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# The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing

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Re: The Iroquois were primarily planters  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 22 Sep 2011, 05:58
Ah, the -ing contrast error as I call it!

The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supple-
menting their cultivation of maize, squash, and
beans with fishing and hunting.

(A) but supplementing
(C) and even though they supplemented
(D) although they supplemented
(E) but with supplementing

A and C are fragments, not complete sentences

A - but supplementing - wrong. folks, the ing modifier canNOT appear with but. The obvious reason, the ing modifier clause builds up on the opening clause. It does NOT indicate a contrast. Check the meaning, the second clause is actually showing a contrats to the first one. Also, note here that ing is not a progressive tense. it is a modifier.

B - and had supplemented - wrong again. two reasons. 1. and cannot show a contrast. it is usually used to link two independent clauses. the intended meaning is a contrast. 2. had supplemented - incorrect tense. it indidcates that this action was before they were planters. incorrect meaning. the actions are simultaneous and the tenses should be consistent. both - simple past.

C - and even though they supplemented - incorrect. this indicates a contrast - meaning-wise correct. but this is not a complete sentence. it is a fragment. [i]]and[i] must connect independent clauses. the second clause does not have a working verb that will make it an independent clause. it is wordy too.

D - although they supplemented - wow! correct! although indicates contrast. they supplemented is correct. also, althouth needs a clause (sub + verb) this clause has both - correct. the tense supplemented (simple past) is correct as well. it is consistent with the non underlined tense.

E - but with supplementing - this is a modifier, not a verb. same error, ing modifier that is introducing a contrast. does not work. incorrect.

Although needs a clause
Ing modifier cannot indicate a contrast

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Originally posted by alicegmat on 22 Sep 2011, 03:47.
Last edited by alicegmat on 22 Sep 2011, 05:58, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: The Iroquois were primarily planters  [#permalink]

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22 Sep 2011, 03:53
Simple D. Did in 1 Minute
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22 Sep 2011, 09:38
D.. because "Although" shows contrast
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Re: The Iroquois were primarily planters  [#permalink]

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18 Oct 2011, 07:01
ajit257 wrote:
The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supple-
menting
their cultivation of maize, squash, and
beans with fishing and hunting.

(A) but supplementing
(C) and even though they supplemented
(D) although they supplemented
(E) but with supplementing

Can someone explain the ans. I have a doubt on the usage of one of the words but like to see some views first. Thanks

I might have come up with the answer purely by how it sounds. Here is my analysis -

X E - but with
X B - , and had
X C - change of meaning
X A - "supplementing" kind of adds another fact to the the sentence and isn't trying to refute or contradict something already mentioned, hence "but supplementing" doesn't work with the message in the sentence

D - although doesn't refute planting as the main profession
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Re: The Iroquois were primarily planters  [#permalink]

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18 Oct 2011, 10:58
ajit257 wrote:
The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supple-
menting
their cultivation of maize, squash, and
beans with fishing and hunting.

(A) but supplementing
(C) and even though they supplemented
(D) although they supplemented
(E) but with supplementing

Can someone explain the ans. I have a doubt on the usage of one of the words but like to see some views first. Thanks

Sentence seems to inform that Iroquois were planters but they did something. So simple past tense will do the work to identify what they did.
A. Progressive tense
B. Past Perfect tense
C. 'and' connects two independent sentences. But I 'even though' seems to create a subordinate clause.
D. Best choice based on PoE
E. Progressive tense
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Re: The Iroquois were primarily planters  [#permalink]

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01 Nov 2011, 22:55
ajit257 wrote:
The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supple-
menting
their cultivation of maize, squash, and
beans with fishing and hunting.

(A) but supplementing
(C) and even though they supplemented
(D) although they supplemented
(E) but with supplementing

Can someone explain the ans. I have a doubt on the usage of one of the words but like to see some views first. Thanks

D wins.

The sentence is in past tense, hence "supplemented" usage. A and E are out. The question indicates contrast. Hence B is out. D is the more concise option. E is out.
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Re: The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing  [#permalink]

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08 Mar 2012, 10:11
I chose D for my answer:

A. The use of "but" followed by a comma typically indicates two independent clauses - one precedes the coordinating conjunction and the other follows. In the second clause, I wasn't really sure what the verb was. Also, supplementing acts as a verb-ing modifier that typically modifies the preceding clause. Here, it is unclear what it is supposed to modify.

