or more so than in urban areas.
(A) equally high or more so than in urban areas
(B) equal to or higher than in urban areas
(C) as high as in urban areas or more
(D) equal to, if not more, than in urban areas
(E) as high as it is in urban areas, if not higher

Below are the reasoning based on which I selected "E".
(A) equally high or more so than in urban areas - Comparison is not clear ([color=#0000ff]compared to what in urban area) (urban)[/color]
(B) equal to or higher than in urban areas - Comparison is not clear ([color=#0000ff]compared to what in urban area) (urban)[/color]
(C) as high as in urban areas or more - Comparison is not clear ([color=#0000ff]compared to what in urban area) (urban)[/color]
(D) equal to, if not more, than in urban areas - Comparison is not clear ([color=#0000ff]compared to what in urban area) (urban)[/color]
(E) as high as it is in urban areas, if not higher[/quote] - Correct comparison, "it" referring to incidence of rape. . Although I am not totally satisfied with this answer, as "if not higher" changes the meaning a bit, but this is best among all options available.
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Re: The incidence of rape in rural areas [#permalink]

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11 Jun 2017, 09:23
Got this one wrong terribly.
Careful reading is must for SC question.
Option E is correct
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The incidence of rape in rural areas [#permalink]

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24 Jun 2017, 10:27
GMATNinja

hi Sir,
Does not this phrase "if not higher" in option E changes the meaning ?

okay its grammatically correct but are such meaning changes acceptable on official question ?
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Re: The incidence of rape in rural areas [#permalink]

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24 Jun 2017, 17:55
mihir0710 wrote:
GMATNinja

hi Sir,
Does not this phrase "if not higher" in option E changes the meaning ?

okay its grammatically correct but are such meaning changes acceptable on official question ?

Sure, "as high as... if not higher" would definitely mean something different than just "as high as", but I think the meaning is basically the same in all five answer choices. All of them contain "or higher" or "or more so" or something like that. So the meaning in (E) really isn't substantially different from any of the other answer choices, so it's not really a problem.

(But for what it's worth: "at least as high as" would have been a much more elegant phrase. But that wasn't an option, so...)

Anyway, I hope this helps!
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Re: The incidence of rape in rural areas [#permalink]

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24 Jun 2017, 19:11
In B .
Just remove higher than and read the stuff.

The incidence of rape in rural areas is equal to in urban areas.

Do you think it is right ? .
I don't think so.
We need frequency to be higher not more.
So between B and E .

E is better option than B.
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Re: The incidence of rape in rural areas [#permalink]

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15 Jan 2018, 00:22
IMHO,(B) can be read as :
the incidence of rape in rural area is equal to or higher than (the incidence of rape) in urban area.

Is it wrong to interpret (B) as above?
Thanks
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Re: The incidence of rape in rural areas [#permalink]

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15 Jan 2018, 00:30
E, pronoun it refers to.. incidence of rape..which is not there in other options..

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Re: The incidence of rape in rural areas [#permalink]

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15 Jan 2018, 08:51
Hi GMATninja,

The incidence of rape in rural areas is equally high or more so than in urban areas.
(A) equally high or more so than in urban areas
(B) equal to or higher than in urban areas
(C) as high as in urban areas or more
(D) equal to, if not more, than in urban areas
(E) as high as it is in urban areas, if not higher

Can you explain what’s wrong with option A. Is this comparison wrong or the use of ‘more so’ is wrong. I think there is nothing wrong in comparison, because it simply says A is high in X than in Y. the use of ‘it’ can be redundant, because we have used word ‘in’ after ‘than’. can you please explain!!!

GMATNinja wrote:
mihir0710 wrote:
GMATNinja

hi Sir,
Does not this phrase "if not higher" in option E changes the meaning ?

okay its grammatically correct but are such meaning changes acceptable on official question ?

Sure, "as high as... if not higher" would definitely mean something different than just "as high as", but I think the meaning is basically the same in all five answer choices. All of them contain "or higher" or "or more so" or something like that. So the meaning in (E) really isn't substantially different from any of the other answer choices, so it's not really a problem.

(But for what it's worth: "at least as high as" would have been a much more elegant phrase. But that wasn't an option, so...)

Anyway, I hope this helps!
Verbal Expert
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Re: The incidence of rape in rural areas [#permalink]

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15 Jan 2018, 09:30
vksharma wrote:
IMHO,(B) can be read as :
the incidence of rape in rural area is equal to or higher than (the incidence of rape) in urban area.

Is it wrong to interpret (B) as above?
Thanks

The interpretation above is wrong - for simplicity, ignore the part "equal to" for the time being:

The incidence of rape in rural area is higher than in urban area... the comparison is incorrect. Here the the compared parts are "the incidence" (noun) and "in urban area" (prepositional phrase).

The correct comparison would be:

The incidence of rape is higher in rural area than in urban area. Here the comparison is correct (two prepositional phrases are compared.)
OR
The incidence of rape in rural area is higher than that in urban area. Here that comparison is also correct (two nouns are compared).

You cannot mix noun with prepositional phrase.
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Re: The incidence of rape in rural areas [#permalink]

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15 Jan 2018, 09:38
GMATNinja
I shortlisted the answers to C and E. Can you explain how E is better?
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Re: The incidence of rape in rural areas [#permalink]

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15 Jan 2018, 18:35
1
globaldesi wrote:
GMATNinja
I shortlisted the answers to C and E. Can you explain how E is better?

Usual caveats apply here about non-official questions: the GMAT spends somewhere between \$1500 and \$3000 developing each question, and even the best test-prep companies can't compete. This one certainly isn't terrible, but I don't think it smells quite like the real thing, either.

But all of them have clear problems, other than (E). (A), (C), and (D) all have an issue in common: they all use the word "more", and that doesn't work in this context, because you could never say that the "incidence of rape... is more" in one place than another. You could say that the "incidence... is higher", but "more" is wrong here. (If it helps, think of "frequency" as a rough synonym for "incidence" -- "the frequency... is more" doesn't work either, right?)

So for that reason, you can eliminate (A), (C), and (D). If anybody reading this is tempted by (B), check out sayantanc2k 's excellent explanation above.

I hope this helps!
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Re: The incidence of rape in rural areas [#permalink]

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05 May 2018, 03:27
A comparison question -- The incidence of rape in rural areas vs The incidence of rape in urban areas.

(A) equally high or more so than in urban areas --- The incidence of rape in rural areas is more so than in urban areas - does it sounds good ?
(B) equal to or higher than in urban areas --- equal to in urban area. ---- does this sound alright ?
(C) as high as in urban areas or more --- incidence vs area comparison; classic comparison mistake.
(D) equal to, if not more, than in urban areas --- equal to that of in urban area would have been right.
(E) as high as it is in urban areas, if not higher --- it refers to 'incidence'. make perfect sense now.
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Re: The incidence of rape in rural areas   [#permalink] 05 May 2018, 03:27

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