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The investigations of many psychologists and anthropologists

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The investigations of many psychologists and anthropologists  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Apr 2008, 22:14
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A
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D
E

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Question Stats:

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The investigations of many psychologist and anthropologists support the generalization of there being little that is a significant difference in underlying mental processes manifested by people from different cultures.

(A) of there being little that is a significant difference
(B) of there being little that is significantly different
(C) of little that is significant different
(D) that there is little that is significantly different
(E) that there is little that is significant differences

Also go for D because of correct idiom "different from".

not sure whether anyboday above raised this conceren.

The investigations of many psychologist and anthropologists support the generalization "that there is little that is significantly different" in underlying mental processes manifested by people from different culture.
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Re: The investigations of many psychologists and anthropologists  [#permalink]

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New post 03 May 2012, 06:23
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Hi All,

The investigations of many psychologists and anthropologists support the generalization of there being little that is a significant difference in the underlying mental processes manifested by people from different cultures.

Image

I personally feel that many of you have gotten confused in selecting the correct answer because the meaning of the sentence is not very clear. So let us first understand the meaning of the sentence. This sentence says that many psychologists and anthropologists carried out investigation and found out that there are very few aspects that are drastically different in the thought processes expressed by people belonging to different cultures.

Image

Now that we understand the meaning, it’s time to figure out the errors in the sentence. The underlined phrase “of there being” does not clearly convey that this generalization is about something. Also this “little” itself is not a “significant difference”. There is little that is “significantly different”. Hence, this phrase has to be reworded too. Now let’s run the POE to get the correct answer.

POE:

Choice A: of there being little that is a significant difference: Incorrect for reason stated above.

Choice B: of there being little that is significantly different: Incorrect as it repeats the “of there being” issue as in Choice A.

Choice C: of little that is significantly different: Incorrect. This choice distorts the meaning of the sentence because now it says “generalization of little”. The generalization is not about little.

Choice D: that there is little that is significantly different: Correct. This choice corrects both the errors in the original sentence. What this generalization is about is absolutely clear from the “that clause”. Also, it correctly conveys that there is very little that is significantly different.

Choice E: that there is little of significant differences: Incorrect as “differences” is a countable noun and hence, we should use “few” and not “little”.

Image

1. It is very important to understand the intended meaning of the sentence to arrive at the correct answer.
2. Use correct expressions to clearly convey the intended meaning.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: The investigations of many psychologists and anthropologists  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jun 2010, 07:05
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I did not find a convincing answer for E to be incorrect.

I googled this question and found the following explanation which makes sense:

Idiomatic usage. In the phrase 'little of X', the X has to be a singular quantity. If it's plural (like 'differences'), then you have to use few.

Examples:

There was very little food left over at the end of the party.
There were very few crab cakes left over at the end of the party.

E is wrong. "little of significant differences" is incorrect because differences is plural. we cannot use little.
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Re: The investigations of many psychologists and anthropologists  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jan 2010, 08:27
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IMO E.
Assuming that everybody narrowed down to choices D & E; this is my explanation for E.
IMO the meaning of sentence is this:
Investigations support the generalization that there is not much difference in the mental processes of people from different cultures.

Now D says "little that is significantly different"
in other words "some(little) mental processes differ significantly among these people"

Now E says that "little of significant differences"
in other words "not much difference between the mental processes of these people".

hence the way E conveys the message of the sentence is much better that D, assuming I haven't left out any grammatical errors unnoticed.
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Re: The investigations of many psychologists and anthropologists  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jan 2010, 21:23
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The investigations of many psychologists and anthropologists support the generalization of there being little that is a significant difference in the underlying mental processes manifested by people from different cultures.

a) of there being little that is a significant difference
b) of there being little that is significantly different
c) of little that is significantly different
d) that there is little that is significantly different
e) that there is little of significant differences


Here...
Idiom should be '' --------significantly different from-------"
hence b,c,d ruled out

a is too wordy

Hence choice remains 'E'
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Re: The investigations of many psychologists and anthropologists  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jan 2011, 23:11
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The investigations of many psychologists and anthropologists support the generalization [that there is little that is significantly different] in the underlying mental processes manifested by people from different cultures.

[strike](A) of there being little that is a significant difference
(B) of there being little that is significantly different
(C) of little that is significantly different[/strike]
(D) that there is little that is significantly different
(E) that there is little of significant differences

D is correct
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Re: The investigations of many psychologists and anthropologists  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Dec 2011, 10:04
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D it is.
I have a doubt, however.
If we were to rewrite E as follows, how does this affect the sentence?

that there is little significant difference

(I have removed the 'of' and 's'...significant difference is now singular)


The entire sentence rewritten would be as follows:

The investigations of many psychologists and anthropologists support the generalization that there is little significant difference in underlying mental processes manifested by people from different culture.