B. The tense is incorrect here. By using the past perfect tense, it seems to suggest that "their cultivation of maize..." occurred before they were primarily planters. This does not make sense.

C. We are looking for a contrast here, so the use of "and" is incorrect. The clause is then followed by "even though" which presents a subordinate clause. This subordinate clause makes the whole sentence a fragment because we are connecting an independent clause with a dependent clause with a coordinating conjunction.

D. "Although" presents a good contrast. The use of the simple past tense is correct.

E. Again, I'm not too sure what the word "supplementing" is supposed to modify.
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Re: The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing  [#permalink]

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17 Sep 2012, 13:29
I got the reason for the correct answer, but the OG-12 explanation says, that "the participle supplementing would normally be expected to modify the first clause, describing or extending its meaning". Is it a general rule about participles?
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Re: The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing  [#permalink]

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21 Aug 2013, 02:35
why A is wrong is not simple.

"but" as preposition means besides. preposition can go with participle: in learning gmat, I feel hard.
however "but" as preposition in A is not logic though grammartical.

"but" as adverb means ONLY, . This meaning is not logic. there is not modification between two verb " are" and "supplementing"

there should be a contrast as in D.

though I choose D immediately, I feel hard to eliminate A.

I want you, experts, explain more why A is wrong.
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Re: The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing  [#permalink]

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21 Aug 2013, 03:04
vietmoi999 wrote:
why A is wrong is not simple.

"but" as preposition means besides. preposition can go with participle: in learning gmat, I feel hard.
however "but" as preposition in A is not logic though grammartical.

"but" as adverb means ONLY, . This meaning is not logic. there is not modification between two verb " are" and "supplementing"

there should be a contrast as in D.

though I choose D immediately, I feel hard to eliminate A.

I want you, experts, explain more why A is wrong.

Hi vietmoi999,

Option A - The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing their cultivation of maize, squash, and beans with fishing and hunting

Supplementing x, y and Z and then ??? This is a run-on sentence. It is not a complete sentence.

Please remember that supplementing (or any ing form)cannot be the main verb in itself

If it were something like -

The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing their cultivation of maize, squash, and beans with fishing and hunting they survived

then it would have been a complete sentence.
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Re: The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing  [#permalink]

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21 Aug 2013, 03:05
In the option (A), the but shows the contrast but, after the but, the clause doesn't have a subject, making it a fragment.
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Re: The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing  [#permalink]

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23 Aug 2013, 00:43
IN choice A, "but" can be considered adverb meaning "only""

this adverb modify "subplementing' which is participle which modifies the previous clause.

A is grammatical
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Re: The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing  [#permalink]

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23 Aug 2013, 01:04
vietmoi999 wrote:
IN choice A, "but" can be considered adverb meaning "only""

this adverb modify "subplementing' which is participle which modifies the previous clause.

A is grammatical

Hi vietmoi999.

"But" means "only" if "but" plays as an adverb.
For example: he is but a child = he is only a child.

However, A uses a structure "But + COMMA" ==> "But" is a coordinator between 2 independent clauses. Thus, "but" is not an adverb. We need two clauses here, but the clause beginning with "supplementing" is not independent cause it has no main verb.

Hope it's clear.
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Re: The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing  [#permalink]

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24 Aug 2013, 04:05
the pattern in A is "comma+but"

so, "but" can mean "only" here

I agree with you that if "but" is conjuction, the pattern in A is wrong.
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Re: The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing  [#permalink]

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29 Sep 2013, 13:54
swati007 wrote:
vietmoi999 wrote:
why A is wrong is not simple.

"but" as preposition means besides. preposition can go with participle: in learning gmat, I feel hard.
however "but" as preposition in A is not logic though grammartical.

"but" as adverb means ONLY, . This meaning is not logic. there is not modification between two verb " are" and "supplementing"

there should be a contrast as in D.

though I choose D immediately, I feel hard to eliminate A.

I want you, experts, explain more why A is wrong.

