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# The lottery paid the winner \$100,000 after taxes, enabling

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Senior Manager
Joined: 21 Oct 2013
Posts: 411
The lottery paid the winner \$100,000 after taxes, enabling  [#permalink]

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26 Jan 2014, 15:08
1
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Difficulty:

5% (low)

Question Stats:

86% (00:42) correct 14% (01:04) wrong based on 99 sessions

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The lottery paid the winner \$100,000 after taxes, enabling her to pay off the rest of her mortgage and become debt-free.
enabling her to pay off
for her to pay off
for the paying of
that enabled them to pay off
that she could pay off

OE
Since the underlined portion (and hence the answer choice) is very short, a quick vertical scan reveals a lot. (B), (C) and (E) imply that the lottery gave her the money because the lottery intended that she use it to pay off her mortgage. This is false; the lottery gave her the money simply because she won it. Also, (E) is not grammatically correct; it would require "so that", not just "that". But note that, even if (E) contained "so that", it would still be incorrect because of the logic explained earlier in this paragraph. So we eliminate (B), (C) and (E). That leaves choices (A) and (D).

Choice (D) improperly seems to imply (if we assume that the antecedent of "them" is "lottery") that the lottery paid off the winner's mortgage. This is incorrect; the original sentence clearly states that the lottery paid the money directly to the winner, and that this money enabled her to pay off her mortgage. Thus, (D) is incorrect. A closer look also shows that the pronoun "them" has no proper antecedent here, since the sentence contains no plural nouns. The word "lottery" is singular, so (D) cannot be correct even if we disregard the change in meaning. That leaves us with (A), the correct answer.

Hi, I feel "enabling" not sound right to me. Can anyone clarify this for me, please.
Manager
Joined: 16 Jan 2013
Posts: 129
Re: The lottery paid the winner \$100,000 after taxes, enabling  [#permalink]

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26 Jan 2014, 21:33
1
goodyear2013 wrote:
Hi, I feel "enabling" not sound right to me. Can anyone clarify this for me, please.

The lottery paid the winner \$100,000 after taxes, enabling her to pay off the rest of her mortgage and become debt-free.
A. enabling her to pay off
enabling is a particple modifier or simply, a verb-ing modifier preceded by a comma. So, it modifies the preceding clause by stating the result of that clause. The sentence means that Because of the scenario that the lottery paid the winner X amount, this scenario enabled her to pay off ....

B. for her to pay off
The lottery didn't pay her so that she could pay off her rent ... The causality is wrong.

C. for the paying of
Same as B.

D. that enabled them to pay off
Winner is singular. Who does them refer to? Secondly, that seems to refer to taxes, which is wrong.

E. that she could pay off
Same issue with that, as in D.
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What are modifiers ??
Manager
Joined: 10 Oct 2011
Posts: 115
Location: India
Concentration: Technology, Entrepreneurship
GMAT 1: 760 Q50 V42
GPA: 3
Re: The lottery paid the winner \$100,000 after taxes, enabling  [#permalink]

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27 Jan 2014, 03:10
1
goodyear2013 wrote:
The lottery paid the winner \$100,000 after taxes, enabling her to pay off the rest of her mortgage and become debt-free.
enabling her to pay off
for her to pay off
for the paying of
that enabled them to pay off
that she could pay off

OE
Since the underlined portion (and hence the answer choice) is very short, a quick vertical scan reveals a lot. (B), (C) and (E) imply that the lottery gave her the money because the lottery intended that she use it to pay off her mortgage. This is false; the lottery gave her the money simply because she won it. Also, (E) is not grammatically correct; it would require "so that", not just "that". But note that, even if (E) contained "so that", it would still be incorrect because of the logic explained earlier in this paragraph. So we eliminate (B), (C) and (E). That leaves choices (A) and (D).

Choice (D) improperly seems to imply (if we assume that the antecedent of "them" is "lottery") that the lottery paid off the winner's mortgage. This is incorrect; the original sentence clearly states that the lottery paid the money directly to the winner, and that this money enabled her to pay off her mortgage. Thus, (D) is incorrect. A closer look also shows that the pronoun "them" has no proper antecedent here, since the sentence contains no plural nouns. The word "lottery" is singular, so (D) cannot be correct even if we disregard the change in meaning. That leaves us with (A), the correct answer.

Hi, I feel "enabling" not sound right to me. Can anyone clarify this for me, please.

The lottery paid the winner \$100,000 after taxes, enabling her to pay off the rest of her mortgage and become debt-free.

Usages like the above one are correct. The action A by lottery: "The lottery paid the winner \$100,000 after taxes" had the consequence of "enabling her to pay off the rest of her mortgage and become debt-free."

If you are into cricket here is an example: The pitch became damp after the rain, allowing the new ball to swing both ways. Here the fact that the pitch had become damp allowed the new ball to swing both ways. To help you visualize: The occurance of "the pitch becoming damp" allowed the new ball to swing both ways.
Hope this helps.
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Re: The lottery paid the winner \$100,000 after taxes, enabling  [#permalink]

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30 Mar 2018, 08:25
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Re: The lottery paid the winner \$100,000 after taxes, enabling   [#permalink] 30 Mar 2018, 08:25
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# The lottery paid the winner \$100,000 after taxes, enabling

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