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# The invention of the cotton gin, being one of the most

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The invention of the cotton gin, being one of the most  [#permalink]

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31 Jan 2010, 06:04
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The invention of the cotton gin, being one of the most
significant developments of the nineteenth century, had turned
cotton cloth into an affordable commodity even though it was
expensive before that
.

A. being one of the most significant developments of the
nineteenth century, had turned cotton cloth into an
affordable commodity even though it was expensive before
that
B· having been one of the most significant developments of
the nineteenth century, turned cotton cloth into an
affordable commodity even though it had previously been
expensive
C· one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth
century, turned cotton cloth into an affordable commodity
despite its previous expense
D· one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth
century, turned cotton cloth into an affordable commodity
despite the fact that it had previously been expensive
E· being one of the most significant developments of the
nineteenth century, turned cotton cloth from a previously
expensive commodity to an affordable one

OA is
[Reveal] Spoiler:
B

I got it correct but one this is bothering me. See the grammatical structure. "one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century" has a comma after that. Can somebody explain the structure.
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Re: CR - The invention [#permalink]

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31 Jan 2010, 07:29
Sorry I can't agree with the OA you posted. Though unnecessary "being" is used, I still vote for E
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Re: CR - The invention [#permalink]

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31 Jan 2010, 20:32
without "being" - E is the best , with being in E , no choice looks correct to me

Can some one please explain OA
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Re: CR - The invention [#permalink]

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13 Feb 2010, 09:33
SudiptoGmat wrote:
The invention of the cotton gin, being one of the most
significant developments of the nineteenth century, had turned
cotton cloth into an affordable commodity even though it was
expensive before that
.

A. being one of the most significant developments of the
nineteenth century, had turned cotton cloth into an
affordable commodity even though it was expensive before
that
B· having been one of the most significant developments of
the nineteenth century, turned cotton cloth into an
affordable commodity even though it had previously been
expensive
C· one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth
century, turned cotton cloth into an affordable commodity
despite its previous expense
D· one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth
century, turned cotton cloth into an affordable commodity
despite the fact that it had previously been expensive
E· being one of the most significant developments of the
nineteenth century, turned cotton cloth from a previously
expensive commodity to an affordable one
.

I didnt understand the sentence structure itself.

It looks more like the invention turned cotton cloth into an affordable commodity even though it had previously been expensive instead of cotton gin turned cotton cloth into an affordable commodity even though it had previously been
expensive

Is that correct ?
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Re: CR - The invention [#permalink]

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13 Feb 2010, 12:08
E is correct. There are very few cases where a sentence though has "being" can be correct. So just by seeing being and marked as incorrect option might not be a great idea.
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Re: CR - The invention [#permalink]

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05 Mar 2010, 11:14
i think the correct answer should be C,because it correctly modifies "the invention of cotton gin"
moreover C is most concise and clear in meaning....which i feel

i may be wrong ...if u feel so pls let me know

plus i think 'THE INVENTION OF COTTON GIN" IS WRONGLY UNDERLINED
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Re: CR - The invention [#permalink]

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05 Mar 2010, 13:51
SudiptoGmat wrote:
The invention of the cotton gin, being one of the most
significant developments of the nineteenth century, had turned
cotton cloth into an affordable commodity even though it was
expensive before that
.

A. being one of the most significant developments of the
nineteenth century, had turned cotton cloth into an
affordable commodity even though it was expensive before
that
B· having been one of the most significant developments of
the nineteenth century, turned cotton cloth into an
affordable commodity even though it had previously been
expensive
C· one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth
century, turned cotton cloth into an affordable commodity
despite its previous expense
D· one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth
century, turned cotton cloth into an affordable commodity
despite the fact that it had previously been expensive
E· being one of the most significant developments of the
nineteenth century, turned cotton cloth from a previously
expensive commodity to an affordable one

OA is
[Reveal] Spoiler:
B

I got it correct but one this is bothering me. See the grammatical structure. "one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century" has a comma after that. Can somebody explain the structure.

B is correct. below is my explanation.

main culprit is the modifier "being one of the most
significant developments of the nineteenth century"

being is almost always not preferred in GMAT. So for me A(tense error) & E(parallalism error) are eliminated.

in C & D, the modifier refers to "cotton gin" not "The Invention"

in B, By using the word Having, It clearly modifies "The Invention"
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Re: CR - The invention [#permalink]

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07 Apr 2010, 10:24
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Good points by lionslion.

The invention of the cotton gin, being one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, had turned cotton cloth into an affordable commodity even though it was expensive before that.

A. being one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, had turned cotton cloth into an affordable commodity even though it was expensive before that - being is incorrect. "had turned" is wrong. Invention turned cotton into an affordable commodity later but the commodity had been expensive before

having been one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, turned cotton cloth into an affordable commodity even though it had previously been expensive - "having been..." correctly modifies invention. correct tense usage

one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, turned cotton cloth into an affordable commodity despite its previous expense - "one of...." incorrectly modifies cotton gin. the part after comma is awkward

one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, turned cotton cloth into an affordable commodity despite the fact that it had previously been expensive - "one of...." incorrectly modifies cotton gin. the part after comma is wordy

being one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, turned cotton cloth from a previously expensive commodity to an affordable one - being is wrong. the part after comma does not sound right to me.
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Re: CR - The invention [#permalink]

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08 Apr 2010, 02:02
I chose D, which is very close to B.
This modifying thing is a dodgy matter. Maybe Tommy can throw some light on the topic, if he sees this Q.
I am still not sure how "having one of the..."(B) and "one of the..."(D) modifies two different things.
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Re: CR - The invention [#permalink]

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08 Apr 2010, 02:05
And yeah, is it really gin...not Jeans :D

I appreciate the question. It might be a good idea to edit the mistakes once they've been identified.

