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# The members of the United States Marine Corp (USMC) are famed for

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The members of the United States Marine Corp (USMC) are famed for  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 28 Jan 2018, 19:10
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The members of the United States Marine Corp (USMC) are famed for their intense devotion to one another. The Marine motto "Semper Fidelis" (Latin, "Always Faithful") is taken to connote, among other things, the lifelong devotion a Marine has to his or her comrades in the corp. Psychologists who study cohesion among groups have concluded that the USMC creates this intense bond through its unique Recruit Training program.

Which of the following, if true, most helps to justify the psychologists' position?

(A) Throughout their time in the Corp, whether during war or peace, Marines frequently engage in activities that reinforce the value of cooperation and camaraderie.

(B) New recruits are far more likely to engage in aloof behavior during the early stages of the USMC Recruit Training than during later stages.

(C) All branches of the armed forces have levels of internal cohesion much higher than typical civilian groups of similar aged individuals

(D) During their time in the USMC Recruit Training, new recruits have minimal interactions with people outside of the corp.

(E) It is well documented that intense professional training programs, such as medical school, form strong bonds among participants.

Originally posted by PathFinder007 on 13 Jun 2015, 02:39.
Last edited by hazelnut on 28 Jan 2018, 19:10, edited 2 times in total.
Edited the question.
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Re: The members of the United States Marine Corp (USMC) are famed for  [#permalink]

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02 Sep 2015, 05:43
IMO... A

Can you please explain why OA is B
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27 Sep 2015, 08:48
Hi mikemcgarry:
pqhai
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Re: The members of the United States Marine Corp (USMC) are famed for  [#permalink]

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27 Sep 2015, 11:02
2
Shree9975 wrote:
Hi mikemcgarry:
pqhai

mridulbjj wrote:
IMO... A

Can you please explain why OA is B

The members of the United States Marine Corp (USMC) are famous for their intense devotion to one another.

Psychologists who study cohesion among groups have concluded that
the USMC creates this intense bond through its unique Recruit Training program.

Which of the following, if true, most helps to justify the psychologists' position?
A.Throughout their time in the Corp, whether during war or peace, Marines frequently engage in activities that reinforce the value of cooperation and camaraderie.
(This did not mention any info regarding training program. War or peace do indicate after training scenario but do not explain what helped the members of USMC to gain those qualities of cohesion.)

B New recruits are far more likely to engage in aloof behavior during the early stages of the USMC Recruit Training than during later stages.
(This is the only choice which mentions the impact of training on people. If the new recruits are aloof before the training and cohesive after the training, then it can mean or support that training is responsible for their bonding behavior. Correct choice)

C All branches of the armed forces have levels of internal cohesion much higher than typical civilian groups of similar aged individuals
(we are comparing armed forces and civilian groups here. This does not say anything about USMC training as well.)

D.During their time in the USMC Recruit Training, new recruits have minimal interactions with people outside of the corp.
(This may or may not help the recruits gain the devotional feelings towards each other. This info does not help us much anything to conclude.)

E. It is well documented that intense professional training programs, such as medical school, form strong bonds among participants.
(We are bothered only about USMC training program not others. OFS)
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Re: The members of the United States Marine Corp (USMC) are famed for  [#permalink]

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12 Oct 2015, 23:19
The training program makes them a unit... Psychologist assumption..
B tells us that there is a transition in attitude... So strengthens the psychologist s assumption... B is the answer..???
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Re: The members of the United States Marine Corp (USMC) are famed for  [#permalink]

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13 Oct 2015, 00:09
I believe it Should be E .!!
as it explains the bonding among the recruits.
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Re: The members of the United States Marine Corp (USMC) are famed for  [#permalink]

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13 Oct 2015, 01:31
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E is a common trap in Strengthen question. Just because X doesn't mean Y. Just because intensive medical training programs help form strong bond among participants doesn't mean the USMC program provide the same thing to the marines. If the answer choice tells you that the two group are identical in their characteristics, etc., then answer E could be the answer choice.
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18 Jun 2017, 10:31
Is D incorrect because it doesn't mention of strong bonds being formed?
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Re: The members of the United States Marine Corp (USMC) are famed for  [#permalink]

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18 Jun 2017, 22:06
1
Nathanlambson wrote:
Is D incorrect because it doesn't mention of strong bonds being formed?

most helps to justify the psychologists' position --There could be more than one option that can strengthen the argument .. but we need to
find the answer choice that is more closely coupled with argument.....

candidate interact less outside <--------> strong bond within the marine corp.
what if , only candidate with high morale join marine ...D will not stand
or if you assume that candidate joined have low morale values , then also it would require a lot of assumption to link both
B is direct
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Re: The members of the United States Marine Corp (USMC) are famed for  [#permalink]

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28 Jun 2017, 10:07
Provides evidence that the unique Recruit Training program helps to develop devotion and intense bond .
Initially a new recruit is aloof but when he undergoes training he develops cohesion with others
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Re: The members of the United States Marine Corp (USMC) are famed for  [#permalink]

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23 Oct 2017, 03:50
PathFinder007 wrote:
The members of the United States Marine Corp (USMC) are famed for their intense devotion to one another. The Marine motto "Semper Fidelis" (Latin, "Always Faithful") is taken to connote, among other things, the lifelong devotion a Marine has to his or her comrades in the corp. Psychologists who study cohesion among groups have concluded that the USMC creates this intense bond through its unique Recruit Training program.

