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# The increased popularity and availability of televisions has

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Senior Manager
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The increased popularity and availability of televisions has [#permalink]

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24 May 2007, 17:30
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767. The increased popularity and availability of televisions has led to the decline of regional dialects, language variations which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated by geographic isolation.

(A) which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(B) that originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(C) originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(D) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(E) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuating
CEO
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Re: SC - 767 - dialects [#permalink]

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10 Sep 2007, 08:48
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leeye84 wrote:
767. The increased popularity and availability of televisions has led to the decline of regional dialects, language variations which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated by geographic isolation.

(A) which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(B) that originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(C) originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(D) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(E) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuating

this is a variation of the Brutal SC railroad question.

A is wrong because which is improperly used.
B is wrong because of an unnecessary THAT. "originated from ..." already modifies "language variations"
C is wrong because the voice is wrong. languages variations performs the action so it is in ACTIVE voice. It should be "language variations originating from...." Notice that this is not a TENSE concept.
D correct use of active and passive voices.
E. perpetuating by should be perpetuaded by (passive voice because the action is being done on the language variations here)
Director
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24 May 2007, 21:06
(A) which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(B) that originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated – are there no more variations????
(C) originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated –Context is changed.
(D) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated – Verb Tense
(E) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuating - Verb Tense

B - seems to say that there are no more variations
C - context is changed.
D & E - Verb Tense, use of "ing"

Hence A is the answer.
Manager
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Re: SC - 767 - dialects [#permalink]

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25 May 2007, 08:14
leeye84 wrote:
767. The increased popularity and availability of televisions has led to the decline of regional dialects, language variations which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated by geographic isolation.

(A) which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(B) that originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(C) originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(D) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(E) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuating

Here parallelism is maintained in D only with two participle phrases

Originating from... and pereptuated by.... to explain language variation.
Senior Manager
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Re: SC - 767 - dialects [#permalink]

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25 May 2007, 08:59
johnycute wrote:
leeye84 wrote:
767. The increased popularity and availability of televisions has led to the decline of regional dialects, language variations which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated by geographic isolation.

(A) which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(B) that originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(C) originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(D) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(E) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuating

Here parallelism is maintained in D only with two participle phrases

Originating from... and pereptuated by.... to explain language variation.

Why not 'originated from...and pereptuated by'. Both have '-ed'.

The OA is D.
Manager
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25 May 2007, 09:32
(B) that originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated

B is wrong because languages that - talks about a specific set of languages . which is wrong.

(C) originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
My Answer was : C though "were" would have been better and were perpetuated .

(D) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
I Think "ing" is wrong over here ( unless preceeded by a comman - participle )

what is the OE ?
Manager
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Re: SC - 767 - dialects [#permalink]

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26 May 2007, 01:22
leeye84 wrote:
johnycute wrote:
leeye84 wrote:
767. The increased popularity and availability of televisions has led to the decline of regional dialects, language variations which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated by geographic isolation.

(A) which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(B) that originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(C) originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(D) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(E) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuating

Here parallelism is maintained in D only with two participle phrases

Originating from... and pereptuated by.... to explain language variation.

Why not 'originated from...and pereptuated by'. Both have '-ed'.

The OA is D.

B option changes the original meaning of the sentence.

Originated from tells us that language variations originated and process is finished but the original sentence does not mean that so B is wrong.
Director
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Re: SC - 767 - dialects [#permalink]

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03 Jan 2009, 12:25
I think this blog explains the answer the best, it's much like the OG 11. eg. 39 where "spawned" and "extending" are parallel
http://www.mbacrashcourse.com/tag/life-quot
Quote:
D

"Orginating" and "perpetuated" are actually parallel to each other

How?

One is present particple and other is past participle

and they parallel also in meaning

"Orginating means getting new life" Beginning of life

"perpetuate means preserving from extinction ie end of life"
Manager
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Re: SC - 767 - dialects [#permalink]

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03 Jan 2009, 22:25
leeye84 wrote:
Why not 'originated from...and pereptuated by'. Both have '-ed'.

The OA is D.

IMO problem with B is not 'that' but past teanse. Its giving a definition of regional dialects. Its a kind of fact & we never use past tense for facts & Universal Truths.
Re: SC - 767 - dialects   [#permalink] 03 Jan 2009, 22:25
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# The increased popularity and availability of televisions has

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