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The Larynxtown industrial zone is infested with rats. The

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The Larynxtown industrial zone is infested with rats. The  [#permalink]

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New post 30 May 2014, 04:14
4
9
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A
B
C
D
E

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  45% (medium)

Question Stats:

68% (02:19) correct 32% (02:24) wrong based on 601 sessions

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The Larynxtown industrial zone is infested with rats. The municipality introduced DDA poison, improving the situation, but resulting in the death of many Klacktop birds. To prevent the death of the Klacktops, DDB poison was introduced which resulted in the death of many Gellowtop frogs. Some of the public believe that since the rat infestation poses a significant threat to the Larynxtown citizens' health, any measures, irrelevant of the harm caused to wildlife, must be taken to cease it. The industrial zone neighbors the habitats of certain wildlife species that are protected by law so the introduction of poisons is probably not the solution to this particular infestation.

In the argument given, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

A) The first provides support for the argument's main position; the second objects to this position.
B) The first states a position that challenges that supported by the argument's conclusion; the second is evidence used to further support that conclusion.
C) The first challenges the main position of the argument; the second gives support to that challenge.
D) The first describes evidence that supports the argument's conclusion; the second is that conclusion.
E) The first is a position that opposes that established by the argument; the second is a conclusion to the argument.
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Re: The Larynxtown industrial zone is infested with rats. The  [#permalink]

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New post 30 May 2014, 05:11
E it is :The first is a position that opposes that established by the argument; the second is a conclusion to the argument.
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Re: The Larynxtown industrial zone is infested with rats. The  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jun 2014, 07:04
"that established by the argument" : please define this part of the answer.

Position established so far in the argument before that bold part or what argument trying to establish as a whole i.e. final conclusion.

If I infer what argument establishes as a whole i.e conclusion then E is not correct answer.

I was between D and E. :(
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Re: The Larynxtown industrial zone is infested with rats. The  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Aug 2015, 11:03
PiyushK wrote:
"that established by the argument" : please define this part of the answer.

Position established so far in the argument before that bold part or what argument trying to establish as a whole i.e. final conclusion.

If I infer what argument establishes as a whole i.e conclusion then E is not correct answer.

I was between D and E. :(


"that established by the argument" = argument/conclusion = The industrial zone neighbors the habitats of certain wildlife species that are protected by law so the introduction of poisons is probably not the solution to this particular infestation.
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Re: The Larynxtown industrial zone is infested with rats. The  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Sep 2015, 23:33
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The Larynxtown industrial zone is infested with rats. The municipality introduced DDA poison, improving the situation, but resulting in the death of many Klacktop birds. To prevent the death of the Klacktops, DDB poison was introduced which resulted in the death of many Gellowtop frogs. Some of the public believe that since the rat infestation poses a significant threat to the Larynxtown citizens' health, any measures, irrelevant of the harm caused to wildlife, must be taken to cease it. The industrial zone neighbors the habitats of certain wildlife species that are protected by law so the introduction of poisons is probably not the solution to this particular infestation.

In the argument given, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

A) The first provides support for the argument's main position; the second objects to this position.
B) The first states a position that challenges that supported by the argument's conclusion; the second is evidence used to further support that conclusion.
C) The first challenges the main position of the argument; the second gives support to that challenge.
D) The first describes evidence that supports the argument's conclusion; the second is that conclusion.
E) The first is a position that opposes that established by the argument; the second is a conclusion to the argument.

Two colored (in red) words determine the role of the portions.
1- First is a believe, so it cannot be an evidence. And it is against (oppose, challenge) the second bold portion. Thus, we eliminate A and D
2- Just prior to the second bold portion "SO" indicates that it is the conclusion of the argument and it is not supported by the 1st bold portion. Thus, eliminate B and C.
E is the answer.
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Re: The Larynxtown industrial zone is infested with rats. The  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jan 2017, 05:58
I don't really get the reasoning of the passage. Please explain.
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Re: The Larynxtown industrial zone is infested with rats. The  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jan 2017, 23:05
hongson1706 wrote:
I don't really get the reasoning of the passage. Please explain.


The argument is as follows:

Premise 1: Poisons kill both rats and wildlife.
Premise 2: Wildlife is protected by law.
Conclusion: Poisons cannot be used to kill rats...... (BF2)

Counter-view: Poisons should be used to kill rats irrespective of harm to wildlife. (BF1)

Thus correct answer is E.