Good one.
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Re: CR - The invention [#permalink]

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02 May 2010, 20:18
This one is messed up, can someone explain.

I was tempted to pick between B and D for the past perfect "had previously been expensive" and I chose D

D also modifies "the invention of the cotton gin" as "one of the most significant developments" so that's correct here.

One doubt on this one, is the past perfect "had previously been expensive" redundant with the word 'previously' ???
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Re: CR - The invention [#permalink]

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22 Dec 2010, 06:43
Can anyone tell me what is the source?

Similar question from Manhattan GMAT - Question bank

The invention of the cotton gin, being one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, had turned cotton cloth into an affordable commodity; it was costly before that.

a) being one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, had turned cotton cloth into an affordable commodity; it was costly before that
b) having been one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, turned cotton cloth into an affordable commodity, costly previously
c) one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, turned cotton cloth into an affordable, however costly previously, commodity
d) one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, turned cotton cloth into an affordable commodity, whereas it had previously been costly
e) being one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, turned cotton cloth from a previously costly commodity to an affordable one

OA is D
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Re: CR - The invention [#permalink]

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22 May 2011, 18:52
OA is D as per MGMAT
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Re: CR - The invention [#permalink]

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23 May 2011, 00:23
Picked E. But still not convinced. I think D also looks good but not sure what 'it' is pointing to.
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Re: The invention of the cotton gin, being one of the most [#permalink]

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14 Feb 2012, 16:16
I picked D also, but now I think this could be the explanation:

The invention of the cotton gin, being one of the most
significant developments of the nineteenth century, had turned
cotton cloth into an affordable commodity even though it was
expensive before that.

A. being one of the most significant developments of the
nineteenth century, had turned cotton cloth into an
affordable commodity even though it was expensive before
that
B· having been one of the most significant developments of
the nineteenth century, turned cotton cloth into an
affordable commodity even though it had previously been
expensive
C· one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth
century, turned cotton cloth into an affordable commodity
despite- it shows intention but in this case doesn't fit the actual meaning its previous expense
D· one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth
century, turned cotton cloth into an affordable commodity
despite the fact that it had previously been expensive
being one of the most significant developments of the
nineteenth century, turned cotton cloth from a previously
expensive commodity to an affordable one
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Re: The invention of the cotton gin, being one of the most [#permalink]

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22 Sep 2012, 00:26
C implies the following: a costly previously commodity.

Costly is an ADJECTIVE that means expensive.
What kind of commodity?
A COSTLY commodity.
Here, previously serves as an ADVERB modifying costly, indicating WHEN the commodity was costly.
A modifier should be as close as possible to what it's modifying.
Correct: a previously costly commodity.
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Re: The invention of the cotton gin, being one of the most [#permalink]

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22 Sep 2012, 01:37
1. The textual underlining is wrong: it should start from being.

2. Here we must assume that the pronoun- it -refers to the cotton cloth and not to the invention nor gin. Because it is an invention, gin has no previousness. Secondly a gin or invention is never a commodity while the cloth is

A. being one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, had turned cotton cloth into an affordable commodity even though it was expensive before that ----- had turned and was expensive are wrong tenses.

B• having been one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, turned cotton cloth into an affordable commodity even though it had previously been expensive. – Best choice with the correct phrase - having been - used in this context

C• one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, turned cotton cloth into an affordable commodity despite its previous expense ----- previous expense ---- wrong diction

D• one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, turned cotton cloth into an affordable commodity despite the fact that it had previously been expensive ----- despite the fact –verbose

E• being one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, turned cotton cloth from a previously expensive commodity to an affordable one---being carries an element of eternity and timelessness. Being implies that the invention is even today one of the best. Having been limits the event to just 19th century and hence is better.
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Re: The invention of the cotton gin, being one of the most [#permalink]

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01 Oct 2012, 03:40
This is a MGMAT problem and they say that the OA is D. However, they agree that the problem is not perfect.

Check out this link: http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/the ... t3207.html
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Re: The invention of the cotton gin, being one of the most [#permalink]

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13 Jun 2013, 04:28
can someone please explain why B is incorrect
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Re: CR - The invention [#permalink]

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19 Jun 2013, 22:11
seekmba wrote:
Good points by lionslion.

The invention of the cotton gin, being one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, had turned cotton cloth into an affordable commodity even though it was expensive before that.

A. being one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, had turned cotton cloth into an affordable commodity even though it was expensive before that - being is incorrect. "had turned" is wrong. Invention turned cotton into an affordable commodity later but the commodity had been expensive before

having been one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, turned cotton cloth into an affordable commodity even though it had previously been expensive - "having been..." correctly modifies invention. correct tense usage

one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, turned cotton cloth into an affordable commodity despite its previous expense - "one of...." incorrectly modifies cotton gin. the part after comma is awkward

one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, turned cotton cloth into an affordable commodity despite the fact that it had previously been expensive - "one of...." incorrectly modifies cotton gin. the part after comma is wordy

being one of the most significant developments of the nineteenth century, turned cotton cloth from a previously expensive commodity to an affordable one - being is wrong. the part after comma does not sound right to me.

1. Can somebody please explain me the difference between
"having been and have been"

2.Difference between Present perfect and present perfect continuous
I mean the difference between the sentences
a) we have lived in the hut for three days
b) we have been living in the hut for three days.
Re: CR - The invention   [#permalink] 19 Jun 2013, 22:11

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