Which of the following, if true, most helps to justify the psychologists' position?
A.Throughout their time in the Corp, whether during war or peace, Marines frequently engage in activities that reinforce the value of cooperation and camaraderie.
B New recruits are far more likely to engage in aloof behavior during the early stages of the USMC Recruit Training than during later stages.
C All branches of the armed forces have levels of internal cohesion much higher than typical civilian groups of similar aged individuals
D.During their time in the USMC Recruit Training, new recruits have minimal interactions with people outside of the corp.
E. It is well documented that intense professional training programs, such as medical school, form strong bonds among participants.

Premise : The members of the United States Marine Corp (USMC) are famed for their intense devotion to one another. The Marine motto "Semper Fidelis" (Latin, "Always Faithful") is taken to connote, among other things, the lifelong devotion a Marine has to his or her comrades in the corp.

Conclusion : Psychologists who study cohesion among groups have concluded that the USMC creates this intense bond through its unique Recruit Training program.

Conclusion says that the intense bond in USMC is created through the UR training program. So we need to find something which strengthens the psychologist belief about training program and not any other aspects.

Which of the following, if true, most helps to justify the psychologists' position?
A.Throughout their time in the Corp, whether during war or peace, Marines frequently engage in activities that reinforce the value of cooperation and camaraderie.
This option discusses about the whole time of the corp , various activities which may or may not include the training program and not specifically about the training program.

B. New recruits are far more likely to engage in aloof behavior during the early stages of the USMC Recruit Training than during later stages.
This option clearly talks about the training program. New recruits are initially aloof from each other, but in the later stages this aloofness reduces and bonding improves.. o, this clearly strengthens the psychologist belief.

C. All branches of the armed forces have levels of internal cohesion much higher than typical civilian groups of similar aged individuals
Its good that all branches have internal cohesion much higher than civilians but whether this developed during training program or any other activity or any oher scenario is not at all mentioned.

D. During their time in the USMC Recruit Training, new recruits have minimal interactions with people outside of the corp.
We are not discussing the effect of interactions with people outside the corp... So it is out of scope.

E. It is well documented that intense professional training programs, such as medical school, form strong bonds among participants.
This is talking about some other training program and not unique Recruit Training program. So, OUT of SCOPE.
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Re: The members of the United States Marine Corp (USMC) are famed for  [#permalink]

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23 Oct 2017, 10:40
+B.
It states that though during the starting phase of tenure Marines lack the bonding but once they are trained their behavior changes and Bonding increases.

And thats what conclusion say: it is the Training program that inculcates this bonding in the marine.
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Re: The members of the United States Marine Corp (USMC) are famed for  [#permalink]

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12 Jan 2018, 05:35
(A) & (C) & (E) all suggest other possible causes of group cohesion, so they all are weakening the psychologists' position.

I never expect that gmat questions have subtle meaning like this one. The only difference between A and B is the direct connection with the program.
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28 Jan 2018, 14:01
1
In a strengthening causality type question, one way to strengthen the causal relation is by showing that when the cause doesn't occur, the effect doesn't occur.

Here cause is the training and the effect is the cohesion. So the answer can be an option that shows that cohesion didn't occur before the training. Hence B.
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Re: The members of the United States Marine Corp (USMC) are famed for  [#permalink]

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08 Jul 2018, 05:08
Option A does not support the argument at all, it talks nothing about what the Psychologists have concluded. Option B is the only piece of information which supports the argument's conclusion.
mridulbjj wrote:
IMO... A

Can you please explain why OA is B

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Re: The members of the United States Marine Corp (USMC) are famed for  [#permalink]

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08 Jul 2018, 05:10
Couldn't agree more!
Instant Kudos from me.

In a strengthening causality type question, one way to strengthen the causal relation is by showing that when the cause doesn't occur, the effect doesn't occur.

Here cause is the training and the effect is the cohesion. So the answer can be an option that shows that cohesion didn't occur before the training. Hence B.

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Re: The members of the United States Marine Corp (USMC) are famed for  [#permalink]

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13 Aug 2018, 18:43

Official Explanation

In the argument, the unambiguous effect we want to explain is the intense "Semper Fi" cohesion of the Marines. That's not in question at all. The argument's conclusion suggests that the cause of this effect is the USMC's unique Recruit Training program. To strengthen this argument, we need something that isolates this cause, as opposed to some other cause.

(B) is the credited answer. If new recruits start out acting more independently at the beginning of the training, but are more bonded and cohesive by the end of the training, this strongly suggests that the training itself causes the group cohesion that we would like to explain. This justifies the psychologists' position.

(A) & (C) & (E) all suggest other possible causes of group cohesion, so they all are weakening the psychologists' position.

(D) is weakly suggestive, but not conclusive. It could be that new recruits are isolated during the training, during which they get very lonely, and only after the training they start to bond. This fact does not necessarily isolate the Recruit Training program itself as the sole cause of the intense group cohesion of the Marines.
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Re: The members of the United States Marine Corp (USMC) are famed for   [#permalink] 13 Aug 2018, 18:43
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