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# The Industrial Revolution, making it possible to mass

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Manager
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Re: The Industrial Revolution, making it possible to mass  [#permalink]

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31 Oct 2017, 16:01
The Industrial Revolution, making it possible to mass-produce manufactured goods, was marked by their use of new machines, new energy sources, and new basic materials.

A) making it possible to mass-produce manufactured goods, was marked by their use of
B) making possible the mass production of manufactured goods, marked by the use of
C) which made it possible that manufactured goods were mass-produced, was marked by their using
D) which made possible the mass-production of manufactured goods, was marked by the use of
E) which made the mass production of manufactured goods possible and was marked by using
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Re: The Industrial Revolution, making it possible to mass  [#permalink]

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31 Oct 2017, 16:41
zvazviri wrote:
The Industrial Revolution, making it possible to mass-produce manufactured goods, was marked by their use of new machines, new energy sources, and new basic materials.

A) making it possible to mass-produce manufactured goods, was marked by their use of
B) making possible the mass production of manufactured goods, marked by the use of
C) which made it possible that manufactured goods were mass-produced, was marked by their using
D) which made possible the mass-production of manufactured goods, was marked by the use of
E) which made the mass production of manufactured goods possible and was marked by using

Dear zvazviri,

My friend, please do not post a brand new thread for a question that has already posted on GMAT Club. I merged your recent post into this older thread. In general, always search for a question extensively and start a brand new thread only if there's no evidence that the question was posted before.

Does all this make sense?
Mike
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Mike McGarry
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Re: The Industrial Revolution, making it possible to mass  [#permalink]

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31 Oct 2017, 20:28
The Industrial Revolution, making it possible to mass-produce manufactured goods, was marked by their use of new machines, new energy sources, and new basic materials.

A) making it possible to mass-produce manufactured goods, was marked by their use of
B) making possible the mass production of manufactured goods, marked by the use of
C) which made it possible that manufactured goods were mass-produced, was marked by their using
D) which made possible the mass-production of manufactured goods, was marked by the use of
E) which made the mass production of manufactured goods possible and was marked by using

Hi GMATNinja, mikemcgarry,

What is wrong in B? Is it not making modifying Industrial Revolution? It is Industrial Revolution , which made mass production of manufactured goods.
Is marked -ed modifier or verb?
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Re: The Industrial Revolution, making it possible to mass  [#permalink]

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01 Nov 2017, 10:30
1
NandishSS wrote:
The Industrial Revolution, making it possible to mass-produce manufactured goods, was marked by their use of new machines, new energy sources, and new basic materials.

A) making it possible to mass-produce manufactured goods, was marked by their use of
B) making possible the mass production of manufactured goods, marked by the use of
C) which made it possible that manufactured goods were mass-produced, was marked by their using
D) which made possible the mass-production of manufactured goods, was marked by the use of
E) which made the mass production of manufactured goods possible and was marked by using

Hi GMATNinja, mikemcgarry,

What is wrong in B? Is it not making modifying Industrial Revolution? It is Industrial Revolution , which made mass production of manufactured goods.
Is marked -ed modifier or verb?

Dear NandishSS,

I'm happy to respond.

My friend, choice (B) makes that most famous of mistakes, the missing-verb mistake. In your analysis, you were looking locally, but the problem was global. In version (B), there are modifiers all over, but there's no main verb.

Here's (B)
The Industrial Revolution, = noun, main subject
making possible the mass production of manufactured goods, = modifier
marked by the use of new machines, new energy sources, and new basic materials. = modifier
No full verb every happens in that sentence. If there's no full verb, the entire thing does not qualify as a legitimate sentence. Every bonafide sentence needs at least one full verb.

It can be a tricky thing for non-native speakers to appreciate, the difference between a full verb and a participle. We need to add an auxiliary verb (i.e. a "helping" verb) to a participle to transform it into a full verb.
making = present participle, an active participle
was making = past progressive tense verb, a full verb
marked = past participle, a passive participle
was marked = past tense verb, a full verb

Does all this make sense?
Mike
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Re: The Industrial Revolution, making it possible to mass  [#permalink]

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01 Nov 2017, 19:57
HI mikemcgarry,

Completely agree with your explanation. +1

One quick question sometimes (marked = past participle, a passive participle) act as a modifier and in some problem, it will act as the verb as well.

How to differentiate -ed modifier and a verb?
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Re: The Industrial Revolution, making it possible to mass  [#permalink]

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02 Nov 2017, 17:24
1
1
NandishSS wrote:
HI mikemcgarry,

Completely agree with your explanation. +1

One quick question sometimes (marked = past participle, a passive participle) act as a modifier and in some problem, it will act as the verb as well.

How to differentiate -ed modifier and a verb?

Hi NandishSS! Carolyn from Magoosh here I'll jump in and answer this for Mike!

This is definitely a big issue in GMAT SC, and one that comes up all the time. So, when we see an '-ed' verb/modifier, how can we tell which one it is? The answer is that we need to look at the context. Specifically, we need to first find the subject of the sentence, and think about the action associated with the '-ed' word. Then we ask ourselves: "Is the subject performing this action?" If the answer is yes, then the '-ed' word is a verb. If the answer is no, then it's a modifier Let's start with an easy sentence as an example!

The candle burned all night.

Here, the subject is "candle", and the '-ed' word that we're looking at is "burned". The action associated with this is "to burn". Here, it is clear that the subject (the candle) is doing the burning. So in this case, "burned" is a verb

The tablecloth, burned by the candle, now has a hole.

Here, we're still looking at "burned", but the subject is now the "tablecloth". So the question is - is the tablecloth doing the burning here? No - the candle is! So there's a mismatch - the subject of the sentence is not doing the action associated with the '-ed' word. That means that "burned" here is a modifier

Now let's look at our original sentence:

The Industrial Revolution, making possible the mass production of manufactured goods, marked by the use of new machines, new energy sources, and new basic materials.

The subject here is Industrial Revolution, and the '-ed' word we're looking at is "marked". Now, what's the action associated with "marked"? It would be "to mark" something. Is the Industrial Revolution doing the marking here? No - it is the new machines that are marking the Industrial Revolution. So we can safely conclude that "marked" here is a modifier.

-Carolyn
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Re: The Industrial Revolution, making it possible to mass  [#permalink]

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02 Nov 2017, 18:56
HI Carolyn, mikemcgarry,

Thanks for a wonderful explanation. Just Loved it
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Re: The Industrial Revolution, making it possible to mass  [#permalink]

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02 Nov 2017, 19:03
NandishSS wrote:
HI Carolyn, mikemcgarry,

Thanks for a wonderful explanation. Just Loved it

Awesome, so glad we could help!
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Re: The Industrial Revolution, making it possible to mass  [#permalink]

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15 Nov 2017, 23:19
The Industrial Revolution, making it possible to mass-produce manufactured goods, was marked by their use of new machines, new energy sources, and new basic materials.

A) making it possible to mass-produce manufactured goods, was marked by their use of - No antecedent for their
B) making possible the mass production of manufactured goods, marked by the use of - there is no verb with subject “The Industrial Revolution”
C) which made it possible that manufactured goods were mass-produced, was marked by their using - No antecedent for their
D) which made possible the mass-production of manufactured goods, was marked by the use of - Correct
E) which made the mass production of manufactured goods possible and was marked by using - “was marked by using” is awkward and the presence of “and” leads to sentence fragmentation problem- no verb for subject industrial revolution

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Re: The Industrial Revolution, making it possible to mass &nbs [#permalink] 15 Nov 2017, 23:19

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