It is currently 20 Oct 2017, 15:02

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# The labor agreement permits staff reductions through

Author Message
Director
Joined: 03 Jul 2003
Posts: 651

Kudos [?]: 104 [0], given: 0

The labor agreement permits staff reductions through [#permalink]

### Show Tags

06 Apr 2004, 21:50
00:00

Difficulty:

(N/A)

Question Stats:

0% (00:00) correct 0% (00:00) wrong based on 1 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

The labor agreement permits staff reductions through attrition with increased pension benefits and a special early-retirement program for speeding it up.

(A) attrition with increased pension benefits and a special early-retirement program for speeding it up.
(B) attrition and provides increased pension benefits and a special early-retirement program to speed the attrition process
(C) attrition, which will be speeded up by providing increased pension benefits and a special early-retirement program
(D) attrition, which, by their providing increased pension benefits and a special early-retirement program, will speed the process
(E) attrition, which provides increased pension benefits and a special early-retirement program for speeding the attrition process.

..

Kudos [?]: 104 [0], given: 0

GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 15 Dec 2003
Posts: 4285

Kudos [?]: 528 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

06 Apr 2004, 21:55
C. The second half of sentence all relates to the description of how the attrition process will be quickened
_________________

Best Regards,

Paul

Kudos [?]: 528 [0], given: 0

Intern
Joined: 09 Mar 2004
Posts: 37

Kudos [?]: [0], given: 0

Location: Bombay

### Show Tags

07 Apr 2004, 03:57
I'll go for B.

I'm not sure about the tense in C. (attrition, which will be speeded up )

Kudos [?]: [0], given: 0

Director
Joined: 03 Jul 2003
Posts: 651

Kudos [?]: 104 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

07 Apr 2004, 08:50
aspire wrote:
Its B for me.

Folks,
Could you please pick the top two contenders and reason why one
is better than other. This will benefit every one.

Kudos [?]: 104 [0], given: 0

GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 15 Dec 2003
Posts: 4285

Kudos [?]: 528 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

07 Apr 2004, 08:57
B must be it because in C, it is as if it is the "attrition" itself which will be "providing...". B makes it clear that it is the labor agreement which will "permit..." and "provide..." both of which are actions performed by the labor agreement.
_________________

Best Regards,

Paul

Kudos [?]: 528 [0], given: 0

Director
Joined: 03 Jul 2003
Posts: 651

Kudos [?]: 104 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

07 Apr 2004, 09:28
Paul wrote:
it is as if it is the "attrition" itself which will be "providing...".

B) ...attrition, which will be speeded up by providing increased pension benefits... --> can be changed from non-restrictive clause to simple sentence as followes

Attrition will be speed up by providing increased pension.

This sentence does not mean that "attrition" provides pension.
Thaking one step fuuther, this sentence can be expanded as

Attrition will be speed up by [employer] providing increased pension.

Where "employer" is implied.

Take a simple example.

Car will be cleaned up by applying soap and water.

In this car is not applying the soap and water.

Paul: You are correct more than 90%. So, don't be hard on yourself.

That being said, Has anyone want to rip choice C and B apart
and explain why one is better than other?

Last edited by kpadma on 07 Apr 2004, 13:42, edited 1 time in total.

Kudos [?]: 104 [0], given: 0

SVP
Joined: 30 Oct 2003
Posts: 1788

Kudos [?]: 112 [0], given: 0

Location: NewJersey USA

### Show Tags

07 Apr 2004, 10:00
Well this is tough one.

The employer can use attrition process to get rid of the people. But the labor union will be against it right? SO the labor union is in a position to permit the actions of the employer provided some benifits are present. If the benifits are good why would the labor agreement permit such a good thing.

The following sentence makes sense

Labor agreement allows staff reduction through attrition process only if apropriate benifits are provided.

I think C makes more sense here. As paul said the employer can encourage people to leave by givings benifits.

What is the OA?

Kudos [?]: 112 [0], given: 0

Manager
Joined: 15 Mar 2004
Posts: 155

Kudos [?]: 2 [0], given: 0

Location: New York

### Show Tags

07 Apr 2004, 11:02
With the exception of Speeding up, which could actually be a reason enough to exclude it, C is the better choice. B goes like this,

The labor agreement permits staff reductions through attrition and provides, I think we need some connection here. It sounds as if the agreement permits attrition and provides benefits. It is not clear that the benefits are provided for the people. I am not certain on this one though. Too long to try and explain. I think that neither one is clear. I'd go with C here

The labor agreement permits staff reductions through attrition, which will be, hmmm trying to replace speeded up only to realize that I can't. Attrition cant be speeded up, or increased, or decreased, or anything. Its the process that can, Based just on that,

Scratch C. B it is, as terrible as it is.
_________________

---------------------------------------------------
The more I learn, the more I realize I know nothing!
----------------------------------------------------

