The increased popularity and availability of televisions has : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# The increased popularity and availability of televisions has

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The increased popularity and availability of televisions has [#permalink]

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23 Nov 2006, 13:12
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The increased popularity and availability of televisions has led to the decline of regional dialects, language variations which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated by geographic isolation.

(A) which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(B) that originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(C) originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(D) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(E) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuating
If you have any questions
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23 Nov 2006, 14:35
going with D. I like "originating from....and perpetuated by"
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23 Nov 2006, 15:06
D !

If you are wondering why not C, please see another SC with the subject /title "local times" (do a little search).
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23 Nov 2006, 19:20
Opted for (C).

Swagatalakshmi, tried to look for "local times". Couldn't find it. Care to explain why not (C)?

Thot that (C) is more parallel due to the "past tense" structure. Why "originating" rather than "originated"? After all, the origination happened in the past and not longer continue at present time.

Views pls
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23 Nov 2006, 19:24
Hang Tuah wrote:
Opted for (C).

Swagatalakshmi, tried to look for "local times". Couldn't find it. Care to explain why not (C)?

Thot that (C) is more parallel due to the "past tense" structure. Why "originating" rather than "originated"? After all, the origination happened in the past and not longer continue at present time.

Views pls

The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local times, which was determined by when the sun reached the observer's meridian and differing from city to city, and to the establishment of regional times.

(A)which was determined by when the sun reached the observer's meridian and differing
(B)which was determined by when the sun reached the observer's meridian and which differed
(C)which were determined by when the sun reached the observer's meridian and differing
(D)determined by when the sun reached the observer's meridian and differed
(E)determined by when the sun reached the observer's meridian and differing

Explanation:

Yes - E will "sound" better because Kaplan's OA told you so !

Here is my 2 cents on boring English grammar (which Kaplan will never tell you):

Options with "which" are darn wrong - because "which" refers to local times (plural) and cannot have "was".

Some "psycho" can still argue (as someone did in a previous post by calling himself a "psycho") that "which" refers to "abolition" and not to "local time"; then please be prepare to tell me how abolition can be determined by sun's position.

Now between D & E :

"determined" and "differed/ differing" are both participle modifying noun "local times" and can be used for parallel construction. However, there is a subtle difference:

"local times" are determined by something else which is not under control of "local times"; hence it needs a passive construction - "determined by X"

However, local time can differ by itself so it can have an active construction - "differing city to city" - as presented in E.

E is correct .
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24 Nov 2006, 14:17
Hang Tuah wrote:
Opted for (C).

Swagatalakshmi, tried to look for "local times". Couldn't find it. Care to explain why not (C)?

Thot that (C) is more parallel due to the "past tense" structure. Why "originating" rather than "originated"? After all, the origination happened in the past and not longer continue at present time.

Views pls

Looks for "railroad growth" and if you'r still not getting it try "meridian" you wouldnt miss it....
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24 Nov 2006, 15:47
Posted: Thu Nov 23, 2006 1:12 pm Post subject: SC -Regional dialects

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The increased popularity and availability of televisions has led to the decline of regional dialects, language variations which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated by geographic isolation.

(A) which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(B) that originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(C) originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(D) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(E) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuating

Folks, i chose B initially and thought D is the second best answer. But now that i know the answer, it appears their is no need for That in second phrase as D is straitforward answer.. I do hope i don't make the same mistake as this one in the real exam. Did anyone else pick B first ? or was i the know only one.. Darn!!!
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24 Nov 2006, 21:59
arjsingh1976 wrote:
The increased popularity and availability of televisions has led to the decline of regional dialects, language variations which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated by geographic isolation.

(A) which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(B) that originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(C) originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(D) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(E) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuating

I've got a question here.. the non-underlined part seems to have a Plural subject and yet the verb in the non-underlined part is Singular (has led to the decline)

POPULARITY AND AVAILABILITY OF TELEVISIONS HAS

is this correct?
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24 Nov 2006, 22:09
dwivedys wrote:
arjsingh1976 wrote:
The increased popularity and availability of televisions has led to the decline of regional dialects, language variations which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated by geographic isolation.

(A) which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(B) that originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(C) originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(D) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(E) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuating

I've got a question here.. the non-underlined part seems to have a Plural subject and yet the verb in the non-underlined part is Singular (has led to the decline)

POPULARITY AND AVAILABILITY OF TELEVISIONS HAS

is this correct?

Good catch...I think it is a compound subject and should be "have"
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24 Nov 2006, 22:17
trivikram wrote:
dwivedys wrote:
arjsingh1976 wrote:
The increased popularity and availability of televisions has led to the decline of regional dialects, language variations which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated by geographic isolation.

(A) which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(B) that originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(C) originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(D) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(E) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuating

I've got a question here.. the non-underlined part seems to have a Plural subject and yet the verb in the non-underlined part is Singular (has led to the decline)

POPULARITY AND AVAILABILITY OF TELEVISIONS HAS

is this correct?

Good catch...I think it is a compound subject and should be "have"

That was my understanding as well..AND creates a COMPOUND SUBJECT. It would have been another matter if the AND were replaced with a let's say along with in which case the participating entities are not compounded.

The increased popularity along with increased availabilty HAS led to declines etc..
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24 Nov 2006, 22:23
dwivedys wrote:
trivikram wrote:
dwivedys wrote:
arjsingh1976 wrote:
The increased popularity and availability of televisions has led to the decline of regional dialects, language variations which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated by geographic isolation.

(A) which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(B) that originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(C) originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(D) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(E) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuating

I've got a question here.. the non-underlined part seems to have a Plural subject and yet the verb in the non-underlined part is Singular (has led to the decline)

POPULARITY AND AVAILABILITY OF TELEVISIONS HAS

is this correct?

Good catch...I think it is a compound subject and should be "have"

That was my understanding as well..AND creates a COMPOUND SUBJECT. It would have been another matter if the AND were replaced with a let's say along with in which case the participating entities are not compounded.

The increased popularity along with increased availabilty HAS led to declines etc..

But again to have an exception

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24 Nov 2006, 22:29
trivikram wrote:
dwivedys wrote:
trivikram wrote:
dwivedys wrote:
arjsingh1976 wrote:
The increased popularity and availability of televisions has led to the decline of regional dialects, language variations which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated by geographic isolation.

(A) which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(B) that originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(C) originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(D) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(E) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuating

I've got a question here.. the non-underlined part seems to have a Plural subject and yet the verb in the non-underlined part is Singular (has led to the decline)

POPULARITY AND AVAILABILITY OF TELEVISIONS HAS

is this correct?

Good catch...I think it is a compound subject and should be "have"

That was my understanding as well..AND creates a COMPOUND SUBJECT. It would have been another matter if the AND were replaced with a let's say along with in which case the participating entities are not compounded.

The increased popularity along with increased availabilty HAS led to declines etc..

But again to have an exception

So true..If I recall correctly, a long time ago Paul had posted some material on compound subjects etc and I remember seeing these exceptions in that note. I wonder if Paul can help us get to it...
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27 Nov 2006, 23:58
OA is D
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03 Dec 2006, 06:47
I still cannot figure out how is Choice D a parallel construction. Can anyone please shed some light on it.
Pleae explain   [#permalink] 03 Dec 2006, 06:47
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