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# The incidence of suicide in the country of Travonia has increased dram

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The incidence of suicide in the country of Travonia has increased dram  [#permalink]

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27 Jul 2018, 00:59
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The incidence of suicide in the country of Travonia has increased dramatically in recent years, as evidenced by the fact that since the introduction of several nonprescription brands of sleeping pills, the number of deaths from overdoses alone has nearly doubled. However, certain types of suicides have not increased in number during this period. It is true that elderly suicides have seen a greater than 70 percent increase, but teen suicides now account for only 30 percent of all suicides in the country. This is a significant decrease over 1985, when teen cases represented 65 percent of all country-wide suicides.

The assertion that suicides are increasing in Travonia is most justified if which of the following is assumed?

(A) The elderly suffered the greatest number of overdoses from the nonprescription sleeping pills.

(B) Overdosing on sleeping pills was not the most pervasive method of suicide in Travonia ten years ago.

(C) The number of deaths from natural causes in Travonia has decreased in recent years.

(D) The majority of deaths resulting from overdosing on non-prescription sleeping pills were not accidental.

(E) Travonia's suicide rate is higher than the world-wide average suicide rate.

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Re: The incidence of suicide in the country of Travonia has increased dram  [#permalink]

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27 Jul 2018, 08:00
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Bunuel wrote:
The incidence of suicide in the country of Travonia has increased dramatically in recent years, as evidenced by the fact that since the introduction of several nonprescription brands of sleeping pills, the number of deaths from overdoses alone has nearly doubled. However, certain types of suicides have not increased in number during this period. It is true that elderly suicides have seen a greater than 70 percent increase, but teen suicides now account for only 30 percent of all suicides in the country. This is a significant decrease over 1985, when teen cases represented 65 percent of all country-wide suicides.

Pre-thinking :
The incidence of suicides has increased in Travonia, and deaths resulting from sleeping pill overdoses has nearly doubled since the release of new non-prescription sleeping pills.
But what if the the overdose of new sleeping pills were inadvertent, will that still qualify as a suicide ? Not really

(D) The majority of deaths resulting from overdosing on non-prescription sleeping pills were not accidental. --> Correct, negate the statement and see how the argument falls apart

Hence, D.
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Re: The incidence of suicide in the country of Travonia has increased dram  [#permalink]

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27 Jul 2018, 08:58
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The incidence of suicide in the country of Travonia has increased dramatically in recent years, as evidenced by the fact that since the introduction of several nonprescription brands of sleeping pills, the number of deaths from overdoses alone has nearly doubled. However, certain types of suicides have not increased in number during this period. It is true that elderly suicides have seen a greater than 70 percent increase, but teen suicides now account for only 30 percent of all suicides in the country. This is a significant decrease over 1985, when teen cases represented 65 percent of all country-wide suicides.

The assertion that suicides are increasing in Travonia is most justified if which of the following is assumed?

The author is assuming the # of deaths that has doubled are mostly attributed to suicide cases
Negation of D:
The majority of deaths resulting from overdosing on non-prescription sleeping pills were accidental ==> they were not suicides ==> the assertion that suicides are increasing stands unwarranted.
+D

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Re: The incidence of suicide in the country of Travonia has increased dram  [#permalink]

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30 Jul 2018, 23:10

The incidence of suicide in the country of Travonia has increased dramatically in recent years, as evidenced by the fact that since the introduction of several nonprescription brands of sleeping pills, the number of deaths from overdoses alone has nearly doubled. However, certain types of suicides have not increased in number during this period. It is true that elderly suicides have seen a greater than 70 percent increase, but teen suicides now account for only 30 percent of all suicides in the country. This is a significant decrease over 1985, when teen cases represented 65 percent of all country-wide suicides.

The assertion that suicides are increasing in Travonia is most justified if which of the following is assumed?

(A) The elderly suffered the greatest number of overdoses from the nonprescription sleeping pills.

(B) Overdosing on sleeping pills was not the most pervasive method of suicide in Travonia ten years ago.

(C) The number of deaths from natural causes in Travonia has decreased in recent years.

(D) The majority of deaths resulting from overdosing on non-prescription sleeping pills were not accidental.

(E) Travonia's suicide rate is higher than the world-wide average suicide rate.
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Re: The incidence of suicide in the country of Travonia has increased dram  [#permalink]

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31 Jul 2018, 03:53
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Enaay wrote:

The incidence of suicide in the country of Travonia has increased dramatically in recent years, as evidenced by the fact that since the introduction of several nonprescription brands of sleeping pills, the number of deaths from overdoses alone has nearly doubled. However, certain types of suicides have not increased in number during this period. It is true that elderly suicides have seen a greater than 70 percent increase, but teen suicides now account for only 30 percent of all suicides in the country. This is a significant decrease over 1985, when teen cases represented 65 percent of all country-wide suicides.

The assertion that suicides are increasing in Travonia is most justified if which of the following is assumed?