This sentence differs from option D in that 'significant' acts as an adjective here and 'significantly' as an adverb in D.

Is this sentence correct? Does the sentence above convey the same meaning as does the sentence in option D?
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Re: The investigations of many psychologists and anthropologists  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Mar 2012, 21:27
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The investigations of many psychologists and anthropologists support the generalization of there being little that is a significant difference in the underlying mental processes manifested by people from different cultures.

(A) of there being little that is a significant difference "generalization of there being" - awkward
(B) of there being little that is significantly different "generalization of there being" - awkward
(C) of little that is significantly different "generalization of little that" - awkward
(D) that there is little that is significantly different ok
(E) that there is little of significant differences "of" not needed
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Re: The investigations of many psychologists and anthropologists  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Feb 2013, 01:16
The investigations of many psychologists and anthropologists support the generalization of there being little that is a significant difference in the underlying mental processes manifested by people from different cultures.

(A) of there being little that is a significant difference that is missing, unnecessary "Being"
(B) of there being little that is significantly different that is missing, unnecessary "Being"
(C) of little that is significantly different that is missing
(D) that there is little that is significantly different correct
(E) that there is little of significant differences incorrect usage of little with differences(countable)
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Re: The investigations of many psychologists and anthropologists  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Nov 2014, 05:41
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The investigations of many psychologist and anthropologists support the generalization of there being little that is a significant difference in underlying mental processes manifested by people from different culture.

The investigations -> Subject
of many psychologist and anthropologists -> Prepositional phrase about subject
support -> Verb
the generalization -> Object

Now we need "that" to modify the generalization

A of there being little that is a significant difference
B of there being little that is significantly different
C of little that is significantly different

Basically the sentence says there is little difference
Now little differences which are significantly different
So Significant should modify "little" -> So we should have a construction where little is modified

D that there is little that is significantly different -> D does it
E that there is little of significant differences -> significant -> adjective modifying differences , We require Significantly (an adverb) modify little which is acting as verb
The clause is "There is little difference" little is verb. So we require "significantly" instead of "significant".


Hence D) and not E)
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Re: The investigations of many psychologists and anthropologists  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Dec 2015, 03:28
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rohan89 wrote:
ugimba wrote:
The investigations of many psychologists and anthropologists support the generalization of there being little that is a significant difference in the underlying mental processes manifested by people from different cultures.

(A) of there being little that is a significant difference
(B) of there being little that is significantly different
(C) of little that is significantly different
(D) that there is little that is significantly different
(E) that there is little of significant differences

please explain.



is 'generalization of' correct usage? I narrowed down to D and E based on correct usage of idiom 'generalization that'
I selected D because 'different from' sounds better rather than 'differences from' ?
daagh chetan2u


Hi rohan89,
Daagh has already covered some aspects. I'll try to explain, which may have some repetition from above post..
1) Generalization of
"generalization of" is not completely wrong but depends on the usage..
for it to be correct, of' should be followed with a 'noun' example "generalization of behaviour", "generalization of rules" etc ..
But it cannot modify entire clause as in this case...
if you have to modify an entire clause or aspect... it should be generalization that....

2_) different from vs differences from....
different is an adjective and D uses it correctly...
Differences is a noun and would be correctly used if we say " there differences have grown from the time I met them last..
and YES, you are correct on both the aspects as related to this Q..
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Re: The investigations of many psychologists and anthropologists  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Oct 2016, 02:09
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nishant12600 wrote:
ugimba wrote:
The investigations of many psychologists and anthropologists support the generalization of there being little that is a significant difference in the underlying mental processes manifested by people from different cultures.

(A) of there being little that is a significant difference
(B) of there being little that is significantly different
(C) of little that is significantly different
(D) that there is little that is significantly different
(E) that there is little of significant differences

please explain.


daagh
Could you please shed some light into the grammatically correct use of following construction:

D)that there is little that is significantly different

I m frequently making errors in such constructions.
Thanks in advance


The first "that" refers to "generalization". The modifier "that that there is little that is significantly different" modifies "generalization".

The second "that" is nested within the modifier "that that there is little that is significantly different". The second "that" refers to "little". The nested modifier "that is significantly different" modifies "little".

