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# The invention of the cotton gin, being one of the most

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Re: The invention of the cotton gin, being one of the most [#permalink]

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19 Jun 2013, 23:24
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This is from MGMAT and the OA is D and not B.

OA is D because -

If we pick D and say B for discussion sake then,

having been one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, turned cotton cloth into an affordable commodity even though it had previously been expensive
- Tries to state that since it was a significant development, it could make the cotton cloth an affordable commodity. The reason why the cotton cloth became affordable is not mentioned in the question.

In D, the sentence clearly puts the modifier as non-essential. The modifier probably modifies "invention of the cotton gin" rather than cotton gin itself. cotton gin is within a prepositional phrase "of the cotton gin".

So, D says that the invention of the cotton gin, <modifier>, <rest of the sentence>.

Another example -

It was only after Katharine Graham became publisher of The Washington Post in 1963 that it moved into the first rank of American newspapers, and it was under her command that the paper won high praise for its unrelenting reporting of the Watergate scandal.
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Re: CR - The invention [#permalink]

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02 Jan 2014, 15:19
rrkan wrote:
seekmba wrote:
Good points by lionslion.

The invention of the cotton gin, being one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, had turned cotton cloth into an affordable commodity even though it was expensive before that.

A. being one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, had turned cotton cloth into an affordable commodity even though it was expensive before that - being is incorrect. "had turned" is wrong. Invention turned cotton into an affordable commodity later but the commodity had been expensive before

having been one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, turned cotton cloth into an affordable commodity even though it had previously been expensive - "having been..." correctly modifies invention. correct tense usage

one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, turned cotton cloth into an affordable commodity despite its previous expense - "one of...." incorrectly modifies cotton gin. the part after comma is awkward

one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, turned cotton cloth into an affordable commodity despite the fact that it had previously been expensive - "one of...." incorrectly modifies cotton gin. the part after comma is wordy

being one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, turned cotton cloth from a previously expensive commodity to an affordable one - being is wrong. the part after comma does not sound right to me.

1. Can somebody please explain me the difference between
"having been and have been"

2.Difference between Present perfect and present perfect continuous
I mean the difference between the sentences
a) we have lived in the hut for three days
b) we have been living in the hut for three days.

Will somebody provide a clear answer for this one

OK, let's agree that the correct answer here is D

Would anybody kindly help answer why D and not other tempting answer choices. Such as E for instance?

Also, just so you know I picked E cause for me it was the only answer choice that made sense

Cheers!
J
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Re: CR - The invention [#permalink]

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02 Jan 2014, 17:13
jlgdr wrote:
Will somebody provide a clear answer for this one

OK, let's agree that the correct answer here is D

Would anybody kindly help answer why D and not other tempting answer choices. Such as E for instance?

Also, just so you know I picked E cause for me it was the only answer choice that made sense

Cheers!
J

C and D are out, because in the construction, 'The invention of cotton gin, one of the ...'
one of the incorrectly modifies cotton gin, where as, it should actually talk about 'the invention'

A and E are out, because, 'being' is wrong.
'Being' is the present-tense form of the verb 'to be' and it means, 'happening at the moment'
Ex: I am being a spoilsport --> I am not a spoilsport always, but at the moment, I am acting like one.
Cotton Gin is a great invention, not just for that moment.

What's left is 'B'
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What are modifiers ??

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Re: The invention of the cotton gin, being one of the most [#permalink]

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30 Apr 2014, 15:18
SudiptoGmat wrote:
The invention of the cotton gin, being one of the most
significant developments of the nineteenth century, had turned
cotton cloth into an affordable commodity even though it was
expensive before that
.

A. being one of the most significant developments of the
nineteenth century, had turned cotton cloth into an
affordable commodity even though it was expensive before
that
B· having been one of the most significant developments of
the nineteenth century, turned cotton cloth into an
affordable commodity even though it had previously been
expensive
C· one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth
century, turned cotton cloth into an affordable commodity
despite its previous expense
D· one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth
century, turned cotton cloth into an affordable commodity
despite the fact that it had previously been expensive
E· being one of the most significant developments of the
nineteenth century, turned cotton cloth from a previously
expensive commodity to an affordable one

OA is
[Reveal] Spoiler:
B

I got it correct but one this is bothering me. See the grammatical structure. "one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century" has a comma after that. Can somebody explain the structure.

I also thought the answer was B here
Could any MGMAT expert please clarify between B and E

Thanks!
Cheers
J
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Re: The invention of the cotton gin, being one of the most  [#permalink]

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23 Oct 2015, 05:59
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Re: The invention of the cotton gin, being one of the most [#permalink]

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16 Jan 2016, 10:10
good question. got it correct and correct option is B.

it is the only choice where past and past perfect tenses are used correctly. two actions, one happening before the other.
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The invention of the cotton gin [#permalink]

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26 May 2017, 18:12
The invention of the cotton gin, being one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, had turned cotton cloth into an affordable commodity; it was costly before that.

A. being one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, had turned cotton cloth into an affordable commodity; it was costly before that

B. having been one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, turned cotton cloth into an affordable commodity, costly previously

C. one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, turned cotton cloth into an affordable, however costly previously, commodity

D. one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, turned cotton cloth, which had previously been quite costly, into an affordable commodity

E. being one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, turned cotton cloth from a previously costly commodity to an affordable one
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Re: The invention of the cotton gin, being one of the most [#permalink]

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27 May 2017, 05:42
Hi GMATNinja ,

There is a lot of confusion for options B, D and E.

Thanks
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Re: The invention of the cotton gin, being one of the most [#permalink]

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27 May 2017, 05:54
abhimahna wrote:
Hi GMATNinja ,

There is a lot of confusion for options B, D and E.

Thanks

Official Explanation from Manhattan:

The word "being" is unnecessary in the opening modifier "being one of the most significant developments . . ." Moreover, the past perfect verb "had turned" coupled with the simple past verb "was" reverses the chronological order of the events. The tenses run counter to the logic of the sentence by incorrectly suggesting that the invention of the cotton gin happened before the cotton cloth became expensive.

(A) This choice is incorrect as it repeats the original sentence.

(B) The words "having been" are unnecessary in the opening modifier. Moreover, the ending phrase "costly previously" is too concise; it fails to strike the contrast between the earlier and the later state of affairs.

(C) This choice interrupts the connection between the adjective "affordable" and the noun "commodity," making the sentence hard to follow. Also, the use of "however" changes the meaning: "however costly" implies that the cotton gin would have made cotton cloth affordable no matter how costly it was previously. In contrast, the original sentence only states that cotton cloth had previously been costly.

(D) CORRECT. The modifier "one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century" eliminates the unnecessary word "being." The simple past verb "turned" coupled with the past perfect "had previously been" correctly expresses the fact that cotton cloth was "turned ... into an affordable commodity" after it "had previously been quite costly." The later past event uses the simple past tense, whereas the earlier past event uses the past perfect tense. Moreover, the relative pronoun "which" correctly modifies "cotton cloth" and resolves any ambiguity.

(E) The word "being" is unnecessary in the opening modifier.
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Re: The invention of the cotton gin, being one of the most   [#permalink] 27 May 2017, 05:54

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