(A) The elderly suffered the greatest number of overdoses from the nonprescription sleeping pills.

(B) Overdosing on sleeping pills was not the most pervasive method of suicide in Travonia ten years ago.

(C) The number of deaths from natural causes in Travonia has decreased in recent years.

(D) The majority of deaths resulting from overdosing on non-prescription sleeping pills were not accidental.

(E) Travonia's suicide rate is higher than the world-wide average suicide rate.

You need to find a link between suicide and use of non-prescption drugs. A only says that elderly people have the largest number of suicides among people who used non-prescription sleeping pills. B says about what happened ten years ago. We need information about now. Still B doesn't help to explain why use of sleeping pills explain suicides. This is what D does. Hope it helps!
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Re: The incidence of suicide in the country of Travonia has increased dram  [#permalink]

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03 Aug 2018, 03:16
Bunuel wrote:
The incidence of suicide in the country of Travonia has increased dramatically in recent years, as evidenced by the fact that since the introduction of several nonprescription brands of sleeping pills, the number of deaths from overdoses alone has nearly doubled. However, certain types of suicides have not increased in number during this period. It is true that elderly suicides have seen a greater than 70 percent increase, but teen suicides now account for only 30 percent of all suicides in the country. This is a significant decrease over 1985, when teen cases represented 65 percent of all country-wide suicides.

The assertion that suicides are increasing in Travonia is most justified if which of the following is assumed?

(A) The elderly suffered the greatest number of overdoses from the nonprescription sleeping pills.

(B) Overdosing on sleeping pills was not the most pervasive method of suicide in Travonia ten years ago.

(C) The number of deaths from natural causes in Travonia has decreased in recent years.

(D) The majority of deaths resulting from overdosing on non-prescription sleeping pills were not accidental.

(E) Travonia's suicide rate is higher than the world-wide average suicide rate.

KAPLAN OFFICIAL EXPLANATION:

Now for part 2 of "Suicide in Travonia." Re-evaluating the argument, we can see that the author presents one piece of evidence in support of her assertion: Deaths resulting from sleeping pill overdoses have almost doubled since new nonprescription sleeping pills have been released. In order to use these overdoses to support the assertion that suicides have increased dramatically, the author must assume that the overdoses were indeed deliberate and hence qualify as suicides. (D) clearly expresses this assumption.

(A) brings up the same problem that we saw in the previous question's answer choices: the author makes no links between the people overdosing on the sleeping pills and the teens and elderly folk discussed later in the stimulus. The author needn't assume such a connection in order to assert that suicides have increased dramatically.

An 800 test taker understands the relationship between groups represented in the stimulus, and specifically knows which connections are necessary, and not necessary, between them.

(B) Knowing what was the most pervasive suicide method ten years ago doesn't have any real bearing on the claim in the first sentence of the passage. Maybe the method was overdosing on sleeping pills, maybe not. Either way, this doesn't help justify the assertion that recent suicides are up.

(C) is far outside the scope. Deaths from natural causes have no necessary relation to this argument about suicide.

(E)'s relative comparison of Travonia's suicide rate to the world's is not relevant to the assertion in question. The author only asserts that suicides in Travonia have increased; there is no mention of their relative increase or of the suicide rate in other countries.
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Re: The incidence of suicide in the country of Travonia has increased dram  [#permalink]

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27 Aug 2018, 18:44
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Hi Bunuel,

Although the explanation and option is correct, it leaves out a majority part of the argument - does NOT speak/mention/link about teen age suicide rate.
And hence this leaves me unconvinced about the logic in answr choice.
Isn't the answer should be something that connect all the major things in premise and the conclusion?
Wouldn't an official GMAT question ALWAYS do that?

Thanks.
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Re: The incidence of suicide in the country of Travonia has increased dram  [#permalink]

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13 Oct 2018, 00:58
The author presents one piece of evidence to support the assertion that suicides are increasing in Travonia: Deaths resulting from sleeping pill overdoses have almost doubled since new non-prescription sleeping pills have been released. In order to use these overdoses to support the assertion that suicides have increased dramatically, the author must assume that the overdoses were indeed deliberate and hence qualify as suicides. (D) is therefore correct. It bridges the gap between the primary evidence and the author's assertion.

The author makes no links between the people overdosing on the sleeping pills and the teens and elderly folk discussed later in the stimulus (A). The author needn't assume such a connection in order to assert that suicides have increased dramatically. (B) is wrong because knowing what was the most pervasive suicide method ten years ago doesn't have any real bearing on the claim in the first sentence of the passage, which says only that suicide rates in general have increased. (C) is far outside the scope. Deaths from natural causes aren't a factor in assessing an increase or decrease in the suicide rate. (E)'s relative comparison of Travonia's suicide rate to the world's is not relevant. The author only asserts that suicides in Travonia have increased; there is no mention of their relative increase or of the suicide rate in other countries.
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Re: The incidence of suicide in the country of Travonia has increased dram   [#permalink] 13 Oct 2018, 00:58
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