The structure may be thought of as below:

....the generalization [that there is little (that is significantly different)].
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Re: The investigations of many psychologists and anthropologists  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Dec 2016, 11:52
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d) that there is little that is significantly different
e) that there is little of significant differences
E is wrong for 1 reason Little is used for uncountable things
So Little cant be used for the plural form differences

Correct usage
1. There is a little difference between the two.

2. There is little difference between the two.

3. There are few differences between the two.

Hence answer is D
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Re: The investigations of many psychologists and anthropologists  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Aug 2019, 23:25
1st split being and others - A,B - out
2nd split of little/ there - wrong meaning C - out
3d split little different /little differences if we want to use differences we need to write few not little - E - out


Answer D
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New post 16 May 2020, 09:17
Dear GMATGuruNY MartyTargetTestPrep AjiteshArun IanStewart GMATNinja,

Can "little" be ever used with COUNTABLE nouns at all?

I think I've heard some phrases along the line of: little boys / little dolls... Here, I think "little" is an adjective meaning SMALL.

Why is it incorrect to use "little" in E?
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Re: The investigations of many psychologists and anthropologists  [#permalink]

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New post 16 May 2020, 11:16
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varotkorn wrote:
Can "little" be ever used with COUNTABLE nouns at all?

I think I've heard some phrases along the line of: little boys / little dolls... Here, I think "little" is an adjective meaning SMALL.

Why is it incorrect to use "little" in E?


Yes, like many words, "little" can be used in different ways. Answer E is grammatically nonsensical independent of the usage of "little" though, so it's not specifically the use of "little" that makes E wrong. But even if E were phrased grammatically, and read

"...the generalization that there are little, significant differences in the mental processes..."

that would invert the meaning of the sentence -- it would say that "little" differences do exist, and those differences are significant. That's not an especially logical meaning, since the differences presumably would not be "significant" if they were also "little". The sentence is trying to say the exact opposite: that there are not important differences. A good writer also wouldn't use "little" in this way (in the way I just used it in my invented sentence) since, used this way, it's ordinarily used to describe physical objects ("small" would be a more idiomatic choice here), but that's a minor issue compared to the meaning problem.
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New post 16 May 2020, 20:22
Dear IanStewart,

(D) that there is little that is significantly different
(E) that there is little OF significant differences

After I checked with many GMAT websites, I found the above to be the correct wording of this question.
Does the issue you replied above still exist in light of the correct version of choice E.?
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Re: The investigations of many psychologists and anthropologists  [#permalink]

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New post 17 May 2020, 05:50
varotkorn wrote:
Dear IanStewart,

(D) that there is little that is significantly different
(E) that there is little OF significant differences

After I checked with many GMAT websites, I found the above to be the correct wording of this question.
Does the issue you replied above still exist in light of the correct version of choice E.?


Yes, that version of answer E also makes no sense if inserted in the sentence.
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New post 17 May 2020, 07:12
IanStewart wrote:
varotkorn wrote:
Dear IanStewart,

(D) that there is little that is significantly different
(E) that there is little OF significant differences

After I checked with many GMAT websites, I found the above to be the correct wording of this question.
Does the issue you replied above still exist in light of the correct version of choice E.?


Yes, that version of answer E also makes no sense if inserted in the sentence.

Dear IanStewart,

If choice E. were that there ARE FEW significant differences, would it be correct?
I think the above version would be correct.

I note that LITTLE has the same meaning as FEW.

I'm confused here. Please help sir.
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Re: The investigations of many psychologists and anthropologists  [#permalink]

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New post 17 May 2020, 07:22
varotkorn wrote:
IanStewart wrote:
varotkorn wrote:
Dear IanStewart,

(D) that there is little that is significantly different
(E) that there is little OF significant differences

After I checked with many GMAT websites, I found the above to be the correct wording of this question.
Does the issue you replied above still exist in light of the correct version of choice E.?


Yes, that version of answer E also makes no sense if inserted in the sentence.


Dear IanStewart,

If choice E. were that there ARE FEW significant differences, would it be correct?
I think the above version would be correct.

I note that LITTLE has the same meaning as FEW.

I'm confused here. Please help sir.


As E was written, I have no idea what the word "of" is doing there, or why "differences" is plural but "is" is singular. So the official version of that answer choice is just meaningless in English. Your suggested replacement is grammatically correct (note though that you've made it very different from the official answer E; they're not analogous). Your suggested version of E conveys a somewhat different meaning from the answer D (your E suggests there may be some significant differences, but not many of them, while D suggests that the two things are almost the same), but unless you knew which meaning was intended, I don't think you could choose between them on grammar alone.
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Re: The investigations of many psychologists and anthropologists   [#permalink] 17 May 2020, 07:22

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