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The introduction of a new drug into the marketplace

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Alonso : the introduction of a new drug into the marketplace  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jun 2008, 18:15
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Question Stats:

27% (02:12) correct 73% (02:14) wrong based on 51 sessions

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Alonso : the introduction of a new drug into the marketplace should be contingent upon our having a good understanding of its social impact. However, the social impact of the newly marketed antihistamine is far from clear. It is obvious, then, that there should be a general reduction in the pace of bringing to the marketplace new drugs that are now being created.

Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument?

The social impact of the new antihistamine is much better understood than that of the most new drugs being tested.

The social impact of some of the new drugs being tested is poorly understood.

The economic success of some drugs is inversely proportional to how well we understand their social impact.

The new antihistamine is chemically similar to some of the new drugs being tested.

The new antihistamine should be next on the market only if most new drugs being tested should be on the market also..

Please provide feedback.

Thanks

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Re: Alonso : the introduction of a new drug into the marketplace  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jun 2008, 19:51
alimad wrote:
Alonso : the introduction of a new drug into the marketplace should be contingent upon our having a good understanding of its social impact. However, the social impact of the newly marketed antihistamine is far from clear. It is obvious, then, that there should be a general reduction in the pace of bringing to the marketplace new drugs that are now being created.

Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument?

The social impact of the new antihistamine is much better understood than that of the most new drugs being tested.

The social impact of some of the new drugs being tested is poorly understood.

The economic success of some drugs is inversely proportional to how well we understand their social impact.

The new antihistamine is chemically similar to some of the new drugs being tested.

The new antihistamine should be next on the market only if most new drugs being tested should be on the market also..

Please provide feedback.

Thanks


Conclusion: Pace of new drugs brought to market should be slowed. In the argument there is a gap - the conclusion is based on the premise that the "social impact of the newly marketed antihistamine is far from clear"

A. Weakens the argument

B. Sounds Plausible, however it is not attacking the conclusion and does not talk about antihistamines

C.Not attacking the conclusion and does not talk about antihistamines

D. If the new atihistamine is not well understood and is similar to the new drug being tested, then it implies that the new drugs being tested are not well understood either. Thus the answer.

E. New antihistamine is already on the market also what is the gurantee that the new drugs will be well understood before introduction into the marketplace.
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Re: Alonso : the introduction of a new drug into the marketplace  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jun 2008, 20:29
A for me too.

The social impact of the new antihistamine is much better understood than that of the most new drugs being tested.

In spite of much better understood social impact the new antihistamine has vague social impact thus the other new drugs[whose social impact is less understood than the new anti..] need to wait for a clear social impact
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Re: Alonso : the introduction of a new drug into the marketplace  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jun 2008, 22:44
A for me..just the fact that the new antihistamine is in the market means that the effects of it are better understood than some of the other new drugs that might come into the market

whts the OA
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Re: Alonso : the introduction of a new drug into the marketplace  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jun 2008, 03:14
It is A. great debate all. Thanks
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Re: Alonso : the introduction of a new drug into the marketplace  [#permalink]

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New post 20 May 2014, 06:48
A: The drugs are in the testing stage where as the one we are talking about is in the marketing stage..we cannot compare drugs at these two stages as a study on social impact might be due after the testing stage..
B is the better one I think
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Re: Alonso : the introduction of a new drug into the marketplace  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jun 2015, 08:57
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Well, choice B is very tempting and if "some" was replaced by "most" in that choice, then that would have been correct choice.
But notice that in argument we don't talk about "some" new drugs, we talk about new drugs. So B does not fills the gap.

Choice A gives a point that we have a better understanding of Antihistamine than most new drugs, and therefore if social impact of antihistamine is far from clear the social impact of new drugs will be even unclear.
So choice A is CORRECT.

Choice C is clearly out of scope.
Choice D talks about chemical nature of new drugs, not social impact.
Choice E says, if only new drugs are in market, Antihistamine drug should be in market. So this rather counter the argument, where the author is trying to show causality as,
anti-histamine in market --> new drugs in market otherwise not.
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Re: Alonso : the introduction of a new drug into the marketplace  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Apr 2017, 05:07
alimad wrote:
Alonso : The introduction of a new drug into the marketplace should be contingent upon our having a good understanding of its social impact. However, the social impact of the newly marketed antihistamine is far from clear. It is obvious, then, that there should be a general reduction in the pace of bringing to the marketplace new drugs that are now being created.

Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument?

(A) The social impact of the new antihistamine is much better understood than that of the most new drugs being tested.

(B) The social impact of some of the new drugs being tested is poorly understood.

(C) The economic success of some drugs is inversely proportional to how well we understand their social impact.

(D) The new antihistamine is chemically similar to some of the new drugs being tested.

(E) The new antihistamine should be next on the market only if most new drugs being tested should be on the market also.


OFFICIAL EXPLANATION


The argument in this problem contains a glaring case of another common logical fallacy: generalization. Simplified into syllogism structure, the argument reads as follows:

Major Premise: Drugs should not be brought to market if their social understanding is poor.

Minor Premise: The social understanding of one drug is poor.

Conclusion: We should stop bringing all drugs to the market.

This broad, sweeping conclusion is based on one isolated instance, so clearly the argument is quite weak. What is a great way to improve generalization? Show that the one example is typical of most. Answer choice A does exactly that, showing that most drugs being brought to marketplace are worse than the antihistamine and thus greatly strengthening the argument.