Please let me know, if you still have doubts.
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Re: The Larynxtown industrial zone is infested with rats. The  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jan 2017, 10:21
hongson1706 wrote:
I don't really get the reasoning of the passage. Please explain.



the argument starts off with some background information on the zone's battle with rats. It talks about various poisons the zone used to try to kill off the rats, and the collateral damage that comes with them (killing off birds and frogs.) These lead to the conclusion (triggered by the word BELIEVE) that residents assert, that all measures are necessary to stop the spread of rats.

So at this point you know boldface one serves as a conclusion of the argument asserted by the citizens.

The final sentence introduces the new piece of information that the zone is close to a protected habitat area SO it's probably not the best idea to go shock and awe on the rats at the risk of harming the other animals in the area.

So at this point we know the author's conclusion, that it's not the best idea to take any means necessary to rid the zone of rats.

Therefore, the boldface serves the roles of (1) a conclusion asserted by the residents that is the opposite of the authors and (2) the author's conclusion.

The only one that fits this structure is E. Hope this helps!

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The Larynxtown industrial zone is infested with rats. The municipality  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Nov 2017, 05:38
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The Larynxtown industrial zone is infested with rats. The municipality introduced DDA poison, improving the situation, but resulting in the death of many Klacktop birds. To prevent the death of the Klacktops, DDB poison was introduced which resulted in the death of many Gellowtop frogs. Some of the public believe that since the rat infestation poses a significant threat to the Larynxtown citizens' health, any measures, irrelevant of the harm caused to wildlife, must be taken to cease it. The industrial zone neighbors the habitats of certain wildlife species that are protected by law so the introduction of poisons is probably not the solution to this particular infestation.

In the argument given, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?


(a) The first provides support for the argument's main position; the second objects to this position.
(b) The first states a position that challenges that supported by the argument's conclusion; the second is evidence used to further support that conclusion.
(c) The first challenges the main position of the argument; the second gives support to that challenge.
(d) The first describes evidence that supports the argument's conclusion; the second is that conclusion.
(e) The first is a position that opposes that established by the argument; the second is a conclusion to the argument.
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Re: The Larynxtown industrial zone is infested with rats. The municipality  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Nov 2017, 14:01
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saswata4s wrote:
The Larynxtown industrial zone is infested with rats. The municipality introduced DDA poison, improving the situation, but resulting in the death of many Klacktop birds. To prevent the death of the Klacktops, DDB poison was introduced which resulted in the death of many Gellowtop frogs. Some of the public believe that since the rat infestation poses a significant threat to the Larynxtown citizens' health, any measures, irrelevant of the harm caused to wildlife, must be taken to cease it. The industrial zone neighbors the habitats of certain wildlife species that are protected by law so the introduction of poisons is probably not the solution to this particular infestation.

In the argument given, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?


(a) The first provides support for the argument's main position; the second objects to this position.
(b) The first states a position that challenges that supported by the argument's conclusion; the second is evidence used to further support that conclusion.
(c) The first challenges the main position of the argument; the second gives support to that challenge.
(d) The first describes evidence that supports the argument's conclusion; the second is that conclusion.
(e) The first is a position that opposes that established by the argument; the second is a conclusion to the argument.


Carolyn from Magoosh here! :-)

First, let's identify exactly what the argument is here. Two poisons were introduced to try and curb the rat infestation, but the first hurt birds and the second hurt frogs. These first few sentences are pieces of evidence (information) that gives us context for the argument. Now, some people believe that the damage to the birds and frogs should be ignored, since the rat infestation is a major health threat (so far it's unclear how this fits in). And finally, we are told that this area is right next to a protected habitat, so poisons should probably not be used. Now, this looks a lot like a conclusion. Whenever we see certain trigger words, like "so", "consequently", "thus", "therefore", and so on, that's a really good indication that whatever follows is some sort of conclusion. This seems to follow well from the other evidence provided in the passage.

Now, let's to back to the first bolded part. This statement would lead to an opposite conclusion - that poison should be used. So this would be best classified as "a position that opposes that established by the argument". This leads us to answer E :-)

Hope that's helpful! :-)
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Re: The Larynxtown industrial zone is infested with rats. The  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Nov 2017, 02:30
Answer (E)

Was scratching my head looking for "main verb" in the last sentence to understand what it means, until i realized that "neighbors" is not subject but the actual main verb. Took good amount of time, need to strengthen my SC kills.
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Re: The Larynxtown industrial zone is infested with rats. The &nbs [#permalink] 07 Nov 2017, 02:30
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