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# The International Monetary Fund attempts to manage ...

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Director
Status: 1,750 Q's attempted and counting
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The International Monetary Fund attempts to manage ... [#permalink]

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14 Oct 2013, 11:06
2
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Difficulty:

25% (medium)

Question Stats:

71% (02:04) correct 29% (01:50) wrong based on 161 sessions

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The International Monetary Fund attempts to manage economic policy on an
enormous scale with a 24-country Executive Board, representing 185 member
states, and it includes
Montenegro, the most recent addition to the Fund's ranks.

(A) with a 24-country Executive Board, representing 185 member states, and it includes

(B) with a 24-country Executive Board, representing 185 member states, including

(C) of a 24-country Executive Board representing 185 member states, each that now includes

(D) of a 24-country Executive Board, representatives of 185 member states and including

(E) of a 24-country Executive Board representatives of 185 member states and each had included

GH-01.10.13 - OE to follow...
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
If you have any questions
New!
Intern
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Re: The International Monetary Fund attempts to manage ... [#permalink]

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15 Oct 2013, 03:35
1
KUDOS
Rather than looking at "with & of" split its better to see the end of the underlined portion to better understand the meaning of the sentence.

The use of "And" is incorrect in option A,D,E as the intended meaning of the sentence should NOT be presented in a compound sentence.

Also in options D&E, "representatives is an incorrect modifier referring to The Board.
Option C - representing is the correct modifier but should be preceded by a comma.

Thus, the remaining answer choice A presents the meaning of the sentence clearly.

Hope the helps !
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Re: The International Monetary Fund attempts to manage ... [#permalink]

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15 Oct 2013, 04:10
avohden wrote:
The International Monetary Fund attempts to manage economic policy on an
enormous scale with a 24-country Executive Board, representing 185 member
states, and it includes
Montenegro, the most recent addition to the Fund's ranks.

(A) with a 24-country Executive Board, representing 185 member states, and it includes

(B) with a 24-country Executive Board, representing 185 member states, including

(C) of a 24-country Executive Board representing 185 member states, each that now includes

(D) of a 24-country Executive Board, representatives of 185 member states and including

(E) of a 24-country Executive Board representatives of 185 member states and each had included

GH-01.10.13 - OE to follow...

Applying "with/of" split. Using Of changes the meaning on the sentence. Eliminate options C,D,E.
Through usage i know that including sounds correct.
Can someone explain the grammatical rules behing using the -ing form of the verb?

Thanks,
KayK
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Re: The International Monetary Fund attempts to manage ... [#permalink]

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15 Oct 2013, 05:19
1
KUDOS
(A) with a 24-country Executive Board, representing 185 member states, and it includes---- Incorrect because we do not know what IT refers to (IMF or Executive Board)

(B) with a 24-country Executive Board, representing 185 member states, including--- CORRECT.

(C) of a 24-country Executive Board representing 185 member states, each that now includes ---- After executive board there should be a comma because representing 185 member states is modifying Executive board. Also each that now includes is wordy and awkward.

(D) of a 24-country Executive Board, representatives of 185 member states and including--- I feel the and is not needed and the same issues with representatives explained in E.

(E) of a 24-country Executive Board representatives of 185 member states and each had included--- Incorrect because a change in tenses is not needed. The executive board is not a representative of the member states. To me it sounds like there is more than one representative of the 185 member states.
Director
Status: 1,750 Q's attempted and counting
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Re: The International Monetary Fund attempts to manage ... [#permalink]

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22 Oct 2013, 11:36
Official Explanation

The most obvious difference among the answer choices is "with" and "of." Using "of" after "an enormous scale" makes it sound like the 24-country board is what makes the scale enormous. In fact, the 24-country board is how the IMF manages economic policy; the board does so "with" the IMF. That leaves us with (A) and (B). The difference between those two choices is at the end: "and it includes" or "including." "and it includes" makes "includes" parallel to "attempts," implying that the IMF includes Montenegro. That is vague; better to use the construction in (B), which implies that Montenegro is one of the 185 member states. Choice (B) is correct.

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Re: The International Monetary Fund attempts to manage ... [#permalink]

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24 Jul 2016, 14:28
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: The International Monetary Fund attempts to manage ... [#permalink]

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24 Jul 2016, 16:49
Should comma(,) be there in correct ans:
with a 24-country Executive Board, representing

with comma, representing should modify subject/verb of main clause which is IMF or attempts. which doesn't make sense.
representing should modify 24-country executive board, hence no comma should be there in correct ans.

Someone plzz clarify
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Re: The International Monetary Fund attempts to manage ... [#permalink]

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25 Jul 2016, 15:58
rahul202 wrote:
Should comma(,) be there in correct ans:
with a 24-country Executive Board, representing

with comma, representing should modify subject/verb of main clause which is IMF or attempts. which doesn't make sense.
representing should modify 24-country executive board, hence no comma should be there in correct ans.

Someone plzz clarify
@e-gmat

I agree. The comma should not be there before "representing". Moreover for the same reason, the "comma" should not be there before "including" as well.
Re: The International Monetary Fund attempts to manage ...   [#permalink] 25 Jul 2016, 15:58
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# The International Monetary Fund attempts to manage ...

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