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# The modernization program for the steel mill will cost

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Senior Manager
Joined: 22 Jun 2005
Posts: 361

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Location: London
The modernization program for the steel mill will cost [#permalink]

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11 Oct 2005, 11:19
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The modernization program for the steel mill will cost approximately 51 million dollars, which it is hoped can be completed in the late 1980â€™s.

(A) The modernization program for the steel mill will cost approximately 51 million dollars, which it is hoped can be completed in the late 1980â€™s.
(B) The modernization program for the steel mill, hopefully completed in the late 1980â€™s, will cost approximately 51 million dollars.
(C) Modernizing the steel mill, hopefully to be completed in the late 1980â€™s, will cost approximately 51 million dollars.
(D) The program for modernizing the steel mill, which can, it is hoped, be completed in the late 1980â€™s and cost approximately 51 million dollars.
(E) Modernizing the steel mill, a program that can, it is hoped, be completed in the late 1980â€™s, will cost approximately 51 million dollars.

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Senior Manager
Joined: 11 May 2004
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11 Oct 2005, 14:57
I'm stuck between C and E.

What is the reason for everyone picking E? E has the modifier while C does not. Is the modifier "a program that can" needed?

macca wrote:
The modernization program for the steel mill will cost approximately 51 million dollars, which it is hoped can be completed in the late 1980â€™s.

(A) The modernization program for the steel mill will cost approximately 51 million dollars, which it is hoped can be completed in the late 1980â€™s.
(B) The modernization program for the steel mill, hopefully completed in the late 1980â€™s, will cost approximately 51 million dollars.
(C) Modernizing the steel mill, hopefully to be completed in the late 1980â€™s, will cost approximately 51 million dollars.
(D) The program for modernizing the steel mill, which can, it is hoped, be completed in the late 1980â€™s and cost approximately 51 million dollars.
(E) Modernizing the steel mill, a program that can, it is hoped, be completed in the late 1980â€™s, will cost approximately 51 million dollars.

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Director
Joined: 09 Jul 2005
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11 Oct 2005, 14:57
A is wrong because "which" refers to dollars. B is wrong because "hopefully completed" refers to steel mills. The same for C and for D. Therefore the only correct answer is E.

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SVP
Joined: 24 Sep 2005
Posts: 1884

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11 Oct 2005, 17:28
macca wrote:
The modernization program for the steel mill will cost approximately 51 million dollars, which it is hoped can be completed in the late 1980â€™s.

(A) The modernization program for the steel mill will cost approximately 51 million dollars, which it is hoped can be completed in the late 1980â€™s.
(B) The modernization program for the steel mill, hopefully completed in the late 1980â€™s, will cost approximately 51 million dollars.
(C) Modernizing the steel mill, hopefully to be completed in the late 1980â€™s, will cost approximately 51 million dollars.
(D) The program for modernizing the steel mill, which can, it is hoped, be completed in the late 1980â€™s and cost approximately 51 million dollars.
(E) Modernizing the steel mill, a program that can, it is hoped, be completed in the late 1980â€™s, will cost approximately 51 million dollars.

yeah, another vote for E.
D changed the meaning of the sentence as it makes "cost approximately ..dollars" a part of the hope, indeed "cost approximately ....dollars" is a prediction.
B : "hopefully completed" means that the program was done, indeed it hasn't been.
C: it's the program for modernizing that costs , not the modernizing.

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GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 07 Jul 2004
Posts: 5034

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11 Oct 2005, 18:56
(A) - modify the wrong noun

(B) - meaning of sentenc changed

(C) Modernizing the steel mill, hopefully to be completed in the late 1980â€™s, will cost approximately 51 million dollars.

(D) - modifying the wrong noun

(E) Modernizing the steel mill, a program that can, it is hoped, be completed in the late 1980â€™s, will cost approximately 51 million dollars.

Between C and E, go with E. E suggests program costs 51 million dollars and the steel mill will be completed in 1980s. C however suggests the modernizing costs 51 million dollars and modernizing will be completed in 1980s.

E for me.

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Senior Manager
Joined: 22 Jun 2005
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12 Oct 2005, 04:14
Thanks guys! good explanation from ywilfred as always!

Oa is E.

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12 Oct 2005, 04:14
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