GMATNinja & GMATNinjaTwo, Why answer choice E is incorrect? I am struggling with this problem.
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Re: Alonso : the introduction of a new drug into the marketplace  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Aug 2017, 22:33
A is the answer, clearly says social impact of this drug is much better understood
D is trap
You Can not compare histamine to all drugs.
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Re: Alonso : the introduction of a new drug into the marketplace  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Aug 2017, 23:20
hazelnut wrote:
alimad wrote:
Alonso : The introduction of a new drug into the marketplace should be contingent upon our having a good understanding of its social impact. However, the social impact of the newly marketed antihistamine is far from clear. It is obvious, then, that there should be a general reduction in the pace of bringing to the marketplace new drugs that are now being created.

Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument?

(A) The social impact of the new antihistamine is much better understood than that of the most new drugs being tested.

(B) The social impact of some of the new drugs being tested is poorly understood.

(C) The economic success of some drugs is inversely proportional to how well we understand their social impact.

(D) The new antihistamine is chemically similar to some of the new drugs being tested.

(E) The new antihistamine should be next on the market only if most new drugs being tested should be on the market also.


OFFICIAL EXPLANATION


The argument in this problem contains a glaring case of another common logical fallacy: generalization. Simplified into syllogism structure, the argument reads as follows:

Major Premise: Drugs should not be brought to market if their social understanding is poor.

Minor Premise: The social understanding of one drug is poor.

Conclusion: We should stop bringing all drugs to the market.

This broad, sweeping conclusion is based on one isolated instance, so clearly the argument is quite weak. What is a great way to improve generalization? Show that the one example is typical of most. Answer choice A does exactly that, showing that most drugs being brought to marketplace are worse than the antihistamine and thus greatly strengthening the argument.

GMATNinja & GMATNinjaTwo, Why answer choice E is incorrect? I am struggling with this problem.



hazelnut
What if the option choice D were include all in place of word some. ?
Then would it be the answer or not. A ques came in my mind.

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CRITICAL REASONING (STRENGTHENING)  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jan 2018, 14:39
Consumer advocate: The introduction of a new drug into the marketplace should be contingent upon our having a
good understanding of its social impact. However, the social impact of the newly marketed antihistamine is far
from clear. It is obvious, then, that there should be a general reduction in the pace of bringing to the marketplace
new drugs that are now being tested. Which one of the following, if true, most strengthens the
argument?
A. The social impact of the new antihistamine is much better understood than that of most new drugs being tested.
B. The social impact of some of the new drugs being tested is poorly understood.
C. The economic success of some drugs is inversely proportional to how well we understand their social impact.
D. The new antihistamine is chemically similar to some of the new drugs being tested.
E. The new antihistamine should be on the market only if most new drugs being tested should be on the market
also.

CORRECT ANSWER: A
SOLUTION:
(A) does exactly what we want. If the social impact of the other drugs is understood even less than the antihistamine,
then according to the argument, these other drugs should certainly not soon be brought to market. This is a good
choice, so let's keep it.

How is A correct, agreed that impact is understood more than other drugs, but according to the PREMISE it is still far from clear and hence it shouldn't be brought in the market place

In my opinion B should be correct, as the impact is of new drug is poorly understood and antihistamine being a new drug therefore its impact is not understood well and hence it should not be brought to the market place

Very confused between A & B, any sort of help will be appreciated. Aso is this a 600+ question?
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The introduction of a new drug into the marketplace  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jan 2019, 11:59
Alonso : the introduction of a new drug into the marketplace should be contingent upon our having a good understanding of its social impact. However, the social impact of the newly marketed antihistamine is far from clear. It is obvious, then, that there should be a general reduction in the pace of bringing to the marketplace new drugs that are now being created.

Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument?

The social impact of the new antihistamine is much better understood than that of the most new drugs being tested.

The social impact of some of the new drugs being tested is poorly understood.

The economic success of some drugs is inversely proportional to how well we understand their social impact.

The new antihistamine is chemically similar to some of the new drugs being tested.

The new antihistamine should be next on the market only if most new drugs being tested should be on the market also..


Why is the answer A? Can some one please help.
I thought the answer is B

Thank you
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Re: The introduction of a new drug into the marketplace  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jan 2019, 12:32
when we think about the paragraph, there are three parts:

(1) thesis: introducing new drugs ---------------> social impact
(2) Example to prove the thesis: he introduced the new antihistamine as an example to support his idea
(3) conclusion: introducing new drugs should be reduced

Option B seems nice, but but focusing on the author's thesis, it is built on the example he mentioned (the new antihistamine), which means that it is the main key to strengthen or weaken the argument.

a logical question would be: is the new antihistamine a good example? is it reliable enough to build his thesis on?

Option A clearly sets the new antihistamine as a benchmark for the newly introduced drugs;
in other words: if the new antihistamine is "far from clear" although "better understood", the situation of the other newly drugs in the marketplace is definitely worse.
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The introduction of a new drug into the marketplace  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jan 2019, 12:54
Please see below explanation:

https://gmatclub.com/forum/alonso-the-i ... 65290.html

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Re: The introduction of a new drug into the marketplace  [#permalink]

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Re: The introduction of a new drug into the marketplace &nbs [#permalink] 13 Jan 2019, 14:33
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