Hi vietmoi999,

Option A - The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing their cultivation of maize, squash, and beans with fishing and hunting

Supplementing x, y and Z and then ??? This is a run-on sentence. It is not a complete sentence.

Please remember that supplementing (or any ing form)cannot be the main verb in itself

If it were something like -

The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing their cultivation of maize, squash, and beans with fishing and hunting they survived

then it would have been a complete sentence.

Hi vietmoi999/Swati

The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing their cultivation of maize, squash, and beans with fishing and hunting they survived
might still be logically incorrect I feel as the sentence has shifted the intended contrast .
The contrast is now between Iroquois being planters and their survival .

If we have to make answer choice A correct than I think it should be as given below -
The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplemented their cultivation of maize, squash, and beans with fishing and hunting.
Subject - The Iroquois
verb 1 : were
Verb 2 : supplemented

Please correct me if I am wrong .
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The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing  [#permalink]

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24 Jun 2014, 13:30
1
alicegmat wrote:
Ah, the -ing contrast error as I call it!

The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supple-
menting their cultivation of maize, squash, and
beans with fishing and hunting.

(A) but supplementing
(C) and even though they supplemented
(D) although they supplemented
(E) but with supplementing

A - but supplementing - wrong. folks, the ing modifier canNOT appear with but. The obvious reason, the ing modifier clause builds up on the opening clause. It does NOT indicate a contrast. Check the meaning, the second clause is actually showing a contrats to the first one. Also, note here that ing is not a progressive tense. it is a modifier.

B - and had supplemented - wrong again. two reasons. 1. and cannot show a contrast. it is usually used to link two independent clauses. the intended meaning is a contrast. 2. had supplemented - incorrect tense. it indidcates that this action was before they were planters. incorrect meaning. the actions are simultaneous and the tenses should be consistent. both - simple past.

C - and even though they supplemented - incorrect. this indicates a contrast - meaning-wise correct. but this is not a complete sentence. it is a fragment. [i]]and[i] must connect independent clauses. the second clause does not have a working verb that will make it an independent clause. it is wordy too.

D - although they supplemented - wow! correct! although indicates contrast. they supplemented is correct. also, althouth needs a clause (sub + verb) this clause has both - correct. the tense supplemented (simple past) is correct as well. it is consistent with the non underlined tense.

E - but with supplementing - this is a modifier, not a verb. same error, ing modifier that is introducing a contrast. does not work. incorrect.

Take-aways -
Although needs a clause
Ing modifier cannot indicate a contrast

I was reading the explanation in this post and found that everyone is overlooking a small error. Hence, posting a reply to correct the understanding.

While explanation for A, B, D, E is mostly correct in all the replies, explanation about C is wrong.

(C) "and even though they supplemented" : It is a sentence fragment but not because it does not have a verb.. This sentence has a perfect verb i.e. supplemented just like in (D).

However, this sentence is a fragment because it starts with "and", which requires further explanation after the subordinate clause "even though....." ends.

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Re: The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing  [#permalink]

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24 Jun 2014, 21:34
2
More specifically, and is used as a coordinating conjunction in C, and so, must be followed with an Independent clause (this is a property of coordinating conjunctions). In this case, and is just followed by a dependent clause, and hence is not correct.

p.s. Sentence fragments are tested quite extensively on GMAT. Our book discusses in detail, the various scenarios in which Sentence fragments appear. If you could PM me your mail id, I can send you the relevant section.
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Re: The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing  [#permalink]

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20 Sep 2014, 00:40
ngobaotrung wrote:
The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing their cultivation of maize, squash, and beans with fishing and hunting.

(A) but supplementing
(C) and even though they supplemented
(D) although they supplemented
(E) but with supplementing

I marked choice D, because "Although" is used when we need to contrast two situation.

What would have been the answer, had choice C been "even though they supplemented" i.e. removing and from it.
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Re: The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing  [#permalink]

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09 Feb 2015, 04:05
The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing

but is used as a connector like X but Y (X and Y should be in same form)

Here The Iroquois should be connected by plural noun , option 'D' is doing correct thing so correct
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Re: The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing  [#permalink]

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02 Mar 2015, 02:07
Chose D. The sentence must express contrast.
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Re: The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing &nbs [#permalink] 02 Mar 2015, 02:07

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