Kudos [?]: 2 [0], given: 0

Senior Manager
Joined: 02 Mar 2004
Posts: 327

Kudos [?]: 2 [0], given: 0

Location: There

### Show Tags

07 Apr 2004, 11:02
The implied subject of a gerund can be indefinite.

Kudos [?]: 2 [0], given: 0

Manager
Joined: 15 Mar 2004
Posts: 155

Kudos [?]: 2 [0], given: 0

Location: New York

### Show Tags

07 Apr 2004, 11:09
hallelujah1234 wrote:
The implied subject of a gerund can be indefinite.

Halle Expand,

Are you saying that speeding up can be used here to refer to attrition?
_________________

---------------------------------------------------
The more I learn, the more I realize I know nothing!
----------------------------------------------------

Kudos [?]: 2 [0], given: 0

Senior Manager
Joined: 02 Mar 2004
Posts: 327

Kudos [?]: 2 [0], given: 0

Location: There

### Show Tags

07 Apr 2004, 13:10
lvb9th wrote:
hallelujah1234 wrote:
The implied subject of a gerund can be indefinite.

Halle Expand,

Are you saying that speeding up can be used here to refer to attrition?

I was referring to "providing" in C. Anyway, semantical answers dont settle the issue.

Kudos [?]: 2 [0], given: 0

Director
Joined: 03 Jul 2003
Posts: 651

Kudos [?]: 104 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

07 Apr 2004, 13:46
lvb9th wrote:
With the exception of Speeding up, which could actually be a reason enough to exclude it, C is the better choice. B goes like this,

Could you reson why "Speeding up" is wrong?
I searched the net for an answer, but ended up nowhere!

Kudos [?]: 104 [0], given: 0

Manager
Joined: 15 Mar 2004
Posts: 155

Kudos [?]: 2 [0], given: 0

Location: New York

### Show Tags

07 Apr 2004, 16:09
lvb9th wrote:
With the exception of Speeding up, which could actually be a reason enough to exclude it, C is the better choice. B goes like this,

Could you reson why "Speeding up" is wrong?
I searched the net for an answer, but ended up nowhere!

K,

I am not sure exactly what the rule is. ALL I know is, no matter what, try to never use this form of English in writing. Speeding up? Hurry up? HUH? Speeding up should be=expedite, accelerate, hurry up can be just hurry, without the up part. And so on.
_________________

---------------------------------------------------
The more I learn, the more I realize I know nothing!
----------------------------------------------------

Kudos [?]: 2 [0], given: 0

Director
Joined: 03 Jul 2003
Posts: 651

Kudos [?]: 104 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

07 Apr 2004, 16:34
OA is B

As lvb9th pointed out, "speeding up" could be the key. I could not find
any grammatical error in C, neither do others. Thanks!

Kudos [?]: 104 [0], given: 0

CEO
Joined: 15 Aug 2003
Posts: 3454

Kudos [?]: 919 [0], given: 781

### Show Tags

07 Apr 2004, 17:08
Quote:
The labor agreement permits staff reductions through attrition with increased pension benefits and a special early-retirement program for speeding it up.

The idea is : the labor agreement does 2 things. permits staff reductions through attrition and provides pension benefits and a special early retirement program for speeding that process of staff reductions through attrition.

Quote:
(A) attrition with increased pension benefits and a special early-retirement program for speeding it up.

here "it" does not have a clear referent. does it refer to labor agreement or does it refer to attrition.

Quote:
(B) attrition and provides increased pension benefits and a special early-retirement program to speed the attrition process

It sure looks like our initial idea. B should be it. We have a clear mention of "speed up the attrition" process.

The labor agreement permits X and provides Y to speed up X process.

Quote:
C) attrition, which will be speeded up by providing increased pension benefits and a special early-retirement program

Close...but the passive voice makes it less preferable to B.

Quote:
(D) attrition, which, by their providing increased pension benefits and a special early-retirement program, will speed the process

- "their" has no place here...incorrect usage. labor agreement needs "its" as a pronoun.
- of course, again ,we have passive voice here.
- Use of "which" here seems to indicate that the "attrition" provides the increaase pension benefits. The attrition does not provide increased pension benefits...the labor agreement does...
D is not correct.

Quote:
(E) attrition, which provides increased pension benefits and a special early-retirement program for speeding the attrition process.

again, the labor agreement provides increaseed pension benefits...The attrition does not. E is incorrect.

Kudos [?]: 919 [0], given: 781

Director
Joined: 03 Jul 2003
Posts: 651

Kudos [?]: 104 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

07 Apr 2004, 19:43
praetorian123: Thanks a lot. good explanation.

Kudos [?]: 104 [0], given: 0

07 Apr 2004, 19:43
Display posts from previous: Sort by