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The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing

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Re: The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing [#permalink]

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New post 23 Aug 2013, 00:43
IN choice A, "but" can be considered adverb meaning "only""

this adverb modify "subplementing' which is participle which modifies the previous clause.

A is grammatical
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Re: The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing [#permalink]

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New post 23 Aug 2013, 01:04
vietmoi999 wrote:
IN choice A, "but" can be considered adverb meaning "only""

this adverb modify "subplementing' which is participle which modifies the previous clause.

A is grammatical


Hi vietmoi999.

"But" means "only" if "but" plays as an adverb.
For example: he is but a child = he is only a child.

However, A uses a structure "But + COMMA" ==> "But" is a coordinator between 2 independent clauses. Thus, "but" is not an adverb. We need two clauses here, but the clause beginning with "supplementing" is not independent cause it has no main verb.

Hope it's clear.
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Re: The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing [#permalink]

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New post 24 Aug 2013, 04:05
the pattern in A is "comma+but"

so, "but" can mean "only" here

I agree with you that if "but" is conjuction, the pattern in A is wrong.
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Re: The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing [#permalink]

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New post 29 Sep 2013, 13:54
swati007 wrote:
vietmoi999 wrote:
why A is wrong is not simple.

"but" as preposition means besides. preposition can go with participle: in learning gmat, I feel hard.
however "but" as preposition in A is not logic though grammartical.

"but" as adverb means ONLY, . This meaning is not logic. there is not modification between two verb " are" and "supplementing"

there should be a contrast as in D.

though I choose D immediately, I feel hard to eliminate A.

I want you, experts, explain more why A is wrong.


Hi vietmoi999,


Option A - The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing their cultivation of maize, squash, and beans with fishing and hunting

Supplementing x, y and Z and then ??? This is a run-on sentence. It is not a complete sentence.

Please remember that supplementing (or any ing form)cannot be the main verb in itself

If it were something like -

The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing their cultivation of maize, squash, and beans with fishing and hunting they survived

then it would have been a complete sentence.


Hi vietmoi999/Swati

The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing their cultivation of maize, squash, and beans with fishing and hunting they survived
might still be logically incorrect I feel as the sentence has shifted the intended contrast .
The contrast is now between Iroquois being planters and their survival .

If we have to make answer choice A correct than I think it should be as given below -
The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplemented their cultivation of maize, squash, and beans with fishing and hunting.
Subject - The Iroquois
verb 1 : were
Verb 2 : supplemented

Please correct me if I am wrong .
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The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jun 2014, 13:30
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alicegmat wrote:
Ah, the -ing contrast error as I call it!

The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supple-
menting their cultivation of maize, squash, and
beans with fishing and hunting.

(A) but supplementing
(B) and had supplemented
(C) and even though they supplemented
(D) although they supplemented
(E) but with supplementing


A - but supplementing - wrong. folks, the ing modifier canNOT appear with but. The obvious reason, the ing modifier clause builds up on the opening clause. It does NOT indicate a contrast. Check the meaning, the second clause is actually showing a contrats to the first one. Also, note here that ing is not a progressive tense. it is a modifier.

B - and had supplemented - wrong again. two reasons. 1. and cannot show a contrast. it is usually used to link two independent clauses. the intended meaning is a contrast. 2. had supplemented - incorrect tense. it indidcates that this action was before they were planters. incorrect meaning. the actions are simultaneous and the tenses should be consistent. both - simple past.

C - and even though they supplemented - incorrect. this indicates a contrast - meaning-wise correct. but this is not a complete sentence. it is a fragment. [i]]and[i] must connect independent clauses. the second clause does not have a working verb that will make it an independent clause. it is wordy too.

D - although they supplemented - wow! correct! although indicates contrast. they supplemented is correct. also, althouth needs a clause (sub + verb) this clause has both - correct. the tense supplemented (simple past) is correct as well. it is consistent with the non underlined tense.

E - but with supplementing - this is a modifier, not a verb. same error, ing modifier that is introducing a contrast. does not work. incorrect.

Take-aways -
Although needs a clause
Ing modifier cannot indicate a contrast



I was reading the explanation in this post and found that everyone is overlooking a small error. Hence, posting a reply to correct the understanding.

While explanation for A, B, D, E is mostly correct in all the replies, explanation about C is wrong.

(C) "and even though they supplemented" : It is a sentence fragment but not because it does not have a verb.. This sentence has a perfect verb i.e. supplemented just like in (D).

