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The large increase in applicants to graduate school last year

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The large increase in applicants to graduate school last year  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Aug 2017, 07:46
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The large increase in applicants to graduate school last year, caused in part by the declining economy, downsizing, and layoffs, are effecting standards of admission at all but the top-tier schools.

A. applicants to graduate school last year, caused in part by the declining economy, downsizing, and layoffs, are effecting
B. applicants to graduate school last year, caused in part by the declining economy, downsizing, and laying off of workers, are effecting
C. the number of people applying to graduate school last year, caused in part by the declining economy, downsizing, and layoffs, have effected
D. the number of people applying to graduate school last year, caused in part by the declining economy, downsizing, and layoffs, is effecting
E. the number of people applying to graduate school last year, caused in part by the declining economy, downsizing, and layoffs, is affecting
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Re: The large increase in applicants to graduate school last year  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Aug 2017, 08:35
acacia wrote:
The large increase in applicants to graduate school last year, caused in part by the declining economy, downsizing, and layoffs, are effecting standards of admission at all but the top-tier schools.

A. applicants to graduate school last year, caused in part by the declining economy, downsizing, and layoffs, are effecting
B. applicants to graduate school last year, caused in part by the declining economy, downsizing, and laying off of workers, are effecting
C. the number of people applying to graduate school last year, caused in part by the declining economy, downsizing, and layoffs, have effected
D. the number of people applying to graduate school last year, caused in part by the declining economy, downsizing, and layoffs, is effecting
E. the number of people applying to graduate school last year, caused in part by the declining economy, downsizing, and layoffs, is affecting

Correct answer must be (E) for the highlighted errors in other options...
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Re: The large increase in applicants to graduate school last year  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Aug 2017, 23:34
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Options A, B, and C are out because of the usage of "are" and "have".

Between options D & E, it boils down to these two words - "Affect" and "Effect".

"Affect" -- To make an impact. Ex. "His bad preparation will affect his GMAT score."
"Effect" -- Result of an action. Ex. "Effect of his bad preparation was visible in GMAT score."

Thus, with the intended meaning of the stimulus, option E is right.
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Re: The large increase in applicants to graduate school last year  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Oct 2018, 14:51
The large increase in applicants to graduate school last year, caused in part by the declining economy, downsizing, and layoffs, are effecting standards of admission at all but the top-tier schools.

A. applicants to graduate school last year, caused in part by the declining economy, downsizing, and layoffs, are effecting
    increase-singular, are- plural
    effecting is not a verb
    applicants are not increasing (in size). They are increasing in numbers
B. applicants to graduate school last year, caused in part by the declining economy, downsizing, and laying off of workers, are effecting
    increase-singular, are- plural
    effecting is not a verb
    applicants are not increasing (in size). They are increasing in numbers

C. the number of people applying to graduate school last year, caused in part by the declining economy, downsizing, and layoffs, have effected
    The number- singular, have-plural
    effected is not a verb

D. the number of people applying to graduate school last year, caused in part by the declining economy, downsizing, and layoffs, is effecting
effecting is not a verb

E. the number of people applying to graduate school last year, caused in part by the declining economy, downsizing, and layoffs, is affecting
CORRECT
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Re: The large increase in applicants to graduate school last year   [#permalink] 16 Oct 2018, 14:51
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