However, this sentence is a fragment because it starts with "and", which requires further explanation after the subordinate clause "even though....." ends.


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Re: The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jun 2014, 21:34
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More specifically, and is used as a coordinating conjunction in C, and so, must be followed with an Independent clause (this is a property of coordinating conjunctions). In this case, and is just followed by a dependent clause, and hence is not correct.

p.s. Sentence fragments are tested quite extensively on GMAT. Our book discusses in detail, the various scenarios in which Sentence fragments appear. If you could PM me your mail id, I can send you the relevant section.
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Re: The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing [#permalink]

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New post 20 Sep 2014, 00:40
ngobaotrung wrote:
The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing their cultivation of maize, squash, and beans with fishing and hunting.

(A) but supplementing
(B) and had supplemented
(C) and even though they supplemented
(D) although they supplemented
(E) but with supplementing



I marked choice D, because "Although" is used when we need to contrast two situation.

What would have been the answer, had choice C been "even though they supplemented" i.e. removing and from it.
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Re: The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing [#permalink]

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New post 09 Feb 2015, 04:05
The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing

but is used as a connector like X but Y (X and Y should be in same form)

Here The Iroquois should be connected by plural noun , option 'D' is doing correct thing so correct :)
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Re: The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing [#permalink]

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New post 02 Mar 2015, 02:07
Chose D. The sentence must express contrast.
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Re: The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing [#permalink]

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New post 24 Mar 2015, 03:46
ngobaotrung wrote:
The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing their cultivation of maize, squash, and beans with fishing and hunting.

(A) but supplementing
(B) and had supplemented
(C) and even though they supplemented
(D) although they supplemented
(E) but with supplementing



in the pattern
main clause+comma doing

we can add some preposition to make clear the meaning relation between main clause and doing, but only a few prepositions are acceptable in this case.

but is not acceptable
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Re: The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing [#permalink]

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Re: The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing [#permalink]

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New post 05 Aug 2016, 03:33
Assuming 'contrast' is not the intent here, and option D was missing, will 'and supplemented' be a correct option if it was present?

ywilfred wrote:
The writer meant to show a contrast - that the iruquois were planters although they did some hunting and fishing of their own.

D fits in very well.

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Re: The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing [#permalink]

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New post 12 Oct 2016, 06:44
(A) but supplementing
– no verb for the second independent clause starting with but
(B) and had supplemented
– no contrast presented, past perfect tense is not required
(C) and even though they supplemented
– redundancy with and & even though ("and" connects two independent clauses, "even though" connects an independent clause to a dependent clause)
- only even though presents contrast

(D) although they supplemented
- correct
(E) but with supplementing
– no verb for the second independent clause starting with but

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Re: The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jan 2017, 19:25
alwaysnewbie wrote:
(A) but supplementing
– no verb for the second independent clause starting with but
(B) and had supplemented
– no contrast presented, past perfect tense is not required
(C) and even though they supplemented
– redundancy with and & even though ("and" connects two independent clauses, "even though" connects an independent clause to a dependent clause)
- only even though presents contrast

(D) although they supplemented
- correct
(E) but with supplementing
– no verb for the second independent clause starting with but

Thanks


Just have one doubt in the D option..... Although is a part of another independent clause...... And we can join 2 ICs using only FANBOYS....... Can anybody ls help with this?

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Re: The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jan 2017, 22:03
ngobaotrung wrote:
The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing their cultivation of maize, squash, and beans with fishing and hunting.

(A) but supplementing
(B) and had supplemented
(C) and even though they supplemented
(D) although they supplemented
(E) but with supplementing


in A,
but is a conjuction connecting two similar form of entities. but can not work as an preposition. A is wrong
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Re: The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing [#permalink]

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New post 10 Aug 2017, 23:55
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what is wrong with answer choice C

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Re: The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing [#permalink]

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New post 11 Aug 2017, 10:45
ngobaotrung wrote:
The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing their cultivation of maize, squash, and beans with fishing and hunting.

(A) but supplementing
(B) and had supplemented
(C) and even though they supplemented
(D) although they supplemented
(E) but with supplementing


The answer has to be D

A But in A should be followed by a full independent related clause but here that is not the case .

B use of had is not required and use of and is also not proper .The sentence is making efforts to show contrast not join two independent ideas .

C Again use and is abysmal

D Correct as it has contrast

E same error as A and use of preposition with is completely wrong here
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Re: The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing   [#permalink] 11 Aug 2017, 10:45

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